A SARJANA PENDIDIKAN THESIS Presented as Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements to Obtain the Sarjana Pendidikan Degree in English Language Education

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(1)PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI JORDAN BELFORT’S SEX-RELATED SWEAR WORDS IN THE WOLF OF WALL STREET MOVIE TITLE PAGE A SARJANA PENDIDIKAN THESIS Presented as Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements to Obtain the Sarjana Pendidikan Degree in English Language Education By: Krisna Efrata Student Number: 141214005 ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGE AND ARTS EDUCATION FACULTY OF TEACHERS TRAINING AND EDUCATION SANATA DHARMA UNIVERSITY YOGYAKARTA 2019 i

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(4) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI DEDICATION PAGE You can have it all, just not all at once. -Oprah Winfrey- This thesis is dadicated to my beloved parents and brother, Sumarwoto, Chatarina Tyas Weningsih, and Surya Efrata. iv

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(7) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI ABSTRACT Efrata, Krisna. (2019). Jordan Belfort’s Sex-Related Swear Words in The Wolf of Wall Street Movie. Yogyakarta: English Language Education Study Program. Department of Language and Arts Education, Faculty of Teachers Training and Education, Sanata Dharma University. Swear words are commonly used in society to express their emotion or feeling. Furthermore, sex-related swear word, which is a part of swear word are the most commonly used by Jordan Belfort in The Wolf of Wall Street movie to swear. This research is designed to analyze the impetus swearing category and the swearing expressions category behind sex-related swear word “fuck, fucking, and fucked” which is used by Jordan Belfort in The Wolf of Wall Street movie. The purpose of this research is to answer the two research questions, namely (1) What categories of Jordan Belfort’s sex-related swear words are found in The Wolf of Wall Street movie? and (2) What are the notions of Jordan Belfort’s sexrelated swear words in The Wolf of Wall Street movie? This study used descriptive and qualitative method. Observation was a technique to gather the data. The researcher watched The Wolf of Wall Street movie and classified the sex-related swear words which were used by Jordan Belfort using tables and cross tabulations. In analysing the data, the researcher used Creswell’s (2009) descriptive and qualitative data analysis procedure. There are 226 sex-related swear words “fuck, fucking, fucked” uttered by the main character. According to its impetus, the swearing words were catgorized into two, namely the propositional category and non-propositional category. According to its notion, there were 9 categories of swearing expressions in Jordan Belfort’s utterances. They were violent refusal, exclamation of surprise, surprised question, exclamation of annoyance, exclamation of unconcern, insult (imperative verb +object), intensifying / intensifier, insulting request to go away, and miscellaneous. Moreover, the researcher also found that each swearing expression had either positive or negative connotation. It is concluded that the sex-related swear words which were uttered by Jordan Belfort, have different notions. The sex-related swear words were used by Jordan Belfort to express 9 kind expressions. Furthermore, the sex-related swear words could be used in positive connotation or negative connotation based on the context of the utterances. Moreover, this sex-related swear word could be uttered/used in spontaneously or intentionally according to the contexts and the situations of the speaker. Keywords: pragmatics, sex-related swear word, swear word and taboo word, swearing expression, swearing category, The Wolf of Wall Street. vii

(8) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI ABSTRAK Efrata, Krisna. (2019). Jordan Belfort’s Sex-Related Swear Words in The Wolf of Wall Street Movie. Yogyakarta: Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris. Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Seni Universitas Sanata Dharma. Kata umpatan sering digunakan di masyarakat untuk mengungkapkan emosi atau perasaan. Istilah-istilah seksual yang mana masih termasuk dalam bagian dari kata umpatan adalah yang paling sering digunakan oleh Jordan Belfort dalam film The Wolf of Wall Street untuk mengupat. Penelitian ini dirancang untuk menganalisis kategori dari kemunculan dan ekspresi dari istilah seksual seperti fuck, fucking, dan fucked yang digunakan oleh Jordan Belfort dalam film The Wolf of Wall Street. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menjawab dua rumusan masalah, yaitu (1) Apa saja kategori kata-kata umpatan terkait dengan seks yang diucapkan oleh Jordan Belfort dalam film The Wolf of Wall Street?, dan (2) Apakah maksud dari kata-kata umpatan terkait dengan seks yang digunakan oleh Jordan Belfort dalam film The Wolf of Wall Street? Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik observasi digunakan untuk mengumpulkan data. Peneliti menonton film The Wolf of Wall Street dan mengklasifikasikan kata-kata umpatan terkait dengan seks yang diucapkan oleh Jordan Belfort dengan menggunakan tabel pengamatan dan tabulasi silang. Dalam menganalisi data, peneliti menggunakan teori deskriptif kualitatif dari Creswell (2009). Dalam penenelitian ini terdapat 226 istilah seksual “fuck, fucking, fucked” yang diucapkan oleh tokoh utama. Berdasarkan kemunculannya, kata umpatan dikategorikan menjadi 2 yaitu kategori propositional dan non-propositional. Berdasarkan maksudnya, terdapat 9 kategori dari ekspresi umpatan dalam perkataan Jordan Belfort. Diantaranya violent refusal, exclamation of surprise, surprised question, exclamation of annoyance, exclamation of unconcern, insult (imperative verb + object), intensifying / intensifier, insulting request to go away, dan miscellaneous. Selain itu, peneliti juga menemukan bahwa setiap ekspresi dari kata umpatan memiliki arti konotasi positif atau konotasi negatif. Peneliti menyimpulkan bahwa kata-kata umpatan terkait dengan seks yang diucapkan oleh Jordan Belfort memiliki ekspresi yang berbeda. Kata umpatan terkait dengan seks yang digunakan Jordan Belfort adalah untuk mengekspresikan 9 jenis ekspresi. Kata-kata umpatan terkait seks yang digunakan oleh Jordan Belfort untuk mengekspresikan berbagai macam ekspresi. Kata-kata umpatan terkait seks dapat digunakan dalam konotasi positif atau negatif, berdasarkan konteks dalam ucapan-ucapan tersebut. Bahkan, kata-kata umpatan terkait dengan seks ini dapat diucapkan / digunakan dalam keadaan spontan maupun sengaja, sesuai dengan konteks dan situasi dari pembicara tersebut. Setiap kata umpatan memiliki sebuah ekspresi yang berbeda. Keywords: pragmatics, sex-related swear word, swear word and taboo word, swearing expression, swearing category, The Wolf of Wall Street. viii

(9) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Firstly, I would like to thank Jesus Christ for His blessing in all the time that makes me could finish this research. He gave me the spirit, strenght and health in the process of making this research. He also indirectly helped me by providing me the supportive environment; friends, lecturer, and parents. Secondly, I would like to thank Dr. Emanuel Sunarto, M. Hum., for his valuable time, guidance, and patience when making this research. He always support me to not give up doing this research by giving some motivations, suggestions and a lot of knowledges which were very useful for me. Thirdly, I would like to thank my beloved parents and brother who always support and encourage me through the facilities and advices in making my dream come true. Without them, I could not finish this research. Furthermore, I would like to thank my English Language Education Study Program’s lecturers and staffs who guide me to survive in this study program. Lastly, I would like to thank all of my friends; PBI Underground, NUDC LO, Penerbang Sigung and Wonkave: Ajik, Vito, Jere, Bayu, Bimo, Ajeng, Vee, Vidi, Voni, Rea, Moore, Martin, Maria, Deo, Yosa, Ampaloz, Simbah, Wendi, Marcel, Mace, Verina, Blawonk, Abet, Adip, Thomas, Hanung, Bangkit, Kribo, and Kecap who always support me in every situation until finished this research. Krisna Efrata ix

(10) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI TABLE OF CONTENTS Page TITLE PAGE ........................................................................................................... i APPROVAL PAGES .............................................................................................. ii DEDICATION PAGE ............................................................................................ iv STATEMENT OF WORK’S ORIGINALITY ....................................................... v PERNYATAAN PERSETUJUAN PUBLIKASI ...................................................... vi ABSTRACT .......................................................................................................... vii ABSTRAK ............................................................................................................. viii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................................................................... ix TABLE OF CONTENTS ........................................................................................ x LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................... xii LIST OF FIGURES ............................................................................................. xiii CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................ 1 A. Background of The Study ............................................................................ 1 B. Research Question ........................................................................................ 4 C. Problem Limitations ..................................................................................... 5 D. Significance of The Study ............................................................................ 5 E. Definition of Terms ...................................................................................... 6 CHAPTER II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE ...................................... 9 A. Theoretical Description ................................................................................ 9 1. Pragmatics ................................................................................................ 9 2. Swearing ................................................................................................. 11 3. Taboo Words and Swear Words ............................................................. 11 4. Propositional Swearing and Non-Propositional Swearing ..................... 12 5. The Swearing Expressions ..................................................................... 14 6. Positive and Negative Connotations ....................................................... 17 B. Theoretical Framework .............................................................................. 17 x

