Submitted to the Board Examiners as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Islam (S.Pd.I) English Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga

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THE PRAGMATICS ANALYSIS OF THE COOPERATIVE

PRINCIPLE IN A COMEDY MOVIE ENTITLED

“MEET THE PARENTS”

  

A GRADUATING PAPER

Submitted to the Board Examiners as a Partial Fulfillment of the

Requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Islam (S.Pd.I)

  

English Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty

State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga

By:

SITI PURWANINGSIH

  

113 10 115

ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY

  

STATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES (IAIN) SALATIGA

2015

  

DECLARATION

  Hereby the writer declares that graduating paper entitled THE

  

PRAGMATICS ANALYSIS OF THE COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE IN A

COMEDY MOVIE ENTITLED is originally made by the

“MEET THE PARENTS”

  writer herself. It is not a plagiarism or has been published by other people ideas except the information from the references. If it is then proved that the writer is a plagiarism, the writer is ready to take the responsibility.

  Likewise, this declaration is made by the writer, and she hopes that this declaration can be understood.

  th

  Salatiga, April 07 2015 The Writer

  SITI PURWANINGSIH NIM. 113 10 115

MINISTRY OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS STATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES (IAIN) SALATIGA

  Jl. Tentara Pelajar 02 Tlp (0298) 323433 Fax 323433 Salatiga 50731 Website :

  th

  Salatiga, April 07 2015 Faizal Risdianto, S. S, M. Hum. The Lecturer of English Education Department State Institute For Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga

  ATTENTIVE COUNSELOR’S NOTE

  Case : Siti Purwaningsih‘s Graduating Paper

  Dear Dean of Teacher Training and Education Faculty

  Assalamu’alaikum, wr.wb

  After reading and correcting Siti Purwaningsih THE ‘s graduating paper entitled

  PRAGMATICS ANALYSIS OF THE COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE IN A I have decided and

  COMEDY MOVIE ENTITLED “MEET THE PARENTS, would like to propose that this paper can be accepted by the Teacher Training and Education Faculty. I hope this paper can be examined as soon as possible.

  Wassalamu’alaikum, wr.wb

  Counselor,

  Faizal Risdianto, S. S, M. Hum

  NIP. 197509172008 01 1010

MINISTRY OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS STATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES (IAIN) SALATIGA

   GRADUATING PAPER THE PRAGMATICS ANALYSIS OF THE COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE IN A COMEDY MOVIE ENTITLED “MEET THE PARENTS”

  Has been brought to the Board of Examiners of English and Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty at State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN)

  Salatiga on 28

  th

  March 2015 and hereby considered to complete the requirement for the degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Islam (S.Pd.I) in English and Education Department.

  Board of Examiners, Head Secretary First Examiner Second Examiner

  : Prof. Dr. Muh. Zuhri, MA : Rr. Dewi Wahyu Mustikasari, M. Pd : Dr. H. Sa‘adi, M. Ag : Hanung Triyoko, S. S., M. Hum., M. Ed

  Salatiga, April 07

  th

  2015

  Dean of Teacher Training and Education Faculty Suwardi, M. Pd.

  NIP. 19670121 199903 1 002

  Jl. Tentara Pelajar 02 Tlp (0298) 323433 Fax 323433 Salatiga 50731 Website :

WRITTEN BY: SITI PURWANINGSIH NIM: 113 10 115

  

MOTTO

―Honesty is the most single most important factor having a direct

bearing on the final success of an individual, corporation, or

product‖

(Ed McMahon)

  

DEDICATION

  This graduating paper is whole heartedly dedicated to: 1. My Lord, Allah SWT . . . Thanks to Allah for giving me spirit and power in my life, especially to finish this graduating paper.

  2. My beloved Mom and Dad (Andini And Sholikin), who gave love, kind, advice, and support for your daugther. Thanks for your pray and fund, I love you so much.

  3. My honorable consultant (Mr. Faizal Risdianto, S. S, M. Hum.) who gave me suggestion and dazzling research brief to finish my graduating paper. Thanks a lot Mr. Fay! 4. My dearest brothers and sister (M. Nurudin, M. Syaifudin, and Shoimatul Khasanah), thanks for your motivation and making me laugh in our home.

  5. Thanks you for my beloved friend Risa, who never leave me alone and kind to me like a sister for me. Thanks you so much for your motivation and togetherness.

  6. My dearest classmeates TBI D‘10, Aini, Wilda, Sinta, Sinna, Intan, Wahyu, Tika, Sopi, Muth,Matul, and Ayu who make me laugh and share together.

  7. My boarding house mates (especially Titik, Rischa, and Indah), thanks for the togetherness and support.

  8. Thanks a lot for the youth of Kesatuan Remaja Jetis (KERIS) who believe on me as your leader. Thank you so much for your pray and cooperation.

  

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

  the writer would like to express my sincere thanks to Allah SWT,

  Alhamdulillah

  who has given health, blessing, inspiration, and protection so that this graduating paper could be finished. This graduating paper is submitted in partial fulfillment for the requirements for the degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Islam (S.Pd.I) in English Education Department

  . Moreover, this graduating paper is also expected one of guideline for the readers who want to improve their knowledge about Pragmatics. The writer realizes that actually this graduating paper cannot complete without the advice, encouragement, guidance, suggestions, and support from many people during the writing of the graduating paper. The writer would like to express her sincere thanks to:

  The Head and Vice 1, Vice 2, vice 3 of State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) 1. salatiga.

  2. The Dean of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) salatiga.

  3. The Head and Secretary of English Education Department of State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga 4. Mr. Norwanto, S. Pd., M. Hum as Academic Counselor who has support and give suggestion to finish all the lectures of State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN)

  Salatiga 5. Mr. Faizal Risdianto, S. S, M. Hum., as the consultant who has educated, supported, directed and given advices, suggestions, corrections, and recommendations for the writer to finish this thesis.

  6. All the lecturers in English Education Department who have given much knowledge, the writer deeply thanks to you all.

  7. My beloved family, thanks for your spirit and patient.

  8. All of staffs who have helped the writer in processing of graduating paper administration.

  9. All friends of D class and all friends in English Education Department. Thank for your friendship and kindness.

  10. Those cannot be mentioned one by one.

  Eventually, this graduating paper is expected to be able to provide useful knowledge and information to the readers. The writer is pleased to accept more suggestion and contribution for the improvement of this graduating paper.

  th

  Salatiga, April 07 2015 The writer

  SITI PURWANINGSIH NIM. 113 10 115

  

TABLE OF CONTENT

TITLE………………………………………………………………….….

  13

  20

  19

  1. Maxim of Quantity .................................................

  Definition of Cooperative Principle ...................................

  B.

  Definition of Pragmatics .....................................................

  17 CHAPTER II: THEORITICAL REVIEW A.

  16

  7

  I DECLARATION………………………………………………...………. ii

  7

  6

  6

  5

  1

  CHAPTER I : INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study…………………………………….. B. Problems of the Study...........……………………………….. C. The Purposes of the Study………………………………….. D. Benefits of the Study………………………………………… E. Limitation of the Study……………………………………… F. Definitions of The Terms…………………………………… G. Research Method ............................................................ H. Review of Related Study ................................................. I. Research Paper Organization ...........................................

  TABLE OF CONTENT…...……………………………………………… ABSTRACT ix xi

  CERTIFICATION PAGE ………………………..……………..……….. iv MOTTO……………………………………..……………………………. v DEDICATION………………………………………………………….... vi ACKNOWLEDGEMENT……………………………………………….. vii

  ATTENTIVE CONSELOR NOTES……...……………………….…….. iii

  21

  2.

  22 Maxim of Quality ....................................................

  3.

  22 Maxim of Relation ....................................................

  4.

  23 Maxim of Manner .....................................................

  C.

  23 Definition of Violation Maxim .............................................

  D.

  26 Definition Culture ................................................................

  E.

  27 Comedy Movie “Meet the Parents” ....................................

  CHAPTER III: DATA PRESENTATION A.

  30 Data of Line Maxims ..........................................................

  B.

  53 Data of Violated Maxims ...................................................

  CHAPTER IV: DATA ANALYSIS A.

  68 Data of In Line Maxims .....................................................

  1.

  68 Maxim of Quantity .................................................

  2.

  77 Maxim of Quality ...................................................

  3.

  85 Maxim of Relation ..................................................

  4.

  91 Maxim of Manner ...................................................

  B.

  95 Data of Violated Maxims ..................................................

  1.

  95 Maxim of Quantity ..................................................

  2.

  100 Maxim of Quality ...................................................

  3.

  104 Maxim of Relation ..................................................

  4.

  107 Maxim of Manner ...................................................

  C.

  113 Socio Cultural Background of American Society ...............

  CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION A.

  120 Conclusion ........................................................................

  B.

  121 Suggestion ........................................................................

  BIBLIOGRAPHY

  

ABSTRACT

  Purwaningsih, Siti 2015. The Pragmatics Analysis of The Cooperative Principle In A Comedy Movie Entitled

  “Meet the Parents” Graduating Paper English

  Department of Education Faculty Salatiga. State Institute For Islamic Studies (STAIN) of Salatiga. January 2015. Counselor, Faizal Risdianto, S. S., M. Hum.

  : Pragmatics and Cooperative Principle.

  Keywords

  In the daily conversation, it is found some people who disobey the rule of conversation. Such as lied, ignoring the speaker, gave the information too much and too short. The purpose of this research is to find out the cooperative principle used in a movie script. The methodology of this study is qualitative research; it does not need statistic approach to analysis the data. In this research, the writer took a research about

  

The Pragmatics Analysis of the Cooperative Principle in A Comedy Movie Entitled

“Meet the Parents. Qualitative research is inductive research as follows observation,

  analyze data along with example, and draw conclusion. The result of this research is the writer found 62 conversations in line maxim and 39 conversations violated maxim. There was maxim of quality which was the most domains in line maxim in this movie. This movie start with untruth condition, the main character tried to solve all the lies which have done in the end of this movie. The writer also found some socio cultural background of American society. There are artifact (object or event), commercial, belief and value, economic life, sexual habit, and religion. The moral value of this movie, the writer draw an important thing in this movie is ―Everything we done, tried to be ho nest.‖

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of Study Every day human cannot avoid communication in their life. Language is

  one of the important matters in the communication. Human needs the language to communicate and make conversation with others. Using conversation, people can share information, build relationship, express emotion to others and persuade them to understand our utterances. It dealing with this, According to Adisutrisno (2008:63) when a sentence is spoken in a particular context by a certain speaker and is directed to a hearer, the sentence is called an utterance.

  In conversation there are two things that are important matters, they are speaker and hearer. Between them need cooperation in their conversation.

  Budiati said that in making conversation runs well sometimes it need strategy and skills. It is often found some conversations get stuck because of losing connection between speaker and hearer (November 2012: Vol. 5. No 2). Using cooperation, they can understand their utterance and the conversation works and connect smoothly. The cooperatio n in this conversation is called ―Cooperative Principle‖ by George Yule. Cooperative principle itself makes your conversational contribution such as is required, at the stage at which it occurs, by the accepted purpose or direction of the talk exchange in which you are engaged (Yule, 1996:37). There are 4 maxims in the cooperative principle: Maxim of Quantity, Maxim of Quality, Maxim of Relation, and Maxim of Manner.

  When we have a role as the speaker or the hearer, surely the role true or based on the fact, have the right adequate information, relevant and perceivable term. For example, this conversation occurred in a Comedy Movie entitled ―Meet the Parents‖ when Pam asked to Greg that she wanted Greg answer the question and gave the true information for her.

  Pam :What's going on? Greg : I was in the neighborhood, got off work early. Thought maybe youwanted to get a bite to eat.

  The conversation above can be categorized to be in line of the maxims, it is included in maxim of quantity because Greg gave complete information about his plan to meet Pam and ask her to get lunch together. Pam wants to Greg explain in clear and strong argument.

  Conversely, some of its conversations often violate this principle. For example, this conversation was occurred in the movie when Greg lied about his feeling to a cat.

  Jack : Well, that's okay if you hate cats, Greg? Greg : No!I don't. I don't hate cats at all.

  The conversation above between Jack and Greg belongs to violation of maxim of quality. It because of Greg did not give the true information and lied about his feeling if he hates the cat.The aim of his untrue information was to ingratiate Jack to be chummier.

  Related to this case, Leech (1983:08), distinguish between Principle and maxims are:

a) Principle/maxims apply variably to different contexts or language use.

  b) Principle/maxims apply in variable degrees, rather than in all-or - nothing ways.

c) Principle/maxims can conflict with one another.

  d) Principle/maxims can be contravened without abnegation of the kind of activity which they control.

  On that example of violation maxim of quality, the conversation included in point C of Leech‘s argument about principle/maxims, because Greg‘s answer makes the conflict between Jack and Greg.

  In addition, pragmaticsconcerned with the study of meaning as communicated by a speaker (or writer) and interpreted by a listener (or reader).

  It has, consequently, more to do with the analysis of what people mean by their utterance than what the words or phrases in those utterances might mean by themselves. Pragmatics is the study of speaker meaning (Yule, 1996:03).

  Pragmatic analysis focuses on contextual meaning which produced by speaker and itput emphasis interpreted by the hearer or their partner in the communication process. It means that consideration is one of the most important things in the communication to get good effect of the speaker and the hearer.

  Moreover, the researcher analyzes the socio cultural background of American society in a comedy movie entitled ―Meet the Parents‖. One of the socio cultural backgrounds in this movie was economic life. For example:

  Greg : Will you stop making fun of me for being a nurse? Jack : Could you at least try, maybe, to consider another

  profession? Greg : Jack, yes or no?

  In this conversation, Jack made fun about Greg‘s profession as a male nurse. He wanted him to choose another profession, like Doctor. Jack‘s profession was an agent CIA, and his daughter‘s (Debby) fiancé was Bob M.D

  (Medical Doctor). It showed profession and economic life was necessary in Jack‘s dwelling, New York. It deals with Williams (1960:157) said that the

  th

  ideology of the early 20 century American business civilization included as basic beliefs: belief that the greatest economic good of society would be achieved through the undertrained play of individual self interest; faith in the sanctity of ―private property‖, belief in freedom contract; the assumption that economic order is best in which there is minimum of state regulation; belief in the ability of a competitive market to maintain itself and to allocate the society‘s resources in the optimum manner.

