Test Bank for Financial Accounting 1st Edition

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(1)Test Bank for Financial Accounting 1st Edition Items such as revenue, expenses and dividends are classified as: 1. A. stockholders’ equity. 2. B. retained earnings. 3. C. liabilities. 4. D. assets. The payment of cash dividends would have which of the following effects on the accounting equation? 1. A. Increase liabilities 2. B. Decrease stockholders’ equity 3. C. Increase assets 4. D. Increase stockholders’ equity

(2) Payment of expenses would have which of the following effects on the accounting equation? 1. A. Increase liabilities 2. B. Decrease stockholders’ equity 3. C. Increase assets 4. D. Increase stockholders’ equity Monies owed to a company by customers are classified as: 1. A. payables. 2. B. dividends. 3. C. cash. 4. D. receivables. Casey’s is famous for their submarine sandwiches. At the end of 2009, Casey’s total assets were $345,000, and total liabilities were $129,500. How much was Casey’s stockholders’ equity? 1. A. $474,500 2. B. $345,000 3. C. $215,500 4. D. Some other number ABC purchased office supplies on account for $50,000. How would this transaction affect ABC’s accounting equation? 1. A. Increase assets and stockholders’ equity by $50,000. 2. B. Increase liabilities and stockholders’ equity by $50,000. 3. C. Increase assets by $50,000 and decrease liabilities by $50,000. 4. D. Increase assets by $50,000 and increase liabilities by $50,000. Lauren purchased a computer on account for her business. How will this transaction affect the accounting equation? 1. A. Assets increase; liabilities decrease. 2. B. Assets increase; stockholder equity increases. 3. C. Assets increase; liabilities increase. 4. D. Assets decrease; liabilities increase.

(3) Beginning retained earnings are $65,000; sales are $29,500; expenses were $33,000 and dividends paid are $3,500. How much is the net income or loss for the company? 1. A. $26,000 2. B. ($3,500) 3. C. ($7,000) 4. D. $0 Beginning retained earnings are $31,000; sales are $46,800; expenses are $43,500 and dividends paid are $2,800. How much is the net income or loss for the company? 1. A. $3,300 2. B. $ 500 3. C. $34,300 4. D. ($3,300) Beginning retained earnings are $65,000; sales are $29,500; expenses are $33,000 and dividends paid are $3,500. How much is the amount in ending retained earnings? 1. A. $58,000 2. B. $61,500 3. C. $68,500 4. D. $65,000 Beginning retained earnings are $31,000; sales are $46,800; expenses are $43,500 and dividends paid are $2,800. How much is the amount in ending retained earnings? 1. A. $34,400 2. B. $28,200 3. C. $34,300 4. D. $31,500 Which of the following is a FALSE statement? 1. A. Revenues provide inward flows of assets. 2. B. Revenue is categorized as an asset. 3. C. Revenue is categorized as part of retained earnings. 4. D. Revenues are generated from the sale of goods and services.

(4) Which of the following is a TRUE statement? 1. A. Purchasing office equipment for cash is a shift of assets. 2. B. Buying something on account decreases total liabilities. 3. C. Retained earnings do not include payments of dividends. 4. D. Paying off an account increases the total of assets. Dividends are part of: 1. A. sales. 2. B. expenses. 3. C. retained earnings. 4. D. assets. Payables are categorized as: 1. A. liabilities. 2. B. assets. 3. C. retained earnings. 4. D. common stock. Celia buys a new machine for her shop on credit. The effect on the accounting equation is: 1. A. increase liabilities, increase assets. 2. B. decrease liabilities, increase assets. 3. C. increase assets, increase stockholders’ equity. 4. D. increase liabilities, decrease stockholders’ equity. The first financial statement that is prepared is the: 1. A. Statement of Cash Flows. 2. B. Income Statement. 3. C. Statement of Retained Earnings. 4. D. Balance Sheet. The net income figure is needed to prepare: 1. A. a balance sheet. 2. B. a statement of retained earnings. 3. C. a statement of liabilities.

