The Three Dimensions Of The Main Character In Snow White And The Huntsman Movie Script.

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THE THREE DIMENSIONS OF THE MAIN CHARACTER

  IN “SNOW WHITE AND THE HUNTSMAN”

MOVIE SCRIPT

  LUH WULAN ASTARINI (1218351032)

  

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT, FACULTY OF ARTS

NON REGULAR PROGRAM

UDAYANA UNIVERSITY

2016

  

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

  My greatest gratitude goes to the Almighty God, Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Waça and my ancestral for blessing, leading and helping me in accomplishing the whole chapter in this paper until it has been done properly. I also would like to express my deepest gratitude to my first supervisor Drs. I Gede Putu Sudana, M.A for giving guidance and correction in writing this paper. My deeply gratitude also goes to my second supervisor Sang Ayu Isnu Maharani, S.S., M.Hum for the patience, guidance and advices given to me in finishing this paper. The other thankfulness also given to all of the English Departement’s staff especially the staff in non-regular program.

  My deepest gratefulness goes to my lovely father I Made Astawa, S.E and my beloved mother Ni Made Sarini, S.H and also my gorgeous sister Ni Made Laksmi Astarini, my handsome brother I Nyoman Wira Arya Andika, my uncle I Ketut Ananta Jaya and all of my big family for the love and support that given to me during the process of finishing this paper.

  Finally, my very special thank goes to my turtledove I Gusti Agung Bagus Santa Putra for the encouragement and patience in dealing with me. I also thank to my friend in HIMAPESI and my 2012 classmates for the togetherness during college days.

  Denpasar, April 2016 Luh Wulan Astarini

  

ABSTRACT

  The present study entitled The Three Dimensions of the Main Character in

  

“Snow White and the Huntsman” Movie Script is concerned with the analysis of the

  three dimensions; they are physiological, psychological and sociological dimensions of Snow White as the main character. This study also analyzed the relation among the three dimensions, they are; the relation between the physiological and psychological dimensions, the psychological and sociological dimensions, and between the sociological and the physiological dimensions. The aims of this study are to analyze the three dimensions of the main character and the relation among.

  The data in this study were collected through documentary method with the following steps. The first step was downloaded the movie script from the internet. The next step was identifying the movie script providing information about the character to be analyzed. Such information was noted and used as the material of the discussion in this study.

  There are three theories used as references in this study. The first theory is adopted the book entitled Theory of Literature by Wellek and Warren (1955). The second theory is adopted from the theoretical book entitled Practical Psychology by Karl S. Bernhardt (1953). The third theory is adopted from the Theory of Sociology: An Introduction, by Roucek and Warren (1963).

  The result of this study shows that from the physiological dimension, Snow White is described as a new born baby, as a little girl then as a young lady with a beautiful face. From the psychological dimension, Snow White is pictured as a very kind girl and someone with precious goal. From the sociological dimension, Snow White is described as someone with a commander personality who can convince people to agree with her. She is also described as a princess then crowned as a queen when she grown up. The relation between the physiological and psychological dimensions of Snow White is that her beautiful face is in line with her beautiful heart and she is stated as someone who had a rare beauty. The relation between the psychological and sociological dimension is that her precious goal to release people from wicked leadership was supported by her personality as a commander who can convince everyone to begin a war to against that wicked leadership. The relation between the sociological and physiological dimensions of Snow White was showed that her caste was affected by her age. The young Snow White got her caste as princess and when she grown up, her caste changing from a princess into a queen.

  

Keywords: Main Character, Three Dimensions, Character Analysis, Movie Script.