  From the explanation above, the writer has an interest to conduct the study of Cooperative Principle especially in line and violating maxims used in a comedy movie ―Meet the Parents‖. Here the writer carries out a research

  THE PRAGMATICS ANALYSIS OF THE COOPERATIVE

  entitled ―

  PRINCIPLE IN A COMEDY MOVIE ENTITLED “MEET THE PARENTS”

B. Problems of the Study

  In a comedy movie entitle ―Meet the Parents‖, the writer formulated three problems. They are:

1. What are the types of cooperative principle in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents”? 2.

  What is the meaning of each utterance in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents”? 3.

  What is the most dominant cooperative principle and its socio cultural background of American society used in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents”?

C. Purposes of the Study 1.

  To describe the types of cooperative principle in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents” 2.

  To explain the meaning of each utterance in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents” 3.

  To know the most widely cooperative principle and its socio cultural background of American society that used in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents” D.

   Benefits of the Study

  After applying the research, the writer hoped that this research is beneficial to:

1. The Research

  To make the writer understand the film manuscript and the film story that will be analyzed. Also the writer understands the context of each utterance. In addition, the writer knows kinds of the cooperative principle of maxims and the example list of them. Moreover, the writer knows some culture of American society in ―Meet the Parents‖ movie.

  2. The Teacher This research can be a guide or source for teacher and to improve the teaching and learning method to develop the study of pragmatics.

  3. Students The students know more about linguistics especially about cooperative principle maxims in the people‘s utterance. And they will know the characteristic of each maxims and the meaning on it. It can be used as knowledge materials in the study pragmatics, linguistic, semantics and others.

  4. Other Researcher This research can be used as reference, source, and information for the related research field in the next future.

  E. Limitation of the Study

  The writer analyzes cooperative principle maxims in a comedy movie entitled ―Meet the Parents‖. Based on the script, the writer focuses on types of cooperative principle maxims. The types of cooperative principle maxims are: maxim of quality, maxim of quantity, maxim of relation, and maxim of manner.

  F. Definition of the Terms 1. Definition of Pragmatics

  According to Yule (1996:04) pragmatics is the study of the relationship between linguistic form and users of those forms. The advantage of studying language via pragmatic is that one can talk about people‘s intended meaning, their assumptions, their purposes or goals, and the kinds of actions that they are performing when they speak.

  According to Mey (1993:06) pragmatics studies the use of language in human communication as determined by the conditions of society.

  According to Wilson that cited by Mey (2009:744) Pragmatics is concerned with meaning in the contextof language use. Basically, when we communicatethrough language we often mean more than we say; there is often a gap between speakers meaning andsentence meaning.

  2. Definition of Cooperative Principle

  The speaker and the hearer need to respond each other in their conversation with the needed information and give the complete information that will be benefit them. By giving the truth and required information, the hearer will be more comfortable to understand the speaker utterance. This action included cooperative principle when they manage the conversation to be successful.

  According to Grice as cited by Mey (2009:569), cooperative principle is make your contribution such as is required, at the stage at which it occurs, by the accepted purpose or direction of the talk exchange in which you are engaged.

  3. Definition of Maxims

  According to Thomas cited by Mey (1995:560-570), the concept of maxim is crucial notion within the theory of the cooperative principle.

  Grice never meant that the maxims should always be observed, one of several common misunderstandings which have marred the field of GriceanPragmatics since its beginning.

  The cooperative principle consists of four maxims. They are maxim ofquantity, maxim of quality, maxim of relation, maxim of manner. By applying cooperative principle, the speaker allows the hearer to dra w the assumptions about the speaker‘s intention and the contextual meaning.

a. Maxim of Quantity

  This maxim has two characteristics, they are:

1) Make your contribution as informative as is required.

  2) Do not make your contribution more informative than is required.

  Example : Pam : Are you okay, sweetie? You're acting so weird.

  Greg : I'm fine. I just got a crick in my neck. I was doing C.P.R... on a pound crack addict this morning. This

  conversation can be categorized as maxim of quantity, because Greg gave complete and right answer about his condition.

b. Maxim of Quality

  The characteristics are: 1)

  Do not say what you believe to be false

2) Do not say that for which you lack adequate evidence.

  Example:

  Dina : Oh, yucky. What smells of old sour milk? Pam : Oh, poor Greg got spit up on by a baby.

  This conversation included of maxim of quality, because Pam gave the truth information about Greg‘s shirt got spit up on by a baby and the smell was not good.

  c. Maxim of Relation

  This maxim states that each participant‘s contribution should be relevant to the subject of the conversation.

  Example:

  Greg : Pam, I didn't know you had a cat? Pam : Yeah, I left him here when I moved to Chicago.

  This conversation included of maxim relation, because the question and answer are relevant.

  d. Maxim of Manner

  The characteristics are: 1)

  Avoid obscurity of expression 2)

  Avoid ambiguity 3)

  Be brief 4)

  Be orderly Example : Dina : Oh, now, Greg, you have a very unique last name.

   Um, we were curious, how do you pronounce it? Greg : Oh, just like it's spelled. F-O-C-K-E-R.

  This conversation included of maxim of manner, because Greg answer Dina‘s question with spell his name as the order of Dina.

  4. Definition of Violation A ccording to Grice as cited Khosravizadeh and Sadehvandi

  (2011:12), violation occurs when takes place when speakers intentionally refrain to apply certain maxims in their conversation to cause misunderstanding on their participants‘ part or to achieve some other purposes.

  According to Grice as cited Anneke H. Tupan (2008:121) said that, Violation is the condition where the speakers do not purposefully fulfill certain maxim. When the speakers do maxim violation, the conversation between the speakers and the hearers can be unsuccessful since they will misunderstand each other. Speakers who violate a maxim cause the hearer not to know the truth and only understand the surface meaning of the speaker‘s words. In doing so the speaker can violate more than one maxim at the same time and the writers later name it as the multiple violations.

  5. Definition of Culture

  According to Spancer-Oatey (2012:02), Culture is a fuzzy set of basic assumptions and values, orientations to life, beliefs, policies, procedures and behavioral conventions that are shared by a group of people, and that influence (but do not determine) each member‘s behavior and his/her interpretations of the ‗meaning‘ of other people‘s behavior.

  Popular culture is easy to get because it‘s everywhere to be gotten it surrounds us the way water surrounds fish, a transparent environmentcrucial to our survival. We tend to overlook the omnipresence of popular culture precisely because it is such a familiar part of our everyday environment. Consider for a moment, however, that the clothes you are wearing, the mall or store you purchased them in, the food you eat, the television program which inform and entertain you, and the very textbook you are holding in your hands right now are all aspects of popular culture and you may begin to see how completely we are suspended in these popular culture seas-deep water indeed (Nachbar and Lause, 1992:02) G.

   Research Method 1.

  The Research of Method In this research, the writer uses qualitative research. This type of research is ―Descriptive Qualitative Research‖. According to Silverman (1993:20), qualitative research is often treated as a relatively minor methodology to be used, if it all, at early or exploratory stages of study.

  Viewed from this perspective, qualitative research can be used to familiarize oneself with a setting before the serious sampling and counting begins. Furthermore, Suryabrata (2003:76) said that, Descriptive research is research whichintendstomakedescriptionabout situationsorevents. In this senseitis adescriptivestudyof basic dataaccumulatedinpurelydescriptivemay not need to look fororexplain themutualrelations, testing hypotheses, makepredictions, orgainmeaningimplications, althoughresearchthat aimstofindthese thingscanincludethedescriptivemethods.

  2. Object of the Research The object of this research is the cooperative principle used in a comedy movie entitles

  “Meet the Parents” script. The data can be in the forms of clause and sentence.

  3. The Method of Collecting Data In this research, the writer uses the documentation method to collect the data. Documentation consists of written data, the authentic, valid or formal form of something that can be used to complete the information. It can be paper, media and other products. According to Arikunto (1995:236) Documentation is looking for the data about the items, such as transcription, book, newspaper, magazine, and so on.

  In this research, look for the data about conversation transcribe in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents”. The writer

  uses analyze method to collected data. The observation of this research is observing conversation between the speaker and the partner inthe written data sources of a comedy movie entitled “Meet the Parents”.

  4. Data Source The writer looks for the secondary data script of ―Meet the

  

  Parents‖ movie which taken from

   According to Ruslan (2010:30),

  the secondary data is acquiring data in the available form by means of publication and information that produced by a variety organization or company, included magazine journal, Bank, and finances.

6. The Method of Analyzing Data In analyzing data, the writer uses library research.

  According to Ruslan (2010:31), library research is looking for the data or information research through read the scientific journal, referential book and other publications which available in the library. These libraries research same with the referential method. According to Sudaryanto (1993:13), referential method is data analyzing method which the standard outside, regardless and it is not become from language involvement.

  Referential method use to decide the function and conversation meaning on ―Meet the Parents‖ movie. The writer analyzes data by using the following steps: a.

  The writer watches the ―Meet the Parents‖ movie frequently.

  b.

  The writer reads the script of ―Meet the Parents‖ movie.

  c.

  The writer writes the duration of each utterance on the script of Meet the Parents‖ movie.

  d.

  The writer makes data transcription or data presentation from ―Meet the Parents‖ movie.

  e.

  The writer categories data according Grice‘s Maxim on ―Meet the Parents‖ movie.

  f.

  The writer makes code the four maxims between in line and violation on ―Meet the Parents‖ movie.

  g.

  The writer describes and analyses the data which there are two kinds of data, the data of line the maxims and the data of violation maxims. h.

  The writer finds the contextual meaning in conversation ―Meet the Parents‖ movie. i.

  The writer finds the socio cultural background of American society on ―Meet the Parents‖ movie.

H. Review of Related Study

  There are many researches that arranged graduating paper about cooperative principle and maxim analysis which conducted previous study. The first, RatnaWulandari (2013) conduct the research on

  “The Pragmatics Analysis of Cooperative Principle on “Contraband” Movie. In that research, she

  analyzed the conversation which is line and violated cooperative principle based on Grice‘s maxims. There are 26 conversations that in line maxim. They are 7 in line maxim of quantity, 12 in line maxim of quality, 2 in line maxim of relation, and 4 in line maxim of manner. Also there are 27 conversations in violated maxim. They are 4 in violated maxim of quantity, 14 in violated maxim of quality, 5 in violated maxim of relation, and 4 in violated maxim of manner.

  The second, Lestari (2013) conduct a research on the Analysis of

  conversational Implicature in the Movie Script of “Despicable Me”. In her

  research, she analyzed the dialogue in the conversation which is violating the Gricean maxims based on cooperative principle. She found 19 violated maxims.

  There are 2 violated maxim of quantity, 6 violated maxim of quality, 4 violated maxim of relation, and 7 violated maxim of manner.

  The third, NanikRestiwiDiastuti (2012) conducts a research on The

  Analysis Maxims on “TEARS OF THE SUN” Movie. In her research, she

  analyzed the dialogue in the conversation which is violating the Gricean maxims based on cooperative principle. She found 31 conversations that violated maxim. They are 12 in violated maxim of quantity, 7 in violated maxim of quality, 7 in violated maxim of relation, and 5 in violated maxim of manner.

  From the third researches, there writer conducts a research on

  The Pragmatics Analysis of the Cooperative Principle in A Comedy Movie Entitled “Meet The Parents. In this research, the writer analyzed the dialogue conversation which is in line and violating Gricean maxims based on cooperative principle. Then the writer finds the utterance meaning of that. Also the writer finds the socio cultural background of American society in that movie.

I. Research Paper Organization

  This paper consist of five chapters, Chapter I is an introduction, which are contains background of the study, problems of the study, purpose of the study, benefit of the study, limitation of the study, definition of key terms, research method, and paper organization. Chapter

  II gives some definitions concerning the Pragmatics, Cooperative Principle, Culture, and the biography of a comedy movie entitled “Meet the Parents”. It contains synopsis of the movie and literary elements.

  Chapter III is data presentation. There are two kinds of maxims, they are data in line maxim and data violating maxim. Chapter IV consists of data analysis and socio cultural background of American society. Data analysis contains analysis of data in line maxim and data violating maxim on

  “Meet the Parents” movie script. Socio cultural background of

  

Parents” movie. The last, chapter V is closure, which contains the

conclusion and suggestion for the further research. The last terms in this

research paper are bibliography and appendix.

CHAPTER II THEORETICAL REVIEW In this chapter, the writer wanted to discuss about the pragmatics

  analysis. There were the theoretical reviews of pragmatics included the definition of Cooperative Principle and the violation maxims which used in ―Meet the Parents‖ comedy movie script. Also, there was a synopsis and literary elements of a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents”.

A. Definition of Pragmatics

  And the pragmatics must be part of semantics, which is study of language meaning in context, language use, or language interaction (Adisutrisno, 2008:4).

  According to Mey (1993:06) Pragmatics as the study of the way humans use their access to the language in a communication, bases itself on a study of those premises and determines how they affect, and effectualize, human language use. Hence:

  Pragmatics studies the use of language in human communication as determined by the condition of society.

  Yule (1996:4) says that pragmatics is the study of the relationship between linguistic forms and the users of those forms.

  On those definitions above, the writer conclude that communication needs the speaker and the hearer interaction to convey their utterance, included their purpose and goals, and the kind of action or request. The pragmatics is the study of context and language use. It sometimes cannot be predictable by linguistic form. The pragmatic analysis focused on the meaning of the speaker utterances rather than word and sentence meaning on their conversation. It needed interpretation by the hearer to understand the meaning of each utterance.

B. Definition of Cooperative Principle

  Paul Grice proposed the assumption of cooperate between the speaker and the hearer in the conversation called as ―Cooperative Principle‖. In the conversation needs cooperation between the speaker and the hearer. Because, to make a conversation successful and meaningful, the speaker have to convey the clear utterance that make the hearer understand the purpose and the meaning of each utterance. Grice (1975:45) said that make your conversational contribution such as is required, at the stage at which it occurs, by the accepted purpose or direction of the talk exchange in which you are engaged.

  There are four maxims in the cooperative principle. There are: maxim of quantity, maxim of quality, maxim of relation, and maxim of manner. If the conversation is going successful, it called as in line maxim. In line maxims is the condition where the speaker and the hearer cooperate in their conversation. And the hearer understand the speaker‘s utterance also obey the maxims that appropriate the Gricean maxim.

  According to Grice as cited by Mey (1998:569) each maxims have the specific character below:

1. Maxim of Quantity a.

  Make your contribution as informative as is required.

  b.

  Do not make your contribution more informative than is required.

  Example:

  Greg : Oh, sorry. Sorry. Sometimes these catheters can pinch a little bit. Well, thanks for listening. I really appreciate it. Patient : You've got a real gentle touch there, Doctor.

