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Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.

Question 1: A. response

B. cocoon

C. deny

D. concept

Question 2: A. athletic

B. register

C. industry

D. decorate

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others in the group.

Question 3: A. cleanse

B. dreamt

C. steam

D. meant

Question 4: A. recorded

B. survived

C. attempted

D. wicked

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.

Question 5: Certain health education topics such as bereavement, child abuse and education for parenthood

was omitted by large numbers of schools.

A. Certain health

B. child abuse

C. was omitted

D. numbers of

Question 6: The scientific method consists of forming hypotheses, collect data, and testing results.

A. scientific

B. consists of

C. collect

D. results

Question 7: When scientists discovered how soap works, it became possible to do synthetic detergents out of


A. discovered

B. how

C. it

D. to do

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 8: As soon as I ___________ my assignment, I'll show you how to solve that problem.

A. have finished

B. will finish

C. will have finished

D. finished

Question 9: Children who __________ are regarded as cheeky and disrespectful.

A. speak up

B. talk back

C. speak out

D. read out

Question 10: In many companies, the Board of Directors has the power to hire and _________ managers.

A. fire

B. recruit

C. employ

D. ruin

Question 11: Overexposure to the sun can produce________ can some toxic chemicals.

A. more than damage to the skin

B. more damage than to the skin

C. damage more than to the skin

D. more damage to the skin than

Question 12: But for the

firefighters’ great efforts, the whole factory ________ to the ground.

A. would burn

B. had burned

C. would have burned

D. will burn

Question 13: Rarely have I visited _________ Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia.

A. as a beautiful city as

B. as beautiful a city as

C. as beautiful as the city

D. as a city as beautiful as

Question 14: Tim takes _________ his mother with his love of animals.

A. up

B. over

C. on

D. after

Question 15: The fire is believed __________ by an electrical fault.

A. to cause

B. to being caused

C. to have caused

D. to have been caused

Question 16: At the New Year celebration, the manager thanked the staff for their dedication and _________.

A. enthusiasm

B. enthusiast

C. enthusiastic

D. enthusiastically

Question 17: When he got to the beach, there were thirty or forty people

on the sand having a picnic.

A. sat

B. have sat

C. sitting

D. were sitting

Question 18:

He always wore a(n) ____________ shirt to work as if he didn’t have any other one to change.

A. white old cotton

B. cotton old white

C. old white cotton

D. old cotton white


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Question 19:

“My neighbors’ party didn’t finish until after midnight.” “You _________ through all that noise.”


mustn’t have slept


shouldn’t have slept


won’t have slept


can’t have slept

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 20: Mr. Collin is speaking to his student, Brian.

Mr. Collin: “You’ve been making very good progress. I’m proud of you!” Brian: “________”


Everything’s alright. Thank you.


It doesn’t matter.


Don’t worry about it!

D. Thank

s. That’s very encouraging, Mr. Collin.

Question 21: The phone is ringing and Mr. Richard is answering it.

Voice: “Can I speak to Mr. Richard, please?”Mr. Richard: “___________”

A. This is I who say.


You are speaking to Mr. Richard, aren’t you?

C. Speaking.


Let’s speak now!

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each sentence.

Question 22: The management cannot turn a blind eye to bullying in the school.

A. ignore

B. deal with

C. notice

D. recognize

Question 23: Their decision could be detrimental to the future of the school.

A. harmful

B. beneficial

C. inefficient

D. advantageous

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each sentence.

Question 24: We look up to the volunteers for their commitment and courage.

A. look down on

B. get over

C. look forward to

D. make up for

Question 25: I'm not sure if I fully understand the sentence which precedes this one.

A. converts

B. follows

C. explains

D. contrasts

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 26:

“You’re causing a lot of trouble for the team,” said the coach to the player.

A. The coach warned the player against causing a lot of trouble for the team.

B. The coach gave the player a severe reprimand for causing a lot of trouble for the team.

C. The coach accused the player for having caused a lot of trouble for the team.

D. The coach threatened to sack the player for having caused a lot of trouble for the team.

Question 27:

I didn’t have an opportunity to travel abroad until recently.


Until recently that I didn’t have an opportunity to travel abroad.

B. The opportunity to travel abroad came up to me not until recently.

C. Only recently did I have an opportunity to travel abroad.

D. Recently did an opportunity to travel abroad happen to me.

Question 28: The look on her face boded ill for anyone who crossed her path that day.

A. Anyone who crossed her way that day could see on her face that she was not well.

B. The look on her face was a bad sign for anyone who happened to meet her that day.

C. She looked ill, which could be seen on her face for anyone crossing her path that day.

D. People who went by her path that day did not know why her face looked so ill.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 29:

Janet bought a lot of food. She didn’t know that there was already plenty at home.


Janet needn’t have bought so much food.

B. Janet must not have bought so much food.

C. Janet might not have bought so much food.

D. Janet di

dn’t need to buy so much food.

Question 30:

You have to finish this work. You don’t want to do it though.

A. Although you have to finish this work, you should want to do it.


Unless you want to do it, you don’t have to finish this work.

C. You have to finish this work, however much you don't feel like doing it.


As you don’t feel like doing this work, you have to finish it.


