AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CROSSWORD PUZZLE IN TEACHING VOCABULARY AT ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 1 PALANGKA RAYA

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AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CROSSWORD PUZZLE IN TEACHING

  

VOCABULARY AT ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 1

PALANGKA RAYA

THESIS

  Presented to the Department of Education of the State Islamic College of Palangka Raya in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirement for the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Islam

  

By:

RIMA YANTI

SRN. 1001120603

THE STATE ISLAMIC COLLEGE OF PALANGKA RAYA

THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

THE STUDY PROGRAM OF ENGLISH EDUCATION

  

2014 M / 1436 H

APPROVAL OF THE THESIS ADVISORY COMMITTEE

  

Title of the Thesis : AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CROSSWORD

PUZZLE

IN TEACHING

  VOCABULARY AT ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 1 PALANGKA RAYA Name : Rima Yanti.

  SRN : 1001120603 Department : Education Study Program : English Education Level : (S-1)

  Palangka Raya, 24 11 th

  , 2014

Approved by:

Advisor I,

  Hj, Apni Ranti, M.Hum ORN.19810118 200801 2 013 Advisor II,

  Nahdiyah, M.Pd ORN. 19810127 200901 2 006 Vice Director in Accademic Affairs,

  Drs. Fahmi, M.Pd ORN. 19610520 199903 1 003 The Department of Education Chair,

  Triwid S.N., M.Pd ORN. 19710914 200312 2 001

OFFICIAL NOTE

  th Case : Examinataion of Palangka Raya, November 24 , 2014

  Rima Yanti ’s Thesis To. Director of the State Islamic College of Palangka Raya in

  Palangka Raya Peace be unto you and God’s mercy and blessing as well.

  By reading and analyzing of this thesis revision, we state that the thesis in the name of: Name : Rima Yanti SRN : 1001 120 603 Title of the Thesis : An Experimental Study of Crossword Puzzle in

  Teaching Vocabulary at Eleventh Grade Students of SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Palangka Raya.

  Can be examined in partial fulfillment of the degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Islam in English Education of the Department of Education STAIN Palangka Raya.

  Thank you for the great attention.

  Peace be you and God’s blessing as.

  Advisor II, Advisor I, Nahdiyah, M.Pd Hj. Apni Ranti, M.Hum ORN. 19810127 200901 2 006 ORN.19810118 200801 2 013

LEGALIZATION OF THE THESIS EXAMINING COMMITTEE

  This thesis entitles AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CROSSWORD PUZZLE IN TEACHING VOCABULARY AT ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 1 PALANGKA RAYA in the name of Rima Yanti, and her Student Registration Number is 1001120603. It has been examined by Board Examiners of the State Islamic College of Palangka Raya on: Day : Monday st

  Date: December, 1 2014 Palangka Raya, December, 2014 Board Examiners:

  1. Santi Erliana, M.Pd (…………………………) Chairman/member

  2. Luqman Baehaqi, SS., M.Pd (…………………………) Member

  3. Hj. Apni Ranti, M.Hum (…………………………) Member

  4. Nahdiyah, M.Pd (…………………………) Secretary/member The State Islamic Collage of Palangka Raya

  Director, Dr. Ibnu Elmi A.S. Pelu, SH, MH.

  ORN. 19750109 199903 1 002 iv

  

MOTTO

The Nice Thing about Doing a Crossword Puzzle

is, You Know There is a Solution.

  

Stephen Sondheim

DECLARATION OF AUTHENTICATION

  In the name of God I myself make declaration that this thesis entitles An Experimental

Study of Crossword Puzzle in Teaching Vocabulary at Eleventh Grade

Students of SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Palangka Raya is truly my own writing .

  

If it is not my own writing so, it is given a citation and shown in the list of

references.