  She won't be able to say no. Greg : Actually, I'm a nurse. Doctor 'll be right in.[Chattering]

  In the conversation above, its deals with in line maxim of quantity, because the Patient gave the complete information about Greg‘s acting to ask his girlfriend to be marry him. He asked to the patient pretended to be his girlfriend.

2. Maxim of Quality a.

  Do not say what you believe to be false.

  b.

  Do not say that for which you lack adequate evidence.

  Example:

  Pam : It's a great gift. I just thought you were gonna get them champagne.

  Greg : Trust me. I think your dad is gonna be verypsyched about this gift.

  The conversation between Pam and Greg above included in line maxim of quality, because Pam give the truth information about Greg‘s gift that will be gave by him to her parent. And Greg convinced that they will love the gift.

  3. Maxim of Relation a.

  Be relevant.

  Example: Kim : Good luck, Greg.

  Greg : Thanks, Kim.

  The conversation included in line maxim of relation, because when Kim said good luck for Greg‘s plan to ask his girlfriend to marry him, Greg said thank to it.

  Therefore there is relation in their conversation.

  4. Maxim of Manner a.

  Avoid obscurity of expression.

  b.

  Avoid ambiguity.

  c.

  Be brief.

  d.

  Be orderly.

  Example:

  A Man : Uh, sir, that's not gonna fit Greg : Wait. Hang on a second.

  A Man : The bag's too big, guy. You gotta check it.

  Greg tried to bring his bag on the plane, but the bag too big. He needed to check it. This conversation included maxim of manner, because when a man ask to check his bag manually, Greg ask to wait and keep on making his bag fit with the machine check. Finally, the bag has to check manually.

C. Definition of Violation Maxim

  According to Grice cited by Hamid and Behija (2009:06) He suggeststhat there are cases when these rules may be violated.There are four maxims in the cooperative principle. They are; maxim of quantity, maxim of quality, maxim of relation, and maxim of manner. The speaker and the hearer should have to apply the cooperation by giving appropriate contribution in their conversation.

  Sometimes, the people unaware about their conversation which is not fulfill the rule of maxims. According to Grice cited by Hamid and Behija(2009:7) each maxims have the specific character, they are:

1. Maxim of Quantity

  Violating this maxim is the hearer cannot give the required answer.

  Example:

  Jack : What are you driving there, a Ford? Greg Oh, yeah, it's a Taurus. We were gonna get a mid- : size, but I figure, hey, we pull down decent bucks.

  Might as well go all out, pop for the full-size. In this conversation, Greg gave information to Jack about his car too much. Jack just wanted the answer of kind of car. It‘s included violation of maxim quantity.

  2. Maxim of Quality

  Violating this maxim is ―When the speaker is "unostentatiously" and "quietly" subverting themaxim, as it happens in telling lies

  ‖ Example:

  Pam : I don't think Greg will be playing with Jinxy too much. He hates cats.

  

Greg : [Chuckles Nervously] Pam, I don't hate cats. I

don't-- I don't hate cats. I just happen to be more of a dog lover.

  In this case, included violation maxim of quality, because Greg gave the wrong information about he hated a cat. In fact, he really hated a cat. His action just wanted Jack like him as Pam‘s boyfriend.

  3. Maxim of Relation

  Violation of this maxim is the hearer give irrelevance utterance for the speaker.

  Example:

  Pam : What are you doing? Greg : What?

  In the conversation above, included violation maxim of relation, because when Greg opened his smoke pack, Pam asked to him to leave the smoke, she warned him about his done but, he didn‘t understand it.

4. Maxim of Manner

  The speaker should avoid using vague or ambiguous utterances when speaking.

  Example:

  Jack : Yes or no, Greg? Greg : No. Yes. No.

  In this case, when Jack asked him about pothead, Greg‘s answered the question ambiguity. It made Jack confused and hesitated to believe him. The conversation above included violation maxim of manner.

D. Definition of Culture

  Popular culture is easy to get because it‘s everywhere to be gotten it surrounds us the way water surrounds fish, a transparent environmentcrucial to our survival. We tend to overlook the omnipresence of popular culture precisely because it is such a familiar part of our everyday environment. Consider for a moment, however, that the clothes you are wearing, the mall or store you purchased them in, the food you eat, the television program which inform and entertain you, and the very textbook you are holding in your hands right now are all aspects of popular culture and you may begin to see how completely we are suspended in these popular culture seas-deep water indeed (Nachbar and Lause, 1992:2).

  According to Tyler as quoted by Spancer-Oatey (2012:02), Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.

E. Comedy Movie “Meet the Parents”

  “Meet the Parent”s was the comedy movie produced in

  2000. This movie was directed by Male nurse, Gaylord ―Greg‖ Focker (Ben Stiller) decides to propose to his girlfriend Pam Byrnes (Teri Polo), using the children in her class to form a sign that reads MARRY ME PAM. However, when the kids finally create the sign, Pam gets a phone call from her sister who informs Pam that she is getting married. Greg is forced to abort his proposal, and soon learns that he will have to meet Pam's parents.

  Greg and Pam arrive at her parents' house, and Pam frantically tries to prep Greg to meet her father by tossing Greg's cigarettes onto the roof and reminding him they can't reveal they are living together. Greg tries to assure Pam that everything will be all right.

  After an very awkward introduction to Jack (Robert De Niro) and Dina (Blythe Danner), Greg steps inside the Byrnes home, and as the door closes behind him, it is quite clear he is in for a very long weekend.

  After scouring the neighborhood in search of the Byrnes‘ cat Mr. Jinx, Greg finds a similar looking cat at the animal shelter and decides to try to pass it off as the real Jinx. He returns to the Brynes triumphant and reveals Jinx to the entire family, redeeming himself for all the trouble he has caused thus far and finally getting back on Jack's good side, much to the relief of Pam.

  Following a frantic, high-speed race home from the rehearsal dinner, everyone discovers that the imposter Jinx has destroyed the wedding dress and all of the decorations. All of Greg's lies finally come to light, and he‘s forced to leave, driving off defeated as Jack comforts Pam.

  After being forcibly removed from an airplane and taken into custody, Greg is rescued by Jack. The two grill each other before finally agreeing to a tentative truce. Jack allows Greg to marry Pam, and

  It is taken from ”. once again Greg is back in the ―Circle of Trust (accessed on Wednesday, May, 07, 2014 at 02.59 p.m).

CHAPTER III DATA PRESENTATION In this chapter, the writer shows the data presentation and explains the finding

  of cooperative principle used in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents”. The

  writer starts from collected ―Meet the Parents‖ movie script f The writer found four maxims in a comedy movie “Meet the Parents”. There were maxim of Quantity, maxim of Quality, maxim of Relation, and maxim of Manner. To make the readers understand cooperative principle, here the writer encoded the maxims. Maxim of Quantity as QN code, maxim of Quality as QL code, maxim of Relation as RL code, and maxim of Manner as MN code. In addition the writer found two kinds of the data. They were data in line maxims and data in violated maxims in a comedy movie

  “Meet the Parents”. Moreover, the writer encoded the line maxims as L code and the violated maxims as V code.

  Also the writer found the socio cultural background of American Society in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents”. The writer found culture; artifact (object or event), commercial, belief and value, economic life, sexual habit, and religion.

A. Data in Line Maxims (L)

  The total of data in line maxim are 62 found in four maxims; 18 data maxim of quantity, 19 data maxim of quality, 13 data maxim of relation, 11 data maxim of manner.

TYPE OF

  

NO. QUOTATION TIME CODE

MAXIM 00.04.34-35

  : What's going on?

1. QUANTITY Pam

  00.04.36-39

  Greg : I was in the neighborhood, got off work early.Thought

  1.L.01 maybe you wanted to get a bite to eat. Pam : Oh, that's very

  00.04.40-42

  sweet. What a nice surprise.

  00.06.07-19

  Greg : So what's going on? What? Debbie's marrying that guy?

  Pam : Yeah, in two

  00.06.20-23

  weeks.Dr. Bob of Denver. Isn't that great?

  00.06.24-26

  Greg : Yeah, yeah,

  1.L.02 that's-- Didn't they just meet like a few months ago?

  Pam : Well, yeah, but,

  00.06.27-31

  you know, he asked her, and she said yes.He asked my dad. He said yes.

  00.07.43-48 Greg : Excuse me.

  1.L.03 Hi.You lost my bag, and there's a two-carat diamond ring inside it.

  00.07.49-54

  Girl : I didn't lose your anything, sir.But put your local address on this form, and we'll ship it when it surfaces.

  00.11.55-58 Greg :That's incredible.

  How did you teach the cat to use the toilet?

  Jack : Oh, that was

  00.11.59-04

  easy, Greg. I just

  1.L.04 designed a litter box to put inside the toilet, and then once he got used to it, I took it away.

  00.16.34-35

  Pam : Where's the other camera?

  00.16.36-52

  Jack : Right here in this decorative artifact.Wow,

  1.L.05 that's great. Our cameras are motion-activated, so they begin taping as soon as they sense any movement.We can hide 'em in anything. We hide 'em in mirrors, lamps, televisions, you name it. So no matter where you go,we'll be watching you. [Pam Chuckling]

  00.28.07 Dina : Do they have

  many farms in Detroit?

  Greg : No, Dina, no, not

  00.28.08-27

  a lot.In fact, Jack, I should clarify this.I didn't actually grow up...

  1.L.06 on a farm per se.The house we grew up in was originally erected...in the early Dutch farm, colonial style.So that, plus we had a lot of pets-

  00.30.15-17

  Pam : How could I have seen Debbie's ring, Mom?

  1.L.07 Jack : Well, when I

  00.30.18-26

  gave Bob the okay to propose to Deb,I put him in touch with my diamond guy, and he picked out the same design Kevin gave you.

  00.38.17-22

  Greg :Looks complicated. Now these aren't 100 % accurate, right?

  Jack : They're-- You'd

  00.38.23-32

  be surprised how accurate they are.They can tell

  1.L.08 fairly easily if someone's lying or not.Now I'm gonnaask you some questions, and all you have to do is answer "yes" or "no."

  Pam : Well, he doesn't

  00.40.11-14 need a machine.

  He's a human lie detector. Greg : What?

  00.40.15

  1.L.09 Pam : Greg, my father was never in the

  00.40.16-24

  rare flower business.That was just his cover.He was in the C.I.A. for years.

  00.44.06-08

  Jack : Why did you take the test if you weren't planning on going to med school?

  Greg : Well, I wanted to

  00.44.09-20

  keep my options open,but in the end, nursing was a better fit for me. It

  1.L.10 gives you the freedom to work in several different areas of medicine.Plus,

  I can focus 100% on patient care,as opposed to being a doctor where you have to deal with the bureaucracy.

  00.46.47-49

  Greg : Dad keeps you guys under a pretty close watch, huh?

  Danny : No, it's not that

  00.46.50-57

  1.L.11 bad. Your little Pamcake's got it a lot worse than I do.Oh! You need some clothes.

  00.01.43-45

  Pam : I'm really sorry. I

  1.L.12 don't know why I thought you knew.

  00.01.46-54

  Greg : It-- It's not a big deal.If I can handle a weekend without sex and cigarettes, I think I can handle an afternoon with your ex-fianc?

  00.01.55 Pam : Okay. Thank you. 00.03.39-41

  Greg : Huh. It's beautiful. So what got you into, uh, "carpentering"?

  Kevin : Yeah. Carpentry?

  00.04.42-50

  [Snickers] I guess I'd have to say

  1.L.13 Jesus.He was a carpenter, and I just figured if you're gonna follow in someone's footsteps who better than Christ?

  00.11.24-28

  Jack : Jinx knows not to use that toilet, and even if he did, he'd never flush it.

  1.L.14 Greg : What does it

  00.11.29

  matter? Jack : The matter, Greg,

  00.11.30-39

  R.N.,is that when this toilet is flushed, it runs, and when you have a septic tank that's nearly full and a toilet that's been running all night,then you could have a hell of a problem

  00.28.44-48

  Jack : [Sniffing] You spray-painted his tail... to make him look like Jinxy, didn't you, Focker?

  Pam : Greg, what's he

  00.28.49-50

  talking about? Jack : Hank MacAtee

  00.28.52-

  called me a couple

  00.29.02

  of hours ago and

  1.L.15 told me he found Jinxy. He took his collar and put it on an impostor.Then he spray-painted his tail, and then he tried to beat us back here... so that he could get rid of the evidence.

  00.31.19 Pam : Daddy. What--

  1.L.16 He's right?

  Jack : He's

  00.31.20-37 right.[Stammering] My cover's blown.I-l-I am planning... a secret operation the day after the wedding.What? - A surprise honeymoon for Deb and Bob.You stupid son of a bitch! You just

  Greg blew it!

  00.31.37 Jack : What? 00.31.38-47

  : KoSamui is an island off the coast of Thailand!That guy I was meeting in the parking lot is Thor Svenson, my travel agent. He was giving me their visas.

  00.33.28 Jack : I thought your name was Greg.

  00.33.29 Greg : It is.

  Man : That's not what it

  00.33.33 says on the form.

  1.L.17 :I know. It's my Greg legal name.

  00.33.34-36

  Nobody's called me by it since I was in third grade.

  [Denny: Snickering]

  00.42.30-41 Jack : Listen, Focker.

  I'm not gonna tell anybody anything until you answer some questions.Unless you want to spend the next couple of

  1.L.18 years of your life in prison,you better goddamn well tell me the truth. No more lies. You understand? No more lies.

  00.05-30-31

  Pam : Are you okay,

2. QUALITY

  sweetie? You're acting so weird. Greg : I'm fine. I just got

  00.05.32-35

  2.l.01 a crick in my neck. I was doing C.P.R... on a pound crack addict this morning.

  00.10.10-12 Dina : Jack !Oh, yucky.

  What smells of old sour milk?

  2.L.02 Pam : Oh, poor Greg

  00.10.13-15

  got spit up on by a baby.

  00.10.16 Dina : He didn't?

  Pam : Yeah, he did, Ma,

  00.10.17-19

  at the lost luggage counter. The airline lost his bag.

  00.11.41-42

  Greg : Pam, I didn't know you had a cat?

  2.L.03 Pam : Yeah, I left him

  00.11.42-43

  here when I moved to Chicago.

  00.14.50-53

  Pam : So, uh, Greg, how's your job?

  00.14.55- Greg : Um, good, Pam.

  00.15.00

  2.L.04 Thanks for asking. I, uh, I recently got transferred to triage.

  00.16.55-

  Greg : So, Jack, couldn't

  00.17.00

  this maybe be construed as illegal? You know invasion of privacy?

  Jack : Trust me, Greg,

  00.17.01-13

  2.L.05 when you start having little Fockers running around, you'll understand the need for this level of protection.Mm..Im pressive, isn't it?

