AN ANALYSIS OF CODE SWITCHING IN “BREAKOUT” NET TV.

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AN ANALYSIS OF CODE SWITCHING IN “BREAKOUT” NET TV A THESIS Submitted to the English Department of UNIMED In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for The Degree of Sarjana Sastra By: BINTANG NOPITA. S Reg. Number 2103220007 ENGLISH AND LITERATURE DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF LANGUAGES AND ARTS STATE UNIVERSITY OF MEDAN 2015 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Thank God. First of all, the writer would like to say thank to Jesus for the love, blessing, guarding, guidance, and everything that have been given along her life until the writer accomplish this thesis. This thesis is aimed to fulfill one of the requirements to obtain the S1 degree of Sarjana Sastra at English Department in Faculty of Languages and Arts, State University of Medan. In completing this thesis, the writer has received a lot of assistances and academic support from some people. Therefore, the writer would like to express her sincere gratitude, love and special thanks to:  Prof. Dr. Ibnu Hajar Damanik, M.Si., the Rector of State University of Medan.  Dr. Isda Pramuniati, M.Hum., the Dean of Faculty of Languages and Arts.  Prof. Dr. Hj. Sumarsih, M.Pd., the Head of English Department.  Dra. Meisuri, M.A., the Secretary of English Department.  Dr. Rahmah, M.Hum., the Head of English Literature Study Program.  Dra. Sri Juriati Ownie, M.A., her Thesis Advisor.  Dra. Masitowarni Siregar, M.Ed., her Reviewer.  Drs. Elia Masa Gintings, M.Hum., her Reviewer.  All the Lecturers throughout her academic years at State University of Medan that could not be mentioned one by one. ii  Her beloved parents; her mother, Rosliana Panjaitan and her father, Dompak Sitorus for the pray, love, moral and financial support. And also thanks for the love and support from her dearest sister, Ana M. Friska Sitorus and brothers Johanes Raja M. Sitorus, Krisman Ganda M.Sitorus.  All her classmates of Applied Linguistics Regular 2010 especially Zahrina Putri, Devi Arista, Rizky Meiyani, Desi Situmorang, Dona Manalu, Nurhafiza, Irwan Saputra, Muis Dongoran, Adi Putra, Novinda and others that cannot be mentioned all. And also thank for the supports and helps from Wira Pratama Siahaan, Juliana Pakpahan and Waldy Butar-butar.  Maam Endah and Maam Euis, for helping the writer in preparing the files for the purposes of this thesis. Without their deep and sympathetic understanding, this thesis could not complete. Over all, the writer hopes this thesis can give a bit contribution to the Applied Linguistics. Therefore, comments, critics, suggestions, and advices are expected from the readers. Medan, Januari 2015 The writer, Bintang Nopita. S Reg.No. 2103220007 iii ABSTRACT Bintang Nopita. S. 2014. An Analysis of Code Switching in “Breakout” Net TV. Faculty of Language and Arts. State University of Medan, 2014. This study concerned with Code Switching used in Breakout Net TV. This research was conducted by using qualitative method. It focuses on the usage of code switching in breakout. The data of this study were the utterances of the presenters in the music program namely; Boy William and Sherryl Shenafia. The utterances which contain code switching were identified and analyzed. The findings show that there are three types of code switching uttered in Breakout, namely: Conversational switching are 94 utterances (65%), metaphorical switching are 26 utterances (18%), and situational switching are 24 utterances (17%). It means conversational switching is the type of code switching uttered dominantly by the presenters. Conversational switching as the dominant type of code switching uttered in the program shows that the presenters who spent most of their life time for living, study abroad, tend to use conversational switching as their way of speaking for showing the prestige. Keywords: Code Switching, Breakout Net i TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT .................................................................................... i ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ....................................................................... ii TABLE OF CONTENTS ......................................................................... iv LIST OF APPENDICES .......................................................................... vi LIST OF TABLES .................................................................................... vii CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION A. The Background of the Study ........................................... B. The Problem of the Study ................................................ C. The Objective of the Study ............................................... D. The Scope of the Study ..................................................... E. The Significance of the Study ........................................... 1 4 4 5 5 CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF LITERATURE A. Sociolinguistics ................................................................ B.Multilingualism .................................................................. C. Bilingualism ...................................................................... D.Code Choosing ................................................................... 1. Factors of Code Choosing ........................................ a. Setting and Scene ............................................... b. Participants ........................................................ c. Ends .................................................................. d. Act Sequence ..................................................... e. Key ..................................................................... f. Instrumentalities ................................................. g. Norms of Interaction .......................................... h. Genre ................................................................. E. Code Mixing ..................................................................... F. Code Switching ................................................................. 1. Types of Code Switching .......................................... a. Situational Switching ............................................. b. Metaphorical Switching ........................................ c. Conversational Switching .................................... 