  

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  TITLE ....................................................................................................................... i APPROVAL SHEET ................................................................................................ ii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ........................................................................................ iii ABSTRACT .............................................................................................................. iv TABLE OF CONTENTS .......................................................................................... v ABBREVIATIONS .................................................................................................. vii

  CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION ............................................................................... 1

  1.1 Background of the Study .................................................................................... 1

  1.2 Problems of the Study ......................................................................................... 3

  1.3 Aims of the Study ............................................................................................... 3

  14 Scope of Discussion ............................................................................................. 4

  1.5 Research Method ................................................................................................ 4

  1.5.1 Data Source .......................................................................................... 5

  1.5.2 Method and Technique of Collecting Data .......................................... 6

  1.5.3 Method and Technique of Analyzing Data .......................................... 6

  CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURES, CONCEPTS AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK ......................................................................................................... 7

  2.1 Literature Review ................................................................................................ 7

  2.2 Concepts .............................................................................................................. 9

  2.2.1 Three Dimensions ................................................................................ 9

  2.2.2 Character .............................................................................................. 10

  3.2 The Three Dimensions of the Main Character .................................................... 21

  3.3.3 Sociological and Physiological Dimensions ........................................ 47

  3.3.2 Psychological and Sociological Dimensions ....................................... 45

  3.3.1 Physiological and Psychological Dimensions ..................................... 43

  3.3 The Relation among the Three Dimensions ........................................................ 42

  3.2.3 Sociological Dimension ....................................................................... 35

  3.2.2 Psychological Dimension ..................................................................... 25

  3.2.1 Physiological Dimension ..................................................................... 21

  3.2 The Synopsis of the Snow White and the Huntsman Movie Script .................... 17

  2.2.3 Movie Script ......................................................................................... 10

  3.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................... 17

  CHAPTER III THE ANALYSIS OF THE THREE DIMENSIONS OF THE MAIN CHARACTER IN SNOW WHITE AND THE HUNTSMAN MOVIE SCRIPT ........ 17

  2.3.1.3 Sociological Dimension ..................................................... 14

  2.3.1.2 Psychological Dimension ................................................... 11

  2.3.1.1 Physiological Dimension ................................................... 11

  2.3.1 Theory of Three Dimensions of Characters ......................................... 11

  2.3 Theoretical Framework ....................................................................................... 11

  CHAPTER IV CONCLUSION ................................................................................ 49 BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDICES

  ABBREVIATIONS

  INT. = INTERNAL EXT. = EXTERNAL

  V.O = VOICE OVER

  CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

  Literature is a creation which communicatively presents the author’s intent for aesthetic purpose. It is an expression used by man to convey his ideas. In addition to expressing ideas, it is also used to convey moral messages. The moral message becomes an inspiration for the readers and they mirror themselves through stories or images that are described and delivered by the literary work.

  Literature has its genre; it can be divided into fiction and non-fiction. Fiction is an imaginative story or fantastical work; like fairy tales, short stories even novels.

  And non-fiction is the opposite of fiction; it contains facts such as autobiographies, diaries and essays.

  The fiction of literature can be analyzed using two approaches; they are intrinsic and extrinsic approaches. The intrinsic approach analyzes the internal part of a story; it consists of the analysis of theme, plot, setting and characters in the story. While the extrinsic approach analyzes what comes from outside the story which affects and is still related to the flow of the story in liteature.

  A movie script used as the data source in this study is a fantasy movie entitled “Snow White and The Huntsman” which narrates a beautiful princess named Snow White and a huntsman, as her friend, who helped her defeat Ravenna, her stepmother, who killed Snow White’s father and usurped her father’s throne and power in the kingdom. The analysis focuses more on the character Snow White as the main character in this movie script. Character is a person who takes a role in a story and has the greatest influence on guiding people through the story. Character is also an individual who is pictured by the specific description of three dimensions of the character; they are physiology, which is the study of the human body (Tokay, 1957: 1) and psychology that includes the human motivation, feeling and emotion (Bernhardt, 1953:45) and sociology which is the study of human beings in their group of relationship which studies interaction within and among groups of people (Roucek and Warren, 1963:3).

  Analyzing the main character in the movie script is interesting because it gives a different sense to analyze the three dimensions of the main character by reading the movie script. The main character is analyzed by seeing the description of the three dimensions of the character; the physiological, psychological and sociological dimensions. The description is given in detail in the movie script.