(5) 4. D. some other report. A statement of cash flows is usually prepared: 1. A. first. 2. B. second. 3. C. third. 4. D. last. A net income or loss is originally shown on the: 1. A. statement of cash flows. 2. B. balance sheet. 3. C. statement of retained earnings. 4. D. income statement. Which of the following financial statements illustrates the accounting equation? 1. A. Statement of retained earnings 2. B. Income statement 3. C. Balance sheet 4. D. Statement of cash flows Beginning retained earnings for the period would be shown on the: 1. A. Statement of retained earnings. 2. B. Income statement. 3. C. Balance sheets. 4. D. Statement of cash flows. Of the financial statements, which is dated as of a specific date? 1. A. Statement of cash flows 2. B. Income statement 3. C. Balance sheet 4. D. Statement of retained earnings Which of the financial statements includes a listing of assets owned by the company? 1. A. Statement of cash flows

(6) 2. B. Income statement 3. C. Balance sheet 4. D. Statement of retained earnings The correct order for the preparation of financial statements is: 1. Statement of cash flows 2. Income statement 3. Balance sheet 4. Statement of retained earnings 1. A. 4, 3, 2, 1 2. B. 1, 2, 3, 4 3. C. 2, 3, 4, 1 4. D. 2, 4, 3, 1 Dividends are shown on the: 1. A. income statement. 2. B. statement of retained earnings. 3. C. balance sheet. 4. D. statement of cash flows. The balance sheet is used to report: 1. A. results of operations for a specific date. 2. B. the financial position on a specific date. 3. C. results of operations for a specific period. 4. D. the financial position for a specific period. The income statement is used to report: 1. A. results of operations for a specific date. 2. B. the financial position on a specific date. 3. C. results of operations for a specific period. 4. D. the financial position for a specific period. The __________ issues pronouncements that are guidelines for accounting practice. 1. A. GAAP 2. B. SEC 3. C. FASB 4. D. IRS

(7) The guidelines that describe the rules of accounting are called: 1. A. GAAS. 2. B. GAAP. 3. C. FASB. 4. D. SEC. When a person combines separate business accounts, what concept or principle of accounting is being violated? 1. A. Going concern 2. B. Objectivity 3. C. Entity 4. D. Cost To take an inventory of goods to be sold would be representative of what accounting concept or principle? 1. A. Going concern 2. B. Objectivity 3. C. Entity 4. D. Cost Which accounting concept or principle specifically states that we should record transactions that can be verified? 1. A. Going-concern concept 2. B. Cost principle 3. C. Reliability principle 4. D. Entity concept Financial statements are prepared based on which of the following? 1. A. Generally accepted accounting principles 2. B. State and local laws 3. C. Internal revenue service rules 4. D. Generally accepted auditing standards What is the purpose of financial accounting information? 1. A. To provide biased information to the markets for trading

(8) 2. B. To help investors, creditors, and others to make decisions 3. C. To help managers plan and to control business operations 4. D. To comply with SEC and IRS rules Which of the following is considered an asset? 1. A. Accounts payable 2. B. Sales 3. C. Accounts receivable 4. D. Common stock Liabilities represent: 1. A. items owned by the company. 2. B. future economic benefits of the company. 3. C. earnings kept in the business 4. D. monies owed to third parties. A business pays off a note payable. What effect does this have on the accounting equation? 1. A. Assets go up, liabilities go down, and stockholders’ equity remains the same. 2. B. Assets go down, liabilities remain the same, and stockholders’ equity goes up. 3. C. Assets go down, liabilities go down, and stockholders’ equity remains the same. 4. D. Assets go up, liabilities remain the same, and stockholders’ equity goes up. A business purchases a computer for cash. What effect does this have on the accounting equation? 1. A. Stockholders’ equity and assets go up. 2. B. There is no change in total assets. 3. C. Assets go up and liabilities go down. 4. D. Stockholders’ equity and liabilities go up. Revenues, expenses and dividends are all a part of: 1. A. assets. 2. B. retained earnings. 3. C. liabilities. 4. D. common stock.