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Warmer weather and abnormally mild winters may bode well for orange growers, but they also encourage the proliferation of mosquitoes that carry diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. The incidence of infectious diseases is already on the ____


_____ in the United States, and outbreaks are occurring in areas previously too cold for ____


_____ to inhabit. In recent years, cases of malaria have been____


_____ as far north as Michigan, New Jersey, and New York, and a recent study by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention suggests that the proliferation of disease-carrying mosquitoes could increase the percentage of the world’s population ___


______ from malaria from 42 percent to 60 percent.

In addition, lethal heat waves, such as the 1995 event that killed over 700 people in Chicago alone, will be another deadly consequence of global warming. As temperatures rise, major cities around the world could _____


_____ thousands of heat-related deaths annually.

Question 31: A. go

B. air

C. way

D. rise

Question 32: A. diseases

B. people

C. mosquitoes

D. winters

Question 33: A. observing

B. reported

C. opened

D. suffering

Question 34: A. at danger

B. at risk

C. in risk

D. on fear

Question 35: A. experience

B. cause

C. develop

D. produce

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Animals that produce large amounts of offspring depend upon the sheer size of the litter for the

perpetuation of their species. The young mature very quickly and are not educated, as the parents are usually involved with obtaining their own food and with reproduction. Should some of the offspring become endangered, the parent will not interfere, because it is not expected that all the young survive, which is the reason for a large litter. One animal that produces large litters is the hamster. A female hamster is able to bear young when she is six weeks to two months old. The gestation period is about 16 days.

Although an average litter size is from five to ten, hamsters commonly have as few as three or as many as a dozen offspring at a time. Mothers will sometimes eat their own young, particularly when the number of offspring is large. Females may produce litters up to an age of about 15 months at monthly intervals. The blind, hairless young begin to grow fur in two to three days. Their eyes open after about two weeks. After ten days they begin eating solid food, though the mother will continue to nurse them for about two more weeks. In captivity, a typical hamster may live for two to three years.

Question 36: The gestation period for hamsters is about __________.

A. nine months

B. one month

C. 16 days

D. six weeks

Question 37: Female hamsters will sometimes eat their young for what reason?

A. Hunger

B. Because of a large number of offspring

C. Deformed babies

D. The young mature too quickly

Question 38: Female hamsters may reproduce as young as __________.

A. six weeks old

B. six months old

C. 15 months old

D. two weeks old

Question 39: The word

"perpetuation" in the passage is closest in meaning to __________.

A. extinction

B. annihilation

C. variation

D. continuation

Question 40: What is the tone of the passage?

A. Argumentative

B. Biased

C. Informative

D. Farcical

Question 41: Why would an animal parent not be able to care for its litter?

A. It is busy reproducing and food gathering.

B. It is busy educating the litter.

C. It interferes with the litter.

D. It is busy playing.

Question 42: Which of the following is NOT a reason for a large litter?

A. The young are not expected to live.

B. The young are educated.

C. The parents are too busy to protect them.

D. The young mature quickly.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

For 150 years scientists have tried to determine the solar constant, the amount of solar energy that reaches the Earth. Yet, even in the most cloud-free regions of the planet, the solar constant cannot be measured precisely. Gas molecules and dust particles in the atmosphere absorb and scatter sunlight and prevent some wavelengths of the light from ever reaching the ground.


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malfunction in the satellite's control system limited its observation for a few years, the satellite was repaired in orbit by astronauts from the space shuttle in 1984. Max's observations indicate that the solar constant is not really constant after all.

The satellite's instruments have detected frequent, small variations in the Sun's energy output, generally amounting to no more than 0.05 percent of the Sun's mean energy output and lasting from a few days to a few weeks. Scientists believe these fluctuations coincide with the appearance and disappearance of large groups of sunspots on the Sun's disk. Sunspots are relatively dark regions on the Sun's surface that have strong magnetic fields and a temperature about 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit cooler than the rest of the Sun's surface. Particularly large fluctuations in the solar constant have coincided with sightings of large sunspot groups. In 1980, for example, Solar Max's instruments registered a 0.3 percent drop in the solar energy reaching the Earth. At that time a sunspot group covered about 0.6 percent of the solar disk, an area 20 times larger than the Earth's surface.

Long-term variations in the solar constant are more difficult to determine. Although Solar Max's data have indicated a slow and steady decline in the Sun's output, some scientists have thought that the satellite's aging detectors might have become less sensitive over the years, thus falsely indicating a drop in the solar constant.

This possibility was dismissed, however, by comparing Solar Max's observations with data from a similar instrument operating on NASA's Nimbus 7 weather satellite since 1978.

Question 43: What does this passage mainly discuss?

A. The launching of a weather satellite

B. The components of the Earth's atmosphere

C. The measurement of variations in the solar constant

D. The interaction of sunlight and air pollution

Question 44: Why does the author mention

"gas" and "dust" in paragraph 1?

A. They magnify the solar constant.

B. They are found in varying concentrations.

C. Scientific equipment is ruined by gas and dust.

D. They interfere with accurate measurement of the solar constant.

Question 45: Why is it not possible to measure the solar constant accurately without a satellite?

A. The Earth is too far from the Sun.

B. Some areas on Earth receive more solar energy than others.

C. There is not enough sunlight during the day.

D. The Earth's atmosphere interferes with the sunlight.

Question 46: The word

"scatter" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to __________.

A. emit

B. disperse

C. capture

D. transform

Question 47: According to the passage, scientists believe variations in the solar constant are related to


A. sunspot activity

B. unusual weather patterns

C. increased levels of dust

D. fluctuations in the Earth's temperature

Question 48: Why did scientists think that Solar Max might be giving unreliable information?

A. Solar Max did not work for the first few years.

B. The space shuttle could not fix Solar Max's instruments.

C. Solar Max's instruments were getting old.

D. Nimbus 7 interfered with Solar Max's detectors.

Question 49: The phrase

"This possibility" in paragraph 4 refers to the likelihood that the __________.

A. solar constant has declined

B. instruments are providing inaccurate data

C. Nimbus 7 satellite is older than Solar Max

D. solar constant cannot be measured

Question 50: The attempt to describe the solar constant can best be described as _________.

A. an ongoing research effort

B. an issue that has been resolved

C. a question that can never be answered

D. historically interesting, but irrelevant to contemporary concerns

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