  1.2 Problems of the Study

  Based on the background above, there are three problems of interest to be discussed as follows: 1)

  What are physiological, psychological and sociological dimensions of the main character in the “Snow White and The Huntsman” movie script?

  2) What is the relation among the three dimensions of the main character in the “Snow White and the Huntsman” movie script?

  1.3 Aims of the Study

  The aims of this study are: 1)

  To explain what are physiological, psychological and sociological dimensions of the main character in the “Snow White and the Huntsman” movie script.

  2) To describe the relation among the three dimensions of the main character in the “Snow White and the Huntsman” movie script.

  1.4 Scope of Discussion

  The literary work can be analyzed intrinsically and extrinsically. In this present study, both are analyzed. The discussion in this study is divided into two; they are: 1)

  The discussion about the physiological, psychological and sociological dimensions of the main character in the “Snow White and the Huntsman” movie script

  2) The discussion about the relation among the three dimensions of the main character in the “Snow White and the Huntsman” movie script.

  Three theories are used in this present study, the first one is the theory of physiological dimension proposed by Tokay (1957: 1), the psychological dimension proposed by Bernhardt (1953: 45) the sociological dimension proposed by Roucek and Warren (1963: 3).

  1.5 Research Method

  Research method is a procedure used to collect information and data systematically. The research method consists of three parts, they are: data source, method and technique of collecting data and data analysis.

1.5.1 Data Source

  The data in this study were taken from an American movie script entitled Snow White and The Huntsman. The story about this movie script tells us about a dark fantasy action story inspired by a fairy tale from Germany entitled

  

Little Snow White compiled by the Brothers Grimm. This movie script was

  written by Evan Daugherty, John Lee Hancock and Hossein Amini in 2011 and presented as a film in 2012 directed by Rupert Sanders. The story in this movie script tells about a beautiful princess named Snow White. This movie script was chosen because the character of Snow White can be analyzed from the physiological, psychological and sociological dimensions in detailed by reading the movie script and also there were only few people who used the movie script as the data source to analyze the three dimensions of the character; novel most frequently used.

  1.5.2 Method and Technique of Collecting Data

  The data in this study were collected through documentary method. As the first step, the movie script used as the data source in this study was downloaded from the internet. The next step was identifying each sentence and dialogue in the movie script that can support the analysis of the main character based on the three dimensions of the character.

  1.5.3 Method and Technique of Analyzing Data

  The method used to analyze the data is the qualitative one. In contrast with the quantitative method which produces number, the qualitative method can describe and examine cause and effect relationship. The steps of analyzing the data involve the following steps: 1) Identifying and analyzing the physiological, psychological and sociological dimensions of the main character in “Snow White and the Huntsman” movie script.

2) Analyzing the relation among the three dimensions of the main character in the “Snow White and the Huntsman” movie script.

CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW, CONCEPTS, AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

2.1 Literature Review

  There are some works which have similar topic and are still related with this study. In this part, three undergraduate theses and one international article are reviewed.

  The first undergraduate thesis is written by Wiryawati (2007) entitled The

  

Main Character in the Novel Mirror Image by Sandra Brown. This thesis

  analyzes the character of the novel based on the three dimensions of the main character. The writer uses a theory of characters proposed from Kenney (1966: 27-28). The strengths of this thesis is the structure of the paragraph; it organizes information and ideas to the reader from general ideas to the specific ones.