  00.31.27-30

  Greg : Physical? Like what? Like you worked out together?

  2.L.06 Pam : No, no, it was

  00.31.31-35

  nothing, nothing. It was a stupid sexual thing.

  00.32.04-11

  Greg : I thought he would love my gift, you know, being this big flower guy,but it's like he didn't even show the slightest bit of interest. Pam : Listen to me.

  00.32.12-28

  Forget the gift.You

  2.L.07 are the most adorable, loving, sweetest man in the whole world, and I love you.

  And very soon my parents are gonna see that... and grow to love you too, okay?Okay?

  00.37.08-12

  Jack : I heard a noise, so I came down to

  2.L.08 see if everything was okay. Greg : Everything's fine.

  00.37.13-16

  I just-- I'm sorry. I saw a light on, and I kinda stumbled in.I didn't realize-

  00.40.25-26

  Greg : How could you not tell me this? Pam : I wanted to,

  2.L.09

  00.40.28-32

  honey, but it was strictly...on a need- to-know basis.

  00.44.01 Pam : Actually Greg aced his MCATs.

  Bob : You serious?

  00.44.01

  2.L.10 Greg : No, I did okay.

  00.44.03 Pam : Oh, he did more 00.44.03-05

  than okay. Trust me.

  00.46.33-34

  Denny : Tell anybody I wasn't here? Greg : No, they think

  2.L.11

  00.46.35-38 you're asleep.

  Yeah, so, it's all good

  00.00.17-21

  Dina : Maybe he uses marijuana for medicinal purposes. People

  2.L.12 do that nowadays.

  00.00.22-23

  Jack : Honey, this kid has been lying to us from the moment we met him.

  00.03.55-56 Jack : Greg's Jewish.

  2.L.13

  00.03.58 Kevin : Are you?

  00.03.59 Greg : Yeah. Greg : Looks just like

  00.19.48 him.

  00.19.50

  2.L.14 Man : Almost.Except for that tail.

  00.29.30-45

  Greg : Well, it wasn't intentional. I was chasing Jinx up onto the roof. I had a smoke, and I think I might have lit something that--

  2.L.15 I don't know what happened. He put so much goddamn lacquer on that thing.It was an accident waiting to happen.

  00.31.05-06

  Dina : [Scoffs] Jack can't talk Thai.

  00.31.07-17

  Greg : Oh, no, Dina.Jack can talk Thai. Jack talk Thai very

  2.L.16 well. I'm sorry, Pam, but your dad is not retired. He's still very much in the C.I.A.

  00.41.48-49

  2.L.17 Man : You were acting like a maniac, and you threatened her with a bomb!

  Greg : I said, "It's not

  00.41.52-53

  like I have a ―bomb."

  Man : You said "bomb" on an airplane.

  00.43.16-23

  Jack : Do you wanna marry her?Do you want to marry her?

  Greg : I did, until I met

  00.43.25-28 you.

  Jack : What does that mean? Greg : I love your

  00.43.29-49

  daughter, Jack. I love her more than anything.But frankly, sir, I'm a

  2.L.18 little terrified of being your son-in- law. This whole weekend has given me a lot of doubts... about whether or not I could even survive in your family.I think you've got some serious issues.

  00.45.10-13

  Pam : Greg?I thought

  2.L.19 you were going back to Chicago?

  00.45.14-22

  Greg : Yeah, well, we had a little plane trouble. Plus, your dad caught up with me at the airport.No. Don't worry.It's okay. We worked outa lot of our issues.

  00.06.51-53

3. RELATION Pam : Are you sure it's

  okay to X-ray this?

  3.L.01 Greg : Yeah, it's not

  00.06.54-57

  gonna mutate or anything.

  00.07.09-16

  Greg : I've got an engagement ring for my girlfriend in the bag.I can't open it here. Don't you think I can just carry it on?

  3.L.02 Man : Hey, pal, if it ain'tfittin' through

  00.07.17-22

  the frame, you ain'tcarryin' it on the plane.New York La Guardia. Check it.

  00.12. 18-22

  Jack : He can't lift the seat, Greg. He lacks the strength and the opposable thumbs.

  3.L.03 Greg : Yeah. Ah, right.

  00.12. 23-27

  Opposable--

  I didn't think about that.

  00.16.22-23

  Jack : Smile, you're on "Nanny Camera." Ah!

  3.L.04 Greg : Oh! Oh, yeah,

  00.16.25-27

  yeah! I've seen these things advertised on TV.

  00.29.38-41

  Pam : Okay, could we change the subject perhaps?

  3.L.05 Greg : Oh! Champagne, champagne.

  00.29.42 Pam : Yes. That will be great. Good idea. 00.29.44-50 00.30.26-28

  Greg : Kevin, your old boyfriend? Pam : [Clears Throat]

  3.L.06

  00.30.29-30 Thanks, Dad.

  Jack : Well yeah, Kevin

  00.30.30-32 was Pam's fianc. 00.32.50-52

  Jack : What's with the

  3.L.07 robe? Greg : It's Pam's. My

  00.32.53-56

  pajamas are in the suitcase with everything else.

  00.03.29-32

  Greg : Wow! It looks like somebody got an "A" in wood shop.[Pam, Kevin Laughing]

  3.L.08

  00.03.34-37

  Kevin : Yeah, it's always been kind of a hobby. I whittled that out of beech wood.

  00.17.43-45

  Jack : We checked every yard, every car on the street. Nobody's seen him. Larry : He's not up in

  00.17.46

  any of the trees,

  3.L.09 Jack. Pam : We checked all the bedrooms. Jinx

  00.17.48-49 isn't up here.

  Dina : Yeah, none of the

  00.17.50-51

  neighbors have seen him either. Larry : Drives a little

  00.25.39 better than your

  3.L.10 Taurus, huh, Greg? Greg : Yeah.

  00.25.40 [Pam looking at

  3.L.11 Greg movement]

  00.32.38-52

  Greg : Well, I guess I'm gonna go to the airport now.I guess you're gonna stay here. Pam, l--

  00.35.51-53

  Pam : Thought you might like to see this.

  3.L.12 Jack : How did you get

  00.36.01-02

  this? Pam : Oh, I have my

  00.36.03 sources too. 00.41.55-56

  Greg : What's wrong with saying "bomb" on an

  3.L.13 airplane? Man : You can't say

  00.41.57-58

  "bomb."on an airplane.

  00.07.23-24

  Greg : Wait,

4. MANNER

  wait!Excuse me!

  4.L.-

  00.07.25-28

  Man : Don't worry. It'll

  01 be waitin' for you on the other side

  00.10.52-59

  Dina Oh, now, Greg, you have a very unique last name.Um, we

  4.L.02 were curious, how do you pronounce

  Greg it?

  00.11.04-06

  : Oh, just like it's spelled. F-O-C-K- E-R. Greg : Hey, you know,

  Jack, now that we have a second to talk,I just want you to know how much Pam means to me.I

  00.19.08-

  4.L.03 know-- I know that 00.19.21 we haven't been together that long, But the time that we have spent together has been really incredible.

  Jack : You see, Greg, 00.19.46- when you yell at a 00.19.58 dog,his tail will go between his legs and cover his genitals, his ears will go down.A

  4.L.04 dog is very easy to break, but cats make you work for their affection.They don't sell out the Greg way dogs do.

  00.20.02 : Huh --

  00.34.03-17

  Jack : Oh, one more

  4.L.05 thing.I'm a realist. I understand it's the 21st century, and you've probably had premarital relations with my daughter. But under our roof, it's my way or the Long Island Expressway.Is that understood?

  Greg : Of course, yeah. Jack : Good. Keep your

  00.34.18-19

  snake in its cage

  00.34.20-23 for hours.

  Jack : But the fact is,

  00.42.14-29

  Greg, with the knowledge you've been given, you are now on the inside of what I like to call.. "the Byrnes family

  4.L.06 circle of trust."I keep nothing from you, you keep nothing from me..and round and round we go. Greg : Okay.

  00.42.30-32 Understood.

  00.09.39-42

  Pam : Top Gun was a

  4.L.07 verypopular movie when Kevin and I dated. All right?That's it. Greg : Hey, Iceman.

  I‘m

  00.09.43-44

  no problem with that.

  00.12.25-28 Jack : No. No, no, no.

  Not on the lawn!Stay where you are. Not on the lawn!

  4.L.08 All : Kevin, no! - No,

  00.12. 30-37

  no, no, no![Screaming] - Oh!- No, no, no! - Ahh!

  00.27.34 Greg : Yes! 00.27.35-36

  Bob : Jack just turned. Larry : You were

  4.L.09

  00.27.37-40

  supposed to make that left at the light, Focker.

  00.29.51-55

  Jack : Get out of my house, Focker, and

  4.L.10 take your friend with you.

  00.40.38-45

  Greg : No? Okay. Then

  4.L.11 shut your pie hole... and listen to me when I say that lam finished... With the checking- of-the-bags conversation! B.

   Data Violated Maxims (V)

  The total of data violated maxim are 39 found in four maxims; 7 data violated maxim of quantity, 11 data violated maxim of quality, 9 data violated maxim of relation, 12 data violated maxim of manner.

TYPE OF

  

NO. QUOTATION TIME CODE

MAXIM 00.09.44-

  Jack : What are you

1. QUANTITY

  45

  driving there, a Ford?

  00.09.46-

  Greg : Oh, yeah, it's a

  54 Taurus.

  We were gonna get

  1.V.01 a mid-size, but I figure, hey, we pull down decent bucks.

  Might as well go all out, pop for the full-size.

  00.15.32-

  Greg : I really admire

  36 that. Yeah.

  1.V.02 So what is it? What's the new

  00.15.37-

  venture?

  00.16.00 Jack : Let me ask you a question, Greg.Let's just say you have kids... and you wanna get out of the house, spend a night on the town.So, you hire a baby-sitter, someone you think you can trust.References,wo rk experience-- it all checks out fine.But then how do you really know for certain... that your loved ones are safe with this stranger?I mean, can you ever really trust another human being, Greg?

  00.30.50-52

  Pam : Greg, sweetie, how you doing? Greg : Oh, just fine,

  00.30.53-

  considering I

  1.V.03

  00.31.06

  desecrated your grandma's remains, found out you were engaged and had your father ask me to milk him.At least back then he was still talking to me.I can't believe you didn't tell me you were that close.

  00.10.39-40

  Jack : Oh, good. They found your suitcase. Greg : Yeah. Hey, Jack, I

  00.10.41-

  don't quite know

  00.11.13

  what happened back at the tux shop, but if I've given you the wrong impression regarding Pam in any way, I'm

  1.V.04 sorry.okay? I have nothing but the best intentions with Pam, and I-I just-- Actually, there's something in the suitcase here that I'm planning on giving her...that I think, um, symbolizes...

  [Jiggling Toilet Handle] the level of my commitment, uh, to her. [Toilet Tank Lid Clattering] And I wouldn't feel right asking her to wear it... without her father's permission. Jack?

  Pam : Oh, poor Kevin 00.22.53- looks lonely.Maybe

  58 I should ask him to dance. What do you think?

  Greg : Sure. I bet he 00.22.59- could, uh, whittle a 00.23.19 private little dance floor for the two of you.[Chuckles] I'm serious.I saw some

  1.V.05 beech wood outside. He's very handy.

  [Laughing]He's an extremely handy and crafty craftsman.

  I shouldn't paint him with that brush, but-

  Come on. - Seriously. Seriously. Part of you wishes you ended up with him.

  00.40.11-12

  Girl : There's no need to raise your voice, sir. Greg : I'm not raising my voice. This would

  00.40.13-23

  be raising my voice to you, okay? I don't want to check my bag. By the

  1.V.06 way, your airline, you suck at checking bags.Because I already did that once, and you lost it, and then I had everything screwed up very badly for me. Okay?

  00.40.25-

  Girl : I can assure you

  28

  that your bag... will be placed safely below deck with the other luggage.

  00.40.29-

  Greg : Oh, yeah? How do

  37

  you know my bag will be safe below with the other

  1.V.07 luggage? Are you physically gonna take my bag beneath the plane? Are you gonna go

  00.40.38 Girl with the guys with

  the earmuffs and put it in there? No.

  00.12.45-47

2. QUALITY Jack : Well, that's okay if

  you hate cats, Greg?

  Greg : No!I don't. I don't

  00.12.48-51

  hate cats at all

  00.12.52-53

  Jack : That's okay.Just

  2.V.01 be honest about it.There's some things I hate.

  Greg : I-- I'm being

  00.12.55-56

  honest. Really? Like what?

  00.17.40 Greg : Oh, that wasn't the

  airline, was it?

  2.V.02 Jack : Nope, wrong number. We're all out of Collins mix, so I'm gonna make a run for the store.

  00.22.59 Jack : You been waiting

  here long?

  2.V.03 Greg : No, I was just

  00.23.00-03

  reading up about...pumps.

  00.39.51-52

  Pam : Well, did you lie to him? Greg : No! I mean--

  2.V.04

  00.39.53-56

  Well, he asked me if we were living together,and--

  00.48.10-12

  Jack : Denny, how's the tux fit? Deny : Dad, uh

  —

  2.V.05 Jack : What's that?

  00.48.14 Deny : I-It's a sculpture I 00.48.15-17

  found in Greg's jacket. Greg : Service. 00.07.02-3 Bob : [Screaming][Glass 00.07.08-9

  2.V.06 Breaking]Nice serve, pal.

  00.11.14-15

  Jack : Did you flush this toilet? Greg: : Maybe. You know

  2.V.07 what? Maybe Jinx

  00.11.16-22

  flushed it.I saw little Jinxy come in last night, and he took a little squat and relieved himself.

  00.21.52-53

  Bob : It's the man of the hour.Hey! [Laughing]

  2.V.08 Greg : Sorry, folks. Had

  00.21.56-59

  to pay a little visit to the urinal fairy.

  00.26.49-50

  Dina : Is everything okay, honey?

  2.V.09 Jack : Yeah, just trying

  00.26.50-52 to make good time.

  Oh.

  00.41.42-44

  Man : I've got a plane full of people saying you threatened that stewardess.

  2.V.10 Greg : I was not

  00.41.44-47

  threatening her. I was trying to get my baginto the overhead storage thing.

  00.42.20-23

  Greg : Oh, shit. How'd you get here?

  2.V.11 Jack : I'm everywhere,

  00.42.23-24 Focker. 00.08.36-37

  Pam : What are you

3. RELATION

  3.V.01 doing?

  00.08.38 Greg : What?

  00.10.18-19

  Pam : Jesus, Dad, you ever think of knocking?