(9) Cash and Accounts receivable are both a part of: 1. A. assets. 2. B. retained earnings. 3. C. liabilities. 4. D. common stock. Miranda opens her business by investing $12,000. How does this affect the accounting equation? 1. A. Increase in assets; increase in stockholders’ equity. 2. B. Increase in liabilities; increase in stockholders’ equity. 3. C. Decrease in assets; increase in stockholders’ equity. 4. D. Increase in assets; decrease in stockholders’ equity. Brandon borrowed money for his business from a local bank. What accounts will be affected? 1. A. Cash and accounts payable 2. B. Cash and notes payable 3. C. Accounts payable and revenue 4. D. Accounts receivable and revenue Revenues would have which of the following effects on the accounting equation? 1. A. Decrease stockholders’ equity 2. B. Increase common stock 3. C. Increase liabilities 4. D. Increase stockholders’ equity Which of the following is a written promise to pay? 1. A. Accounts receivable 2. B. Accounts payable 3. C. Notes payable 4. D. Dividends payable A company has liabilities of $23,500 and stockholders’ equity of $56,500. How much does the company have in assets? 1. A. $56,500

(10) 2. B. $33,000 3. C. $80,000 4. D. $23,500 A company has $123,000 in assets and $65,000 in liabilities. How much does the company have in stockholders’ equity? 1. A. $188,000 2. B. $123,000 3. C. $ 65,000 4. D. $ 58,000 If total assets remain the same and total stockholders’ equity increases, liabilities will: 1. A. increase by the same amount. 2. B. decrease by the same amount. 3. C. remain the same. 4. D. increase by a different amount. A company purchases merchandise (inventory) for cash. What is the net result on the accounting equation? 1. A. Total assets will go up and total liabilities will go down. 2. B. Total assets will go up and stockholders’ equity will go up. 3. C. Total assets will not change. 4. D. Total liabilities will go up. ABC Company sold $34,000 worth of merchandise for cash. Which of the following best describes the effect on the expanded accounting equation? 1. A. Total assets and total liabilities will increase. 2. B. Total assets and total revenue will increase. 3. C. Total liabilities will increase and total revenue will decrease. 4. D. Total assets will decrease and total liabilities will increase. In the expanded accounting equation, revenues minus expenses are part of: 1. A. assets. 2. B. retained earnings. 3. C. liabilities. 4. D. dividends.

(11) Having a net loss will: 1. A. decrease retained earnings. 2. B. increase retained earnings. 3. C. force the company into bankruptcy. 4. D. force the company to pay dividends. Casey invested $5,000 into his business. He would: 1. A. increase cash and increase stockholders’ equity. 2. B. decrease cash and increase stockholders’ equity. 3. C. increase liabilities and increase stockholders’ equity. 4. D. increase cash only. Liabilities are defined as: 1. A. earnings retained in the business. 2. B. amounts owed to third parties. 3. C. stockholders’ claims to assets. 4. D. future economic benefits of a company. Assets are defined as: 1. A. earnings retained in the business. 2. B. amounts owed to others. 3. C. stockholders’ claims to assets. 4. D. future economic benefits of a company. Payables are classified as: 1. A. stockholders’ equity. 2. B. retained earnings. 3. C. liabilities. 4. D. assets. Words such as sales, expenses, financial statements, etc. are all part of the: 1. A. rule of ethics. 2. B. rules of accounting. 3. C. language of business 4. D. language of profitability

(12) Which of the following is NOT a reason to study accounting? 1. A. A student will become aware of ethics in business. 2. B. A student will learn the language of business. 3. C. A student will better their math skills. 4. D. A student will learn to analyze financial information. Which statement is FALSE about ethics? 1. A. Ethics are rules. 2. B. Ethics are guidelines of how we perceive right and wrong. 3. C. Ethics are a vital part of the accounting profession. 4. D. Things may be unethical but still be legal. To ensure that the guidelines for right behavior are followed, a corporation should follow: 1. A. ethical principles. 2. B. accounting law. 3. C. the corporate culture. 4. D. the leaders in their category of business. The main goal of understanding the process of accounting is to help ensure that the business is: 1. A. profitable. 2. B. ethical. 3. C. competitive. 4. D. admired by the customer. Ethical dilemmas may be created by all of the following EXCEPT: 1. A. individual actions contradicting the goals of the business. 2. B. the culture of the organization clashing with ethical principles. 3. C. personal beliefs being different than organizational beliefs. 4. D. all of the employees having the same belief systems. Which of the following may create an ethical dilemma? 1. A. A company takes an order in November for delivery in December. 2. B. A person sees another employee stealing and reports it.

