STUDENTS CAPABILITY IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AT THE SECOND YEAR OF SMA NEGERI 1 PURWODADI IN 2010-2011 STUDENTS CAPABILITY IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AT THE SECOND YEAR OF SMA NEGERI 1 PURWODADI IN 2010-2011 ACADEMIC YEAR.

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  STUDENTS CAPABILITY IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AT THE SECOND YEAR OF SMA NEGERI 1 PURWODADI IN 2010-2011 ACADEMIC YEAR RESEARCH PAPER Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Getting Bachelor Degree of Education in English Department by ADHIB PRADHIKTA A 320 070 102 SCHOOL OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA 2011

  

APPROVAL

STUDENTS CAPABILITY IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AT THE SECOND YEAR OF SMA NEGERI 1 PURWODADI IN 2010-2011 ACADEMIC YEAR

  

RESEARCH PAPER

by ADHIB PRADHIKTA A 320 070 102

  Approved to be Examined by Consultant Consultant I Consultant II

Aryati Prasetyarini, S. Pd, M. Pd. Dra. Dwi Haryanti, M. Hum.

  

ACCEPTANCE

STUDENTS CAPABILITY IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AT THE

SECOND YEAR OF SMA NEGERI 1 PURWODADI IN 2010-2011

ACADEMIC YEAR

by

ADHIB PRADHIKTA

  

A 320 070 102

  Accepted and Approved by the Board of Examiner School of Teacher Training and Education

  Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta on July…, 2011 Team of Examiner:

  1. Aryati Prasetyarini, S. Pd, M. Pd. ( ) (Chair Person)

  2. Dra. Dwi Haryanti, M. Hum. ( ) (Member I)

  3. Anam Sutopo, S. Pd, M. Hum. ( ) (Member II)

Dean,

Sofyan Anif, M. Si.

  

NIK. 547

TESTIMONY

  Herewith, I testify that in this research paper, there is no plagiarism of the previous literary work which has been raised to obtain bachelor degree of a university, nor there are opinions or masterpieces which have been written or published by others, except those in which the writing are referred in the manuscript and mentioned in the literary review and bibliography.

  Hence, later, if it is proven that there are some untrue statements in this testimony, I will be fully responsible.

  Surakarta, July 2011 Adhib Pradhikta

MOTTO

  

“Don’t ever stop stepping up

if you don’t wanna fall down ”

(The Writer)

“Help yourself and God will help you”

(The Writer)

DEDICATION

The research paper is proudly dedicated to:

  • His beloved father and mother,
  • His beloved grandpa and grandma,
  • His beloved friends, and
  • His dearest someone.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb

  Firstly, the writer would like to express his deepest gratitude to Allah SWT for having given his health and ability so that the writer could accomplish writing this research paper on time. In finishing this research, the writer realizes that he gets help and support from other people. On this occasion, the writer would like to express his gratitude and appreciation to:

  1. Drs. Sofyan Anif, M.Si as Dean of School Teacher Training and Education of Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta,

  2. Titis Setyabudi, S. S., M. Hum. as a chief of English Department of Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta,

  3. Aryati Prasetyarini, S. Pd, M. Pd. as the first consultant who has given the researcher help, advice, suggestion, and correction for finishing this research paper,

  4. Dra. Dwi Haryanti, M. Hum. as the second consultant who has given the researcher guidance, suggestion, and correction wisely,

  5. Abdillah Nugroho, M. Hum. as the academic advisor who has given the researcher guidance as long as he studied in Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta,

  6. All lecturers of English Department, thank you for the guidance during the study at this university,

  7. His beloved father and mother, thank you for your support, true love, cares, pray and guidance,

  8. His best friends “Bayu, Hoho, Apoy and Ahonk” thank you for your help, support, and advice. Don’t forget our togetherness,

  9. His friends in Slamet boarding house (Oblo, Teplok, Kuro, Mambo, Mr.Bean, Arkin and Janggut), thank you for your help, jokes, and laughs, and

  10. Those who cannot be mentioned one by one toward their support to the writer in completing research paper.

  The writer realizes that this research paper is far from being perfect, so the writer welcomes any constructive comment, criticism, and suggestion from anyone. Finally, he hopes that this research paper will be useful for all.

  Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.

