IMPROVING STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION THROUGH GROUP WORK (A CLASSROOM ACTION RESEARCH AT SECOND GRADE OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN SMP NEGERI 2 AJIBARANG IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2011/2012) - repository perpustakaan

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IMPROVING STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION THROUGH GROUP WORK

  

(A Classroom Action Research at Second Grade of Junior High School

in SMP Negeri 2 Ajibarang in Academic year 2011/2012) A THESIS By Taat Sayogo 0801050044 ENGLISH DEPARTMENT TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF PURWOKERTO 2013

  

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Assalamu’alaikumWr. Wb.

  First of all the writer would like to express great thankfulness to Allah SWT, who has given guidance, blessing and strength, physically and spiritually, so that she can complete and finish writing the thesis as a partial fulfillment of the requirements for the S. Pd. Degree of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Muhammadiyah University of Purwokerto. The writer would like to express her deepest thank to:

  1. Drs. Pudiyono, M.Hum as the first supervisor who has given much attention to me, so the writer could finish this thesis.

  2. Rina Agustina, S.S, M.ApplLing, TESOL as the second supervisor who has guided the writer patiently.

  3. Endang Kusrini, S.Pd. M.Hum Head of English Department of Muhammadiyah University of Purwokerto who has given agreement to conduct the research.

  4. Drs. Ahmad, M.Pd, the Dean of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Muhammadiyah University of Purwokerto who gave the writer permission to conduct the research.

  5. The headmaster of SMP Negeri 1 Ajibarang, who has given permission to the writer to conduct this research.

  6. Mr Agus, S.Pd. as the teacher of SMP Negeri 1 Ajibarang, who has given permission to conduct this research in her class. iii

  7. The writer friends in English Department who always help the writer in finishing the thesis.

  8. The students of VIII C in SMP Negeri 2 Ajibarang grade who give the participation in this research.

  The writer thinks that this thesis is still far from being perfect. Therefore the writer would appreciate constructive criticism and suggestion, which would encourage her to further study.

  Purwokerto, 05 Desember 2013 Taat Sayogo iv

  TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE .......................................................................................................... i APPROVAL ................................................................................................ ii ACKNOWLEDGE ...................................................................................... iii TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................. iv LIST OF TABLE ........................................................................................ viii LIST OF CHART ........................................................................................ ix LIST OF FIGURE ........................................................................................ x LIST OF APPENDICES .............................................................................. xi ABSTRACK ................................................................................................ xii

  2.4.1 Creating Group .....................................................................

  2.2.2 Strategies of Reading Comprehension .................................

  15

  2.3 Group Work ....................................................................................

  18

  2.4 Organizing of Group Work in Classroom ........................................

  19

  19

  2.2.1 Definition of Reading Comprehension ................................

  2.4.2 Procedure of Group Work Activities ...................................

  21

  2.4.3 Problems Occurred During Group Work Activities ............

  23

  2.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Group Work ..............................

  24

  2.5.1 The Advantages of Group Work ..........................................

  15

  15

  CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

  6 CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW

  1.1 Background of The Study ...............................................................

  1

  1.2 Reason for Choosing The Topic ......................................................

  5

  1.3 Problem of The Research ................................................................

  6

  1.4 Aim of Research .............................................................................

  2.1 The Nature of Reading ......................................................................

  2.2 Reading Comprehension .................................................................

  7

  2.1.1 The Definition of Reading ...................................................

  7

  2.1.2 Principle for Teaching Reading ...........................................

  8

  2.1.3 Reading Activities ................................................................

  12

  24 v

  2.5.2

  25 The Disadvantages of Group Work ....................................

  2.6

  26 Research Gaps ..................................................................................

  2.7

  26 Hypothesis ........................................................................................

  CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHOD

  3.1

  27 Method of Research ........................................................................

  3.2

  28 Setting of Research ........................................................................

  3.2.1

  28 Subject of Research ..............................................................

  3.2.2

  28 The Period of Research ........................................................

  3.3

  29 Research Design ..............................................................................

  3.4

  30 Classroom Action Research Procedure ...........................................

  3.5

  33 Instrument of Collecting The Data ..................................................

  3.6

  40 Testing of Reading Comprehension .................................................

  3.7

  44 Technique of Analyzing the Data ....................................................

  3.8

  47 Success Indicator .............................................................................

  CHAPTER IV RESULT AND DISCUSSION

  4.1

  48 Result of Research ..........................................................................

  4.1.1.