(13) 3. C. A company underestimates its expenses. 4. D. All employee evaluations follow identical procedures. Ethical behavior is encouraged because: 1. A. our society expects ethical behavior. 2. B. ethics and legality are the same things. 3. C. laws are the same as ethics. 4. D. it makes the world a better place. A tax service is primarily a: 1. A. merchandising operation. 2. B. service operation. 3. C. not-for-profit operation. 4. D. manufacturing operation. Which of the following types of organization would probably sell goods? 1. A. Merchandising operation 2. B. Service operation 3. C. Not-for-profit operation 4. D. Manufacturing operation Which of the following types of organizations would produce goods? 1. A. Merchandising operation 2. B. Service operation 3. C. Not-for-profit operation 4. D. Manufacturing operation Which of the following is a disadvantage of the corporate form of business? 1. A. Ease of raising capital 2. B. Double taxation 3. C. Limited resources 4. D. Limited liability By definition, which type of organization has stockholders? 1. A. Partnerships

(14) 2. B. Sole proprietorships 3. C. Corporations 4. D. Limited liability companies Which of the following business forms is similar to a corporation in regard to owner liability? 1. A. Limited liability corporation 2. B. Limited liability company 3. C. Sole proprietorship 4. D. Partnership Which of the following do NOT pay taxes through their individual owners? 1. A. S-corporation 2. B. Sole proprietorship 3. C. Partnership 4. D. Corporation One of the newer forms of business discussed in the text is a: 1. A. corporation. 2. B. sole proprietorship. 3. C. partnership. 4. D. limited liability company. Home Depot would primarily be considered a: 1. A. manufacturing business. 2. B. merchandising business. 3. C. service business. 4. D. not-for-profit business. Which type of business organization is owned by its stockholders? 1. A. Corporation 2. B. Partnership 3. C. Limited liability company 4. D. Sole proprietorship

(15) Which type of company is best described as having ownership by stock and double taxation of earnings? 1. A. Limited liability company 2. B. Proprietorship 3. C. Corporation 4. D. Partnership Which of the following concepts would NOT be considered if you were to compare the price of a Camaro in 1979 to the price of a Camaro in 2009? 1. A. Reliability of the price in 1979 2. B. Objectivity of the price in 1979 3. C. Market price in 1979 4. D. Current cost in 2009 Rick owns a sporting goods store. In his initial accounting records, he included his personal computer and all of his personal sporting gear. Rick is violating what principle of accounting? 1. A. Going concern 2. B. Cost 3. C. Reliability 4. D. Entity Rick lists his building at current replacement value, rather than the price he paid for the building. What principle is Rick violating? 1. A. Going concern 2. B. Cost 3. C. Reliability 4. D. Entity Rick is negotiating with friends who may buy some camping equipment in the near future. He records this information as possible sales. What principle is Rick violating? 1. A. Going concern 2. B. Cost 3. C. Reliability 4. D. Entity

(16) FASB is made up of ___________ members. 1. A. 3 2. B. 5 3. C. 7 4. D. 9 GAAP is the acronym for generally accepted _______________ principles. 1. A. auditing 2. B. accounting 3. C. averaging 4. D. associated Accountants who ignore the effect of inflation on prices may be violating which accounting principle? 1. A. Going concern 2. B. Entity 3. C. Reliability 4. D. Something other than what is listed Most assets should be listed at: 1. A. current replacement cost. 2. B. current market value. 3. C. historical cost. 4. D. inflation-adjusted cost. The accounting principle that best defines a business is: 1. A. entity. 2. B. cost. 3. C. reliability. 4. D. going concern. By taking accounting classes, the student is learning the “language of business.” 1. True 2. False