(11) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI CHAPTER III. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ................................................ 19 A. Research Method ........................................................................................ 19 B. Type and Source of Data ............................................................................ 20 1. Digital Sources ....................................................................................... 20 2. Document Source ................................................................................... 21 C. Instruments and Data Gathering Technique ............................................... 21 D. Data Analysis Techniques .......................................................................... 23 CHAPTER IV. RESEARCH RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS.......................... 25 A. Swearing Categories of Sex-Related Swear Words ................................... 25 1. Non-Propositional Swearing Category ................................................... 26 2. Propositional Swearing Category ........................................................... 28 B. The Notions of Sex-Related Swear Words ................................................ 30 1. Non-Propositional Swearing Category ................................................... 31 2. Propositional Swearing Category ........................................................... 40 CHAPTER V. CONCLUSIONS, IMPLICATIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS .................................................................................... 52 A. Conclusions ................................................................................................ 52 B. Implications ................................................................................................ 54 C. Recommendations ...................................................................................... 54 REFERENCES...................................................................................................... 56 APPENDICES ...................................................................................................... 59 xi

(12) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS EA : Exclamation of Annoyance SQ : Surprise Question VR : Violent Refusal ES : Exclamation of Surprise EU : Exclamation of Unconcern IA : Insulting Request to Go Away IN : Insult as Noun IT : Intensifying/Intensifier IV : Insult (Imperative Verb + Object) M : Miscellaneous N : Negative Connotation P : Positive Connotation xii

(13) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI LIST OF FIGURES Figure No. Page Figure 4.1 The Frequency of Swearing Categories .............................................26 Figure 4.2 The Frequency of Swearing Expressions ..........................................31 Figure 4.3 The Frequency of Sex-Related Swear Words....................................32 Figure 4.4 The Frequency of Sex-Related Swear Words....................................41 xiii

(14) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION This study discusses four major parts. Those are the background of the study, research questions, significance of the study, and definition of terms. A. Background of The Study Language is used by all people in the world to communicate with others. Through language, the message can be transferred from a person to another. According to Fromkin, Blaire, and Collins (1999), when people know a language, people can speak and be understood by other who know that language. It means somebody needs to know the language and another person’s language if somebody wants to understand his or her ideas. By understanding other people ideas, people can do and react based on the language that they used. Therefore, language is very important in life because almost all of the activities need language to communicate. Based on Fasold and Connor-Linton (2006), language is a finite system of elements and principles that make it possible for speakers to construct sentences which are used for particular communicative jobs. On the other hand, language is not only used for communication, but it is also used to express their emotion. Chaika (1982) states that people use language to reveal or conceal personal identity, character, and background without realizing that they are actually doing so. It shows that people can choose their own language to express their emotions. 1

(15) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 2 In the communication process, the emotions or feelings of the speakers can be reflected through the language they use. It could be in the form of angry, happy, sad, surprised, or afraid expressions. People express their emotions or feelings by uttering some words, such as uttering bad language. Frequently, bad language is used to reflect anger or sadness. However, there are five ways that people can use to express their emotions. The examples are compliment, greeting, statement, question, and also swearing. Swearing is one of many utterances which exists in our society. Based on Cambridge dictionary, swearing is a rude or offensive language that someone uses, especially when they are angry (CED, 2018). Jay and Janschweit (2008) also state that swearing is primarily used to convey emotional meaning. In swearing, people produce swear words or taboo words. From that explanation, there are two reasons that caused people produce swear words or taboo words. People usually produce taboo words to swear because it might be the strongest way to signify a number of emotions in an impolite way such as anger, confusion, frustration, disappointment, joy and sometimes surprise (Jay, 2002). Taboo or tabu is a term that denotes an object or act (taboo acts are activities that are not supposed to be done, while taboo words are words that are not supposed to be uttered) which must be avoided since it can ruin the value of a certain culture, especially about politeness and manners (Allan and Burridge, 2006). Actually, swear words and taboo words are always connected with unsuitable language and should not be used in daily conversations. Furthermore, Swan (2005) states, when people swear, taboo words usually change their meanings completely. For example,

(16) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 3 “fuck off” and “piss off” have nothing to do with sex or urinating – they are simply violently rude wars of saying ‘go away’. It shows that swear words and taboo words are always correlated in daily life. However, nowadays swearing is not only used to express anger but it is also used in daily conversation. In this era, swearing can be found in conversations between people regardless their gender. Swearing is used not only for expressing anger, but also for expressing happiness, sadness, surprise, and fear situations. Swear words have become common in society because many people produce swear words in their daily conversation. Men, women, and children can speak using swear words by learning from any sources. For example, by watching movie, listening to other people, and reading a novel. However, people are also exposed to swear words in the social media, like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Ask FM, etc. That is why people can easily learn and know how to produce swear words. English language has its own swear words and some them are considered as universal swear words, thus they might influence people to produce swear words in their daily lives. Wardaugh (2005) states that taboo and swear word can be classified into six types. There are religious matters, death, body part, sex, mother in law, and animal terms. The sex-related swear words were chosen by the researcher to analyze in this research. In this study, the researcher intends to analyze sex-related swear words in a movie. The researcher chooses a movie as the main data source because a movie might illustrate human beings’ daily lives. The chosen movie is entitled The Wolf of Wall Street. It is chosen because Jordan Belfort, the main character, frequently

(17) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 4 uses swear words in his dialogues. This movie was published in 2013. Furthermore, this comedy movie portrays the biography of Jordan Belfort which contains many swear words in the dialogues. In addition, the movie is popular since it is rated 8.2 by, https://www.imdb.com. (2018). Due to those reasons, this movie becomes the source to be analyzed. By watching this movie, it is possible for people’s behavior to be influenced by the swear words used in this movie. This movie has great moral values in which life is precious for us and we need to struggle to live our own lives. Thus, it is very important for the audience to get deeper understanding about the function and the cultural context of the swear words uttered by Jordan Belfort in this movie. Moreover, it is also important for students to understand the concept of swear words, especially in studying pragmatics in this movie. Thus, it is possible for students to be able to avoid using swear words in their daily conversation. B. Research Question From the background of the study presented above, there are two questions which the researcher would like to formulate in this research. 1. What categories of Jordan Belfort’s sex-related swear words are found in The Wolf of Wall Street movie? 2. What are the notions of Jordan Belfort’s sex-related swear words in The Wolf of Wall Street movie?

(18) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 5 C. Problem Limitations The researcher limits the scope which is related to the research questions. Almost all of the characters in The Wolf of Wall Street movie use swear words in their utterances. The researcher only focuses on the Jordan Belfort who utters a lot of swear word in The Wolf of Wall Street movie. Furthermore, the researcher specifies on the sex-related swear words “fuck, fucking, and fucked”. The researcher also analyzes the categorization of (non-propositional or propositional) and the swearing expressions of the sex-related swear words to answer the research questions. D. Significance of The Study The study is beneficial for students of English Language Education Study Program and for future researchers who are going to do a research on swear words. Hopefully, the study can also give some benefits for the readers. The benefits of this research are as follows: 1. English Learners English learners will gain more understanding about taboo words and swear words. The students are also expected to understand the concept of swear words or taboo words, particularly when they are studying about pragmatics. By explaining the students of the concept of swear words, it is hoped that the students will get more understanding on the use of swear words in society. Therefore, the students will be able to avoid using swear words in their daily conversation.

(19) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 6 2. Future Researchers After the future researchers read this study, the researcher believes this study can give information, and inspiration to future research while conducting another study about swear words or taboo words. For the future researchers, this research will guide them to find some references about swear words, especially in sex-related swear words. 3. General Readers This study can give a better understanding to readers in general about swear words or taboo words, so the readers will know the intentions behind swear words in conversations. The general readers will also know about the phenomenon of sexrelated swear words in the movie. Thus, the general readers will be able to consider the swear words used in their daily conversations. E. Definition of Terms Definition of terms gives an explanation of the information and theories which are related to the research. This part consists of three terms that are important and they are used to avoid misunderstanding in this study. The researcher provides definitions of three terms that are frequently seen in this study. The terms that are frequently used in this research are in swear words and taboo, sex-related swear word, and characters. 1. Swear Word According to Andersson and Trudgill (1992), swear word is “a type of language used in which the expression; (a) refers to something that is taboo or stigmatized in the culture; (b) should not be interpreted literally; (c) can be used to

(20) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 7 express strong emotions and attitude” (p.53). However, Dewaele, J-M (2004) explains that swear or taboo words are multifunctional, pragmatic units which assume, in addition to the expression of emotional attitudes, various discourse function. In this study, the taboo words which are uttered by Jordan Belfort in The Wolf of Wall Street is considered as swear words. Jordan Belfort also uses swear words to express his solidarity and anger in his friendship. Swear words or taboo words are included in a linguistic device used to affirm in-group membership and establish boundaries and social norms for language use (Drescher, 2000; Rayson, Leech & Hodges, 1997; Stenstrom, 1995, 1999). 2. Sex-Related Swear Words Sex-related swear word is one of the types of swear words, which is taboo or obscenity. One of the swear word types proposed by Jay (1992) is taboo or obscenity, which is a type of swear word that has a strong meaning, and people usually use this swear word from sexual organs and excretory items (e.g. fuck, motherfucker, and cocks). Swan (2005) also argues that sex-related swear words are usually related to the associated parts of the body and sexual activity (e.g. balls, fuck). 3. Characters Based on Abram’s explanation (1999), characters are the persons in a dramatic or narrative work who are interpreted by the reader as persons who have moral intellectual, and emotional qualities. He concludes that characters are the persons who represent human behavior in a dramatic or narrative work. In this research, the main character refers to a person who appears the most in a movie.