  If my own declaration is not right in this thesis one day so. I am ready

to be given academic sanction namely, the cancellation of the degree of this

thesis. th

  Palangka Raya, November 24 , 2014 Writer Rima Yanti SRN. 1001 120 603

  

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CROSSWORD PUZZLE IN

TEACHING VOCABULARY AT ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS OF

SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 1 PALANGKA RAYA

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed to find out the effectiveness of using crossword puzzle in

teaching vocabulary at eleventh grade students of SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Palangka

  Raya.

  The study included quantitative paradigm with experimental design. It was

designed the lesson plan, conducted the treatment, and observed the students’ scores

by pre-test and post-test. The population of the study is the eleventh grade students of

SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Palangka Raya which consist of four classes. The writer

chose XI IPA 1 and XI IPA 2 as sample. The sample was determined using cluster

sampling.

  After getting the data from pretest and posttest, they were analyzed using formula to test the hypothesis stated. Based on the result of analysis, it was found that the value of t observed = -11.271 and t table =

  2.02. It showed that the t observed

was higher than t table . The result of testing hypothesis determined that the alternative

hypothesis (Ha) stating that there is a significant difference between using crossword

puzzle can be used to stimulate the students to increase their English vocabulary was

accepted and null hypothesis (Ho) stating that using crossword puzzle can not be use

to stimulate the students to increase their English vocabulary was rejected.

  Keyword: Crossword Puzzle, Vocabulary

  

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

  In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful, The Lord of Universe. Because of Him, the writer could finish this graduating paper as one of the requirement for Sarjana Pendidikan Islam in English Department of Educational faculty of State Islamic Collage of Palangka Raya (STAIN) Palangka Raya.

  Secondly, peace and salutation always be given to our prophet Muhammad SAW who has guided us from the darkness to the lightness.

  However, this success would not be achieved without supports, guidance, advices, helps, and encouragements from individual and institution, and the writer somehow realizes that an appropriate moment for her to deepest gratitude for: 1.

  Dr. Ibnu Elmi AS. Pelu, SH, MH., as the Director of State Islamic College of Palangka Raya for his direction and encouragements of conducting the study; 2. Triwid S.N., M.Pd., as the chair of the Department of Education for her permission and also her cooperation so that the writer can complete the requirements for writing this thesis; 3. Santi Erliana, M.Pd., as the coordinator of the English Education Study Program for her advice, direction and motivation in conducting the study;

  4. Hj. Apni Ranti, M.Hum, as the first advisor for her guidance and advices during writing this thesis.

  5. Nahdiyah, M.Pd., as the second advisor for her valuable criticsm, patience and suggestions in conducting the study;

  6. Drs. M. Ramli, M.Pd, as the head master of SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Palangka Raya for his permission in collecting the data.

  7. Dra. Siti Arofah., as an English teacher of SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Palangka Raya and as a teacher of this research.

  8. All of the lecturers of English Education Study Program that have given time to teach us; 9.

  All of the lecturers of the State Islamic College of Palangka Raya who have given the writer everything that related to religion and education;

  10. All of employees of the State Islamic College of Palangka Raya for their help in the writer’s study until finishing this thesis.

  11. Special thanks are addressed to of her friends of TBI 2010 for their helps and supports.

  Finally this graduating paper is expected to be able to provide useful knowledge and information to the readers. And the writer is pleased to accept more suggestion and contribution from the reader for the improvement of the graduating paper. th

  Palangka Raya, November 24 , 2014 Writer Rima Yanti SRN. 1001 120 603

  TABLE OF CONTENTS

  15 4. Teaching Vocabulary ...............................................

  30 8. Educational Value of Crossword Puzzle .......................

  29 7. The Procedures Using Crossword Puzzle ................

  28 6. The Use of Crossword Puzzle ................................

  27 5. The Weakness of Crossword Puzzle .......................

  25 4. The benefit of using Crossword Puzzle ...................

  24 3. The kinds of Crossword Puzzle ...............................

  23 2. The History of Crossword Puzzle ............................