  However, this thesis also has a weakness in regard to the writing format. The writer doe s not mention or uses other’s thesis as a comparison to her thesis. What is relevant is that this study uses the same topic and theory, which is about characters and uses the theory of three dimensions of characters. The fantasy romance novel is used in

  Wiryawati’s thesis, while a movie script of a dark fantasy story is used in this present study. The other undergraduate is written by Andewi (2009). Her thesis is entitled

  The Analysis of Main Character in Lewis’s The Chronicles of Narnia

“Prince Caspian” based on Physiological, Sociological and Psychological

Dimension. This thesis analyzes the three dimensions of the main character in the

  novel. The writer uses a theory of character proposed by Kenney (1966: 27) and three types of characters based on the function and position proposed by Tarigan (1993: 76). The theory of characterization from Di Yanni (2001: 56) is also used as well as the theory proposed by Warren and Wellek (1955) which mentions various dimensions of characters. As a result, the writer mentions the main character with the analysis of various dimensions. There is no error in spelling and punctuation marks found in the thesis. The weakness of this thesis is in the scope of writing. The relevance between

  Andewi’s with this present study is that both discuss the same topic, that is, the main character and the three dimensions of characters, but the data source used is different. An adventure novel , whereas a dark fantasy action movie script is used in this present study.

  The next undergraduate thesis which is reviewed is written by Budiman (2009) entitled The Analysis of the Main Character in the Novel The Adventure of

  

Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain. In his thesis, he analyzes the main character

  and how the psychological aspects contribute to the motivation of the main character in this story. As a result, the writer mentions that the main character is Huckleberry Finn as written in the title of the novel with the psychological

  Bernhardt (1953: 3) about theory of psychology. In this thesis, the writer does not organize his paragraph well, so he cannot convey the information and ideas gradually. As the data source, an adventure novel is used, while a dark fantasy action movie script is used in this present study.

  An international article is also reviewed in the present study. The international article is written by Thomas Ventura (2002) entitled Psychoanalysis in Allpsych Journal. It is stated that psycho analysis is probably the most widely recognized theory in psychology and has been integrated into our culture through novels, poetry, dramas and movie criticism. The terms such as unconscious,

  

repressed, ego and denial are used in everyday conversation to describe mental

  states and reasons for human behavior. This study has interesting topic which discusses the psycho analysis. The Ventura’s article focuses on the discussion on psychoanalysis, while this study focuses on the discussion on the three dimensions of the main character and the relation among those three dimensions.

2.2 Concepts

  The concepts used in this study are as follows:

2.2.1 Three Dimensions

  Dimension is an aspect or feature of something. There are physiological, face (Tokay, 1957: 1); the psychology is the study of human mental such as human motivation, feeling and emotion (Bernhardt) and sociology is the study of human beings in their group of relationship which studies interaction within and among groups of people (Roucek and Warren, 1963:3).

  2.2.2 Character

  According to DiYanni (2000), a character is the imaginary person that the writer creates. Character plays an important role in a story, because the character is someone who has the greatest influence in guiding people through the story. Character can be imagined with several personalities and physical appearances. The writer can be free to develop his imagination and idea to make the character as what they want.

  2.2.3 Movie Script

  A movie script is a written work which consists of many scenes and made for a movie or television show. The whole connected set of scenes in sequence is called the plot. The movie script is written with a more complete and complex description about the casts, like how they look like with a full description. The setting of place and time are also described in the movie script (Tompkins, 1978).

2.3 Theoretical Framework

  There are four theoretical frameworks used in this study. They are:

2.3.1 Theory of Three Dimensions of Characters

  Great characters are critical components for great stories. To create great characters, the author needs to add the three dimensions of the character in order to make the character more real and the story more interesting for the reader. Because no matter how interesting or innovative the writing skill of the author might be, if there are no three dimensions of characters, it would be fall flat.

  2.3.1.1 Physiological dimension As Tokay (1957: 1) states that physiology is the study of the human body.

  Physiological dimension can be analyzed by seeing the thing that can be indicated. It is related with the appearance or physical condition of the character. It can be seen through age, sex, and the things worn by the character and the other physical appearances, such as the body shape, size, height, skin color and face. If the author has already mentioned that thing in describing the appearance or physic of the character, the character will look more interesting and the reader will enjoy following the storyline.