  Surakarta, July 2011 Adhib Pradhikta

TABLE OF CONTENT

  page COVER ...................................................................................................... i APPROVAL ............................................................................................... ii ACCEPTANCE .......................................................................................... iii TESTIMONY .............................................................................................. iv MOTTO ...................................................................................................... v DEDICATION ................................................................................................ vi ACKNOWLEDGMENT ............................................................................. vii TABLE OF CONTENT .............................................................................. ix SUMMARY.................................................................................................... xii LIST OF APPENDICES…………………………………………………….. xiii CHAPTER I : INTRODUCTION ...............................................................

  1 A. Background of the Study ................................................

  1 B. Problem of Study ............................................................

  4 C. Objective of the Study ....................................................

  4 D. Limitation of the Study ...................................................

  4 E. Benefit of the Study ........................................................

  4 F. Research Paper Organization ..........................................

  6 CHAPTER II : REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE ...........................

  7 A. Previous Study ...............................................................

  7 B. Theoretical Review ........................................................

  8

  1. Writing Skill………………………………………….... 8

  a. Notion of Writing ................................................. ... 8

  b. Elements of Writing ..................... .......................... 9 c. Aspects of Writing ..................................................

  10 d. Process of Writing .................................................

  11

  2. Descriptive Text………………………………………. 13

  a. Social Function…………………………………….. 13

  b. Generic Structure…………………………………... 13

  c. Language Features…………………………………. 14

  d. Example of Descriptive Text………………………. 14

  3. Factors Influence in Learning Writing Skill Success…. 15

  4. Criteria for Evaluation of Text………………………... 15 CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHOD .....................................................

  17 A. Type of the Research ......................................................

  17 B. Subject and Object of the Research ................................

  18 C. Data and Data Source .....................................................

  18 D. Method of Collecting Data .............................................

  19 E. Technique for Analyzing Data ........................................

  20 CHAPTER IV: RESEARCH FINDING AND DISCUSSION .....................

  23 A. Research Results ...........................................................

  23 1. The Students Capability in Writing Descriptive Text .

  24

  2. The Problems Faced by the Students in Writing Descriptive Text .......................................................

  85

  B. Discussion .....................................................................

  86 CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION .................................

  90 A. Conclusion ....................................................................

  90 B. Suggestion .....................................................................

  90 BIBLIOGRAPHY ........................................................................................

  92 APPENDICES .................................................................................................

  93

  

SUMMARY

Adhib Pradhikta. A320 070 102. STUDENTS CAPABILITY IN WRITING

DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AT THE SECOND YEAR OF SMA NEGERI 1

PURWODADI IN 2010-2011 ACADEMIC YEAR. Research Paper.

  Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. 2011.

  This research paper aims at analyzing students capability in writing descriptive text at the second year of SMA Negeri 1 Purwodadi and identifying the problems faced by the students in writing descriptive text.

  In this research, the writer uses content analysis research. The object of the study is descriptive text at the second year students of SMA N 1 Purwodadi. The data of the research are students worksheet in the form of descriptive text. The data source are taken from informant and document. In collecting data, the writer uses document and interview. The technique for analyzing data are (1) reading the students worksheet in the form of descriptive text, (2) underlining and analyzing the aspects of descriptive text; content, organization, vocabulary, grammar and mechanic, (3) Scoring the students test of writing descriptive text.

  The result of the analysis shows that students’ capability in writing descriptive text can be seen that 29 students who belong to good category (the score 70-84) are 90,62%, 3 students who belong to fair category (the score 55-69) are 9,38%, and there is no student who belongs to very good and poor category. It means that the students’ capability in writing descriptive text of the second year level students of SMA Negeri 1 Purwodadi is good. The problems faced by most students in writing descriptive paragraph are grammar. This led too many aspects in writing descriptive paragraph that become problems for students, especially in grammar.

  Consultant I Consultant II Aryati Prasetyarini, S. Pd., M.Pd. Dra. Dwi Haryanti, M. Hum.

  NIK. 725 NIK. 477 Dean, Drs. Sofyan Anif, M. Si.

  NIK. 547

LIST OF APPENDICES

  page Appendix I Distribution of Scoring the Students Capability in

  Writing Descriptive Text.................................................................. 93 Appendix II Distribution of Scoring the Aspects in Writing

  Paragraph…………………………………………………………... 94

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