ANALYSIS OF DERIVATIONAL PROSESS OF ENGLISH NOUNS FOUND IN THE JAKARTA POST ANALYSIS OF DERIVATIONAL PROSESS OF ENGLISH NOUNS FOUND IN THE JAKARTA POST ARTICLES.

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ANALYSIS OF DERIVATIONAL PROSESS OF

ENGLISH NOUNS FOUND IN THE JAKARTA POST

ARTICLES

Research Paper

Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

  

For Getting Bachelor Degree of Education

In English Department

by:

RIYAN WIK IRAWAN

  

A 320 030 041

SCHOOL OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA

  

APPROVAL

ANALYSIS OF DERIVATIONAL PROCESS OF ENGLISH NOUNS

FOUND IN THE JAKARTA POST ARTICLES

  by:

  

RIYAN WIK IRAWAN

A320 030 041

  Approved by the consultants: Consultant I Consultant II

  (Dra. Malikatul Laila, M.Hum) (Dra. Siti khuzaimah)

  

ACCEPTANCE

  Accepted by the board of examiners School of Teacher Training and Education

  Muhammadiyah University of Sur akarta On October 2007

  Team of Examiners: 1.

  ( ) Dra. Malikatul Laila, M.Hum.

   (Chair Person) 2.

  ( ) Dra. Siti Khuzaimah

   (Member I) 3.

  ( ) Drs. Sigit Haryanto,M.Hu

   (Member II)

  Dean of School of Teacher Training and Education

  

Drs. Sofyan Anif, M.Si.

  

TESTIMONY

  Herewith, the writer testifies that in this research there is no work which has been proposed to get bachelor degree in any university and as long as he knew there are no work or statements that have been written or published by other writer, unless there are referred within this research and listed on the bibliography.

  If in the future, it is proven that there is untruth in her statement above, she will be fully responsible.

  Surakarta, 25 September 2007 Riyan Wik Irawan

  MOTTO 1.

  Actually, there is an ease after difficulty (Q.S. Al Insyiroh:6) 2.

  …dan bersabarlah, sesungguhnya Allah beserta orang – orang yang

  sabar (Q.S.Al-An fal:46) 3.

  No pain, No gain (the writer) 4 . Success will not come to people who just wait and will not wait

  an yon e to com e to (an on ym ) 5.

  Be your self, be confident (The Writer)

DEDI CATI ON

  Fr om t he deepest hear t , t he wr it er would like t o dedicat e t his r esear ch paper t o:

  

1. H is beloved f at her and mot her , t hanks f or your love, pat ience,

suppor t , and f inancial cont r ibut ion given t o me,

  

2. H is beloved younger br ot her s , t hanks f or your love and

mot ivat ion,

3. All of hi s beloved f amilies and f r iends, and 4. His wif e t o be.

  

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.

  Alhamdulillahirabbil ‘alamin, Praise and gratitude to the Most Gracious and Most Merciful, Allah SWT for blessing the writer in accomplishing this research paper, entitled “ Analysis of Derivation Process of English nouns Found

  

in the Jakarta Post Articles” . This is the one of the requirements for getting

  bachelor degree in English Department of Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. Praising is also giving to the Messenger, our prophet Muhammad SAW, peace be upon him, a glory person who gives his blessing to his masses in the next day.

  The writer would like to express his deepest gratitude to the people who have ever helped her in getting through this research paper by their support, advices, and even critics. They are:

  1. Drs. Sofyan Anif, M.Si, the Dean of the School of Teacher Training and Education who permitted her to conduct the research paper.

  2. Koesoemo Ratih, S.Pd, M.Hum, The Chair per son of English Department who permitted her to write this research paper.

  3. Dra. Malikatul Laila, M.Hum, the first consultant who has guided him with great advice, her valuable time in correcting this research paper, and wonderful criticism.

  4. Dra. Siti Khuzaimah, the second consultant who has given him some correction, help, and guidance to complete his research paper with a good language.

  5. Titis Setyabudi, S.S, as his academic consultant of class A ’03. He thanks for his guidance and kindness.

  6. All the lecturers of English department of UMS. Thanks for the guidance and help for the past four year.

  7. Librarians of UMS for their help in providing the reference books.

  8. His wonderful mother, Mrs. Suparni and her beloved father, Mr. Sukarto for guarding with tremendous love, cares, support, and continues prayer to finish the research paper. She also thanks to his beloved younger brothers, Hendi and Ridwan who always give his support and care.

  11. His close friends, Rendi, candra, Dedi, Romli, Pak Guru PW and Nggawok for their support and cares, thanks for being my best friend. It is always nice to be with you all. Especially for Risman and Rohady Siro, you are my friends in sharing ideas. Thanks for everything you gave to me.

  12. Everyone in Rekso boarding house, Kentus, Mas Eko, Edi Gordo, Arif Rahmawan, Idriz, Mbah Darmo, Dean, etc. Especially for Jay and Hanafi, you are my friends in sharing ideas. Thanks for everything you gave to me.

  13. Her friends in English’03, Felix, Mbah Jay, Yudi, Teguh, Deni Hos…, P itik, Nurul, Arik, Dewi’, Nova, Novia, Daryati, Dian, Wido, Arin, Minie, etc.