  Jack : Not in my own

  00.10.20-22

  3.V.02 den.What are you two doing in here?

  Larry : I'd say rounding

  00.10.23 sex in pair.

  Jack : Looking for

  00.37.02 something, Greg?

  3.V.03 Greg: : Oh!Jesus, Jack,

  00.37.05 you scared me.

  00.46.17-19

  Deny : Hey, hey, hey, hey, hey! What the hell you doing in

  3.V.04 here? Greg : Hi! I'm-- I'm Greg,

  00.46.20-22

  Pam's friend

  00.21.11 Dina : Where did you

  find him?

  3.V.05 Greg : Gave us a little

  00.21.12-13

  scare, huh?

  00.26.08-14

  Larry : Oh, Jesus, Focker! [Tires Screeching]You're driving like a

  3.V.06 Greg maniac! Focker,

  00.26.15-16

  : Benz drives like a dream, Larry. Let's not

  00.27.54-55

  Larry : I wonder if he has a license.

  3.V.07 Bob : Yeah, a license to

  00.27.56-57 kill.[Chattering, Laughing]

  00.39.52 Man : Excuse me. 00.39.55-56

  3.V.08 Greg : Okay, where's the fire, huh?

  00.42.41-42

  Greg : Did you do this?

  00.42.43 Jack : Just answer the questions.

  Greg : Did you have me

  00.42.44

  taken off of that airplane?

  3.V.09

  00.42.48 Jack : Just answer the

  question.Put your hands over there. That's it. Greg : You're sick, you

  00.42.48-50

  know that? Pam : Yeah, they've 00.05.18-

4. Manner been amazing.

  21 What..What's going on? Greg : Nothing. I just-- I 00.05.22- just-- I just feel like

  29

  4.V.01 we're so close.You're my best friend, and you're also the woman that I love, and--

  Jack : Are you a

  00.21.07 pothead, Focker?

  4.V.02 Greg : No! No.What? 00.21.09- No, no, no, no,

  15 Jack. No, I'm-- I'm not-- I- I pass on grass all the time.I mean, not all the time. Jack : Yes or no, Greg?

  00.21.16

  00.21.17-18 Greg : No. Yes. No.

  Greg : Really? That's it? 00.22.08- You don't have,

  12 like,a nice, like, $80or $100 bottle

  4.V.03 of something? Man : You can get a 00.22.15- whole bunch of

  17 Mumm's. Greg : Poem, poem.

  00.26.31 Please! Jack : Oh, all right. It's a 00.26.35- work in

  46 progress.I'm still not happy with it.

  4.V.04 As soon as it's ready,then I am going to glaze it onto a plate... Mm. and put it next to the urn. Nice. Jack : She said that? She 00.35.19- said those exact 21 words?

  Dina : You know, I didn't 00.35.22- tape record it, Jack,

  31

  4.V.05 but that's the impression.What kind of a family doesn't have time to sit down for dinner?

  Jack : Fugitives.

  00.35.32 Man : Hey. Hey! You 00.41.37- can't leave your

  39

  4.V.06 vehicle unattended. Jack : Tow it.

  00.41.40 Pam : Okay, well, go 00.45.33- wake up Denny and 35 borrow some of his. Greg : You want me to go wake up your 00.45.36- brother who I never

  43

  4.V.07 met... and ask if I could have some of his clothes?Okay, all right. Where's Denny's room?

  Pam : Top of the stairs, 00.45.43- turn right.

  44 Jack : Well, then, tell me 00.49.30- the truth.

  32

  4.V.08 Greg : Okay. Jack, I don't know what we're 00.49.32- talking about.

  40 Jack : All right, now look, Focker, I'm a 00.49.41- patient man. That's

  49 what months in a Vietnamese prison camp will do to you. But I will be watching you, studying your every move. And if I find that you are trying to corrupt my firstborn child, I will bring you down, baby. I will bring you down to Chinatown. Greg : Hey, Larry. You 00.25.14- know what? Why

  16 don't I drive?I've

  4.V.09 always wanted to test-drive a Benz. Larry : Oh. It's a very 0025.18- expensive car

  19 Pam : I called Gaylord, 00.36.09- a.k.a. Greg's parents

  15 in Detroit.They saved his SAT

  4.V.10 scores too, in case you're interested. Jack : Oh, honey. It-- 00.36.16-

  That doesn't matter

  24 if he did well on some test. What does that prove? Look at this place! He almost destroyed the wedding because he 00.36.26- lied!

  31 Pam : I love you, Dad,but you can be a real jerk sometimes. Man : You assaulted an 00.42.03- airline employee-

  06 Greg : What if I was a bombardier? Man : I got enough to

  4.V.11 put you away for a 00.42.06- few years!

  08 Greg : Bomb, bomb, bomb, bomb, bomb!

  Greg : Will you stop 00.43.07- making fun of me 08 for being a nurse?

  Jack : Could you at least 00.43.09- try, maybe, to

  12

  4.V.12 consider another profession?

  00.43.13-14

  Greg : Jack, yes or no?

  00.43.14 Jack : Ever?

  00.43.15 Greg : No!

  00.43.16 Jack : Okay, yes

CHAPTER IV DATA ANALYSIS In this chapter, the writer presents the data types of maxims based on Cooperative Principle which is used in a comedy movie entitled ―Meet the Parents‖ and explains the meaning each utterance in line maxims and violated maxims. A. Data of In Line Maxims 1. Maxim of Quantity a.

  00.04.34 → 00.04.42 Pam : What's going on? Greg : I was in the neighborhood, got off work early.

  Thought maybe you wanted to get a bite to eat. Pam : Oh, that's very sweet. What a nice surprise. This conversation belongs to maxim of quantity, because Greg gave complete information about his plan to meet Pam and ask her to get lunch together. Pam wants to Greg explain in clear and strong argument. And it surprised for Pam.

  b.

  00.06.07 → 00.06.26 Greg : So what's going on? What? Debbie's marrying that guy? Pam : Yeah, in two weeks.Dr. Bob of Denver. Isn't that great? Greg : Yeah, yeah, that's-- Didn't they just meet like a few months ago? Pam : Well, yeah, but, you know, he asked her, and she said yes.He asked my dad. He said yes. Pam got called from her sister, Debby. She told that she got engaged with Bob. Greg felt envious about that, and asked to Pam about how to get permission of her dad. Its deals with in line maxim of quantity, because Pam gave complete answer and explained to Greg about Debby, Bob, and Dad.

  c.

  00.07.43 → 00.07.54 Greg : Excuse me. Hi.You lost my bag, and there's a two-caratdiamond ring inside it.

  Woman : I didn't lose your anything, sir.But put your local address on this form, and we'll ship it when it surfaces. Greg lost his bag when arrived at New York Airport. He tried to explain to a woman about that. Its included in line maxim of quantity, because a woman gave a complete answer to him that she didn‘t lost anything on the airport. And she gave a form and asked him to write name and address, the bag will be shipped when it surfaced.

  d.

  00.11.55 → 00.12.04 Greg : That's incredible. How did you teach the cat to use the toilet? Jack : Oh, that was easy, Greg. I just designed a litter box to put inside the toilet, and then once he got used to it, I took it away.

  Mr. Jinxy was a jack‘s pet. It was great cat and can to use the toilet. This conversation belongs to in line maxim of quantity, because Jack gave a complete answer about a good habit of his cat. The answer complied which Greg requested.

  e.

  00.16.34 → 00.16.52 Pam : Where's the other camera? Jack : Right here in this decorative artifact.Wow, that's great. Our cameras are motion-activated, so they begin taping as soon as they sense any movement. We can hide 'em in anything. We hide 'em in mirrors, lamps, televisions, you name it. So no matter where you go,we'll be watching you. [Pam Chuckling]

  Jack was an agent CIA. He made Nanny Camera (a very little camera) as a spy. Pam asked him where the camera, Jack gave a complete answer that the other cameras in a toy, mirror, picture, lamp, and others. So, this conversation belongs to in line maxim of quantity.

  f.

  00.28.07 → 00.28.27 Dina : Do they have many farms in Detroit? Greg : No, Dina, no, not a lot.In fact, Jack, I should clarify this.I didn't actually grow up... on a farm per se.The house we grew up in was originally

  So that, plus we had a lot of pets. This conversation Dina asked to Greg about farms in Detroit. Then Greg gave complete answer and explained the history that Detroit was a Dutch farm in the early and many pets there. Therefore this conversation belongs to in line maxim quantity.

  g.

  00.30.15 → 00.30.26 Pam : How could I have seen Debbie's ring, Mom? Jack : Well, when I gave Bob the okay to propose to

  Deb,I put him in touch with my diamond guy, and he picked out the same design Kevin gave you.

  Pam wanted to see Debby‘s ring. She asked how to see it. Then Jack told that she could see the ring when Bob got permission from Jack to propose to Debby. So, this conversation contains in line maxim of quantity because Jack gave complete answer.

  h.

  00.38.17 → 00.38.32 Greg : Looks complicated. Now these aren't 100 % accurate, right? Jack : They're-- You'd be surprised how accurate they are.They can tell fairly easily if someone's lying ornot.Now I'm gonna ask you some questions, and all you have to do is answer "yes" or"no."

  The conversation between Greg and Jack contains in line maxim of quantity, since Greg found a detector lie machine in the Jack‘s pantry. Jack wanted to Greg to try this machine. Greg gave complete answer that the machine was 100% accurate. It showed a huma n‘s lying or not. i.

  00.40.11 → 00.40.24 Pam : Well, he doesn't need a machine. He's a human lie detector.

  Greg : What? Pam : Greg, my father was never in the rare flower business.That was just his cover.He was in the

  C.I.A. for years. Pam gave answer to Greg as informative about Jack was an agent CIA for years. And he was a human lie detector. There for this conversation belongs to in line maxim of quantity. j.

  00.44.06 → 00.40.20 Jack : Why did you take the test if you weren't planning on going tomed school? Greg : Well, I wanted to keep my options open,but in the end,nursing was a better fit for me. It gives you the freedom to work in several different areas of medicine.Plus, I can focus 100% on patient care, as opposed to being a doctor where you have to deal with the bureaucracy.

  Greg was a male nurse. He took Medical College Admissions Test (MCATs) to be a Medical Doctor (M.D). However he preferred nurse than Doctor. In this conversation included in line maxim of quantity, because Greg gave complete answer about the reason he refused to be Doctor. k.

  00.46.47 → 00.46.57 Greg : Dad keeps you guys under a pretty close watch, huh? Denny : No, it's not that bad. Your little Pamcake's got it a lot worse than I do.Oh! You need some clothes.

  This conversation belongs to in line maxim of quantity, because Denny gave a complete answer that Jack just kept closely to Pam; his lovely daughter not to Denny. l.

  00.01.43 → 00.01.55 Pam : I'm really sorry. I don't know why I thought you knew.

  Greg : It-- It's not a big deal. If I can handle a weekend without sex and cigarettes, I think I can handle an afternoon with your ex-fianc? Pam : Okay. Thank you.

  The conversation between Pam and Greg contains in line maxim of quantity, since Greg saw some pictures of Pam and Kevin being love couple in the Kevin‘s house, Pam really sorry about the situation to Greg. Greg gave complete answer to Pam about he could handle sex, smoke, and stay with Pam‘s fiancé (Kevin) in a week. m.

  00.03.39 → 00.04.50 Greg : Huh. It's beautiful. So what got you into, uh,

  "carpentering"? Kevin : Yeah. Carpentry?[Snickers] I guess I'd have to say

  JesusHe was a carpenter, and I just figured if you'regonna follow n someone's footsteps who better than Christ?

  When Kevin showed all his collection woodcraft to Greg, he asked to Kevin about carpentry. Then Kevin gave answer as informative that Greg required. Therefore this conversation is in line maxim of quantity. n.

  00.11.24 → 00.11.39 Jack : Jinx knows not to use that toilet, and even if he did, he'd never flush it.

  Greg : What does it matter? Jack : The matter, Greg, R.N.,is that when this toilet is flushed, it runs, and when you have a septic tank that's nearly full and a toilet that's been running all night,then you could have a hell of a problem

  Jack trained his cat to use the toilet, but he never teaches him to flush the toilet. Greg asked to Jack what happened if the toilet flushed. The Jack gave complete answer that the septic tank will be running all night because of it nearly full. This conversation included in line maxim of quantity. o.

  00.28.44 → 00.29.02 Jack : [Sniffing] You spray-painted his tail... to make him look like Jinxy, didn't you, Focker? Pam : Greg, what's he talking about? Jack : Hank MacAtee called me a couple of hours ago and told me he found Jinxy. He took his collar and put it on an impostor.Then he spray-painted his tail, and then he tried to beat us back here... so that he could get rid of the evidence. Jack got news about the real Jinxy from his neighborhood. Greg sprayed another cat‘s tail to make Jack gave the approval to him. In this conversation contains in line maxim of quantity, because Jack gave complete answer to Pam about the cunning of her boyfriend- Greg. p.

  00.31.19 → 00.31.47 Pam : Daddy. What-- He's right? Jack : He's right. [Stammering] My cover's blown. I-l-I am planning...a secret operation the day after the wedding. What? A surprise honeymoon for Deb and Bob. You stupid son of a bitch! You just blew it!

  Greg : What? Jack : KoSamui is an island off the coast of Thailand!

  That guy I was meeting in the parking lot is Thor Svenson, my travel agent. He was giving me their visas. This conversation deals with in line maxim of quantity, since Greg blew the secret operation of Jack about KoSamui to his daughter as a surprise honeymoon. Jack gave complete answer to all people in his house. q.

  00. 33.28 → 00.33.36 Jack : I thought your name was Greg.

  Greg : It is. Man : That's not what it says on the form. Greg :I know. It's my legal name. Nobody's called me by it since I was in third grade. [Denny: Snickering] The conversation between Man and Greg contains in line maxim of quantity, because Greg gave complete answer about his real name. It was Gaylord Focker. However all people called him Greg. r.

  00.42.30 → 00.42.41 Jack : Listen, Focker. I'm not gonna tell anybody anything until you answer some questions.Unless you want to spend the next couple of years of your life in prison,you better goddamn well tell me the truth. No more lies. You understand? No more lies. Jack‘s utterance included in line maxim of quantity. He gave complete information to Greg to answer the questions no lie any more.

2. Maxim of Quality a.

  00.05-30→ 00.05.35 Pam : Are you okay, sweetie? You're acting so weird.

  Greg : I'm fine. I just got a crick in my neck. I was doing C.P.R... on a pound crack addict this morning.

  Greg picked Pam up on her class to get lunch together. This conversation contains in line maxim of quality, because Greg gave the right information that he did CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) on a pound crack addict this morning.

  b.