(17) Ethics refers to the principles of right behavior in making decisions. 1. True 2. False To manage a business effectively, an owner or manager would benefit greatly from having some knowledge of accounting. 1. True 2. False Being unethical is the same thing as being unlawful. 1. True 2. False The knowledge gained from studying accounting will aid you in making decisions about a business to enhance its profitability. 1. True 2. False Accounting is important because the process “keeps score” of the financial aspects of a business. 1. True 2. False Financial statements are historical reports of what has taken place financially in a business. 1. True 2. False The main role of accounting is to compile reports to determine the profit made by a company over a period of time. 1. True 2. False

(18) Financial statements can help the managers of a business in making decisions regarding the business. 1. True 2. False Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) are the rules and guidelines governing accounting. 1. True 2. False The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) established the standards for managerial accounting. 1. True 2. False The definition of the business entity concept includes the requirement that personal assets must be separated from business assets. 1. True 2. False Financial information that is verifiable violates the principle of objectivity. 1. True 2. False Market value and historical cost (value) are the same concept. 1. True 2. False The fundamental accounting equation is Assets plus Liabilities equals Stockholders’ Equity. 1. True 2. False

(19) Liabilities are those obligations that are owed to third parties. 1. True 2. False Stockholders’ equity consists of Retained earnings and Common stock. 1. True 2. False The income statement details how cash changed over an accounting period or cycle. 1. True 2. False The balance sheet is dated as of a period of time. 1. True 2. False The Statement of Retained Earnings is prepared to determine the final amount of retained earnings to show on the balance sheet. 1. True 2. False The Income Statement is the first financial statement prepared. 1. True 2. False Financial statements are prepared primarily for internal company use. 1. True 2. False

(20) A business with one owner is called a sole proprietorship and it must be a service business. 1. True 2. False Wal-Mart and Target would be examples of corporate merchandising businesses. 1. True 2. False Many law and accounting firms are set up as partnerships. 1. True 2. False In a corporation, taxes are paid on the dividends earned by the shareholders. 1. True 2. False A limited liability company (LLC) is a legal entity like a corporation, but the income is taxed like a sole proprietorship or partnership. 1. True 2. False Assets consist of revenues, expenses, and dividends. 1. True 2. False A transaction is a business event that does NOT have an impact on the finances of a company. 1. True 2. False

(21) Items such as revenue, expenses and dividends are classified as: 1. A. stockholders’ equity. 2. B. retained earnings. 3. C. liabilities. 4. D. assets. The payment of cash dividends would have which of the following effects on the accounting equation? 1. A. Increase liabilities 2. B. Decrease stockholders’ equity 3. C. Increase assets 4. D. Increase stockholders’ equity Payment of expenses would have which of the following effects on the accounting equation? 1. A. Increase liabilities 2. B. Decrease stockholders’ equity 3. C. Increase assets 4. D. Increase stockholders’ equity Monies owed to a company by customers are classified as: 1. A. payables. 2. B. dividends. 3. C. cash. 4. D. receivables. Casey’s is famous for their submarine sandwiches. At the end of 2009, Casey’s total assets were $345,000, and total liabilities were $129,500. How much was Casey’s stockholders’ equity? 1. A. $474,500 2. B. $345,000 3. C. $215,500 4. D. Some other number