(21) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 8 The main character in The Wolf of Wall Street movie is Jordan Belfort. The researcher only focuses on the main character’s utterances because the main character already gives enough data which are going to be analyzed.

(22) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter presents the review of related literature. It is divided into two parts, namely the theoretical description and theoretical framework. In the theoretical description, the researcher reviews six theories which are used as guides on this study. The theories’ review includes the swearing categories and the swearing expressions. The theoretical framework is aimed to provide the theories which help the researcher to answer the problems. A. Theoretical Description This chapter explains the literature review containing six theories that are used as the guides for this research. The discussions cover the details of pragmatics, swear words, the concept of swearing, the swearing expressions, the category of swearing (propositional or non-propositional), and the positive and negative connotations. 1. Pragmatics a) Definition of Pragmatics In order to conduct this research, the researcher uses pragmatic approach for the analysis. Yule (1996) argues that pragmatics is the study of speaker’s meaning, contextual meaning, how more gets information than is said, and the expression of relative distance. It means that pragmatics is a study to understand what a speaker means. However, in order to understand the swearing expressions behind of the speaker uttetance, context is needed. Context means a situation and condition of a 9

(23) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 10 speaker. In order to understand speaker’s swearing expressions, a pragmatic approach also needs to explore how listener perceives toward speaker’s intention. Then in a pragmatic approach, the relation factors between the listener and the speaker are very important. It means physical, social, or conceptual factors should be considered to get the intentions of the speakers. By understanding Yule's explanation about pragmatics, pragmatic approach is suitable to be implemented in this research. The aim of this research is analyzing the swearing expression category of sex-related swear words within the Jordan Belfort utterances in The Wolf of Wall Street movie based on the contextual meaning of the utterances. b) Context In order to analyze the swearing expression categories of sex-related swear words, context is an important factor that would be used to analyze language. According to Asher and Simpson (1994), “context is one of those linguistic terms which constantly used in all kinds of context” (p. 731). It has the connection with the function of language and they are important in pragmatics. It means that the essential element in the interpretation of utterances is the context in which it is uttered. Further, Holmes (2001) argues that in any situation, linguistic choices could be reflected from these following components of context: 1) The participant (it conveys the speaker and whom they are speaking). 2) The setting or social context of interaction (it conveys the place when the speaker is speaking).

(24) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 11 3) The topic (it conveys what is being talked about). 4) The function (it conveys the reasons, why they are speaking). Therefore, those four components are the important things to analyze the context in this research. 2. Swearing Swearing is a part of a language that people use to communicate with each other. Swearing is a linguistic device used to affirm in-group membership and establish boundaries and social norms for language use (Drescher, 2000; Rayson, Leech & Hodges, 1997; Stenstrom, 1995, 1999). They may express annoyance, aggression, insult, or they may express solidarity and friendliness (Holmes, 2013). Moreover, swearing is the use of taboo language with the purpose of expressing the speaker’s emotional state and communicating that information to listeners. (Jay, 2008). Lieury, Boissière, Jamet & Marinkovic (1997) have found that swearing stands out from neutral words in the L1 and is more likely to be recalled in short and long-term recall experiments. 3. Taboo Words and Swear Words a) Taboo Words People do not usually use this type of word to communicate with each other. According to Katrina Lindahl (2008), “taboo words are words that are not supposed to be said or used, often because they are regarded as improper or immoral, or believed to be supernaturally forbidden” (p.1). People use this kind of language to express their emotion, like when they are swearing. However, Jay (2008) has stated that “swearing is the use of taboo language with the purpose of expressing the

(25) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 12 speaker’s emotional state and communicating that information to listeners.” (p.268). Jay (2008) also argues that the use of taboo when they are swearing is not primarily meant the word itself. For example, the word fuck is not always meant to express someone’s desire to have sexual intercourse with anybody to whom they talk to. b) Swear Words After comprehending the concept and definition of taboo words, the researcher is going to define the swear words. Karjailanen (2002) explains that swear word is not always taboo. It means that taboo words do not always belong to swear words, for example, the word cannibalism. It is included in taboo words but not in swear words. It is because cannibalism is a cultural word and no one use this taboo word to swear. Moreover, Ljung (2011) explains that swear words are words which have a bad connotation in the content, for the example, the word bitch. The word bitch contains a negative connotation which according to CED (2018) bitch is a female dog. Therefore, the word bitch is contextually used as a swear word. In contrast, taboo words and swear words cannot be separated. It is because they are correlated with each other. Usually, when people are swearing, taboo words will change their meaning completely. For example, fuck off, the meaning is not to have sex. It is a rude command of saying go away (Swan, 2005). 4. Propositional Swearing and Non-Propositional Swearing Jay conceptualizes all instances of swearing as either propositional or non- propositional (2008). Propositional swearing happens when the speaker can control the content of swearing that speaker utters. Jay also argues that propositional

(26) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 13 swearing happens consciously planned and intentionally. It can be polite or impolite, or neither. It is polite when it promotes social harmony, as in face building (e. g., This pie is pretty fucking good!). It is rude when it is used to deliberately attack someone, as in face threat (e.g., You fucking asshole!)". It can be concluded that propositional swearing can be used in a polite or impolite situation. It depends on the speaker's purpose. In conclusion, propositional swearing is swearing which is spoken in under control of the speaker or intentionally uttered by the speaker. The second categorization is non-propositional swearing. Jay (2008) states that non-propositional swearing is unintentional, unplanned and uncontrollable. In other word, non-propositional swearing requires spontaneous respond of a person to a certain condition. It involves automatic emotional responses which frequently occur in response to sudden bursts of emotion (e.g., surprise) or as a result of brain damage. Jay (2008) adds neurotically factors influence both propositional and nonpropositional swearing. Non-propositional utterances show clearly that people are not always able to control swearing because emotion arises involuntarily. Psychological and cultural factors play a substantial role when one has the time and resources to make conscious word choices. Therefore, it can be concluded that nonpropositional swearing category is swearing which is spoken suddenly and uncontrollably by the speaker. This category will appear when the speaker is surprised.

(27) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 14 5. The Swearing Expressions Swan (2005, p. 567-569) categorizes swearing expressions into 10 swearing categories. They are exclamation of annoyance, exclamation of surprise, surprised question, insult (noun), insult (imperative verb + object), insulting request to go away, expression of unconcern, violent refusal/rejection/defiance, intensifying adjective/adverb, and miscellaneous. The further explanation on each category is discussed below. a) Exclamation of Annoyance: Example of use: “Damn It! Can’t you hurry up?” From the example above, the use of Damn it! to express the expression of annoyed feeling against other situation or behavior. Then, it can be concluded into exclamation of annoyance. b) Exclamation of Surprise: Example of use: “My God! Look at that!” From the example above, the words My God! means that the speaker is expressing speaker reaction against other situations or behaviors. Then, it can be concluded into exclamation of surprise. c) Surprised Question: Example of use: “What the fuck do you think you’re doing?” From the example above, the words what the fuck can be concluded into surprise question. It is because the speaker reacts something through a question sentence form which contains a swear word.

(28) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 15 d) Insult (noun) Example of use: “You bastard!” From the example above, the words bastards used by the speaker to abuse or harm others. It can be concluded into Insult (noun) because the swear word stands as a noun. However, a swear word which is classified as a noun is having no real intention. It only expresses the speaker’s emotion of anger, hatred, envy or contempt. e) Insult (imperative verb + object) Example of use: “Fuck you!” From the example above, the words Fuck can be concluded into insult (imperative verb + object) because the speaker wants to abuse or harm others, and it is just the same with the insulting words as a noun. Nevertheless, an insult in these types is consisting of an imperative verb and followed by an object. Usually, people express a command then follow by the object to complete the sentence. f) Insulting request to go away: Example of use: “Fuck off!” From the example above, the words fuck off is used to request people to leave or go away from the speaker. The insulting request to go away means that the speaker asks people to move by using a swear word. g) Expression of Unconcern: Example of use: “They can come and arrest me if they want to, I don’t give a fuck.”

(29) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 16 From the example above, the speaker expresses his/her emotion of unconcern to the people who want to come and arrest the speaker. It means that this expression is used to express an ignorance against the situation or other by using swear word. h) Violent Refusal/Rejection/Defiance: Example of use: “Give me a kiss – Get stuffed!” From the example above, it shows that the speaker refuses the people request. It means that violent refusal is used to reject or refuse something or someone’s idea by using swear word. i) Intensifying Adjective/Adverb: Example of use: “Put the fucking cat out! Look!” From the example above, the word fucking meant that the speaker wants to emphasize the cat that should be putted out. It means that this swearing expression is used to intensify or strengthen somethings that speaker wants by using a swear word. In addition, Swan explains when people use swear word to emphasize an emotion it includes in Intensifying swear word. j) Miscellaneous: Example of use: “Somebody’s fucked up the TV” From the example above, the speaker tells that somebody destroys the TV. It means that this swearing expression is used by people to tell something which means ruin, destroy, and spoil. Based on Swan (2005), swear words which are common in this category are fucked up, bugger up and screw up, these swear words can be interpreted as the ruin, spoil, and destroy.

