Grammatical Errors found In Student Of English department’s Essay

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GRAMMATICAL ERRORSFOUND IN STUDENT OF

ENGLISHDEPARTMENT’S ESSAY

GRAMMATICALERRORSFOUNDINSTUDENTOFENGLISH DEPARTMENT’SESSAY ATHESIS BY SELVIE AGUSTINAPUTRI REGNO100705085 SUPERVISOR CO– SUPERVISOR Dr. RidwanHanafiah, SH. MA Drs. YulianusHarefa,M.Ed.TESOLNIP. 19560705 198903 1 002 NIP. 19610703 198601 1 001 SubmittedtoFacultyofCulturalStudiesofSumateraUtaraMedaninpartial

  

fulfillmentoftherequirements forthedegreeofSarjanaSastrafrom Departmentof

English

  

ApprovedbytheDepartmentofEnglish,FacultyofCulturalStudiesUniversity of

Sumatera Utara (USU) MedanasthesisfortheSarjanaSastra Examination Head, Secretary,

Dr.H.Muhizar Muchtar,MS Rahmadsyah Rangkuty, MA.Ph.D

NIP. 19541117 198003 1 002 NIP. 19750209 200812 1 002

  

Accepted bytheBoardofExaminers inpartialfulfillmentofrequirements for the

degree of Sarjana Sastra from the Department of English, Faculty of

CulturalStudies Universityof Sumatera Utara The examination is held in the Faculty of Cultural Studies University of Sumatera Utara onSaturday, July4, 2015 TheDeanof Facultyof CulturalStudies Universityof Sumatera Utara Dr. H. SyahronLubis, MA NIP. 19511013 197603 1 001 Boardof Examiners Signature Dr. H. Muhizar Muchtar,MS ……………… Rahmadsyah Rangkuti, MA.Ph.D……………… Dr.

  H. SyahronLubis, MA ……………… Dr. RidwanHanafiah, SH.MA ………………

  

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

  Firstofall,I wouldlike topraiseandgivethegreatesthonor to theHeavenly FathertheAlmightyGodinthenameofJesusChristwhohasalwaysbeengiving Hisblessing,guidanceandspirittofinishmy studyespecially incompletingthis thesis.

  Inthisopportunity,IwouldliketoexpressmyhighappreciationtoDr.H. SyahronLubis,MA,theDeanofFacultyofCulturalStudies,andDr.H.Muhizar Muchtar, MS, to theHead of English Department, and Rahmadsyah Rangkuti, MA.

  Ph.DastheSecretary ofEnglishDepartment,whohavegivenmefacilitiesand opportunitiesincompleting thisthesis..AndalsothanktoDr.RidwanHanafiah,SH.

  MA,my supervisor,andDrs.YulianusHarefa,M.Ed.TESOL,my co-supervisor, thankyoufortheirtime, thought,suggestionandsupportinordertoguidemein writingthisthesis.Gratitudegoestoall my lecturerswhohavesharedtheirprecious thought and valuableknowledge through myacademicyears.

  My lovely thankstomybeloved,supportive,andgreatfamily,my bestfather FaridChilmi,my lovely adorablepowerfulmotherSellyFondaEllyanceGinting.Moreover,Ithanktomylovingbrot hersandsister

  FarisNdemmyKristantoPutra, KapitJakaSeptiantoandMariaAnastasyaandmy cousinJoiceChristinSitumorang thelatefor their loving, caring, andkindness thatencouraged metofinish this thesis. God blessyou all and Iwill alwaysloveyou forever more.

  Thankyouso much to thosewhohas beengiving methejoy,laughter and manyotherthings,SarahIsrailaBangun,MargarethaSitumorang,MestikaPasaribu.

  Iloveyouguys, thankyou for everything wehavebeen through.

  Alsospecialthanktomylovelybrother,ApenielSentosaWaruwu,forgiving meabeautifulmomentsandsupporttofinishthisthesis.Lastbutnotleast,many thanksformyfriendsofbatch2010inEnglishDepartmentwhohadbeenbeing with meinfiveyearsmy lifeincampus,sorryIcannotmentionyournames.Seeyouin betterlife.

  Fighting! Medan, Juni2015

  Writer, SelvieAgustinaPutri

  

ABSTRACT

This thesis dealtwith theanalysis ofgrammaticalerrorfound inStudents’ Essay.

  objectivesofthestudy weretofindoutthetypesofgrammaticalerror,themost dominanttypeofgrammaticalerrorandtheimpactsofitforreaders.thisanalysis wasconductedbyusingdescriptivequalitativemethod.objectofthisanalysiswas thestudents’essay ofenglishdepartmentwhichconsistsoftwenty (20)essays.therewerenine(9)grammaticalerrors whichbecamethefocus in this analysis,namely: subjectverbagreement,singularplural,toinfinitive,passivevoice, forms of adjective,redundancy,preposition,parallelstructure,and misplacedword.The findings showed that there were nine (9) types of grammatical error found in

  Students’Essay,theywere:subjectverbagreement30items(28.84%),preposition

  23 items (22.11%), passive voice 14 items (13.46%), singular plural 10 items (9.61%), to infinitive9 items (8.65%), forms of adjective5 items (4.80%), redundancy 5items(4.80%),misplacedword5items(4.80%),andparallelstructure 3 items (2.88%).SubjectVerbAgreementwas proven tobethemostdominant grammaticalerrorinthestudents’essay anditmadereadersconfusedtounderstand the essays.

