SPEECH ACT ANALYSIS OF ANGER IN THE FILM ENTITLED SOMETHING THE LORD MADE (Pragmatics Approach)
SPEECH ACT ANALYSIS OF ANGER
IN THE FILM ENTITLED SOMETHING THE LORD MADE (Pragmatics Approach) THESIS Submitted As a Partial Fulfillment of Requirement For the Sarjana Sastra Degree of the English Department Faculty of Letters and Fine Arts Sebelas Maret University By: NUNUNG PERMATA ISTIQOMAH C1307019 ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF LETTERS AND FINE ARTS SEBELAS MARET UNIVERSITY SURAKARTA 2013 MOTTOBut perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. The findings of the analysis can be seen as follows: First, there are five types of speech act employed by the characters in the film Something the Lord Made to extend the anger.
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Research Background People use language to communicate with others. Language is used to
Beside the interesting story, the researcher uses this film as the source of data because this film uses the language that represents the real conversation ofdaily life. Based on the background above, the researcher is interested to conduct a research in the form of thesis entitled Speech Act Analysis of Anger in the Film Entitled Something the Lord Made.
B. Research Questions
What speech acts are exploited by the characters in the film Something the Lord Made to express the anger? To identify the speech act employed by the characters in the film entitled Something the Lord Made to express the anger.
D. Research Benefits
The research of speech act analysis of anger expression in the film Something the Lord Made is expected to give contributions as follows: 1. By doing this research, the researcher expects that the public will have acomprehension about how a certain act is exploited by considering the context and situation during the anger.
E. Research Limitation
The research identifies the kinds of speech acts used by the characters to extend theanger expression and the factors influencing the characters to choose the kinds of speech acts. To analyze the data, Searle ’s theory of speech act of is applied in this research.
F. Research Method
G. Thesis Organization
It provides the explanation of Pragmatics, Speech Act, Context, Expression of Anger, Film Theory, Review Related Study of Anger Expression and The Synopsis of the Something the Lord Made. It consists of the Type of Research, Data and Source of Data, Sample and technique of Sampling, Instruments of the Research, Technique of Analyzing data, Data Coding and Technique of Analyzing Data.
CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW In analyzing the data, some theories are needed as basic requirements. This
He states that in understandingspeaker‟s meaning, it involves the negotiation of meaning between the speaker and the hearer, the context ofutterance (physical, social and linguistic) and the meaning potential of an Yule (1996:3) states pragmatics as the study of contextual meanings. Yule (1996:3) develops the Thomas‟s definition and divides the definitionof pragmatics into four, pragmatics is the study of speaker meaning, pragmatics is the study of contextual meaning, pragmatics is the study of how more getscommunicated than what is said and pragmatics is the study of the expression of relative distance.
B. Speech acts 1. The Definition of Speech acts
According to Searle (1969: 16) the unit of linguistic communication is not the symbol, word or sentence, but rather the production or issuance of the symbolor word or sentence in the performance of the speech acts. While the illocutionary act is the speaker intends to say “I want to have a silence situation”, and the perlocutionary act is that someone might turn off the music.
2. The Classification of Speech act
There are various classifications of speech act which are conveyed by linguists. The researcher will provide the discussion of speech act classificationfrom John L.
a. Austin’s Classification
This kind of utterance is the exercising powers, right and influence. This term is used to refer to how people make utterances fit into argument or exposition.
b. Searle’s Classification
Searle (1979) provides classification of speech act in what he calls “the basic categories of illocutionary acts”. The categories are representatives, directives, commisives, expressive and declarations.
For example: The earth is round 2) Directives The speaker‟s purpose in performing directives is to get the hearer to commit him / her to the future course of action (verbal or non-verbal). Thre is no direction of fit, as the intention is neither to describe the world nor to exertan influence on future events, rather the truth of the prepositional content is taken for granted.
The point of declaration is to declare something. The direction of fitincluded “words to world” and “world to words” as actual expression of the declaration thatbrings about a change in reality.
Concerning the importance of context in any kind of language used,Hymes sets the context of speech event into some factors abbreviated asSPEAKING formula (in Fasold, 1996). The factors are the situation, the participants, the ends, the act sequence, the key the instrument, the norms and thegenre.
5. Key (K)
Manner, feeling, and attitude are used in reference to the participants, whereas tone and atmosphere are used inreference to the situation. Norms of interactionrefers to an underlying something of non-linguistics rules which governs when, how, and how often speech occurs which is commonly have by allcommunities and varies from one culture to another.
D. Expression of Anger
Its purpose is the rapid and forceful destruction of everyobstacle in the way of the anger person ” (2004 : 533)People usually use anger as the way to express their protest in a manner that is very painful for everyone else (ibid :534). On the other words, anger isexpression of dislike with something as the result of the situation and condition which are not suitable with the speaker.
E. Film Theory Film is one of the art works. Film is the illusion of reality in visual media
In accordance with the relation of society and also reflects social phenomena as stated by Allen and Gomery (1998)“In fictional films, characters are given attitudes, gestures, sentiments, motivations, and appearance that is in part at least based on social rolesand on worker, debutante, mother, or husband is supposed to act”. “Something the Lord Made” is a genre of drama film that represents an American citizen‟s life which has problematic issuein the society of American segregation era.
