REVOLT AGAINST THE DOMINATION OF PATRIARCHIC CULTURE: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON REVOLT AGAINST THE DOMINATION OF PATRIARCHIC CULTURE: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON CARMEN BIN LADIN’S INSIDE THE KINGDOM.

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REVOLT AGAINST THE DOMINATION OF PATRIARCHIC CULTURE: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON CARMEN BIN LADIN’S INSIDE THE KINGDOM RESEARCH PAPER Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for Getting Bachelor Degree of Education in English Department by: DESTIAN AFIANA A 320 070 099 SCHOOL OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA 2011 i APPROVAL REVOLT AGAINST THE DOMINATION OF PATRIARCHIC CULTURE: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON CARMEN BIN LADIN’S INSIDE THE KINGDOM RESEARCH PAPER by DESTIAN AFIANA A320 070 099 Approved to be Examined by Consultant Consultant II Consultant I Dr. Phil. Dewi Candraningrum NIK. 772 Drs. M. Thoyibi, MS NIK. 410 ii ACCEPTANCE REVOLT AGAINST THE DOMINATION OF PATRIARCHIC CULTURE: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON CARMEN BIN LADIN’S INSIDE THE KINGDOM Accepted and Approved by the Board of Examiners School of the Teacher Training and Education Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta on July, 2011 Team of Examiners: 1. Drs. M.Thoyibi, MS. (Chair Person) ( ) 2. Dr. Phil. Dewi Candraningrum (Member I) ( ) 3. Prof. Dr. Endang Fauziati (Member II) ( ) Dean Drs. H. Sofyan Anif, M. Si. NIK. 547 iii TESTIMONY I herewith assert that there is no work had been submitted to obtain bachelor degree in any University in this research paper and as far as I concern, there are no works, opinions or masterpieces that had been written or published by someone else except the written references which are referred in this paper and mentioned in the bibliography. If only there will be any incorrectness proved in the future in my statement above, I will be fully responsible. Surakarta, July 2011 The writer Destian Afiana iv MOTTO ∗ ∗ High Dream, Hard Work. Be passionate for every single thing you’re doing. (The Writer) Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we've been waiting for. We are the change that we seek. (Barack Obama) v vi ACKNOWLEDGMENT Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb All praise belongs to Allah SWT for all the blessing and mercies that have been given to me, so that I can complete this research paper entitled ‘REVOLT AGAINST THE DOMINATION OF PATRIARCHIC CULTURE: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON CARMEN BIN LADIN’S INSIDE THE KINGDOM’ By the time I conduct and finish this research paper I have worked with a great number of people whose contribution in assorted ways to this research and the making of this research deserved special mention. Therefore, it is a pleasure to convey my gratitude to them all in my humble acknowledgment as the following: 1. To my greatest beloved parents, Ibu Markhamah and Bapak Murtanto for the unflinching encouragement and support in various ways. Without them I would not have finished my degree, 2. Drs. M.Thoyibi, MS, the first as well as the friendliest consultant who gives me his supervision, valuable advice, and guidance from the very early stage of this research whilst allowing me to work in my own way, 3. Dr. Phil. Dewi Candraningrum, as the second consultant who willingly spent her precious time to read this research and gave her critical comments about it. I’m also thankful for her correction, assistance, and advice, vii 4. Titis Setyabudi, S.S., M.Hum., Head of English Department Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta, 5. All lecturers of English Department at Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta, thanks for transferring the knowledge and giving guidance, 6. My only sibling, Yanita Ustiari Yulaikhah S.Farm, Apt., for her never ending prays and support so that I am able to complete my study, 7. Safira Maharani and Aliefan Andre Deandno, my cousins who always give caring and gently love, 8. My discussion mate Siti Restiwi, for willingly sharing her thought which is very precious for shaping up my ideas and research, 9. My everlasting besties; Devia Elva Natalia, Dayu Amalia Ilmi, Fifin Natalia, Fatia Wijayanti, and Fendy Pratistyantoro. Thanks for your support, encouragement, companionship and exhilarating time we spent together during our study in UMS. I’m indescribable fortune to have you all as my second family, 10. All my dearest friends in English Department ’07, and 11. Everybody who was important to the successful of this research paper, as well as expressing my apology that I could not mention personally. I realize that this research paper is still far from being perfect and still needs many improvements. Therefore, I accept gratefully every suggestions, criticism, viii and comment from those who has concern to this research. Hopefully, this research paper is useful for prospective readers. Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb Surakarta, July 2011 Destian Afiana ix ABSTRACT Destian Afiana, A 320 070 099. REVOLT AGAINST THE DOMINATION OF PATRIARCHIC CULTURE: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON CARMEN BIN LADIN'S INSIDE THE KINGDOM. Research Paper. Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. 2011. The purposes of the research are to describe the revolt against the domination of patriarchic culture reflected in Inside the Kingdom based on its structural elements and to reveal the dominant ideology reflected. This research is the type of descriptive qualitative research that uses two data, namely primary and secondary data. The primary data is Inside the Kingdom autobiography written by Carmen bin Ladin, while the secondary data is from other sources that support the analysis such as books and journals. Using Critical Discourse Analysis as the theoretical framework, the research shows the following findings. First, the structural elements of Inside the Kingdom are evidence that there is revolt from Carmen as Western woman toward Patriarchic culture in Saudi Arabia. It is proven by Carmen’s emphasizing on the negative presentation about the culture of Saudi Arabia. Second, the dominant ideology n Inside the Kingdom is feminist ideology. This ideology is reflected through the several key issues that remark Inside the Kingdom as a feminist discourse. Key Words: Critical Discourse Analysis, Inside the Kingdom Consultant II ` Consultant I Dr. Phil. Dewi Candraningrum NIK. 772 Drs. M.Thoyibi, MS NIK. 410 Dean Drs. H. Sofyan Anif, M. Si. NIK. 547 x TABLE OF CONTENT TITLE………………………………………………………………..