  2.3.1.2 Psychological dimension Psychology is the study of human behavior. The psychological dimension psychological analysis cannot be seen by from the human appearance as the physiological dimension, as it can only be seen by going deep into the character itself. The psychological dimension of the character can be seen through the analysis of the human motivation, feeling and emotion (Bernhardt, 1953:45).

  1) Human motivation Human motivation is a motive that prompts a person to act in a certain way or at least develop an inclination for specific behavior. This human motivation can make someone more impassioned in reaching something. According to Bernhardt (1953:46-55), the human motivation is separated from some factors such as their appetites, wants, emotion, feeling, attitude and social motives.

  a. Appetite Appetite is the strong desire to satisfy human need. The appetite is a condition when humans begin an activity which will be resolved by them and it will satisfy them. When they have their own appetite, humans are motivated to finish the activity that they begin before until it satisfies them in a certain way that they want.

  b. Wants Wants are the needs that are generally possessed by every human being. humans have their own wants acquired, they will find a way to fulfill their wants. Human wants are modified based on their own experiences and ages.

  c. Emotion Emotion is a feeling that arises in human beings caused by something that happens to him. The emotion here can be caused when someone is under the influence of a fear or anger. Beside the influence of f ear and anger, people’s mood can also affects their emotion. The emotion can also affect the course of the human action.

  d. Feeling and attitude Feeling and attitude is the experience gained by an individual. The experience gained is not only from one aspect but more than that. The experience can be a pleasant one or unpleasant, it is based on how the individual reacts with it and how he feels about that. The pleasant experience will create a happy feeling whereas the unpleasant experience will create a sad or dejected feeling. From the feeling perceived by human, it will affect attitude. Such an individual will approach and tend to repeat the experience if it is the pleasant one. In contrast, the individual will withdraw himself from the unpleasant experience.

  e. Social motives Social motives are ambitions that drive people to accomplish certain goals

  2) Feeling and emotions Feeling means a feeling which can influence the emotion. The characteristics of feeling and emotion are explained by Bernhardt (1953: 96-99) as follows.

  a.

  Characteristics of feeling Feeling is something that accompanies someone’s experience. It plays important part in his behavior. The pleasant feeling is accompanied by an attitude of approach and vice versa.

  b.

  Characteristics of emotion Emotion is something that occurs naturally from someone. Emotion will come up when everything is mess or disappointing situation. When someone is in such a situation, he will be angry or afraid, depending on the situation at that time.

  2.3.1.3 Sociological Dimension Sociological dimension is the study between one person and the society or social interaction. There are several points that should be paid attention to in social interactions. According to Roucek and Warren (1963:23-112), the sociological dimension is divided into personality, social group, social status system, religious institution and economic institution.

  1) Personality Personality is the individual’s behavior. The personality of someone can be seen through their interaction with other people in social life. It consists of attitude and habit which reflect the individual itself.

  2) Social group A social group is a group that consists of the social relation between two or more people. There is an interaction between the members in a social group.

  The social group can be divided into two; they are primary group and secondary group.

  a.

  Primary group Primary group is also called face-to-face group; it is a group where the members already know one another. This is a simple social group where the member’s relationship is so close. The groups that belong to the primary group are friendship relation, family even neighborhood group.

  b. Secondary group The secondary group is larger than the primary group. This group involves less directly face-to-face contact; the reason is that this group is too large. Kinds of the secondary group are political group, church organization and other large groups.

  3) Social status system Social status system is someone

  ’s status based on his role in social life or society. The social position in society or social group is called stratification which makes someone have different social status level. This status level can be divided based on castes and classes.

  a. Castes Caste in social status system means a social class of people which they get by their birth and between which there is no vertical social mobility.

  b. Classes Class or also called social class is a group of people based on their social status or level. They become as members of the group because of their birth. 4) Religious institutions

  Religious institutions are the institutions built and related with the supernatural activity.

  5) Economic institutions Economic institutions are the organizations which are established to

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