THE EFFECTIVENESS OF JIGSAW TECHNIQUE IN TEACHING READING RECOUNT TEXT (AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY AT THE SECOND GRADE STUDENTS OF SMP N 1 KALIMANAH IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2013/2014) - repository perpustakaan

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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF JIGSAW TECHNIQUE IN TEACHING

READING RECOUNT TEXT

(An Experimental Study at the Second Grade Students of

SMP N 1 Kalimanah in Academic Year 2013/2014)

  

A THESIS

Submitted to English Department as a Partial Fulfillment

Of the Requirement S.Pd. Degree

By:

  

ARIFIN LUKMANA

0901050043

ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT

TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY

MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF PURWOKERTO

  

2014

i ii

iv

DEDICATION

  

I happily present this thesis to:

My beloved mother, you are my best supporter in

the world. You always support me to reach my

dream. Thanks mom for your love, sacrifice,

support and prayers that are always given to me.

  

Your support makes me strong.

  

I love you very much mom

My beloved father, thanks for your support.

Thanks dad for your prayer and love.

My beloved Brother and Sister, who always give

me motivation to finish my study as quick as

possible,

My Beloved Girlfriend, Meey Suryati, who always

supports me to finish my thesis. You are one of my

motivations to finish it.

  

My friends: Fahmi, Didik, Adam, and all of JCI

members thanks for your support. Especially for

fahmi , thanks for your guidance. You have been my best friend for 4 years in UMP.

  

My friends in UMP: Bayu, Wicak, Udin, Gepeng, and

all of PBI 09 who always struggle together to

finish it.

  v

  

MOTTO

WE shouldn’t worry about being able to

reach our dreams, as long as we have the

desire to do it!

  

NO Matter how hard or impossible it is,

never lose sight of the goal!

The world is merciless, and it’s also very

beautiful

  UN

  VERO CAVALIERE NON LASCIA Mai una SIGNORA

  vi

  

PREFACE

  First of all, I would like to say thanks to Allah S.W.T for his blessing and mercy given me to finish writing this thesis. This thesis was written to fulfill one of the requirements for S. Pd degree of English department of teacher training and education faculty of Muhammadiyah university of Purwokerto. The writer intends to say thanks to:

  1. Dr.H. Syamsuhadi Irsyad, S.H, M.H. as the rector of Muhammadiyah university of Purwokerto.

  2. Ahmad, M.Pd the dean of teacher training and education faculty of Muhammadiyah University of Purwokerto

  3. Drs. Pudiyono, M. Hum, the head of English department

  4. Endang Kusrini, S. Pd, M. Hum and Dyah Kusumastuti, S. Pd, M. Hum as thesis consultants who guide and teach me how to write a good thesis patiently

  5. Joko Supriyadi, S.Pd, M.Pd the head master of SMP N 1 Kalimanah who gave me permission to conduct this research at his institution

  6. Syaefudin, S.Pd, the English teacher of SMP N 1 Kalimanah who gave permission to conduct this research at his classes

  7. All the students of SMP N 1 Kalimanah, especially VIII D class and VIII E who participated in this research 8. All the people who helped me to finish this research.

  At last I realize that this thesis is still far from being perfect. However, it is expected to be useful either for reader or for me. Knowing this fact, I always hope conjunctive criticism as well as. Advices from those who really want make this thesis better and more complete. vii

TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE ...........................................................................................................

  1. Definition of Cooperative Learning ....................................... 11

  F. Teaching Recount Text Using Jigsaw ........................................ 19 viii

  3. Language Feature of Recount Text ........................................ 18

  2. Generic structure of Recount Text ......................................... 18

  1. Definition of Recount Text .................................................... 18

  E. The Nature of Recount Text ....................................................... 18

  3. The Principles of Jigsaw ........................................................ 16

  2. Advantages of Jigsaw ............................................................. 15

  1. Definition of Jigsaw ............................................................... 15

  D. Nature of Jigsaw Technique ....................................................... 15

  …. i APPROVAL .................................................................................................. …. ii DEDICATION .............................................................................................. …. v MOTTO ......................................................................................................... …. vi PREFACE...................................................................................................... …. vii TABLE OF CONTENT ................................................................................ …. viii ABSTRACT .................................................................................................. …. x LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................ …. xi LIST OF APPENDICES ............................................................................... …. xii

  CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background……….. ..................................................................

  7 2. The Components in Reading ..................................................

  7 1. Definition of Reading .............................................................