………... i APPROVAL…………………………………………………………………… ii ACCEPTANCE……………………………………………………………..… iii TESTIMONY…………………………………………………………………. iv MOTTO……………………………………………………………………….. v DEDICATION……………………………………………………………….... vi ACKNOWLEDGMENT………………………………………………………. vii SUMMARY…………………………………………………………………… x TABLE OF CONTENT……………………………………………….……... xi CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION…………………………………... 1 A. Background of the Study ................................... 1 B. Literature Review .............................................. 6 C. Problem Statement............................................. 9 D. Objective of the Study ....................................... 9 E. Limitation of the Study ...................................... 9 F. Benefit of the Study ........................................... 9 G. Research Method ............................................... 10 1. Type of Research ........................................ 10 2. Object of Research ...................................... 10 3. Type of Data and Data Source .................... 10 4. Method of Collecting Data .......................... 10 5. Method of Analyzing Data .......................... 11 H. Research Paper Organization ............................ 11 CHAPTER II: UNDERLYING THEORY…………………………. 12 A. Notion of Critical Discourse Analysis ................... 12 B. Structural Elements of CDA ................................. 13 xi CHAPTER III: 1. Macrostructure................................ ................ 13 2. Superstructure................................. ................. 14 3. Microstructure ............................................... 15 a. Syntactic .................................................. 16 b. Semantic .................................................. 16 c. Stylistic .................................................... 17 d. Rhetoric ................................................... 17 C. Social Cognition ................................................... 18 1. Knowledge ..................................................... 18 2. Attitude .......................................................... 20 3. Ideology ......................................................... 20 D. Historical Context ................................................ 21 1. Setting ............................................................ 22 2. Participants ..................................................... 23 3. Social Situation .............................................. 23 E. Theoretical Application ....................................... 24 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS ……........……........… 25 A. Structural Elements of Inside the Kingdom ........... 25 1. Macrostructures ............................................. 25 a. Title .......................................................... 25 b. Preface ..................................................... 26 c. Chaptering ............................................... 26 2. Superstructure ................................................ 35 a. Introduction............................................... 35 b. Complication ............................................ 37 c. Resolution ................................................ 40 d. Evaluation ................................................ 41 4. Microstructure ................................................ 42 a. Syntactic .................................................. 42 xii CHAPTER IV: CHAPTER V: b. Semantic ................................................... 45 1) Positive Self Presentation ....................... 45 2) Negative Other Presentation ................... 46 c. Stylistic ...................................................... 46 d. Rhetoric ..................................................... 48 1) Metaphor ................................................ 48 2) Euphemism............................................. 49 3) Hyperbole ............................................... 49 4) Irony ...................................................... 50 5) Number Game ........................................ 50 B. Discussion ............................................................ 52 SOCIAL COGNITION AND HISTORICAL CONTEXT.................................................................... 58 A. Social Cognition ................................................... 58 1. Knowledge ..................................................... 58 2. Attitude .......................................................... 62 3. Ideology ........................................................ 64 B. Historical Context ................................................ 66 1. Setting ............................................................ 66 a. Social Dimension ..................................... 66 b. Cultural Dimension .................................. 70 c. Religious Dimension ................................ 71 2. Participants ..................................................... 73 C. Discussion ........................................................... 74 CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION ……………… 77 xiii A. Conclusion ........................................................... 77 B. Suggestion ............................................................ 78 BIBLIOGRAPHY......................................................................................... 79 VIRTUAL REFERENCE ............................................................................. 81 APPENDIX ................................................................................................. 83 xiv

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