  00.10.10 → 00.10.19 Dina : Jack! Oh, yucky. What smells of old sour milk? Pam : Oh, poor Greg got spit up on by a baby.

  Dina : He didn't? Pam : Yeah, he did, Ma, at the lost luggage counter. The airline lost his bag.

  The conversation between Pam and Dina included in line maxim of quality, since Pam and Greg visited her parent. Dina smell out of old sour milk on Greg‘s shirt. Then Pam gave the right information to Dina. When on the Airport, Greg got spit up of milk on his shirt by a baby.

  c.

  00.11.41 → 00.11.43 Greg : Pam, I didn't know you had a cat? Pam : Yeah, I left him here when I moved to Chicago.

  The conversation between Greg and Pam contains in line maxim of quality, because Pam gave the right answer about she had a cat in the house and left him when she moved Chicago.

  d.

  00.14.50 → 00.15.00 Pam : So, uh, Greg, how's your job?

  Greg : Um, good, Pam. Thanks for asking. I, uh, I recently got transferred to triage.

  Pam and Greg talked with Jack and Dina in a living room. Pam asked to Greg, she wanted to her parent knew his job. Greg‘s job was a male nurse which transferred to triage-The part of a hospital where emergency patients are kept alive while waiting to be seen by a doctor. Therefore this conversation included in line maxim of quality, because Greg gave the right answer.

  e.

  00.16.55 → 00.17.13 Greg : So, Jack, couldn't this maybe be construed as illegal? You know invasion of privacy? Jack : Trust me, Greg, when you start having little

  Fockers running around, you'll understand the need for this level of protection.Impressive, isn't it? This conversation contains in line maxim of quality, since Jack showed his job as a spy who made Nanny Camera. When Greg asked him that it was something illegal and invasion of privacy, then Jack gave the right answer to him about Nanny Camera for level protection to his children.

  f.

  00.31.27 → 00.31.35 Greg : Physical? Like what? Like you worked out together? Pam : No, no, it was nothing, nothing. It was a stupid sexual thing.

  The conversation between Greg and Pam included in line maxim of quality, because Pam give the right answer to Greg. When she engaged with Kevin, she just did physical thing like a stupid sexual.

  g.

  00.32.04 → 00.32.28 Greg : I thought he would love my gift, you know, being this big flower guy,but it's like he didn't even show the slightest bit of interest. Pam : Listen to me. Forget the gift.You are the most adorableloving, sweetest man in the whole world, and I love you.And very soon my parents are gonna see that... and grow to love you too, okay? Okay?

  Greg felt that Jack didn‘t like with him. He beef about Jack didn‘t like a gift that he gave to him. this conversation dealing with in line maxim of quality, because Pam gave the right answer and tried to make Greg comfortable with Jack treatment.

  h.

  00.37.08 → 00.37.16 Jack : I heard a noise, so I came down to see if everything was okay.

  Greg : Everything's fine. I just-- I'm sorry. I saw a light on, and I kinda stumbled in.I didn't realize..

  This conversation included in line maxim of quality, since Jack heard noisy in his pantry and he asked to Greg. Then Greg gave the right answer that he saw light on and entered that pantry. i.

  00.40.25 → 00.40.32 Greg : How could you not tell me this? Pam : I wanted to, honey, but it was strictly...on a need- to-know basis.

  Greg knew that Pam‘s father was an agent CIA. He was angry with Pam, because she never told to him about this. Then she explained to him that she really wanted to tell this to Greg, however this was a secret in her family. Therefore, this conversation contains in line maim of quality. j.

  00.44.01 → 00.44.05 Pam : Actually Greg aced his MCATs.

  Bob : You serious? Greg : No, I did okay.

  Pam : Oh, he did more than okay. Trust me. The conversation above is in line maxim of quality, because Pam gave the right answer and convinced to Bob that Greg took MCATs (Medical College Admissions Tests) with good point. k.

  00.46.33 → 00.46.38 Danny : Tell anybody I wasn't here? Greg : No, they think you're asleep. Yeah, so, it's all good The conversation between Danny and Greg contains in line maxim of quality, because Greg gave the right answer about all people in Denny‘s home knew that Danny slept. l.

  00.00.17 → 00.00.23 Dina : Maybe he uses marijuana for medicinal purposes.

  People do that nowadays. Jack : Honey, this kid has been lying to us from the moment we met him.

  This conversation dealing with in line maxim of quality, since Dina saw Greg chewed a gum as a changer of cigarette. She asked to Jack about that, then Jack explained that Greg lied from the moment they met him. Therefore Jack gave the right answer for Dina. m.

  00.03.55 → 00.03.59 Jack : Greg's Jewish.

  Kevin : Are you? Greg : Yeah.

  This conversation included in line maxim of quality, because Gave the right answer about his religion. It was Jewish. n.

  00.19.48 → 00.19.50 Greg : Looks just like him.

  Man : Almost, except for that tail. The conversation between Greg and a man contains in line maxim of quality, since Greg looked for Jinxy outside. He found a cat which seemed like Jinxy in a pet shop. A man gave the right answer about the cat that almost same, except that tail. Jinxy‘s tail was black on tip, whereas that cat had all brown tail. o.

  00.29.30 → 00.29.45 Greg : Well, it wasn't intentional. I was chasing Jinx up onto the roof. I had a smoke, and I think I might have lit something that —I don't know what happened. He put so much goddamn lacquer on that thing.It was an accident waiting to happen.

  Greg‘s utterance deals with in line maxim of quality, because Greg‘s untruths were revealed. He told to all people with the right answer.

  He made Jinxy outside, burned the altar, and flushed the toilet. p.

  00. 31.05 → 00.31.17 Dina : [Scoffs] Jack can't talk Thai.

  Greg : Oh, no, Dina.Jack can talk Thai. Jack talk Thai very well. I'm sorry, Pam, but your dad is not retired.

  He's still very much in the C.I.A. When Greg‘s untruth revealed, he tried to blow Jack‘s secret. Greg explained to Dina that Jack could talk Thai very well. Also, Jack still very much in the CIA. Therefore this conversation included maxim of quality. q.

  00.41.48 → 00.41.53 Man : You were acting like a maniac, and you threatened her with a bomb! Greg

  : I said, "It's not like I have a ―bomb." Man : You said "bomb" on an airplane.

  This conversation between man and Greg included in line maxim of quality, because Greg gave the right answer about he said "It's not like I have a ―bomb" on the airplane. Not said ―It‘s like I have a ―Bomb‖. r.

  00.43.16 → 00.43.49 Jack : Do you wanna marry her? Do you want to marry her? Greg : I did, until I met you. Jack : What does that mean? Greg : I love your daughter, Jack. I love her more than anything.But frankly, sir, I'm a little terrified of being your son-in-law.This whole weekend has given me a lot of doubtsabout whether or not I could even survive in your family.I think you've got some serious issues.

  Jack asked to Greg to marry his daughter, but Greg hesitated to marry Pam. He frightened to be son in law of Jack, because Jack attracted Greg in his house. Greg gave the right reason about to Jack. Therefore this conversation contains in line maxim of quality. s.

  00.45.10 → 00.45.22 Pam : Greg? I thought you were going back to Chicago? Greg : Yeah, well, we had a little plane trouble. Plus, your dad caught up with me at the airport.No. Don't worry.It's okay. We worked outa lot of our issues. The conversation above deals with in line maxim of quality, because Greg gave the right answer and information to Pam about the little plane trouble and Jack freed him on the airport.

3. Maxim of Relation a.

  00.06.51 → 00.06.57 Pam : Are you sure it's okay to X-ray this? Greg : Yeah, it's not gonna mutate or anything.

  The conversation between Pam and Greg included in line maxim of relation, because Greg‘s answer relevant with Pam‘s question about a gift in his bag would not mutate because of x-ray. Therefore there is relation in their conversation.

  b.

  00.07.09 → 00.07.22 Greg : I've got an engagement ring for my girlfriend in the bag. I can't open it here. Don't you think I can just carry it on?

  Man : Hey, pal, if it ain'tfittin' through the frame, you ain'tcarryin' it on the plane.New York, La Guardia. Check it. Greg‘s bag was not fitthrough the frame on the airport. He tried to convince a man to allow him to carry it on airplane. This conversation is relevant, because man didn‘t allow Greg to carry his bag because of the bag too big. Therefore this conversation is in line maxim of relation.

  c.

  00.12. 18 → 00.12.27 Jack : He can't lift the seat, Greg. He lacks the strength and the opposable thumbs.

  Greg : Yeah. Ah, right. Opposable-- I didn't think about that.

  The conversation above contains in line maxim of relation, since Jack told to Greg about Jinxy (a cat) knew to use the toilet. However Jinxy couldn‘t lift the seat because of he have not thumbs. Then Greg realized that it was true. Therefore this conversation is in line maxim of relation.

  d.

  00.16.22 → 00.16.27 Jack : Smile, you're on "Nanny Camera." Ah! Greg : Oh! Oh, yeah, yeah! I've seen these things advertised on TV.

  Jack showed to Greg about his new job. When Jack asked to Greg to smile, Greg definitely understood about his job. The conversation between Jack and Greg contains in line maxim of relation, because there is relevant between the order and the response.

  e.

  00.29.38 → 00.29.50 Pam : Okay, could we change the subject perhaps? Greg : Oh! Champagne, champagne.

  Pam : Yes. That will be great. Good idea. There is relevant between Pam and Greg‘s conversation, since Pam tried to change the topic conversation, because milk a cat was not good topic. Then Greg gave the relation answer that he would take champagne. Therefore this conversation belongs to in line maxim of relation.

  f.

  00.30.26→ 00.30.32 Greg : Kevin, your old boyfriend? Pam : [Clears Throat] Thanks, Dad.

  Jack : Well yeah, Kevin was Pam's fianc. At dinner, Jack explained to Pam how to see Debby‘s ring, he called name Kevin. Greg knew that Kevin was Pam‘s boyfriend. Then Jack added information that Kevin was Pam's fiancé. Therefore there is relation in their conver sation; it‘s called in line maxim of relation.

  g.

  00.32.50 → 00.30.56 Jack : What's with the robe? Greg : It's Pam's. My pajamas are in the suitcase with everything else.

  The conversation above, there is relation between Greg‘s answer and Jack‘s question. Greg lost his bag on the airplane, thus he used Pam‘s robe. Therefore the conversation is line maxim of relation.

  h.

  00.03.29 → 00.03.37 Greg : Wow! It looks like somebody got an "A" in wood shop. [Pam, Kevin Laughing] Kevin : Yeah, it's always been kind of a hobby. I whittled that out of beech wood.

  This conversation belongs to in line maxim of relation, since Kevin showed his creation wood to Greg in his hose. Greg amazed with Kevin‘s creation, because there are many woods and beautiful creations. Thus

  , Kevin‘s answer is relevant with Greg‘s utterance. i.

  00.17.43 → 00.17.51 Jack : We checked every yard, every car on the street.

  Nobody's seen him. Pam : We checked all the bedrooms. Jinx isn't up here. Dina : Yeah, none of the neighbors have seen him either. The people looked for Jinxy outside. But there was nobody could find him. Their utterances included in line maxim of relation, because Jinxy was not up of any trees, all the bedroom, and their neighbors have not see him. j.

  00.25.39 → 00.25.40 Larry : Drives a little better than your Taurus, huh, Greg? Greg : Yeah.

  This conversation included in line maxim, since Greg got race with Jack to get home. Greg drove Larry‘s car like maniac. And Larry asked him that his car better than Greg‘s own car. Then Greg gave relevant answer to him that it was true. k.

  00.32.38 → 00.32.52 Greg : [Pam looking at Greg movement]

  Well, I guess I'm gonna go to the airport now.I guess you're gonna stay here. Pam, l —

  Greg ‘s utterance contains in line maxim of relation because when

  Greg moved out from Pam‘s house, Pam tried to see him at last, and then Greg explained to her that he would move sooner. There were relation between Pam action and Greg‘s answer. l.

  00.35.51→ 00.36.03 Pam : Thought you might like to see this.

  Jack : How did you get this? Pam : Oh, I have my sources too.

  Jack chased away Greg from his home because Greg lied about everything. Pam tried to convince Jack that Greg didn‘t lie about MCATs. Then Pam gave Gr eg‘s MCATs score to Jack. This conversation is in line maxim of relation, because Pam gave relevant answer about the source of Greg‘s MCATs. m.

  00.41.55 → 00.41.58 Greg : What's wrong with saying "bomb" on an airplane? Man : You can't say "bomb."on an airplane.

  This conversation between Greg and a Man belongs to in line maxim of relation, because passenger might not say Bomb on the airplane.

  That would make all passengers on the airplane panic and noisy. Therefore, there were relevant between question and answer.

4. Maxim of Manner a.

  00.07.23 → 00.07.28 Greg : Wait, wait! Excuse me! Man : Don't worry. It'll be waitin' for you on the other side.

  The conversation between Greg and Man contains in line maxim of manner, because when Greg tried to stop his bag, a man gave answer clearly and briefly.

  b.

  00.10.52 → 00.11.06 Dina : Oh, now, Greg, you have a very unique last name.

  Um, we were curious, how do you pronounce it? Greg : Oh, just like it's spelled. F-O-C-K-E-R. This conversation included of maxim of manner, because Greg answer Dina‘s question with spell his name as the order of her. He gave answer clearly and briefly.

  c.

  00.19.08 → 00.19.21 Greg : Hey, you know, Jack, now that we have a second to talk,I just want you to know how much Pam means to me.I know

  —I know that we haven't been together that long, But the timethat we have spent together has been really incredible. Greg‘s utterance included in line maxim of manner, because Greg told about his relationship with Pam. Greg wanted to Jack gave permission about their relation clearly and briefly.

  d.

  .00.19.46 → 00.20.02 Jack : You see, Greg, when you yell at a dog, his tail will go between his legs and cover his genitals, his ears will go down. A dog is very easy to break, but cats make you work for their affection. They don't sell out the way dogs do.

  • – Greg : Huh Jack‘s utterance belongs to in line maxim of manner, because Jack told to Greg about having a cat as a pet. He tried to convince Greg to love a cat. This conversation included orderly.

  e.

  00.34.03 → 00.34.23 Jack :Oh, one more thing. I'm a realist. I understand it's the

  st

  21 century, and you've probably had premarital relations with my daughter. But under our roof, it's my way or the Long Island Expressway. Is that understood? Greg : Of course, yeah.

  Jack : Good. Keep your snake in its cage for hours. Jack‘s utterance included in line maxim of manner, because Jack wanted to Greg separated room with his daughter, and keep his snake in it cage for 72 hours. Therefore this conversation be orderly.

  f.