  Especially for Fitri you are my friend in sharing ideas. Thanks for everything

  14. PPL MUPAT, Aqif Cempluk, Mutik, Duwik, Rini, Diani, Pipiti, Titik, Lilis, Asrul etc. Be together forever!

  15. Corner Young community, Arif, Penco, Menir Voc, Midun, Nesa, Senthot, Sugeng, Split, Kido etc.

  14. Those who cannot be mentioned one by one in favor of supporting the writer to accomplish the research paper.

  The writer realizes that this research paper is far from being perfect. He welcomes any endorsing suggestions and critiques. At least, she greatly expects that this research paper will be useful and able to give contribution for the academic study and following research.

  Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.

  Surakarta, July 2007

  RYAN

  

TABLE OF CONTENT

THE TITLE OF THE RESEARCH ……………………………………….……i

APPROVAL ……………………………………………………………………..ii

ACCEPTANCE …………………………………………………………………iii

TESTIMONY …………………………………………………………………...iv

MOTTO ………………………………………………………………………….v

DEDICATION ……………………………………………………………..........vi

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ……………………………………………………..vii

TABLE OF CONTENT …………………………………………………………x

SUMMARY ……………………………………………………………………xiv

LIST OF TABLE ……………………………………………………………….xv

  CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study ………………..……..……………...1 B. Previous Study

  ………………………………….……………..4 C. Problem Statements …………………………………………...5 D.

  Objectives of the Study ………………………………….........5 E. The Benefit of the Study ……………………………………...6 F. Paper Organization ……………………………………………6

  CHAPTER II: UNDERLYING THEORY A. Basic Terminology of Morphology …………..……..………...8

  2. Morpheme as One Levels of Language Analysis.... 10 3.

  Base…………………………………………….…. 11 B. Affixes …………………………….………………….……. 12 1.

  Prefix……………………………………….……… 12 2. Suffix………………………………………….…… 12 C. Morphophonemic Rules …………………………….…… 13 D.

  Word Formation..…………………………………….…… 15 1.

  Derivation………………………………….……… .. 15 2. Derivational Affix………………………….……… 16 3. Zero Derivation…………………..……….………. 17 4. Inflection……………………………….…………. 17 5. The Differences between derivation and Inflection 18 E. Lexical Category.…. ……...……………………….……… 19 1.

  Noun…………………………………….………… 20 2. Verb…………………………………….…………. 20 3. Adjective….…………………………….…………. 20 4. Adverb…………………………………….………. 21 5. Pronoun………………………………….………… 21 6. Preposition…………………………….…………… 22 7. Conjunction…………………………….………….. 22 8. Interjection………………………………………… 23

  CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHOD A. Research Approach…. ……………………………………24 B. Object of Research……………………………………….. 24 C. Data and Data Source ……………………………………. 24 D. Method of Data Collection ……………………….…… …25 E. Data Analysis Technique…………………..…………….. 25 CHAPTER IV: DATA AND ANALYSIS A Derivation Process of English Nouns Found in the Jakarta Post Articles ………………………………………………26 1. Lexical categories in derivational process…....……26 a. Derived Lexical category from verb…………….26

  (1) Verb + -ment…………………………………27

  (2) Verb + -ion…………………………………..28

  (3) Verb + -ing…………………………………..29

  (4) Verb + -or……………………………………30

  (5) Verb + -er……………………………………30

  (6) Verb + -ation…………………………………31 b.

  Derived lexical category from adjective………...32 (1)

  Adjective + -ity……………………………….32 (2)

  Adjective + -ion………………………..…….33 (3)

  Adjective + -ness…………………………..…34 2. The phonological conditions in the derivation process of B Research Finding……………………………………………41

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION A. Conclusion ………………………………………….……….43 B. Suggestion ………………………………….……………….44 BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDICES

  

SUMMARY

  Riyan Wik Irawan. A 320 030 041. ANALYSIS OF DERIVATIONAL

  

PROCESS OF ENGLISH NOUNS FOUNDS IN THE JAKARTA POST

ARTICLES. Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. Research Paper.2007

  This research pa per is aimed at answering the three problems. The problems are: (1) What lexical categories are there in derivational process, and (2) What are the phonological conditions in the derivation process of English nouns. This research uses documentation and observation methods to get the data. The data are words taken from the articles on the newspaper. The writer concerns with three articles which are entitled: “Hamas PM urges unity deal with Abbas as truce holds”,”China preparing national plan for climate change” and “Editor calls for democracy in china”.

  To answer those problems, this research employs morphological analysis. The objectives are Identifying and analyzing the new derived words whether or not they have changed based on syntactical category. Analyzing the new derived words whether or not they have phonological changes based on phonological condition. The result of this study shows that first, there are some lexical categories that are changed into noun, the y are: derived lexical categories from verb and derived lexical categories from adjective. Second, there are phonological configurations in 14 bases in derivational process.

  Consultant I Consultant II (Dra. Malikatul Laila ,M. Hum) (Dra. Siti Khuzaimah)

  NIK. 225 NIK. 100974 School of Teacher Training and Education

  Dean,

  LIST OF TABLE

  Table 1. Consonants ……………………………….. ……………….13 Table 1. Vocals ….. ……………………………….. ……………….14 Table 2. Compare between inflection and derivation ……………….17

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