  Keyword:grammaticalerror, essay

  

ABSTRAK

Penelitian iniberkaitan dengan analisaakangrammatical error akan Students’ Essay.

  Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menemukanjenis-jenis kesalahan penggunaankatadalamkalimat,grammatical erroryang paling mendominasi,dan dampakbagipembacaketika merekamenemukangrammatical errorspadaStudents’ Essay.Skripsiinimenggunakanmetodedeskriptifkualitatif.Bahanuntukskripsi ini adalahStudents’EssaydariJurusanInggrissebanyak20essay.Adasembilan(9) jenisgrammatical error yangmenjadifokus skripsi ini,yaitu:subjectverb agreement, singularplural, toinfinitive,passivevoice, formsof adjective,redundancy, preposition, parallelstructure, danmisplaced word. Penemuan menunjukkan bahwa ada9jenisgrammaticalerroryangditemukandiStudents’Essay,yaitu: subjectverb agreement30kalimat(28.84%),preposition23kalimat(22.11%), passivevoice14 kalimat(13.46%), singular plural10 kalimat(9.61%), toinfinitive9 kalimat(8.65%), formsofadjective5kalimat(4.80%),redundancy5kalimat(4.80%),misplaced word5kalimat(4.80%),and parallelstructure3 kalimat(2.88%).SubjectVerb Agreementterbuktimenjadigrammatical erroryang paling dominanpadaStudents’ Essay danhalinimembuatpembacakesulitanuntukmendapatkanmaknadariessay tersebut.

  Katakunci:kesalahan kata, karangan bebas

  

TABLE OFCONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT AUTHOR DECLARATION COPYRIGHT DECLARATION ABSTRACT ABSTRAK TABLE OFCONTENTS................................................................................. i CHAPTERI INTRODUCTION..................................................................

  1 1.1 Background of theStudy....................................................

  1 1.2 Problemof theStudy ..........................................................

  4 1.3 Objectivesof theStudy.....................................................

  4 1.4 Scopeof theStudy.............................................................

  5 1.5 Significanceof theStudy...................................................

  5 CHAPTERII REVIEWOFLITERATURE...............................................

  7 2.1 Definition of Linguistics.....................................................

  7 2.2 SubfieldsofLinguistics.......................................................

  8

  2.3 Syntax................................................................................. 10

  2.4 Grammar............................................................................ 11

  2.4.1 SubjectVerb Agreement................................................. 12

  2.4.2 SingularPlural................................................................. 15

  2.4.3 To Infinitive....................................................................19

  2.4.4 PassiveVoice..................................................................

  29 3.5 DataAnalyzing Method.....................................................

  58 4.2.6 Redudancy ......................................................................

  52 4.2.5FormsofAdjective..........................................................

  48 4.2.4 PassiveVoice..................................................................

  43 4.2.3 To Infinitive....................................................................

  32 4.2.2 Singular Plural.................................................................

  32 4.2.1 SubjectVerb Agreement.................................................

  32 4.2 TypesofGrammaticalError..............................................

  32 4.1 DataAnalysis.....................................................................

  30 CHAPTER IVANALYSISANDFINDING ..................................................

  29 3.4 DataCollectingMethod.....................................................

  20 2.4.5FormsofAdjective..........................................................

  28 3.3Location and Timeof Observation....................................

  27 3.2 Population and Simple.......................................................

  27 3.1 Research Method ................................................................

  25 CHAPTER IIIMETHODOFRESEARCH...................................................

  25 2.5 TheImpactsof Grammatical in Essay...............................

  24 2.4.9 Missplaced Word............................................................

  22 2.4.8 ParalleismStructure........................................................

  22 2.4.7 Preposition......................................................................

  20 2.4.6 Redundancy.....................................................................

  61

  4.2.7 Preposition......................................................................

  63 4.2.8 ParallelStructure.............................................................

  72 4.2.9 Misplaced Word..............................................................

  74 4.3Finding...............................................................................

  76 4.4 TheImpactof GrammaticalError......................................

  79 CHAPTERV CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION..................................

  80 5.1 Conclusion..........................................................................

  80 5.2 Suggestion..........................................................................

  81 REFERENCES..................................................................................................

  82 APPENDIX

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