  48 The implementation of Cycle 1 ............................................

  4.1.2

  58 The implementation of Cycle 2 ............................................

  4.2

  68 Discussion .....................................................................................

  4.2.1

  68 The Triangular Data Result ..................................................

  4.2.2

  71 The Result of Questionnaire .................................................

  4.2.3

  75 The Result of Interview ........................................................

  4.2.4

  78 Reading Test Result ..............................................................

  CHAPTER V CONCLUSION, PEDAGOGICAL IMPLICATION OF THE RESEARCH AND FUTURE DIRECTION

  5.1

  89 Conclusion ......................................................................................

  5.2

  91 Pedagogical .....................................................................................

  5.3

  91 Limitations ofthe Research and Future Direction ...........................

  REFERENCES ............................................................................................

  92 APPENDICES

  vi

  LIST OF TABLES Table 3.1 The Time of The Schedule ..........................................................

  28 Table 3.2The Teacher’s Observation Sheet .................................................

  34 Table 3.3 The Students’ Observation List .................................................

  35 Table 3.4 The Students questionnaire ..........................................................

  37 Table 3.5The interview of students respond ................................................

  39 Table 4.1 The Observation Result of students’ activity in Cycle 1 .............

  53 Table4.2 Teacher Observation Result in Cycle 1 ........................................

  54 Table 4.3 The Observation Result of Students’ Activity in Cycle 2 ............

  63 Table 4.4 Teacher Observation Result in Cycle 2 .......................................

  65 Table 4.5 The Results of Students’ Observation .........................................

  70 Table 4.6 The Results of Questionnaire ........................................................

  72 Table 4.7 The Results Students’ Interview ..................................................

  75 vii

  

LIST OF FIGURE

Figure 3.1 Kemmis and Mc Taggart Classroom Action Research ..............

  30 Figure 3.2 The Schema of Analyzing the Qualitative Data ..........................

  45 Figure 4.1 The Students’ Improvement of Reading Test in Cycle 1 ............

  58 Figure 4.2 The Students’ Improvement of Reading Test in Cycle 2 ............

  67 Figure 4.3 Triangulation Data .......................................................................

  69 Figure 4.4 The improvement of Reading Test of cycle 1 and 2 ...................

  78 viii

  

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix A

  Students’ Reading Test Result in Cycle 1 3. Students’ Reading Test Result in Cycle 2 4. The Improvement of Students’ Reading Comprehension in Cycle 1 and

  Cycle 2 5. The Improvement of Students’ Activity in 2 Cycles 6.

  Students’ Observation List 7. Result Teacher’s Activities 8. Result of Students’ Questionnaire

  Appendix B 1.

  Lesson Plan 1 2. Lesson Plan 2 3. Lesson Plan 3 4. Lesson Plan 4

  Appendix C 1.

  Pre-test 2. Post-test 1 3. Post-test 2

  Appendix D 1.

  The Students’ Reading Test Results in Cycle 1 2. The Students’ Reading Test Results in Cycle 2 3. The Improvement of Students’ Reading Comprehension in Cycle 1 and

  Cycle 2 4. The Improvement of Students’ Activity in 2 Cycles 5. The Students’ Observation List 6.

  The Results Teacher’s Activity in Cycle 1 7. The Results Teacher’s Activity in Cycle 2 8. The results of Students’ Questionnaire ix

  Appendix E 1.

  The Results of Students’ Interview 2. The Field Notes 3. The Documentations x

  ABSTRACT

  IMPROVING STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION THROUGH GROUP WORK (A Classroom Action Research at Second Grade of Junior High School in SMP Negeri 2 Ajibarang in Academic year 2011/2012)

  By: Taat Sayogo 0801050044

  Key words: reading comprehension, Group Work, and classroom action research. This study is aimed to improve students’ reading comprehension through

  Group Work . It used classroom action research (CAR), which was conducted at

  VIII C grade of SMP Negeri2Ajibarang in Academic Year 2011/2012 as the subject of this study. The population of the class was 31 students. It was done in May 2012.

  The researcher did collaboration with the English teacher in the class. The CAR was carried out based on Kemmis design. The researcher took two cycles with 2 actions in each cycle. Each cycle consisted of planning, acting, observing, reflecting and evaluating. The researcher applied both qualitative data and quantitative data. The quantitative data were taken from reading test. The qualitative data were taken from, observation result of teacher’s activity, observation result of students’ activity, questionnaire, interview field notes, and documentation.

  The results of this study showed that there was a significant improvement in students’ reading comprehension after implementing the CAR using Group

  Work . The average score of the students in reading was 5.99 in pre-test. The

  average score of the students improved 6.98 (16.52%) in Cycle 1 and improved to 7.97 (33%) in Cycle 2. The improvement also happened in students’ reading activity. It was 25.79% in Cycle 1 and improved to 79.53% in Cycle 2. The improvement of questionnaire which was gained from the 18 questions showed that the students gave positive response to the implementation of Group Work in their reading activity. The average of the students’ questionnaire that was filled “Really agree” was 96.23%. Then, the data from interview result showed that both teacher and students felt happy and interested with the implementation of

  Group Work . Those data proved that Group Work could improve the students’ reading comprehension.

  xi

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