Program Studi Magister Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Universitas Mataram Ekapratiwi333gmail.com Abstract - DISTRIBUTION AND ALTERNATION PHENOMENON IN NGENO-NGENE DIALECT - Repository UNRAM

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Theoretical concept this research use generative

DISTRIBUTION AND ALTERNATION

Theoretical concept this research use generative phonology, distribution and alternation. Then theoretical

PHENOMENON IN NGENO-NGENE

  This research showed some variants from vowels and appeared adjacent with a consonant because on this caseconsonants such as linguistic classifications and Sasak Masbagik did not allow nasal to adjoin withintroduced the phenomena of vowel distribution consonant until common nasal was separated by syllablesequence and consonant distribution.and called by nasal homorganic. Found that vowel ‗‘u‘‘ is phoneme because identification of the data, clasification of the data, andhas wider distribution and ‗‘ʊ ‘‘ limited distribution.analysis of the data as a method in identification of Penelitian ini menggunakan dua referensi yaitu their distribution.

PENOMENA DISTRIBUSI DAN ALTERNASI

  The reason wasto take the small population because the researcher assumed that all of Masbagik peoplehad similar utterances in a word until small population that could be representative of big 3.5.1 Identifying The Distribution types, Alternation types, and phonologicalprocesses In this process, the researcher identified the distribution types and alternation typeswhich is usually used in spoken language of Masbagik people. Adjoin a consonant to the articulation with nasal itself on a word whichright of a rime to this rime.they can not be one syllable.σ O RMasbagik syllable template  g h ŋ ɪ ŋəno-ŋənɛ dialect did not use doubleBefore the researcher continued to get vowels or double consonants when they showedthe appropriate result on all assumptions, the those long sound because Masbagik followsresearcher used templatic approach and IPA symbol.

5.2.2.1 Vowel sequence Distribution

  This means that theresearcher started with vowel sequence [ 1 The researcher listed the eleven vocalic sequences beginning with‗‘ɑ ‘‘ in V The researcher showed at the 121 logically possible types of vowels sequences in(5.2.2.1.1.2) and look which could be example and could not. This branch ofӕ linguistic was concerned with such questions ashow sounds were produced, what parts of 5.2.2.1.2.2 The descriptions of human speech organs were involved in the articulatory grid vowels by use Masbagik production of speech sounds, where the people articulators were in the production of different a.

5.2.2.1.1 Analyze f

  Vowel ɑ did not appear in second vowel (V ʌ in 2 ) on all positions followed by vowels although samefeature can be seen on vowels sequence ɑ …ɑ ,ɑ ...i, ɑ ...ɪ and ɑ …u low back vowel that did not appear together by long high front and highback vowel. It means that there arethree possibilities appearing in these cases that first all vowels are phoneme coming from onephoneme or outside, second all of variants are phonemes from each vowel and outside andthird symbol question (?) is phoneme come from outside.

5.2.2.2 Co-occuring sounds Introduction

  Syllable is a unit of linguistic structure that consists of a vowel andany consonants that are associated with it.(O‘grady, Dobrovolsky, and Aronoff) Next, the researcher introduced syllable distribution on vowel ‗ɑ ‘, the purpose ofdistribution was to know whether or not their distribution changed when it appeared on asyllable. There are two examples of the researchersuch as ‗ɑ .ɔ ʔ ‘ word which can be seen from vowel ɑ appearing as first syllable on a word, syllables symbol sign by pointed asseparation between syllable with other syllble and second example is ‗ʌ ŋ.kʌ ʔ ‘ word whichhas two syllables such as ʌ ŋ and kʌ ʔ in one word, the researcher gave an evidence thatvariant vowel ‗ʌ ‘ appear on first and second syllable.

5.2.2.2.3 Vowel i and

  Sorting the datais very important because to know vowel ʔ inɪ ʔ is Determining the distribution of vowelSorting the data ɪ# w…sb…# k…ʔs…# ŋ…ts...# s…ʔs ...# n…ʔ Comparing the environmentsNext step is vowel comparing the environment, the researcher found that vowel The researcher did not show same environment but it selected through arepresentative from some data until it could be specific data. Next, the researcher showed different diagram before showing that vowel ‗i‘ was a ӕ.ŋɪ t 2.si.d spoon Diagram result showing phoneme ʊ ti.s use ɪ ʔ isi.so snail ʔɪi.n can ɪ ʔThe fact with diagram showing vertical From the sorting data above the line means that first vowel as a phoneme andresearcher found the a fact that vowel ‗i‘ always second vowel as an allophone.followed by open syllable and can be mono syllable or second syllable.