2. The reasons for Code Switching ............................... a. Prestige ................................................................. b. Situational ............................................................ c. The lack of vocabulary ......................................... G. NET TV............................................................................. H. Breakout Net ..................................................................... 6 7 8 11 12 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 15 18 21 21 22 22 23 23 23 24 24 24 CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHOD A. Research Design…............................................................ B. Source of Data .................................................................. 26 26 iv C.Technique for Collecting Data .......................................... D. Technique for Analyzing Data .......................................... CHAPTER IV: DATA AND DATA ANALYSIS A. Data… ............................................................................... B. Data Analysis ................................................................... 1. The Types of Code Switching Used by the Presenters .................................................. a. Situational Switching ............................................... b. Metaphorical Switching ............................................ c. Conversational Switching ......................................... 2. The Dominant Type of Code Switching Used in Breakout Net .................................................... 3. The Implication of the Dominant Type of Code Switching ................................................ C. Research Findings… ......................................................... 27 27 29 29 29 30 31 32 37 37 38 CHAPTER V: CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS A. Conclusions… ................................................................... B. Suggestions ...................................................................... 39 39 REFERENCES .......................................................................................... 41 APPENDICES ........................................................................................... 43 v LIST OF TABLES TABLE 4.1 Code switching used by Sheryl Shenafia… ........................ 29 TABLE 4.2 Code switching used by Boy Wiliam .................................. 33 TABLE 4.3 Total percentage of Code switching used in Breakout Net TV ................................................................. 37 vii LIST OF APPENDICES APPENDIX 1 Table of Dialogue Transcription Analysis… ..................... 43 APPENDIX 2 Dialogue Transcriptions by Breakout’s Presenter Boy William and Sheryl Sheinafia… ................................. 53 vi CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. The Background of the Study When people use language, they do more than just to another person to understand the speaker’s thought and feelings (Fasold, 1996:1). It holds an important role since the language is a media to express the thoughts, feelings and experiences. Language is an inseparable element from daily interaction of human life to communicate with each other. The activity or process of expressing ideas and feelings or giving information is call communication (Hornby, 2000: 225) Language is an identity of the people. People the entire world and different ethnic have their own communication tool. Some people are bilingualism or even multilingualism when these people met with another from different ethnic, they might not use their mother tongue to communicate each other. In other cases, we often see there are people directly change the language they are conversing to another language when someone else ask them about something, there is also people switch or mix their language with other language when they are speaking. Then these phenomenons are known as Code Switching and Code Mixing. As stated by Grosjean (1982) that code switching as the alternate use of two or more languages in the same utterance or conversation. Then, Holmes (1992) argues that the feature of bilingual speech such as interference, code mixing and code switching are normal phenomenon because bilinguals often find it easier to discuss a particular topic in one language rather than another. It means that the 1 occurrence of code switching cannot be avoid among bilingual or multilingual people. 1 41 REFERENCES Aslinda, Lenisyafyahya. 2000. Pengantar Sosiolinguistik.Medan: Universitas Negeri Medan Press. Ayeomoni, 2006.Code-Switching and Code-Mixing; Style of Language Use in Childhood in Yoruba Speech Communication. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria. Chaer, Agustina. 1995. Sosiolingistik, Perkenalan Awal. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta. Dawson, Catherine.2002. Practical Research Methods. United Kingdom: How To Books Grosjean, F. 1982. Life with two languages. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Gumperz, J. Jhon. 1982. Discourse Strategies: Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Gumperz J.J 1977. Conversational Code Switching in Discourse Strategies. New York: Halt. Reinhard and Winston. Holmes, Janet. 2001. An Introduction to Sociolinguitics: London and New York: Longman. Homby.A.S.2000. Oxford Advance Learner’s Dictionary.Oxford. University Press Iwan, Made Indrawan Jendra. 2010. Sociolinguistics. The Study of Societies’ Languanges.Yogyakarta: GrahaIlmu. Moleong, Johannes. 2002. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung. PT Remaja Rosdakarya Offset Bandung. Musysken, P.2000. bilingual speech. A Typology Of Code Mixing. Cambridge University.Cambridge University Press. Nilep, Chad.“Code Switching” in Sociocultural Linguistics”. University of Colorado, Boulder.Colorado Research in Linguistics, Volume 19 (2006). Siburian, 2010.A Brief Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Medan:Universitas Negeri Medan Press. hhtp://www.dictionary.com (retrieved on January 19, 2014) http://www.netmediatama.com(retrieved on March 7, 2014) 42 http://www.slideshare.net/fatimagul102/code-mixing-and-codeswitching(retrieved on 22 January) http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Code-Switching (retrieved on May 5, 2014) http://webtrends.about.com/od/glossary (retrieved on May 5, 2014) http://icrossing.co.uk/ebooks (retrieved on May 5, 2014)

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