(30) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 17 6. Positive and Negative Connotations Reason for swearing depends on the intention of the speaker. It may be used in the positive or negative connotations. Sex-related swear words can be used to get personal or interpersonal outcomes which may be negative or positive of their impact on others. Jay (2009) states, in the positive personal outcomes, the sexrelated swear word is used in the situations of joking, social commentary, sex talk, and storytelling in order to promote social harmony. In negative personal outcomes, the sex-related swear word is used in negative context. Furthermore, those connotations are still regarded as impolite. B. Theoretical Framework This research aims to analyze swearing in The Wolf of Wall Street movie concerning a main problem, it is the categorization of sex-related swear words used by Jordan Belfort. In this part, the researcher synthesizes major theories to help in conducting the research and answering the research questions. The researcher discusses the context of sex-related swear words that exist in Jordan's utterances. The context is used to find out the sex-related swear words. In this research, the researcher uses Holmes’ (2001) theory of contextual meaning. There are four important components to conduct the context. They are the participant, the setting or social context of interaction, the topic, and the function. Moreover, the researcher categorizes the impetus of the sex-related swear words and swearing expressions into two categories by using Timothy Jay’s (2008) theory. The theory that has explained by Jay are propositional and nonpropositional. This theory is adopted by the researcher to answer the research

(31) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 18 question. This analysis is necessary to observe the previous and afterward of each utterance by looking on the scripts. It is made the researcher get valid analysis based on the context of the conversation. In order to analyze the notion of the swearing expressions, the researcher utilizes the theory of swearing expressions by Swan (2005). Those are, exclamation of annoyance, exclamation of surprise, surprised question, insult (noun), insult (imperative verb + object), insulting request to go away, expression of unconcern, violent refusal/rejection/defiance, intensifying adjective/adverb, and miscellaneous. In addition, the researcher uses Jay’s (2009) to analyze the connotations of sex-related swear words. They are negative and positive connotations.

(32) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY This chapter presents research methodology to answer the research questions stated in the first chapter. This chapter comprises five parts, namely the research method, the research setting, the data source and size, instrument and data gathering technique, and data analysis technique. A. Research Method In this research, descriptive and qualitative research are applied to gather and analyze the data. According to Leedy and Ormrod (2016), descriptive research is employed to describe characteristics of a phenomenon or population being studied. The research is concerned on the “what” question rather than “why” question. Moreover, the research elaborate the data in numarical statistics in order to answer the research question. However, qualitative research thus refers to the meaning, definitions, concepts, characteristics, symbol, metaphor, and descriptions of things (Berg, 2007). Based on Ary, Jacobs, and Razavieh (2002), qualitative research focuses on understanding social phenomena from the perspective of the human participants and in a form of interpretative descriptive research. The descriptive and qualitative research are determined to be the most appropriate method of this research because this research is conducted qualitative and descriptive methods. Descriptive research is employed to explain the data result in a form of statistics and it is used to answer the first research question. Qualitative research is employed to interpret and explain the data result analysis in a form of 19

(33) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 20 narrative and it is used to answer the second research question. Moreover, descriptive qualitative research is used to better understand research problems by uniting broad numeric trends from quantitative research and the detail from qualitative research. B. Type and Source of Data In this research, the sex-related swear words were the types of data to be analyzed. The researcher limited three kinds of sex-related swear words, namely fuck, fucking, and fucked. Those data were taken from the Jordan Belfort’s utterances in The Wolf of Wall Street movie. In conducting this research, there were two major data sources involved. 1. Digital Sources In order to gain the data, the researcher used digital sources from the internet. The data were downloaded from the two selected websites. The first one was www.indoxx1.com. This was a website that people used to download the movies online. Indoxx1 was used by the researcher to get the movie. The reason because it was a very popular website to stream and download a movie online in Indonesia. Indoxx1 provided a lot of movies that were up to date and it is also freeaccess for all people. The other website was www.subscene.com. This website helped the researcher to get the script of the movie. The researcher chose this website because it is a popular website where the trusted translators could upload their translation movies' script.

(34) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 21 2. Document Source According to O'Leary's (2014) theory, the document which was used to obtain the data were public records, physical evidence, and personal document. In this research, a document was used as the secondary data source which was taken from the script of The Wolf of Wall Street movie. Virtual document was used as a secondary source of the data to conduct this research. There were 226 sex-related swear words uttered by Jordan Belfort in the movie. From the data collection, all of the sex-related swear words was listed, then code and classified it into two types categorization; appearances, and swearing expressions of sex-related swear words. C. Instruments and Data Gathering Technique This research used tables and cross tabulations as the instruments in the process of gathering the data. The tables were employed to classify the categories of the sex-related swear words and the cross tabulation was used to figure out the most frequent of sex-related swear words which were uttered by Jordan Belfort’s. In this research, Jay’s classification was used to analyze the appearance categories of sex-related swear words . Jay (2008) states, there are two categories of swearing based on the appearances, namely propositional and non-propositional. For the category of swearing expressions, this research used Swan’s (2005) theory. There are ten swearing expressions of sex-related swear words, namely violent refusal, exclamation of surprise, surprised question, exclamation of annoyance, exclamation of unconcern, insult (imperative verb + object),

(35) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 22 intensifier/intensifying, insult as a noun, insulting request to go away, and miscellaneous. In addition, Gay (1987) states, observation is one of three techniques that could be used in collecting the data in descriptive and qualitative research. While observing the movie, there were four steps which undergone this technique. 1. Watching the movie The researcher watched The Wolf of Wall Street movie for three times, in order to understand the context of the sex-related swear word utterances. 2. Taking notes The words, phrases, clauses, or sentences that contained sex-related swear words was noted based on three theories. Holmes (2001), Swan (2005), and Jay (1992), the theories were used to decide what sex-related swear words that used by Jordan Belfort in the movie. 3. Validating the transcript In order to make sure the valid transcriptions, the script from subtitle file was compared with the movie. 4. Recording the data The data was collected to obtain from the observation to be tabulated into the table as the instrument of this research.

(36) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 23 Table 3.1 Categorization of Sex-Related Swear Words Swear Word Variation No Utterances VR ES SQ N P N Fuck Propositional Non-Propositional 2A EA P EU IV IT N IA IN M P Jordan: I heard some stupid shit. I don’t know. Fuck, I didn’t even want to bring it up. It’s just... it’s stupid. Notes: Abbreviations: EA : Exclamation of Annoyance IN : Insult (noun) EU : Exclamation of Unconcern SQ : Surprised Question IV : Insult (imperative verb + Object) M : Miscellaneous IT : Intensifying Adverb/Adjective IA : Insulting request to go away ES : Exclamation of Surprise 1A : number of sex-related swear word (fuck) P : Positive Connotation N : Negative Connotation D. Data Analysis Techniques In order to analyze the data, the researcher adapted Cresswell’s (2009) theory. There are four steps in descriptive qualitative data analysis procedure, which are reading all of the data, coding, generating the description, and represent the categories in the narration.

(37) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 24 1. Read all the data The researcher read all of the sex-related swear words from the table that had been collected. This step was used by the researcher to check whether there were mistakes in the process of gathering the data. 2. Coding The sex-related swear words were classified in the column of the table based on the swearing category and the swearing expressions category. For the categories of swearing used Jay’s (2009) theory. In this categorization, only put one category in a sex-related swear words utterance. For the swearing expressions, the researcher used Swan’s (2005) theory of swearing expressions. 3. Generating Description The data categorized based on the category by counting and analyzing in one group. In this step, the researcher also gave the descriptions of each category. 4. Represent in Narration The categories were represented in the narrations. In this step, the researcher discussed the details of each category by showing an example of the data from each category in the narration. In addition, cross tabulations were used to figure out the most frequent of the sex-related swear words. The cross tabulation was presented in the result and discussion and used to make conclusions.