3. Conclusion ŋənɛ dialect

  The conclusion of this case they are 1. The puzzle differences phonemes because it has widerData illustrating the distributions of  distribution.

5.2.2.3.3 Nasal distribution

  The purpose  in this research is found nasal position appear inRelationship of a phoneme to its allophone ŋəno-ŋənɛ and found what they come from one same phoneme or it come from differentThe researcher showing four diagrams phoneme.which these it draw each nasal can be phoneme ʌ n‗fuck‘ pʌ nto ‗watch‘ and down nasal as an allophone. Like the under data the researcher using (-) on consonant ‗‘y‘‘ which this consonant there isbetween two place of articulation are palatal and alveolar but will ‗‘y‘‘ not palatal oralveolar until the researcher using symbol (-) as symbol for the second place of articulation.

21. Derivation process

  Naturalness ŋəno-ŋənɛ dialect alternation and conclude that the secondargument is simple but not affective and the researcher using the last argument isnaturalness this argument is not only simple but also reveals the pattern in the data. The researcher compared these three arguments in the analysis of Top parts alternation phenomenon onŋəno-ŋənɛ dialect is prefix which usually it as verb but changed when added prefix be noun asexample ‗‘ʌ ŋsʊ l to be pǝ ŋʌ ŋsʊ l‘‘ on stem or root, ‗‘ʌ ŋsʊ l‘‘ is a verb changed to be noun‗‘pǝ ŋ-ʌ ŋsʊ l‘‘.

5.3.2 Voiceless obstruent fusion be fused to prefix [ ɲ ] in initial word

  The puzzle Consonants p, t, k, s and c fuse to nasalFusion in ŋəno-ŋən ɛ dialect of  prefix which has similarities in place of sasakness articulation with them. ŋəno-ŋənɛ dialect added a suffix then would mean changefrom word before attested example showed on‗sǝ biyӕ‘ ‗sǝ biyӕ-y-ʌ ŋ‘ and ‗nɑ ɛ ‘ ‗nɑ ɛ -y-ɪ n‘ words which this words are noun and change be verb when they added a suffixbecause suffix ‗ʌ ŋ‘ and ‗ɪ n‘ has meaning of verb.

5.3.3 Glides Insertion

  Conclusion ŋəno-ŋənɛ dialect not allow vowel appear on (low) position andcould followed by both glides. + syll Ø y /ɛ , ӕ, i ǝ jorʌ ʔ bǝ mɑ mʌ ʔ bǝ nɑ ɛ bǝ sɑ lʌ m bǝ bɑ wʌ ŋ  Comparison use and not use prefix in ŋəno-ŋənɛ dialect(27) Table of B ǝ r and Bǝ prefixStem Prefi x Sasak ortographicMeaning ruj ʌ kB ǝ r bǝ rujʌ kFruit salad ʊ mbʌ ʔ Bǝ r bǝ rʊ mbʌʔ On this session showed insertion glides process on some words inŋəno-ŋənɛ dialect.

5.3.4 B ə and Bər Prefix

1. The Puzzle

5.3.4.1 Prefix ‘bǝ r’

   And the researcher by using Simplicity ŋəno-ŋənɛ dialect does not allow a place of articulation.word to be monosyllable and it inclined on the use of bisyllable because every Sasak Masbagik  word always adds prefix as a complement, soUR /b /b (29)Derivation process ə-bӕŋ/ ə-rɪ m/ one syllable can change to be two syllables orInsertion b b əə-əbӕŋ ə-rərɪ m more familiar with bisyllabic.  Naturalness For this case the researcher analyze by using constraint until the researcher achieved the result both of the prefixes that just allow vowel that had similar feature with them becauseŋəno-ŋənɛ dialect did not allow a word that had consonant prefix such as ‗b and r‘ were followed by anything vowel exceptvowel that had same feature with them.

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