  00.42.14 → 00.42.32 Jack : But the fact is, Greg, with the knowledge you've been given, you are now on the inside of what I like to call."the Byrnes family circle of trust."I keep nothing from you, you keep nothing from me..and round and round we go. Greg :Okay. Understood. Jack‘s utterance contains in line maxim of manner, because Jack wanted to Greg said the truth about everything, nothing hide. Jack‘s utterance contains orderly, clearly, and briefly.

  g.

  00.09.39 → 00.09.44 Pam : Top Gun was a very popular movie when Kevin and I dated. All right? That's it.

  Greg : Hey, Iceman.

  I‘m no problem with that. Pam explained to Greg that she had epithet when she with Kevin, that was Top Gun. Greg‘s utterance belongs to in line maxim of manner, because Greg gave brief and clear answer to Pam that he accepted his epithet as iceman.

  h.

  00.12.25 → 00.12.37 Jack : No. No, no, no. Not on the lawn! Stay where you are. Not on the lawn!

  • – All : Kevin, no! - No, no, no, no![Screaming]

  Oh!- No, no, no! Ahh! The toilet in Jack‘s house exploded because of the septic tank was full. There were much waste water and feces, and the soil muddy around Jack‘s building. All of people tried to give reminder to Kevin who came to deliver an altar. However Kevin didn‘t know the soil muddy and the effect was all people dirty caused by sprinkling the muddy. Therefore the utterance of Jack, Debby, Bob, Pam, Larry, Linda and Dina contains in line maxim of manner, because they gave information clearly, briefly, and orderly. i.

  00.27.34 → 00.27.40 Greg : Yes! Bob : Jack just turned.

  Larry : You were supposed to make that left at the light, Focker.

  When Greg said yes, he win the race with Jack. Bob gave answer clear and briefly that Jack just turned to get home sooner and Greg loss of this race. Therefore, this conversation included in line maxim of manner. j.

  00.29.51 → 00.29.55 Jack : Get out of my house, Focker, and take your friend with you.

  Jack‘s utterance contains in line maxim of manner, because his answer brief, clear, and orderly to chase away Greg from his house. k.

  00.40.38 → 00.40.45 Greg : No? Okay. Then shut your pie hole... and listen to me when I say that lam finished... With the checking-of-the-bags conversation!

  Greg‘s utterance included in line maxim of manner, because utterance brief, clear, and orderly when he asked to a flight stewardess to shut up and he didn‘t want to transfer his bag to luggage.

B. Data of Violated Maxims 1. Maxim of Quantity

  a) 00.09.44 → 00.09.54

  Jack : What are you driving there, a Ford? Greg : Oh, yeah, it's a Taurus.We were gonna get a mid- size, butI figure, hey, we pull down decent bucks.

  Might as well go all out, pop for the full-size. Greg arrived at Jack‘s house with drove his Taurus. In this conversation included violated maxim of quantity, because Greg gave answer too long and too much to Jack. Jack just asked to him what kind of the car, but Greg answers it with explained the process recovered his car.

  b)

  00.15.32 → 00.16.00 Greg : I really admire that. Yeah.So what is it? What's the new venture? Jack : Let me ask you a question, Greg.Let's just say you have kids... and you wanna get out of the house, spend a night on the town.So, you hire a baby- sitter, someone you think youcan trust.

  References,work experience-- it all checks out fine.But then how do you really know for certain... that your loved ones are safe with this stranger?I mean, can you ever really trust another human being, Greg?

  Greg and Pam‘s family chatted in the living room. Greg asked to Jack what was his Job. Then Jack answer Greg question more than Greg‘s required. Jack explained his job bemuse and too much.

  Therefore, this conversation contains violated maxim of quantity.

  c)

  00.30.50 → 00.31.06 Pam : Greg, sweetie, how you doing? Greg : Oh, just fine, considering I desecrated your grandma'sremains, found out you were engaged and had your father ask me to milk him.At least back then he was still talking to me.I can't believe you didn't tell me you were that close. The conversation between Greg and Pam belongs to violated maxim of quantity, because Greg gave too much information about his condition. There were jealous and angry in side of his utterance.

  d) 00.10.39 → 00.11.13 Jack : Oh, good. They found your suitcase.

  Greg : Yeah. Hey, Jack, I don't quite know what happened back at thetux shop, but if I've given you the wrong impression regarding Pam in any way, I'm sorry. okay? I have nothing but the bestintentions with Pam, and I-I just-- Actually, there's something in the suitcase here that I'm planning on giving her...that I think, um, symbolizes... [Jiggling Toilet Handle] the level of my commitment, uh, to her. [Toilet Tank Lid Clattering] AndI wouldn't feel right asking her to wear it... without her father's permission. Jack?

  Jack checked at Greg‘s room. He asked about the suitcase that lost on the airplane. Greg answered too much to Jack. He also explained his relation with Pam. This conversation included violated maxim of quantity, because Greg explained too much, and Jack ignored him instead checked his toilet.

  e) 00.22.53 → 00.23.19

  Pam : Oh, poor Kevin looks lonely. Maybe I should ask him to dance. What do you think?

  Greg : Sure. I bet he could, uh, whittle a private little dance floor for the two of you.[Chuckles] I'm serious.I saw some beech wood outside. He's very handy. [Laughing]He's an extremely handy and crafty craftsman. I shouldn't paint him with that brush, but-- Come on. Seriously.Seriously. Part of youwishes you ended up with him. The conversation between Pam and Greg contains violated maxim of quantity, because Greg gave information more than Pam‘s required about Kevin to dance together, instead Greg mocked him.

  f) 00.40.11 → 00.40.23 Girl : There's no need to raise your voice, sir.

  Greg : I'm not raising my voice. This would be raising my voice toyou, okay? I don't want to check my bag.

  By the way, your airline, you suck at checking bags.Because I already did that once, and you lost it, and then I had everything screwed up very badly for me. Okay?

  Greg have serious problem with a flight stewardess on the airplane. He didn‘t want to put his bag in the luggage; he wanted to carry on the plane. The stewardess wanted to Greg to slow his voice. There was violating maxim of quantity in this conversation, because Greg gave answer too much information about checking his bag and loudly voice. g) 00.40.25 → 00.40.38

  Girl : I can assure you that your bag... will be placed safely below deck with the other luggage.

  Greg : Oh, yeah? How do you know my bag will be safe below withthe other luggage? Are you physically gonna take my bag beneath the plane? Are you gonna go with the guys with theearmuffs and put it in there? Girl : No.

  The Girl utterance belongs to violated maxim of quantity, because Greg asked to her three questions, but the Girl just gave one sort and brief answer to Greg.

2. Maxim of Quality

  a) 00.12.45 → 00.12.56

  Jack : Well, that's okay if you hate cats, Greg? Greg : No! I don't. I don't hate cats at all Jack : That's okay. Just be honest about it. There's some things I hate.

  Greg : I-- I'm being honest. Really? Like what? The conversation between Jack and Greg belongs to violated maxim of quality, because Greg didn‘t give the truth information about hate cat.

  b) 00.17.40 → 00.17.46

  Greg : Oh, that wasn't the airline, was it? Jack : Nope, wrong number.We're all out of Collins mix, so I'm gonna make a run for the store. Jac k‘s utterance is violating maxim of quality, because Jack lied to Greg. In fact, a spy called Jack, but he told that it was wrong number.

  c) 00.22.59 → 00.23.03

  Jack : You been waiting here long? Greg : No, I was just reading up about... pumps.

  Greg accompanied Jack to buy some Collin mix at the supermarket. This conversation contains violated maxim of quality, because Greg waited long time in front of Supermarket and listened the conversation between Jack and a spy. Also Greg lied about reading up a magazine about pumps.

  d) 00.39.51 → 00.39.56

  Pam : Well, did you lie to him? Greg : No! I mean-- Well, he asked me if we were living together,And--- Jack asked to Greg to use the lie detector machine. Pam knew that Greg have interrogated by Jack. The conversation above is belongs to violated maxim of quality, because Greg lied to Pam that he answer Jack‘s question correctly. In fact, Greg lied to Jack, about smoke, and watched porn.

  e) 00.48.10 → 00.48.17

  Jack : Denny, how's the tux fit? Denny : Dad, uh

  — Jack : What's that? Denny : I-It's a sculpture I found in Greg's jacket. Denny lied to Jack about a sculpture found in Greg's jacket. In fact, the owner of a sculpture was Denny. He put in Greg‘s jacket, because he afraid of Jack. Therefore, this conversation included violated maxim of quality.

  f) 00.07.02 → 00.07.09 Greg : Service.

  Bob : [Screaming][Glass Breaking]Nice serve, pal. All Jack families played a volley ball at the Kevin‘s swimming pool.

  Bob utterance belongs to violated maxim of quality, because Greg‘s service was bad, and Bob gave a good comment for the service.

  g) 00.11.14 → 00.11.22

  Jack : Did you flush this toilet? Greg : Maybe. You know what? Maybe Jinx flushed it.I saw little Jinxy come in last night,and he took a little squat and relieved himself. Jack checked the toilet in Greg‘s room; he saw the toilet was flushed by someone. Then he asked to Greg about that, Greg lied to him that Jinxy flushed it last night. Jack told to Greg not to flush the toilet and he explained that Jinxy couldn‘t flush it, because Jinxy didn‘t has thumbs. Therefore, this conversation included violated maxim of quality.

  h) 00.21.52 → 00.21.59

  Bob : It's the man of the hour. Hey! [Laughing] Greg : Sorry, folks! had to pay a little visit to the urinal fairy. Greg‘s utterance contains violating maxim of quality, because Greg gave untruth information. Actually, Greg didn‘t go to the toilet, he called a pet shopkeeper to ask about Jinxy. i)

  00.26.49 → 00.26.52 Dina : Is everything okay, honey? Jack : Yeah, just trying to make good time. Oh.

  Jack drove his car like a maniac. He and Greg have agreement to race to get home. This conversation is violating maxim of quality, because Jack gave untruth answer to Dina. j)

  00.41.42 → 00.41.47 Man : I've got a plane full of people saying you threatened thatstewardess.

  Greg : I was not threatening her. I was trying to get my bag into theoverhead storage thing.

  Greg have serious problem on the airplane. Greg‘s utterance included violated maxim of quality, since Greg have hard conversation with one of a flight stewardess. He threatened her with saying a bomb loudly. k)

  00.42.20 → 00.42.24 Greg : Oh, shit. How'd you get here? Jack : I'm everywhere, Focker.

  Jack looked for Greg on the airport to ask him to marry with Pam. The conversation above contains violated maxim of quality, because when Greg asked to Jack how to get airport, Jack gave untruth answer.

3. Maxim of Relation

  a) 00.08.36 → 00.08.38

  Pam : What are you doing? Greg : What? The conversation between Pam and Greg belongs to violated maxim of relation; since Pam knew Greg would smoke in her house, her dad hate the smoker. Greg‘s answer is not related with Pam‘s question.

  b) 00.10.18 → 00.10.23

  Pam : Jesus, Dad, you ever think of knocking? Jack : Not in my own den. What are you two doing in here? Larry : I'd say rounding sex in pair. Pam and Greg played together in Greg‘s room. Suddenly, Jack came without knocked the door. Pam asked to him to knock the door, but jack told that it was his house. Therefore, this conversation included violated maxim of relation.

  c) 00.37.02 → 00.37.05

  Jack : Looking for something, Greg? Greg : Oh!Jesus, Jack, you scared me.

  Greg found a p anty in Jack‘s house and he saw some equipments of CIA. This conversation included violated maxim of relation, because Greg‘s answer is not related with Jack‘s question. d) 00.46.17 → 00.46.22

  Denny : Hey, hey, hey, hey, hey! What the hell you doing in here? Greg : Hi! I'm-- I'm Greg, Pam's friend. Greg tried to wake Denny up and borrowed some clothes at Denny‘s room. Greg‘s answer is not related with Denny‘s question. Denny asked to Greg what he did in his room, but Greg introduced his name to him. therefore, the conversation belongs to violated maxim of relation.

  e) 00.21.11 → 00.21.13

  Dina : Where did you find him? Greg : Gave us a little scare, huh? Greg found Jinxy in a pet shop. It was not real Jinxy. Dina asked to him where was he found Jinxy

  , but Greg‘s answer not related with the question. He gave answer about his feeling instead.

  f) 00.26.08 → 00.26.16

  Larry : Oh, Jesus, Focker! [Tires Screeching] You're driving like a maniac! Focker, Greg : Benz drives like a dream, Larry. Let's not Greg drove Larry‘s car like a maniac, because he have race to get home with Jack. Greg‘s response didn‘t relevant with the Larry‘s complain. Therefore, the conversation is violated maxim of relation.

  g) 00.27.54 → 00.27.57 Larry : I wonder if he has a license.

  Bob : Yeah, a license to kill.[Chattering, Laughing]

  Bob‘s utterance contains violated maxim of relation, because his answer not relevant with the Larry‘s statement.

  h) 00.39.52 → 00.39.56 Man : Excuse me.

  Greg : Okay, where's the fire, huh? Greg tried to organize his bag into luggage on the airplane; he blocked a way for passengers to sit on their chair. This conversation included violated maxim of relation, since a man wanted to sit in his chair, then Greg gave hard response about that. Greg‘s respond didn‘t relevant with man‘s statement. i)

  00.42.41 → 00.42.50 Greg : Did you do this? Jack : Just answer the questions.

  Greg : Did you have me taken off of that airplane? Jack : Just answer the question. Put your hands over there.

  That's it. Greg : You're sick, you know that? The conversation between Greg and Jack contains violated maxim, because Jack‘s answer didn‘t related with Greg‘s question. Greg asked to Jack that he did the problem on the airplane, but Jack answered other topic.

4. Maxim of Manner

  a) 00.05.18 → 00.05.29

  Pam : Yeah, they've been amazing. What..What's going on?

  Greg : Nothing. I just-- I just-- I just feel like we're so close.You're my best friend, and you're also the woman that I love, and--

  The conversation between Pam and Greg contains violated maxim of manner, since Greg planned to ask marry her at lunch. There were obscurity expression and ambiguity in Greg‘s answer. It made Pam confused.

  b) 00.21.07 → 00.21.18

  Jack : Are you a pothead, Focker? Greg : No! No. What? No, no, no, no, Jack. No, I'm-- I'm not

  —I- I pass on grass all the time. I mean, not all the time.

  Jack : Yes or no, Greg? Greg : No. Yes. No.