F. The Synopsis of the Movie Something the Lord Made
The movie tells about the true story of the extraordinary 34-year partnership which begins inDepression Era Nashville in 1930, when Blalock hires Vivien Thomas as an assistant in his Vanderbilt University laboratory to perform janitorial work. Thomas gets Blalock's respect, with Blalock praising the results of Thomas' surgical skill as being "like something the Lordmade", and insisting that Thomas coach him through the first Blue Baby surgery over the protests of Hopkins administrators.
G. Related Study
The purposes of thisresearch are how the form of verbal implicit anger expression used by characters in the play and why do the characters choose this forms to express the anger. The research was conducted to describe the form of expression of anger used by the characters in the film entitled CRASH, to In those researches, they only focused on the form of anger expression, the context of situation, and the reason why the characters used the expression.
CHAPTER II I RESEARCH METHODOLOGY In this chapter, the researcher presents the research method of this study. The method is used to reach the objectives of the research which are stated in
A. Type of Research
The researcher begins with the explanation about the type of this research, data and the source of data and then continued with technique ofcollecting data, technique of coding data, and technique of analyzing data. Moreover, Bodgan and Taylor in (Moleong, 2001:3) state that qualitative research is a research which presents descriptive data in the form ofwritten and oral words of human and human behavior that can be observed For those reasons, this research belongs to descriptive qualitative research since it focuses on the explanation of speech act used by the characters in the filmSomething the Lord made to express the anger and the reason why characters send the anger to hearers.
B. Data and Source of Data
In this research, the data emerge in the form ofsentences from dialogues uttered by the characters of the movie containing anger expression. Hence, the researcher takes the movie entitledSomething the Lord made produced by Joseph Sargent in 2004 as the source of data for this research.
C. Technique of Collecting Data
Searching and copying the transcript of the movie Something the Lord made from the internet on http://www.script-o-rama.com. Editing the transcript of the movie to the dialogues of the characters in the movie by adding or deleting words or sentences.
D. Technique of Analyzing Data
The collected data were analyzed based on the following procedures: 1. Describing the context of situation based on the theory of context.
2. Analyzing the data
The first sub-chapter is data analysis where the data of the research is analyzed based on the theories presented in the literature review part of this thesis. It includes the participants in the situation, the action of the participants,and any other related features of the situation which support the analysis of anger expression.
A. Data Analysis Datum 1 CD 1/10.30”
Clara tries to remind Vivien by asking a question “Yeah, and you said if we didn't like it, remember?” By asking the question, Clara wants to remind Vivien that they may go back to Nashville when they do not like the new place. Type of speech act exploited in the scene The anger is extended by Man A to Vivien when they are in the hospital canteen.
11 CD 2/08.20” Dr. Longmire : They won't page him
I'm talking about you ” Through the utterance, Vivien delivers his anger by claiming that his reason of his decision is not the people in Belvedere Hotel or in John Hopkins, but it because ofDr. From the repeating of the sentence “I’m not talking” it is known that Vivien wants to emphasize that he is angry.
The first part ofthis chapter is about the finding of speech act used by the characters in the movie Something the Lord Made in delivering the anger. The second part covers the reasons why the characters express the anger.
1. Type of speech act exploited in the scene
The fourth rank is placed Below is the detail type of speech act and the form of speech act used by the speaker to send anger to hearer. In the movie Something the Lord Made the Lord Made shows that most of the characters express their anger to the hearer by giving question.
2. The reason why the characters express the anger
The reason why the characters express the anger 7. Participants The reason why the characters Speaker express the anger Hearer 2.
1. Legitimate power
The legitimate power is the power owned by the speakers since they have higher status than the hearers do. Alfred realizes that his employee is doing a mistake in the experiment, he extends his anger by sayingrude words in high tone and harsh intonation.
4. Social distance relationship
To sum up, American people still consider the social factors when sending their anger to the hearers. The reasons that influence people to expressthe anger are legitimate power, expertise power, close relationship between the participants and social distance relationship.
CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION A. Conclusion This chapter provides the conclusion from the result of the data
analysis and discussion in chapter IV. It covers the data analysis about the type of speech act exploited by the character to express the anger and the factors whichinfluence the anger in the movie Something the Lord made.
1. There are four type of speech act employed by the characters in the movie Something the Lord made to extend anger expression
Directives Based on the analysis, there are 11 dialogues which show that characters in the movie Something the Lord made employ Directivess to extend angerexpression. This type is mostlyemploys by the speaker who has close relationship to the hearer.
2. There are several reasons which influence the speaker to extend the anger
From the explanation, it can be concluded that American people tend to use many kinds of speech act to extend anger expression to others. The anger isinfluenced by the social status and the expertise power that the speakers have and also the close relationship between the participants.
Based on the research of this thesis, the researcher presents some suggestions that may be useful for the readers and other researchers who areinterested in this kind of field of study. They can make a research from racial point of view, from other data sources such as novel, drama, in order to reveal the real description of anger expressionin today’s communication.