  6 B. Nature of Reading ......................................................................

  4 CHAPTER II THEORITICAL REVIEW A. Nature of Teaching .....................................................................

  3 F. Contribution ………. ...................................................................

  3 E. Clarification of Key Terms .........................................................

  3 D. Aim Of The Research .................................................................

  3 C. Problem Statement .....................................................................

  1 B. Reason For Choosing The Topic ................................................

  8 C. Nature of Cooperative Learning ................................................. 11

  G. Basic Assumption..................................................... ..................

  24

  50 ix

  48 APPENDICES ....................................................................................................

  CHAPTER IV RESULT AND DISCUSSION A. Result………….. ........................................................................ . 32 B. Discussion……… ....................................................................... 43 CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATION A. Conclusion …….. ........................................................................ 46

  F. Data Analysis……… .................................................................. 28

  Item Reliability……............................................................... 25 3. Item difficulty……................................................................. 27

  1. Item Validity …....... ............................................................... 24 2.

  23 3. Questionnaire……... .............................................................. 23 E. Instrument Analysis ....................................................................

  20 H. Hypothesis ................................................................ .................

  23 2. Posttest............................................ .......................................

  22 1. Pretest................................................................. ....................

  22 D. Technique of Collecting Data .....................................................

  22 C. Subject of The Research .............................................................

  21 B. Place and Time of Research ........................................................

  20 CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY A. Method of Research ....................................................................

B. Implication…….. ........................................................................ 46 BIBLIOGRAPY ................................................................................................

  

ABSTRACT

  THE EFFECTIVENESS OF JIGSAW TECHNIQUE IN TEACHING READING RECOUNT TEXT (An Experimental Study at the Second Grade Students of

  SMP N 1 Kalimanah in Academic Year 2013/2014) Arifin Lukmana

  0901050043 The aim of the research was to find out the effectiveness of Jigsaw technique in teaching reading recount text. This research used quasi experimental. Two classes were chosen, VIII D as the experimental class and VIII E as the control class. Pre- test and post-test were used to find the data. The test was in multiple-choice forms consisting of 20 items for each test. T-test formula was used to analyze the data. It was also used questionnaire to strengthen the data. The result of the research showed that there was a significant difference of the students‟ ability in mastering Recount Text between the students who were taught using Jigsaw technique and those who were taught using group work. It could be seen on the result of computation of t-test, where t-result was 2.89 and t-table was 1.667 at the significant level α=0.05 in df=68. So, the result of t-test result was higher than t- table. It meant that the hypothesis about the effectiveness of jigsaw technique in teaching reading recount text was accepted. x

  

LIST OF TABLE

  Table Page

  3.1 Table of “r” value interpretation ........................................................... 27

  4.1 Table Percentage of Students‟ Score in Pre-Test Experimental Class .. 33

  4.2 Table Percentage of Students‟ Score in Post-Test Experimental Class 35

  4.3 Table Percentage of Students‟ Score in Pre-Test Control Class ........... 36

  4.4 Table Percentage of Students‟ Score in Post-Test Control Class ......... 38 4.5 Table of T-test Result ............................................................................

  42 xi

  

LIST OF APPENDICES

  Appendix A 1. Pre-test and Post-test Score Tables of Experimental Class ..................

  52 2. Pre-test and Post-test Score Tables of Control Class ...........................

  53 3. Result of Questionnaire ........................................................................

  54 Appendix B

  1. Pre-Test validity table .......................................................................... 56 2. Post-Test validity table .........................................................................

  57 3. Validity and reliability interpretation by Arikunto ..............................

  58 4.

Tables of “r” value ............................................................................... 59 5. Data Analysis ......................................................................................

  60 Appendix C

  1. Pre Test Items ....................................................................................... 63

  2. Post Test Items ..................................................................................... 69

  3. Pre-test Answer Key ............................................................................. 74

  4. Post-test Answer Key ............................................................................ 75

  5. Valid Pre-test Items ............................................................................... 76

  6. Valid Post-test Items ............................................................................ 82

  7. Valid Pre-test Answer Key ................................................................... 87

  8. Valid Post-test Answer Key ................................................................. 88

  9. Questionnaire ....................................................................................... 90

  10. Questionnaire ..................................................................................... 91 Appendix D

  1. Lesson Plan 1 of Experimental Class .................................................... 93

  2. Lesson Plan 2 of Experimental Class .................................................... 98

  3. Lesson Plan 1 of Control Class ............................................................. 103

  4. Lesson Plan 2 of Control Class ............................................................. 106 Appendix E

  Research Permission Letter xii

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