AT SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 2 GEMOLONG
IN 2007 / 2008 ACADEMIC YEAR
Submitted as a Partial fulfillment of the Requirement For Getting the Bachelor Degree of Education
In English Department
ISNA PRASETIASIH A. 320. 040. 140
SCHOOL OF TAECHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
A. Background of the Study
Teaching English in Indonesia is focused on the ability of student’s communication. The communication can be in oral and or written forms. The learner should be able to learn the four language skills, namely : listening, speaking, reading and writing ( Depdiknas, 2003:6 ). The learners should have the abilities in reading and listening to support their speaking and writing.
As one of the four language skills, writing has always occupied place in most English language course. One of the reasons is that more and more people need to learn to write in English for occupational or academic purposes. English department students, especially, need to learn writing and prepare themselves for the final academic assignment, thesis writing. This, in terms of student’s needs, integrated writing is necessary.
Teaching method are needed in teaching – learning process, especially in teaching writing. Methods is treated at the level of design in which the roles of teachers learners and instructional materials are specified. The method is theoretically related to an approach and is organizationally determined by design ( Fauziati, 2001:5 ). Writing takes time and energy. It’s a long process. The students usually get difficulties in starting their writing. That will cause many students waste valuable time just for getting started. So it needs to use appropriate method in teaching writing, in order to produce good writing. The writer is interested in having study on the method of teaching writing applied by the English teacher at SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Gemolong because this school is a famous school in Gemolong. In edition, realizing that most of the students usually get difficulties in starting their writing, the writer wants to know the method in teaching writing.
Based on the background above, the writer decides to carry out a research entitled " A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY ON THE METHOD OF TEACHING WRITING AND PROBLEM FACED BY THE STUDENTS AT SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 2 GEMOLONG ".
B. Previous Study
Students of the English Department of the Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Sebelas Maret University in 2001 / 2002 Academic Year “. Her conclusion is that the third semester student of English Department of the Teacher Training and Education Faculty of 11 Maret University still find difficulties in constructing well – formed sentences.
The second previous study is done by Fitria Wulansari ( 2003 ) who conducted a research entitled “ A Descriptive Study on the technique of Teaching Writing Applied by the Teacher at SMA Negeri Kebakkramat in 2006 / 2007 Academic year. Her conclusion is that the objectives of teaching writing at SMA Negeri Kebakkramat are to improve the writing competence of the students, prepare the students to face the national examination. In Indonesia it is called UAN and prepares the students to continue their study to University.
Last, the previous study is done by Ratna Sari ( 2001 ) who conducted a research entitled “ English Teaching – Learning Process at the First Year of MTS Assalam Surakarta, An Educational Ethnography “. The result of her study is that there are two objectives of teaching learning process at the first year students of MTs Assalam Surakarta namely : General Instructional Objective and Specific Instructional Objective. General Instructional Objective of the teaching is based on the English Teaching Guideline of Junior High School, it is the 2004 curriculum especially to the students of Madrasah Tsanawiyah. Specific Instructional Objective is to use English for communication. The teacher has roles as a manager, consultant, facilitator and evaluator, a motivator and as an instructor. While the student’s are role as subject not only the object, and as a negotiator. The classroom procedures are teaching learning process in the classroom contains interaction between the teacher and the students that can be seen in the activities in the classroom. She uses observation and interview as the technique of collecting data and she also analysis by using the descriptive qualitative method.
This research is different from the previous researches concerns with the descriptive study of teaching writing to develop the writing skill. In this research,the writer focuses on the method of teaching writing applied by the teacher and problems faced by the students at SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Gemolong.
C. Problem Statement
1. What are the method used by the English teacher in Teaching Writing at SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Gemolong?
2. What problems faced by the students in learning writing at SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Gemolong?
D. Objective of the Study
The writer has two objectives in this research. They are:
1. To know the method used by English teacher in Teaching Writing at SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Gemolong.
2. To know the problems faced by the students in learning writing at SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Gemolong?
E. Benefit of the Study
The result of the study will have theoretical benefits and practical benefits.
a. The result of the research can be used as an input in the instruction of teaching writing.
b. The result of this research can be used as the reference for those who want to conduct a research of English teaching learning process.
F. Research Paper Organization
To give a clear understanding of the study, the writer organizes these chapters into several chapter.
Chapter I is Introduction that consists of background of the study, previous study, problem statement, limitation of the study, objective of the study, benefit of the study, and research paper organization.
Chapter II is Underlying Theory. It consist of notion of writing, the process of writing, methods of teaching English, making writing interactive, writing as process and product, problems in writing, the roles of teacher in teaching writing, types of writing.
Chapter III is Research Method. It consists of type of research, place and time of the research, subject and object of the study, source of data, data collection method, and technique for analyzing data.
Chapter IV discusses the result of the research. It consists of research finding and discussion.