(38) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI CHAPTER IV RESEARCH RESULTS AND DISCUSSION In this chapter, the researcher discusses the result of the research in an attempt to answer the research questions. The first research question aims to find out the categories of sex-related swear words according to its impetus. The second research question aims to find out the notions of sex-related swear word in communication. The researcher divides this chapter into two sections. The first section elaborates the analysis of the sex-related swear words categories according to their impetuses. The second section elaborates the analysis the notion of sexrelated swear words which have been analyzed in the first section. A. Swearing Categories of Sex-Related Swear Words In the first analysis, the researcher aimed to answer the first research question. The first research question categorized sex-related swear words into two swearing categories. They were propositional and non-propositional swearing category. Based on Jay (2002) explains that propositional swearing occurred intentionally. The speaker consciously planned to swear and the speakers controlled the content of their utterances. It meant that the speaker wanted to uttered a swear word and they also could control the utterance that they had said. Besides, nonpropositional swearing is unplanned, uncontrollable, and unintentional. Means, the speakers utter the sex-related swear words spontaneously, and they are not able to control the sex-related swear words that has been uttered. The speaker automatically utters the swear word to give emotional responses (Jay, 2008). 25

(39) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 26 159 30 25 8 4 0 Non-Propositional Fuck Propositional Fucking Fucked Figure 4.1 Frequency of Swearing Categories Figure 4.1 showed non-propositional and propositional swearing category were found in Jordan Belfort’s sex-related swear words. There found 226 sexrelated swear words which belonged both swearing categories. In non-propositional swearing category, 33 sex-related swear words were suddenly appeared which consisted of 25 words fuck, and 8 words fucking. However, there found 193 sexrelated swear words were categorized to propositional swearing category. Those 193 sex-related swear words were intentionally uttered by Jordan Belfort and they were consisted of 30 words fuck, 159 words fucking, and 4 words fucked. Both swearing categories would be discussed in the following explanations. 1. Non-Propositional Swearing Category In non-propositional swearing category, the found 33 sex-related swear words were categorized into non-propositional swearing category because the swear words which were appeared unintentionally, surprisingly, uncontrollable,

(40) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 27 and unplanned. The following explanation was the examples of sex-related swear words which belonged to non-propositional swearing category. a) Fuck 55A Violet Jordan Violet Denham Jordan Denham : Mr. Jordan, you got a visitor. : What? : You’ve got a visitor. : I need you get dressed. : Why? What the fuck is going on? : You are going to jail. The conversation above happened when Jordan was sleeping in his home. Violet as his servant told to Jordan that Denham came to his house. Then Jordan was surprised, because Denham was coming to his home in the morning. He also was surprised when Denham asked him to get dressed, but he did not know anything with his problem. After that Jordan automatically replied “what the fuck is going on?”. It showed that the Jordan’s utterance was unintentional and unplanned. By knowing this explanation above, the researcher concluded that this expression was included into non-propositional swearing category. b) Fucking 46B Naomi: There were four right here. Jordan: Ugh! Are you fucking serious? Right there? The conversation above happened when Naomi tried to explain the tragedy in their apartment. Naomi told to Jordan that his servants had a homosexual party in their apartment. She explained there were four people did sex in their chair which they were sitting in. Jordan was surprised because Naomi did not tell to Jordan

(41) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 28 earlier before he sitted in that sofa. The sex-related swear word fucking showed that Jordan was surprised with Naomi’s explanation. The word fucking was uttered Jordan spontaneously. The utterance fucking was unintentionally happened. Jordan did not any plan to insult or used fucking to attack Naomi but he was surprised and automaticly used that word to express his emotion. From the explanation above, it could be concluded that the word fucking categorized to non-propositional swearing category because the sex-related swear word was spontaneously uttered by the speaker. 2. Propositional Swearing Category In propositional swearing category, the found 193 sex-related swear words were categorized into non-propositional swearing category because the swear words which were appeared intentionally and planned. The following explanations were the examples of sex-related sweawr words which belonged to nonpropositional swearing category. a. Fuck 45A Denham : Good to see you again, Jordan. You are under arrest! Jordan : You gotta be joking! You are kidding me. Hey, get the fuck away from me! Denham : Turn that camera off. Jordan : I’m fucking shooting a fucking infomercial here, you fucking cocksucker! Fuck you, you motherfucker! In the dialogue above happened when Jordan was caught by Denham in the roof top when Jordan made his business video. From conversation above could be seen that Jordan added swear word fuck between the words “get the & away from me!”. Jordan’s utterances “get the fuck away from me” was used by Jordan to insist

(42) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 29 other people to leave or go away from him. This utterance be the strongest way of Jordan to insist and press Denham to go away from him and feel uncomfortable with him. Moreover, the swear word fuck also intentionally uttered by the speaker, because the speaker could control the utterances that he produced. He really wanted to make Denham leave and go away from him. Which is to say, this swearing category concluded into propositional swearing. b. Fucking 102B Jean : You ate 2 million? Donnie : Later Jordan : Get off the phone. Get off the fucking phone! Idiot! Data number 102B was the example of this sex-related swear word fucking in this category. It happened when Jordan known that all of his phone was tapped of the FBI. He saw that Donnie talked to Jean with his phone in his house. Then, Jordan asked Donnie to cut their conversation but Donnie did not understand about it because they were getting drunk. This swear word belonged to propositional swearing category because this sex-related swear word fucking uttered intentionally. Jordan conciously uttered fucking because he really wanted Donnie to get off from the phone. Moreover, there was no surprised emotion of this swearing. Thus, it could be concluded that the word fucking belonged to propositional swearing category. c. Fucked 4C Jordan : I’m sober for two years And this happens! Rugrat goes and gets busted down in Miami. And guess who the fuck with? Saurel. I mean, what are the fucking odds? Even more fucked was that he

(43) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 30 got busted for shit that had nothing to do with me. It had nothing to fucking do with me. The utterances above happened when Jordan was telling to the audience about the destruction of his company. In that moment Jordan told to the audience that all of his partner was caught by the police. The utterances could be concluded into miscellaneous category, because the swear word fucked was used by Jordan Belfort as a replacement of word worst of something and it could be told spoiled. This utterance was consciously uttered by the speaker, there was no reaction of replying something. Then this category could be concluded into propositional swearing, because this utterance did not suddenly utter by the speaker. B. The Notions of Sex-Related Swear Words After categorized the sex-related swear words into two major types (propositional and non-propositional) according to their impetuses, the notions of Jordan Belfort’s sex-related swear words were discussed in this section. Every sexrelated swear word had its notions. According to Jay (2008) swearing is a tool of language which is used to express the speaker emotions and communicate the information to the listeners. This sections elaborated the notions of sex-related swear words which had been categorized into non-propositional swearing category and propositional swearing category. In order to analyze the notions the researcher used Swan (2005) theory of 10 Swearing Expressions. However, in this research was found nin swearing expressions which was used by Jordan Belfort. Those nine swearing expressions would be elaborated in the following figure.

(44) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 31 161 22 1 7 8 1 13 7 6 Figure 4.2 The Frequency of Swearing Expressions Figure 4.2 showed, there were 226 sex-related swear words utterances that belonged to nine swearing expressions. Furthermore, the most frequent swearing expression was used by Jordan was sex-related swear words as intensifying. There found 161 sex-related swear words had the notions as intensifier. The explanations of 9 swearing expressions were elaborated in following section. 1. Non-Propositional Swearing Category In non-propositional swearing category, there found 33 sex-related swear words. Those 33 sex-related swear words belonged to four swearing expressions. Those 33 sex-related swear words can be seen in the following figure.

(45) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 32 20 5 0 1 Violent Refusal 2 3 2 0 Exclamation of Surprise positive Surprised Question Exclamation of Annoyance negative Figure 4.2 The Frequency of Sex-Related Swear Words Figure 4.2 showed, there were thirty-three sex-related swear words utterances that were included into non-propositional and categorized into four swearing expressions. Furthermore, the researcher only found two kinds of sexrelated swear word which were categorized to non-propositional. Jay (2008) states that swearing is used to express the speaker’s emotion and communicating the information to listeners. The researcher concluded that all sexrelated swear words could have their intention, either to show emotion or to communicate. Sex-related swear words were used to express emotion of the speaker to the listener and depends on the situation and condition. The swearing expressions of each sex-related swear word were discussed in the following section. a. Violent Refusal / Rejection / Defiance In this swearing expression, the researcher found sex-related swear word fuck. Only one utterance was used to express this expression. This swearing

(46) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 33 expression was used to express the emotion of rejection. This following monolog was the example of violent refusal swearing expression in this movie. 2A Jordan: I heard some stupid shit. I don't know. Fuck, I didn’t even want to bring it up. It’s just. It’s stupid. The monolog happened when Jordan Belfort was having lunch with Donnie Asof in a restaurant. They discussed Donnie's life experiences. Jordan heard that Donnie married with his cousin. It made Jordan was surprised and curious about Donnie. After that, Jordan opened the conversation about Donnie's marriage. Actually, Jordan refused to open that topic. The refusing showed by swearing fuck. The sex-related swear word fuck belonged to violent refusal swearing expression because it was used by Jordan to express his refusal toward his acts. It was supported by the utterances after word fuck. “I didn’t even want to bring it up. It’s just, it’s just stupid.” It showed that Jordan refused to open the topic that he did not want to talk about. This sex-related swear word belonged to non-propositional swearing category because the swear word was spontaneously uttered by the speaker. Jordan did not plan to use the swear word and he accidentally uttered fuck to express his refusal to talk about the topic. b. Exclamation of Surprise This swearing expression was found in the sex-related swear word fuck. There were nine sex-related swear words fuck in exclamation of surprise. This expression was categorized to non-propositional swearing because this expression was used in surprised situation. Furthermore, exclamation of surprise was also uncontrollable and unintentional. According to Jay (2008), non-propositional