(22) ABC purchased office supplies on account for $50,000. How would this transaction affect ABC’s accounting equation? 1. A. Increase assets and stockholders’ equity by $50,000. 2. B. Increase liabilities and stockholders’ equity by $50,000. 3. C. Increase assets by $50,000 and decrease liabilities by $50,000. 4. D. Increase assets by $50,000 and increase liabilities by $50,000. Lauren purchased a computer on account for her business. How will this transaction affect the accounting equation? 1. A. Assets increase; liabilities decrease. 2. B. Assets increase; stockholder equity increases. 3. C. Assets increase; liabilities increase. 4. D. Assets decrease; liabilities increase. Beginning retained earnings are $65,000; sales are $29,500; expenses were $33,000 and dividends paid are $3,500. How much is the net income or loss for the company? 1. A. $26,000 2. B. ($3,500) 3. C. ($7,000) 4. D. $0 Beginning retained earnings are $31,000; sales are $46,800; expenses are $43,500 and dividends paid are $2,800. How much is the net income or loss for the company? 1. A. $3,300 2. B. $ 500 3. C. $34,300 4. D. ($3,300) Beginning retained earnings are $65,000; sales are $29,500; expenses are $33,000 and dividends paid are $3,500. How much is the amount in ending retained earnings? 1. A. $58,000 2. B. $61,500 3. C. $68,500 4. D. $65,000

(23) Beginning retained earnings are $31,000; sales are $46,800; expenses are $43,500 and dividends paid are $2,800. How much is the amount in ending retained earnings? 1. A. $34,400 2. B. $28,200 3. C. $34,300 4. D. $31,500 Which of the following is a FALSE statement? 1. A. Revenues provide inward flows of assets. 2. B. Revenue is categorized as an asset. 3. C. Revenue is categorized as part of retained earnings. 4. D. Revenues are generated from the sale of goods and services. Which of the following is a TRUE statement? 1. A. Purchasing office equipment for cash is a shift of assets. 2. B. Buying something on account decreases total liabilities. 3. C. Retained earnings do not include payments of dividends. 4. D. Paying off an account increases the total of assets. Dividends are part of: 1. A. sales. 2. B. expenses. 3. C. retained earnings. 4. D. assets. Payables are categorized as: 1. A. liabilities. 2. B. assets. 3. C. retained earnings. 4. D. common stock. Celia buys a new machine for her shop on credit. The effect on the accounting equation is: 1. A. increase liabilities, increase assets. 2. B. decrease liabilities, increase assets.

(24) 3. C. increase assets, increase stockholders’ equity. 4. D. increase liabilities, decrease stockholders’ equity. The first financial statement that is prepared is the: 1. A. Statement of Cash Flows. 2. B. Income Statement. 3. C. Statement of Retained Earnings. 4. D. Balance Sheet. The net income figure is needed to prepare: 1. A. a balance sheet. 2. B. a statement of retained earnings. 3. C. a statement of liabilities. 4. D. some other report. A statement of cash flows is usually prepared: 1. A. first. 2. B. second. 3. C. third. 4. D. last. A net income or loss is originally shown on the: 1. A. statement of cash flows. 2. B. balance sheet. 3. C. statement of retained earnings. 4. D. income statement. Which of the following financial statements illustrates the accounting equation? 1. A. Statement of retained earnings 2. B. Income statement 3. C. Balance sheet 4. D. Statement of cash flows Beginning retained earnings for the period would be shown on the: 1. A. Statement of retained earnings.

(25) 2. B. Income statement. 3. C. Balance sheets. 4. D. Statement of cash flows. Of the financial statements, which is dated as of a specific date? 1. A. Statement of cash flows 2. B. Income statement 3. C. Balance sheet 4. D. Statement of retained earnings Which of the financial statements includes a listing of assets owned by the company? 1. A. Statement of cash flows 2. B. Income statement 3. C. Balance sheet 4. D. Statement of retained earnings The correct order for the preparation of financial statements is: 1. Statement of cash flows 2. Income statement 3. Balance sheet 4. Statement of retained earnings 1. A. 4, 3, 2, 1 2. B. 1, 2, 3, 4 3. C. 2, 3, 4, 1 4. D. 2, 4, 3, 1 Dividends are shown on the: 1. A. income statement. 2. B. statement of retained earnings. 3. C. balance sheet. 4. D. statement of cash flows. The balance sheet is used to report: 1. A. results of operations for a specific date. 2. B. the financial position on a specific date. 3. C. results of operations for a specific period. 4. D. the financial position for a specific period.

(26) The income statement is used to report: 1. A. results of operations for a specific date. 2. B. the financial position on a specific date. 3. C. results of operations for a specific period. 4. D. the financial position for a specific period.

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