  Jack used his lie machine detector to interrogate Greg. There were ambiguity and obscurity expression in Greg‘s utterance. Those made

  Jack hesitate about Greg‘s answer. Therefore, this conversation belongs to violated maxim of manner.

  c) 00.22.08 → 00.22.17

  Greg : Really? That's it? You don't have, like, a nice, like, $80 or $100 bottle of something? Seller : You can get a whole bunch of Mumm's.

  Greg asked to the seller of supermarket about kind of bottles that more than $13. This conversation included violated maxim of manner, because the seller gave obscurity expression to Greg. A seller‘s answer contains an order indirectly.

  d) 00.26.31→ 00.26.46

  Pam&Greg : Poem, poem. Please! Jack : Oh, all right. It's a work in progress.I'm still not happy with it. As soon as it's ready,then I am going to glaze it onto a plate... Mm. and put it next to the urn. Nice. Jack‘s utterance is violating maxim of manner, because Jack gave verbose answer and finally he wanted to read poem to Greg and Pam.

  e) 00.35.19 → 00.35.32

  Jack : She said that? She said those exact words? Dina : You know, I didn't tape record it, Jack, but that's the impression.What kind of a family doesn't have time to sitdown for dinner? Jack : fugitives.

  Dina told to Jack that Greg was a good man for Pam. Jack utterance included violated maxim of manner, because it ambiguity word and Dina looked like confused to hear that.

  f) 00.41.37 → 00.41.40

  Man : Hey. Hey! You can't leave your vehicle unattended.

  Jack : Tow it. Jack came to the airport to pick Greg up to ask marry with his daughter. He didn‘t place his car at the right park. When a man gave comment for his did, he ignored the order. Jack‘s utterance is violating maxim of manner, because Jack gave obscurity expression order to a man.

  g) 00.45.33 → 00.45.43

  Pam : Okay, well, go wake up Denny and borrow some of his.

  Greg : You want me to go wake up your brother who I never met... and ask if I could have some of his clothes? Okay, all right.Where's Denny's room? Pam : Top of the stairs, turn right.

  Pam asked Greg to borrow some clothes to Denny whom he never met. Greg‘s answer was verbose, but his utterance contains meaning of ‗yes‘. Therefore this conversation belongs to violated maxim of manner.

  h) 00.49.30 → 00.49.49 Jack : Well, then, tell me the truth.

  Greg : Okay. Jack, I don't know what we're talking about. Jack : All right, now look, Focker, I'm a patient man.

  That's whatmonths in a Vietnamese prison camp will do to you. But I will be watching you, studying your every move. And if I find that you are trying to corrupt my firstborn child, I will bring you down, baby. I will bring you down to Chinatown.

  Jack‘s utterance contains ambiguity, and obscurity expression for Greg. Greg didn‘t know about jack‘s mean, he confused about his threatened for him. Jack‘s utterance belongs to violated maxim of manner. i)

  00.25.14 → 00.25.19 Greg : Hey, Larry. You know what? Why don't I drive? I've alwayswanted to test-drive a Benz.

  Larry : Oh. It's a very expensive car Greg had a race with Jack to get home sooner. Greg wanted to drive Larry‘s car. Larry didn‘t want to lend his car to Greg. Larry‘s utterance means that h e said ‗no‘ to Greg, but Greg ignored him and just drove his car. This conversation is violating maxim of manner. j)

  00.36.09 → 00.36.31 Pam : I called Gaylord, a.k.a. Greg's parents in Detroit.

  They savedhis SAT scores too, in case you're interested.

  Jack : Oh, honey. It-- That doesn't matter if he did well on some test. What does that prove? Look at this place! He almost destroyed the wedding because he lied!

  Pam : I love you, Dad,but you can be a real jerk sometimes.

  The conversation between Pam and Jack belongs to violated maxim of manner, since Pam tried to convince Jack to give approval for

  Greg and Pam together. She showed Greg‘s MCATs score to Jack, because she knew that Greg‘s didn‘t lie about the test. There was hidden order in Jack‘s utterance; he didn‘t want to Pam with Greg although he did the test. k)

  00.42.03 → 00.42.08 Man : You assaulted an airline employee- Greg : What if I was a bombardier? Man : I got enough to put you away for a few years! Greg : Bomb, bomb, bomb, bomb, bomb! Greg got serious problem on the airplane. He threatened a flight stewardess with said a bomb. A man interrogated him about his done, but Greg mocked him with a bomb. Greg‘s utterance is violating maxim of manner, because a bomb was an object which redoubtable to airplane people. Greg‘s answer ambiguity, and made a man confused and angry with him. l)

  00.43.07 → 00.43.16 Greg : Will you stop making fun of me for being a nurse? Jack : Could you at least try, maybe, to consider another profession? Greg : Jack, yes or no? Jack : Ever? Greg : No! Jack : Okay, yes.

  Greg wanted Jack to accept him as son in law although he was a male nurse. This conversation included violated maxim of manner, because Jack‘s gave ambiguity answer to Greg, and Greg didn‘t sure about that.

C. Socio Cultural Background of American Society

  The researcher found some cultures of American society in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents”. There are artifact (object or event),

  commercial, belief and value, economic life, sexual habit, and religion. The main character in "Meet the Parents" is a Chicago-based male nurse, Greg Focker (pronounced just how it is spelled) who realizes how unlucky a person can be. He is about to propose to his schoolteacher girlfriend, Pam (Teri Polo), when her sister Debbie (Nicole Dehuff) calls and explains that her new fiancé, Dr. Bob Banks (Tom McCarthy), received a blessing from her father Jack (Robert De Niro) before he asked the question. This information makes Greg reconsider his method of choice, and instead jumps at the opportunity to meet Pam's overprotective parents when they fly to the east coast two weeks later to arrange Debbie's wedding. However, in the terrible house there was

  Pam‘s mother Dina ( Blythe Danner ) who very kind to him, she blessed them together.

  Nachbar and Lause (1992:10) suggest that popular culture: 1)

  Consist of artifact (object and people) and event (activities surrounding the objects and people).

  2) Reflects audience belief and values (it satisfies us—―we know what you want …‖)

  3) Shapes audience beliefs and values (it arouses and frustrates us—―WE

WANT YOU TO WANT IT‖)

  5) Is often imitative (of itself)—it hopes that what has worked before will work again.

6) Surrounds us—it forms the fabric of our everyday lives.

  According to Nachbar and Lause (1992:13-14), the cameras see a great deal more in their picture of culture because they view it through a wide angle lens. The cameras postulate a definition of ―culture‖ which is expressed in recent times by E.D Hirsch, who coined the term Cultural Literacy as the title of his 1987 bestselling foray into the hot battle over definition. Cameras describe what is ―good‖ and then seek to determine what function it performs and what it can tell us about the people and the culture which produced it. The researcher found a conversation about camera in a comedy movie entitled ―Meet the Parents‖:

  00.15.37 → 00.16.23 Jack Greg Jack Greg : Let me ask you a question, Greg. Let's just say you have kids... and you wanna get out of the house, spend a night on the town. So, you hire a baby-sitter, someone you think you can trust.

  References, work experience-- it all checks out fine. But then how do you really know for certain... that your loved ones are safe with this stranger? I mean, can you ever really trust another human being, Greg? : Sure, I think so. : No, the answer is you cannot. Let me show you something. Take a look at this, Greg. What's this look like to you? : Um-- [Squeaks] This looks like a teddy bear.

  : Smile, you're on "Nanny Camera." Ah!

  The conversation above told about camera which had functioned as spy. Jack used the camera to know his children movement. Camera was an artifact; any object made by man, especially something useful.

  The researcher found commercial culture in this movie, it was a Nanny Camera or a very little camera which used by agent CIA as spy. This movie showed to audiences that the functional of Nanny Camera to keep their children movement. It deals with Nachbar and Lause (1992:50), youth is the best period of life, and childhood in particular is a special time which needs to be protected and preserved. Americans have always quite properly perceived themselves as a young nation and have thus consistently admired the traits associated with youth as well. As a result, Americans see themselves as innocent, energetic, rebellious, optimistic, full of good intentions, and idealistic.

  Also the researcher found belief and value in this movie:

  00.09.40 → 00.10.05 Jack : What are you driving there, a Ford? Greg : Oh, yeah, it's a Taurus. We were gonna get a mid-size, but I figure, hey, we pull down decent bucks. Might as well go all out, pop for the full-size. Jack : Sure. Interesting color. You pick it? Oh. Greg : Oh, no, the guy at the counter. Why? Jack : Well, they say geniuses pick green. But you didn't pick it.

  There was a myth in the conversation above; it was the people who pick green color of a car, they were genius person. Jack belief that genius picks green, but conversation is an icon of personal freedom. It deals with Nachbar and Lause (1992:94) American have an innate right to personal freedom

  —the rights to choose their own destinies pursue their dreams, act in any way they see fit short of harming others or interfering with others‘ freedom.

  th

  Williams (1960:157) said that the ideology of the early 20 century American business civilization included as basic beliefs: belief that the greatest economic good of society would be achieved through the undertrained play of individual self interest; faith in the sanctity of ―private property‖, belief in freedom contract; the assumption that economic order is best in which there is minimum of state regulation; belief in the ability of a competitive market to maintain itself and to allocate the society‘s resources in the optimum manner.

  There was a conversation between Jack and Greg that suitable with the reference above:

  00.43.07 → 00.43.14

  Greg

  : Will you stop making fun of me for being a nurse?

  Jack

  : Could you at least try, maybe, to consider another profession?

  Greg : Jack, yes or no? In this conversation, Jack made fun about Greg‘s profession as a male nurse. He wanted him to be another profession, like Doctor. Jack‘s profession was an agent CIA, and his daughter‘s (Debby) fiancé was Bob M.D (Medical Doctor).

  It showed profession and economic life was necessary in Jack‘s home, New York.

  Nachbar and Lause (1992:96) said that for eachindividual there is a single partner who, once found, makes life complete and permanent happiness possible. Belief and value: Sex is best in a true-love relationship. In a real life some people do this to make their relation happier and satisfied. The researcher found some conversation about sexual habit:

  00.46.07 → 00.46.11 Dina : I think he’s about to do it, Jack. Jack : Come on, honey. Give them some privacy. Dina : Shh,shh.

  The conversation above was an example of sexual habit in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parent”. When Jack allowed Greg to be his son in law, he

  asked Greg to marry Pam. Jack allowed Greg to sleep together in Pam ‘s room.Dina eavesdropped about Pam and Greg‘s conversation in her room, exactly beside of their room. Greg and Pam believed that sex was best in a true- love relationship. And they would get marry.

  In addition, popular culture has belittled the moral significance of sexual relations among young Americans, andthe idea that sex is merely a recreational activity has prevailed. Whether or not this is a respectable mindset isa debatable, but also separate, issue; the existence of this mindset among adolescent Americans is unquestionable (Kathryn Dykeman, et all, 2006:40).

  Identity of religion culture in America was protestant. There were Jewish in America because of some immigrant of other country moved to America. It deals withHuntington (2006:140), everything has an inception of Protestant in the America. The researcher found a conversation about religion:

  00.23.44 → 00.23.54

  Jack : Greg, would you like to say grace? Pam : Oh, uh, well, Greg's Jewish, Dad. You know that.

  Jack : You're telling me Jews don't pray, honey? Unless you have some objection.

  

Greg : No, no, no, no, I'd love to. Pam, come on, it's not like I'm a rabbi or

something. I said grace at many a dinner table.

  The conversation above told about different religion between Pam‘s family and Greg. Greg‘s Jewish and Pam family‘s Protestant.

CHAPTER V CLOSURE A. CONCLUSION The researcher analyzed the types of maxims based on Cooperative Principle and the meaning of each utterance contains the Grice Maxim, and

  some socio cultural background of American Society used in a comedy movie entitled ―Meet the Parents‖. In this chapter, the researcher drew some conclusions as follow: 1.

  There are two types of maxims in a comedy movie entitled ―Meet the

  Parents”, they were in line maxims and violated maxims: Maxim of quantity, maxim of quality, maxim of relation, and maxim of manner.

  The researcher found 62 conversations in line maxim and 39 conversations violated maxim. There was maxim of quality which was the most domains in line maxim in this movie. It was common that the partner of the conversation said the truth of the information. It means that the conversations in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents”

  became smoothly, connected, and meaningful. Between the speaker and the hearer, there was cooperation in making successful conversation. It appeared when the speaker and the hearer appreciated each other in asked and answer.

2. There are two kinds of the meaning of utterance: in line maxims and violated maxims. The movie writer wrote funny story and relaxed.

  Those could be seen by the language used in

  “Meet the Parents” movie:

  informal dialogue, and slang language. Also there were obeyed and disobey the rule of Cooperative Principle, irrelevant statements, ambiguity expressions, and true and untrue information. Sometimes in real life, people often lie to make other people admire, however it needed a big and a brave heart to fix all honestly.

  3. The researcher found some socio cultural background of American society in

  “Meet the Parents” movie. There were artifact (object or

  event), commercial, belief and value, economic life, sexual habit, and religion.

  Moreover, this question on this graduating paper might not be could answered truthfully, the researcher concludes that the conversation in a comedy movie entitled

  “Meet the Parents” obey the rule of Cooperative Principle. It could be seen by the conversation which the researcher analyzed.

B. SUGGESTION

  To close this graduating paper, the researcher proposed some suggestion as follow: a)

  It is important to study Cooperative Principle because the speaker and the hearer need cooperate in making success conversation.

  Communication needed the partners who understand the meaning of utterance. Therefore, the lecturers should teach and explain the study of Cooperative Principle to students.

  b) The students could improve their understanding of Cooperative

  Principle through watching movies and reading novels. Those would enlargement their knowledge practically.

  c) The people who learned about Cooperative Principle, they would know the people‘s mean of their utterance in the conversation. And knew exactly how to obey the rule of Cooperative Principle in daily communication.

  d) Pragmatics could be essential science in the curriculum. Because, it contains study of language that useful for daily conversation between teacher and students. It helps teacher and students to respect each other.

  And it useful for teaching speaking skill.

LEMBAR KONSULTASI SKRIPSI

  Nama Mahasiswa : Siti Purwaningsih NIM : 11310115 Pembimbing : Faizal Risdianto, S. S, M. Hum. Judul : THE PRAGMATICS ANALYSIS OF THE

COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE IN A COMEDY MOVIE

ENTITLED

  “MEET THE PARENTS”

CATATAN NO. TANGGAL

  CATATAN:

  SETIAP KONSULTASI LEMBAR INI HARUS DIBAWA Dosen Pembimbing .

  

Faizal Risdianto, S. S, M. Hum

  NIP. 197509172008 01 1010

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