(47) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 34 swearing is unintentional, unplanned and uncontrollable. It involves automatic emotional responses, occurring most frequently in response to sudden bursts of emotion (e. g., surprise). Besides, exclamation of surprise was divided into two connotations. They were negative and positive connotation. Both of them did not affect the researcher to put this expression into non-propositional swearing because the key to analyzing this section depended on the swear words utterances in surprise expression. In this expression, there were seven swear word belong to negative connotations and two to positive connotations. These were the examples of the expression. 1) Positive Connotation Here the example of exclamation of surprise with positive connotation: 3A Jordan Belfort : You got me a present? Donnie : I got you something. Jordan Belfort : Oh, fuck. You’re sweet. The conversation above was the first example of sex-related swear word fuck which belonged to exclamation of surprise with a positive connotation. This moment happened when Jordan Belfort was talking with Donnie in the bar after Donnie decided to leave this job and joined Jordan. When they were having a conversation, Donnie Asof gave Jordan a present. Then, Jordan was shocked because of it. The word fuck belonged to exclamation of surprise with positive connotation because the word fuck was uttered in a surprised condition and it was also followed by a compliment sentence. This example was also categorized to non-

(48) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 35 propositional swearing category because the sex-related swear word suddenly occurred and the speaker did not plan to utter the sex-related swear word. 2) Negative Connotation Here the example of exclamation of surprise with negative connotation: 40A Naomi Jordan Naomi Jordan Naomi Jordan Naomi Jordan : She’s dead! : Who? Who’s dead? : I just got a call from my cousin Betty. : Yeah? : Aunt Emma is dead. : Are you fucking kidding me? : No. : You’re serious? Oh, my God! Baby that’s. Oh, fuck! The example above happened when Jordan was talking with Naomi in his yacht. Naomi came to Jordan when she was crying. Then, Jordan asked about it and Naomi gave a bad news to him. Naomi told to Jordan that her aunty was dead. It surprised him and suddenly reacted “Oh, fuck!”. It showed that his utterances were not planned and uncontrollable because Jordan was uttered it automatically when Naomi just said about it twice. This utterance belonged to non-propositional swearing category because it was spontaneously uttered by Jordan Belfot. Besides, the word fuck included into exclamation of surprise with negative connotation because Jordan uttered fuck to show his sadness. c. Surprised Question The third sex-related swear words of swearing expression which would be discussed was surprised question. This swearing expression was used to show an expression of surprise with a question. In this expression, the researcher also found two connotations. There was a surprised question with a negative connotation and

(49) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 36 surprised question with a positive connotation. Jay (2009) states “Taboo words can be used to achieve a variety of personal and interpersonal outcomes that may be positive, negative, or inconsequential in terms of their impact on other” (p. 8). In this movie, the researcher found 14 words fuck and 8 words fucking that belonged to surprised question. Furthermore, these 22 utterances had the same purpose with the exclamation of surprise swearing expression. It was used to express the surprised reaction against other people or situations. Nevertheless, in this expression, the speaker used a question to express their surprise that containing questions word (who, when, what, why, where, and how) and a question mark (?) in the utterances. In this movie, the researcher found 14 words fuck that belonged to surprised question with a negative connotation. Besides, the researcher did not find the surprised question with positive connotation from Jordan Belfort utterances. The following conversation was the example of surprised question expression with a negative connotation. 18A Janet Jordan Janet Jordan : Jordan! Barry Kleinman’s on the phone from Future Video. : Who? : I don’t know. He shot at your wedding. He says it’s urgent. : Urgent? Who the fuck is Barry Kleinman? The conversation number 18A was the example of surprised question expression with a negative connotation. At that scene, Jordan was having a celebration with Donnie in Jordan's office room because they got a big profit from their business. When they were celebrating it, Janet told Jordan that he got a calling

(50) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 37 from Barry Kleinman. Barry was a videographer of Jordan Belfort’s Wedding party. The sex-related swear word fuck belonged to surprised question expression because Jordan Belfort was surprised when he got an important call from a stranger and he spontaneously uttered the sex-related swear words fuck with a question. This swear word fuck was included into negative connotation because it was used by Jordan Belfort to express his curiosity to the caller. It was showed when Jordan uttered “urgent? Who the fuck is Barry Kleinman?”. He was curious to the caller because the caller was a stranger and the caller asked him to pick up the phone when he was celebrating his big salary. However, Jordan's utterance was unintentional and unplanned. By knowing this explanation above, the researcher concludes that this expression was included into non-propositional swearing category. In this movie, the researcher found eight words fucking that belonged to surprised question with positive and negative connotations. There were six words fucking belonged to surprised question with negative connotation and two fucking words with positive connotation. The following conversation was the example of surprised question expression with a negative connotation. The following conversations were the examples of both connotations. 1) Positive Connotation Here the example of surprised question with positive connotation: 97B Donnie : Twenty real Lemons. Retired pharmacist’s client of mice, they’ve been in the safe for 15 years. Jordan : Are you fucking kidding me? Lemmons?

(51) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 38 The conversations number 97B happened when Donnie gave a present for Jordan in his office. Donnie gave present lemmons. In that case, Lemmons meant a kind of drug which would make people drunk. At that moment, Jordan was so happy because Donnie gave his favorite present. The swear word fucking represented Jordan’s emotion. Jordan shocked got a present from Donnie. This fucking belonged to positive connotation because this sex-related swear word was used by Jordan to express his happiness when he got that present. 2) Negative Connotation Here the example of surprised question with negative connotation: 42B Naomi : You were calling her name in your sleep! Jordan : Are you out of your fucking mind? I don’t. The utterances number 42B were the example of Jordan's utterances. He used sex-related swear words fucking to express his negative feeling in surprise emotion. This conversation happened when Jordan had a conflict with Naomi at his house in the morning. Jordan was so angry with Naomi. She accused that Jordan cheated with another girl. The sex-related swear word fucking was used by Jordan Belfort to express his surprise emotion of Naomi's accusation in form of a question. It was included in negative connotation because this sex-related swear word was also to express his anger emotion. This example belonged to non-propositional swearing category because the sex-related swear word fucking was uttered spontaneously. Jordan accidentally replied to Naomi's statement, then a surprised question sentence was used to express Jordan's feeling.

(52) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 39 d. Exclamation of Annoyance The fourth swearing expression belonged to non-propositional swearing category was exclamation of annoyance. In this movie, three sex-related swear word of swear words fuck uttered by Jordan Belfort belonged to exclamation of annoyance in non-propositional swearing category. However, five sex-related swear words fuck also belonged to propositional swearing category. There were three utterances which belonged to this expression and this category. Each utterance was used to express annoyance against other characters or situations. The researcher also found that this expression was used to express Jordan’s annoyance toward other people act. Some of Jordan's utterances were suddenly uttered. Thus, some of the sex-related swear word fuck in this expression belonged to non-propositional category. The following explanation was the example of exclamation of annoyance. 44A Jordan : Get the fucking ludes! Donnie : What are you saying! Jordan : Fuck! Get the ludes! Donnie : I can’t go down there, Jordan. It’s flooded. It’s three feet of water down there! Jordan : I will not die sobet! Get those fucking ludes! At this scene, Jordan and Donnie were in the yacht and were going to Monaco. They want to go to the Swiss Bank because Jordan's money would be gone if he was not at that place on that day. Then, Jordan enforced the captain to go to Monaco even though the weather was not good to sail. In the halfway, the weather was getting worse. Then, they were afraid and Jordan asked Donnie to take some methamphetamines in the downstairs. That were used to make them drunk and did not feel afraid anymore. In fact, Donnie did not understand what Jordan meant,

(53) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 40 because Jordan was saying softly. The sex-related swear word fuck belonged to exclamation of annoyance because the sex-related swear word fuck was suddenly uttered and it was used to express his annoyance toward Donnie. He was annoyed of Donnie because he did not understand what Jordan said, and it made Jordan asked repeatedly. By knowing the facts that had explained, this swearing expression could be included into non-propositional swearing category. 2. Propositional Swearing Category This section discussed the sex-related swear words which belonged to propositional swearing category. The researcher found out and analyzed 193 sexrelated swear words were uttered and used by Jordan Belfort in the movie. The most used in sex-related swear words which appeared were fuck, fucking, and fucked. The researcher analyzed the swearing expression of each sex-related swear word. In order to analyze the swearing expression of sex-related swear word, the researcher adapted Swan’s (2005) theory about swearing expressions. In propositional swearing category, the researcher found 193 sex-related swear words which were categorized to propositional swearing category. They were categorized to propositional because all of that sex-related swear words were appeared intentionally and planned. These following expressions below were analyzed based on the context of Jordan Belfort utterances.

