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Goal and Function

GOAL FUNCTION

Targets will be reached,

determined. Real and dynamic, in action

The idealistic condition that will

be manifested Operationalization, how to manifest idealistic condition

Static Real and dynamic

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The Goal of the state

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Historical Approach

Before XV Century: Idealistic,

Spiritual, State itself.

XV – XVIII Century: Maintain Peace

and Order.

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Aristotle

For the good and happy life of the

citizen. To achieve the perfectness of human.

Epicurus

Maintain order and security.

Thomas Aquinas

Nobility of life and after life.

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Theoretical Approached

Shang Yang

Make the state strong and powerfull.

“A weak people means a strong state and a strong means a weak people therefore a country, which has the right way, it

concerned with weakening the people”.

Machiavelli

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Dante Alleghiere

The world imperium to keep peace and happiness.

Immanuel Kant

Make and enforce the law to protect citizens.

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Theoretical Approached

James Wilford Garner

– Original/Primary: peace, order, secure, and

justice

Secondary: Welfare

– Civilization: promote civilization

Charles E. Merriam

External Security

– Internal Order

– Justice

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Ideological Approach

Fascist State

For the glory of the state.

Socialism

Greatest and equal welfare.

Liberal – Capitalism

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CLASSIFICATION

GOAL (TARGETS AND SUBSTANCE)

POWER IDEAL

STATE IT SELF - Shang Yang

- Fascist state

- Machiavelli

- Dante Alleghiere

STATE AS INSTRUMENT

- Epicurus - Aristotle

- Thomas Aquinas

- Immanuel Kant

- J.W. Garner - C.E. Merriam

- Socialism

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The Function of the state

Anarchism

Less state, just to keep secure.

Individualism – Liberal

Night watcher, not intervention, keep save and order.

Socialism

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Liberalism

To protect individual rights, for the greatest happines of the greatest number.

Communism

Instrument of class struggle

Sindicalism (Guild Socialism)

Limited state, give power to the trade/labor union.

Fascism

Unlimited state

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Leslie Lipson

The Goal and Function of

the state

Protection Order Justice

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THE FUNCTION

CLASSIFICATION

INDIVIDUALISM COLLECTIVISM

- Anarchism - Socialism

- Individualism Liberal - Communism - Fascism

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Internal Function

John Lock: legislative, executive, and

federative.

Montesquieu: legislative, executive,

judicature.

Van Vollenhoven: Regeling

(regulate), Bestuur (govern),

Gambar

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Referensi

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