  23 1. Definition of Crossword Puzzle ..............................

  22 B. Crossword Puzzle ..........................................................

  21 7. Assessing Vocabulary ..............................................

  19 6. Vocabulary Learning Occurs ...................................

  15 5. Direct and Indirect Vocabulary Teaching ................

  14 3. Types of Vocabulary ................................................

  PAGE OF COVER .......................................................................................... i .......................................................................................................................... APPROVAL OF THE THESIS ADVISOR COMMITEE .............................. ii OFFICIAL NOTE ............................................................................................ iii LEGALIZATION OF THE THESIS EXAMINATING COMMITEE ........... iv .......................................................................................................................... ACKNOWLEDMENT .................................................................................... v ABSTRACT ..................................................................................................... vii DECLARATION OF AUTHENTICATION ................................................... x MOTTO ........................................................................................................... xi DEDICATION ................................................................................................. xii TABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................................. xiii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................... xv LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS .......................................................................... xvi LIST OF APPENDICES .................................................................................. xvii

  13 2. Importance of Vocabulary .......................................

  13 1. Definition of Vocabulary .........................................

  10 CHAPTER II: REVIEWE OF RELATED LITERATURE A. Vocabulary.....................................................................

  9 J. Frame of Discussion ......................................................

  9 I. Operational Definition ...................................................

  9 H. Significances of the Study .............................................

  9 G. Objective of the Study ...................................................

  8 F. Assumption of the Study ...............................................

  8 E. Delimitation of the Study ..............................................

  8 D. Hypotheses of the Study ................................................

  5 C. Problem of the Study .....................................................

  1 B. Previous Study ...............................................................

  CHAPTER I: INTROCUTION A. Background of Study .....................................................

  31

  CHAPTER III: METHOD OF THE STUDY A.

  33 Research Type ...............................................................

  B.

  33 Research Design ............................................................

  C.

  34 Variable of the Study .....................................................

  D.

  34 Population and Sample .................................................

  1.

  34 Population ................................................................

  2.

  35 Sample .....................................................................

  E.

  36 Research Instruments .....................................................

  1.

  36 Test Type .................................................................

  2.

  37 Research Instruments Try Out .................................

  3.

  38 Research Instruments Reliability ............................

  4.

  41 Research Instruments Validity.................................

  F.

  43 Data Collection ..............................................................

  G.

  44 Data Analysis .................................................................

  CHAPTER IV: RESULT OF THE STUDY .................................................

  49 A.

  49 Description of the Data ..................................................

  B.

  77 Result of the Data Analysis ...........................................

  CHAPTER V: DISCUSSION ......................................................................

  86 CHAPTER VI: CLOSURE ..........................................................................

  89 A.

  89 Conslusion .....................................................................

  B.

  90 Suggestion ..................................................................... REFERENCES APPENDICES

  LIST OF TABLES

Table 1.1. The Number of the Eleventh Grade Students .......................................... 33Table 2.1. The Sample of the Study ........................................................................... 34 Table 3.1.

  Students’ Scores of Pre-Test of Experimental Class ............................... 47

Table 3.2. The Distribution of Frequency Pre-Test of Experimental Class ............. 49Table 3.3. The Calculation of Mean .......................................................................... 51Table 3.4. The Calculation of Median ...................................................................... 52Table 3.5. The Calculation of Modus ....................................................................... 53

  Table 3.6 . Students’ Scores of Pre-Test of Control Class.......................................... 54 Table 3.11.

  Students’ Score of Post-Test of Experimental Class .............................. 61

Table 3.16. Students’ score of post test of control class ............................................ 69Table 3.21. Standard Deviation of Experimental Class ............................................. 76Table 3.22. Standard Deviation of Control Class ...................................................... 77Table 3.23. The Calculation of T-test ........................................................................ 78Table 3.25. The Calculation of Normality ................................................................ 83Table 3.26. The Calculation of Homogeneity Test ................................................... 83

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