(54) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 41 100 61 Positive Negative 13 7 5 0 0 1 0 0 6 0 Figure 4.3 The Frequency of Sex-Related Swear Words Figure 4.3 showed propositional swearing category found in the Jordan Belfort utterances. There were 193 sex-related swear words that belonged to propositional. Jay (2008) states, swearing is used to express the speaker’s emotion and communicating the information to listeners. It could be concluded that swearing was used to express his emotion. Every sex-related swear word also had a swearing expression. The swearing expressions of 193 sex-related swear words were exclamation of annoyance, exclamation of unconcern, insult (imperative verb + object), intensifier/intensifying, insulting request to go away, and miscellaneous. Those swearing expressions were discussed in the following explanation. a. Exclamation of Annoyance This swearing category was also included into propositional category because some of the sex-related swear words occurred intentionally and planned.

(55) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 42 There were five utterances included in this expression. Each utterance was used to express annoyance against other characters or situations. This expression is used to express emotion of annoyance that people did not like or want. Furthermore, this swearing expression only appeared in word fuck. The following explanation was exclamation of annoyance which used by Jordan Belfort in the movie. 7A Jordan : Can you get him out of here? Janet : Yeah. Lick my twat. Jordan : No, I’m serious! Fuck. Guys, act like we’re working. You got any fucking stock forms? This utterance happened when Janet told to Jordan that his dad was coming to his office. Jordan asked Janet to make his dad did not go to his room but Janet replied with a joke. Then, Jordan was angry and insulted her because he told her seriously. The sex-related swear word fuck was used to express his anger against Janet. He felt annoyed of Janet because Janet did not respond Jordan’s order seriously. This sex-related swear word was also included into propositional swearing category because it was uttered by Jordan intentionally, and he could control his utterances to express his emotion. b. Exclamation of Unconcern The second swearing expression was exclamation of unconcern. This expression was used to express an ignorance toward others characters or situations. In this movie, the researcher only found a sex-related swear word fuck used by Jordan Belfort to express his unconcern. The following section was the example of the used of exclamation of unconcern.

(56) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 43 6A Jordan : They don’t know, right? They gotta think about it, they gotta talk to their fucking wives, or the fucking Tooth Fairy. Point is, it doesn’t matter what the fuck they say. The only real objection that they have is that they don’t trust you guys. The monolog above happened when Jordan was explaining about their job to his employee in his new company. He explained the trick to provoke the customer to buy the stock that Jordan's company provided. At this scene, Jordan also gave a real example about their job with a real customer. The sex-related swear word fuck was used by Jordan Belfort to explain his unconcern toward his customer. He also thought that the customer did not trust the employees too. He told to his employees that their job only to get the money from the customer. So, they did not need to pay attention to the customer’s saying and just ignored it. It showed on "it doesn't matter what the fuck they say” from Jordan’s utterance. Based on that utterance, this expression could be categorized as propositional swearing category because the speaker used the sex-related swear word intentionally, and he could control what he wants to say. This utterance was also not suddenly uttered like the previous category. c. Insult (Imperative Verb + Object) The third swearing expression was insult (imperative + object). Actually, insults were separated into two kind of expressions. There were insult as a noun and insult with (imperative verb + object). In this part, the researcher only found the sex-related swear words to insult (imperative verb + object). This section discussed about insult with imperative verb + object. There were 13 sex-related swear words fuck belonged to this expression. The sex-related swear word fuck stands for an

(57) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 44 imperative verb (express a command) then followed by an object to complete the sex-related swear word. However, this expression could not be divided into negative or positive connotation, it was because all of sex-related swear word in this expressions had bad meanings. It was used to harm other people. They might use this expression when they were angry with someone. The following sentence was the example of insult with (imperative verb+object). 46A Denham : Good to see you again, Jordan. You are under arrest! Jordan : You gotta be joking! You are kidding me. Hey, get the fuck away from me! Denham : Turn that camera off. Jordan : I’m fucking shooting a fucking infomercial here, you fucking cocksucker! Fuck you, you motherfucker! The dialogue above happened when Denham was catching Jordan in the rooftop. Jordan was a fugitive of America's Police. Denham wants to catch Jordan when he was making his business video. Jordan shocked when he met Denham in that place. Jordan refused to go with Denham then uttered swear words to him. One of the sex-related swear words was "fuck you". Jordan directly insulted the police in order to express his emotion. He was very angry with Denham and uttered sexrelated swear word fuck then followed by “you”. The sex-related swear word "fuck you" was included into insult as an imperative verb. The sex-related swear word fuck which uttered by Jordan was intentionally created and he also consciously planned to use this sex-related swear word in order to express his expression. It means that Jordan could control his swearing while delivering his emotion.

(58) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 45 d. Intensifier / Intensifying The researcher found intensifier/intensifying as an expression of sex-related swear words. In the data, the researcher found four sex-related swear words fuck and 157 sex-related swear words fucking which were used by Jordan Belfort to express his emotion. This expression was used to emphasize his intention. This swearing expression mostly stands as an adjective or an adverb and it would be used to intensify a word/phrase. In this expression, the sex-related swear word would not make a different meaning if the sex-related swear word was deleted in the sentence. The sex-related swear word fuck and fucking were used only as additional words in order to intensify his intention. The following conversation were the examples of fuck and fucking in this expression. Negative connotation 17A Donnie : Hey, Jordan! Welcome. Jordan : Steve here yet? Troops are all here, everyone’s all rallied, excited. What the fuck is that kid doing? What’s he doing? The biggest IPO in this firm’s history. What the fuck is he doing? Janet : Is he ... Is he wearing a bow tie? The conversation above happened when Jordan Belfort arrived in his office. Donnie and Janet were welcoming him because it was a big day for his office. At that moment, one of his employees was washing an aquarium and he made Jordan angry. The sex-related swear word fuck in the dialogue above was used by Jordan Belfort to emphasize his utterances. Meanwhile, Jordan uttered the sex-related swear word swear word fuck twice in his utterances. They were different, the second sex-related swear word fuck was used to emphasize his question towards his

(59) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 46 employee’s act and it delivered intentionally. Which is to say, this swearing expression belonged to propositional swearing. 1) Positive Connotation Here the example of intensifier with positive connotation: 12B Chester Jordan : I can sell anything. Shit, I can sell ludes to a convent full of nuns, and get them so horny they’d be fucking each other. : That’s the attitude. You can sell anything? Sell me this fucking pen right here. You can sell anything. Sell that. Go ahead. Sell me the pen. This conversation number 12B happened when Jordan Belfort had a dinner with his old friends in a restaurant. It happened because Jordan invited his friends to join his company. Jordan was explaining about his job to his friends. Then, Chester was telling to all of them that he could sell anything, like methamphetamine to the nuns and so on. After that, Jordan challenged Chester to sell a pan that Jordan brought. The sex-related swear word fucking was used by Jordan Belfort to emphasize the pan that Jordan brought. It could be concluded as an intensifier because the sex-related fucking was used by Jordan Belfort to make the pen was stronger. Besides, if the sex-related swear word fucking was deleted by Jordan Belfort, the intention would same like the utterances before. Furthermore, these utterances could belong to the positive connotation because in this context the speaker was talking to his friend without anger emotion. Thus, this example above belongs to propositional swearing category because the sex-related swear word fucking was uttered consciously and it was planned by Jordan.

(60) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 47 2) Negative Connotation Here the example of intensifier with negative connotation: 96B Jordan : He’s got a gun, you fucking idiot! Donnie : I put that one in there! You know what you are a fucking dealer. I got fice more just like you, bro. The utterances above occurred when Donnie had a conflict with Brad, and Jordan was the mediator of them. The conflict happened in Jordan's house. Brand refused to bring Donnie's money to Swiss because he thought that it was out of the contract. Donnie was angry because he also contributed in this case, so he wants Brad’s wife also bring his money to Swiss Bank. In that case, Donnie mocked Brad, then they got a conflict. Jordan tried to neutralize the situation but they refused it. Then, Jordan was angry and mocked Donnie that he was an idiot person. The sexrelated swear word fucking was used by Jordan Belfort, to emphasize that Donnie was really an idiot. These utterances also belonged to negative connotation because the sex-related swear word fucking was used by the speaker to emphasize bad intention “you idiot”. This sex-related swear word belonged into propositional swearing category because it was uttered intentionally. Thus, Jordan could control the content of his utterances. e. Insulting Request to Go Away The fifth swearing expression of this section was insulting request to go away. The purpose of this expression was to request or make someone to leave or go away from the speaker. Moreover, in this swearing expression, there found seven sex-related swear words which consisted of five words fuck and two words fucking.

(61) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 48 Those sex-related swear words always had a negative connotation toward the listener. This swearing expression belonged to propositional category because the sex-related swear word fuck was uttered by the character intentionally. These following conversation were the examples of insulting request to go away. 30A Police Jordan Police Jordan Police Jordan : Mr. Belfort? Mr. Belfort? : Get the fuck out of here. Fuck. : Sir, we need to ask you some questions. : Are you fucking kidding me? Fuck you. : Come on, get up. : Get the fuck out of my house. This conversation above happened when the police came to Jordan’s house. It happened because Jordan ruined the traffic signs. Jordan was driving a car and damage the traffic signs when he was drunk. In the morning, the police came to his house and asked him a question. Jordan was upset and angry because the police disturbed him while he was sleeping. Then, Jordan asked the police to leave his house by uttered "get the fuck out". The utterance "get the fuck out" made his request stronger because he feels uncomfortable with the situation. Moreover, the sexrelated swear word fuck was intentionally uttered by the speaker because the speaker could control the utterances that he produced. He really wanted to make Denham leave and go away from him. Thus, this swearing expression was concluded into propositional swearing. 107B Police Jordan : Well? : Wow! Maybe I hadn’t made it home okay. Get out of the fucking way! Fuck!

(62) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 49 The conversation number 107B happened when the police came to Jordan’s house in the morning. The police woke up Jordan to clarify about his act toward the traffic signs. Jordan was so angry because the police woke him up in the early morning without reason. The police asked him to quit from his house, and then Jordan uttered the sex-related swear word fucking. It was used by Jordan Belfort to make the police to go away from the way in form of insult. All of the sex-related swear word which belonged to this expression were included into negative connotation because they were used to insult people. This swearing expression also belonged into propositional swearing category because the sex-related swear word was uttered under the control of Jordan Belfort. He intentionally uttered the sexrelated swear word in order to insult other people. It meant, this swearing expression was categorized to propositional swearing category. f. Miscellaneous The sixth swearing expression was miscellaneous. Swan (1982) adds, “the sex-related fucked commonly used to replace a word which means like destroyed, ruined, and spoiled”. Based on Swan’s (1982) explanation, the researcher argued that the sex-related swear word fucked should belong to miscellaneous of swearing expression. Moreover, Swan (2005) states, “the word that are commonly used in this expression is fucked up, screw up, and bugger up”. In this data analysis, the researcher found two sex-related swear words fuck and four sex-related swear words fucked were categorized to this expression. All of sex-related swear words fuck and fucked were used to replace word destroyed. The conversation below is

(63) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 50 the example of the sex-related swear word fucked that Jordan Belfort used in the movie. 26A Jordan : Boy, Donnie really knew how to celebrate. He said he was saving these for a special occasion. Like a birthday, or being clap free, our money arriving safely in Switzerland. So that night, I cleared my schedule and I rid my body of anything that could fuck with my high. It was celebration time. The monolog above happened when Jordan Belfort was telling to the audience. He told to the audience that Donnie was good in celebrating their fruitfulness. Donnie gave him some pills which had been saved for several years. They were celebrating their happiness with drinking some pills that Donnie gave in Jordan's home. The sex-related swear word fuck was used by Jordan to tell the audience that the pills gave a bad effect. This sex-related swear word occurred because it was used to replace a word but hard to explain This sex-related swear word also could be interpreted as a word that could damage his feeling of drunk. In addition, this sex-related swear word fuck did not suddenly appear or spontaneity spoken by Jordan. The sex-related swear word fuck was uttered intentionally and it not suddenly occurred. Thus, this swearing category could be concluded into propositional swearing. 1C Jordan : See, we were a little different. We liked to get as fucked up as possible during our business powwows in order to stimulate our free-flowing ideas, which is why we were popping these ludes like they were M&M’s. The monologue above happened when Jordan was telling to audience that he and his friends were different like other people. They could be drunk when they

(64) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 51 were discussing their business. Jordan and friends drunk in his new house. They drunk because Jordan celebrated his successes in his company. They also need the methamphetamine to stimulate their free-flowing ideas. The sex-related swear word fucked + up was interpreted as drunk/screwed. Thus, the sex-related swear word fucked belonged to propositional swearing category because the swearing was uttered intentionally when he explained his emotion. From sections A and B, there were 226 sex-related swear words which had swearing expressions. All of the sex-related swear words were classified into two categories (propositional and non-propositional), based on the appearances of the utterances. Moreover, those sex-related swear words were also classified into nine swearing expressions category based on the notions of the utterances. From those findings and discussions, it could be concluded that nine swearing expressions could be categorized into two swearing categories. One of the swearing expressions could be categorized into two swearing categories (propositional and nonpropostional) because these swearing expressions could be used accidentally or intentionally by the speaker.

(65) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI CHAPTER V CONCLUSIONS, IMPLICATIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS This chapter presents three sections, namely conclusions, implications, and recommendations. The first section is conclusions which is summarized the results of the research problems. The second section is implications which explain the implications of this research to English learners, especially to ELESP students. The third section is recommendations which explain the recommendation for ELESP students, and future researchers. A. Conclusions In the first section summarized the results of the research questions. The first research questions aimed to analyze the swearing categories of sex-related swear words based on its impetus (propositional or non-propositional). The second research questions aimed to analyze the notions of sex-related swear words. From the first research question, there found 226 utterances which belonged to sex-related swear words. The sex-related swear words were fuck, fucking and fucked. Those 226 sex-related swear word belonged two swearing categories (nonpropositional and propositional). It could be concluded that both swearing categories (propositional and non-propositional) were used in Jordan's utterances. There were thirty-three sex-related swear words belonged to non-propositional. In this category. However, there were 193 sex-related swear words belonged to propositional category because the sex-related swear words on those swearing expressions were uttered intentionally. From those two findings in non52

(66) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 53 propositional and propositional above, it can be concluded that Jordan used the sexrelated swear words spontaneously and intentionally. Jordan unconsciously and consciously uttered the sex-related swear words in order to express his emotion. In the second research question, the sex-related swear words were classified into nine notions of swearing expressions which were used by Jordan Belfort to express his emotion. They were violent refusal, exclamation of surprise, surprised question, exclamation of annoyance, expression of unconcern, insult (imperative verb +object), intensifying/intensifier, insulting request to go away, and miscellaneous from ten swearing expressions. However, those swearing expressions could be also concluded that those swearing expressions belonged to non-propositional and propositional swearing category. The swearing expressions which belonged to propositional were exclamation of annoyance, exclamation of unconcern, insult (imperative verb + object), intensifying/intensifier, insulting request to go away, and miscellaneous. The swearing expressions which belonged to propositional were exclamation of annoyance, exclamation of unconcern, insult (imperative verb + object), intensifying/intensifier, insulting request to go away, and miscellaneous. It could be concluded that the sex-related swear words uttered by Jordan Belfort have different notions in its expression. The sex-related swear words used by Jordan Belfort to express various expressions and emotions. Moreover, there were 161 of 226 sex-related swear words functioned as intensifier swearing expressions. It can be concluded that Jordan Belfort used the sex-related swear words in order to emphasize his intentions by swearing. In addition, this sexrelated swear word could be uttered/used in positive or negative connotations

(67) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 54 according to the contexts of the speaker and all sex-related swear words are still impolite in daily conversation. B. Implications This research could be used as a reference in learning about sex-related swear words. This research could help English teacher or lecturer to teach pragmatics study. The teacher or lecturer could teach how to analyze the differances of swearing expressions in the sex-related swear words which were uttered by the speaker since the sex-related swear words fuck, fucking, and fucked were very common in the daily conversation. This research could help ELESP students in learning about the expressions behind each sex-related swear word. To analyze the speaker’s swearing expressions, the student could also learn about the notion of each sex-related swear words. With understanding the notions of sex-related swear words, thus makes the students avoid using swear words because they already had the knowledge about the functions and notions of sex-related swear words. C. Recommendations The researcher would like to give some recommendations for the English Language Education Study Program either for the students or the teachers and also for the future researchers. 1. English Language Education Study Program (ELESP) Linguistics is one of the most important subjects that students must understand in studying English. Pragmatics is also one of an important point that

(68) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI 55 students must know. It is because through pragmatic study the students will understand the speaker’s intentions based on the context of each utterance. However, in English Language Education Study Program of Sanata Dharma University, pragmatics is not a compulsory subject. The researcher believes that it will be useful for ELESP students if they can understand deeper about pragmatics. It will be useful when they talk with foreigners since it makes it easier to understand what the speaker means. Then they can get the information clearly and avoid any misunderstanding. 2. Future Researchers This research only analyzed the sex-related swear words of the main character in The Wolf of Wall Street movie. There are a lot of sex-related swear words found in this movie uttered by all the characters. Therefore, it is suggested to analyze all swearing expressions used by Jordan Belfort. The future researcher can also analyze the characteristics of the main character. It is suggested to analyze about sex-related swear words which are used by all the characters in this movie. Moreover, the future researcher can analyze other terms of the sex-related swear words used by the speaker in social media, music, poem, or other movies. Therefore, this research can be used for them as the references to do the research, especially in analyzing sex-related swear words.

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(72) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI APPENDICES 59

(73) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Utterances ES VR Fuck 1A 2A 3A 4A - Jordan Belfort : You want to know what money sound like? Go to a trading flor on Wall Street. fuck this, “shit” that. “cunt”, “ cock”, “asshole”. I couldn’t believe how these guys talked to each other. - Jordan: I heard some stupid shit. I don’t know. Fuck, I didn’t even want to bring it up. It’s just... it’s stupid. - Jordan: You got me a present? - Donnie: I got you something. - Jordan: oh, fuck. You’re sweet. - Sea Otter: There was this one time that I was selling pot this Amish dude. You know those guys who got like the beard with like no mustache or some bullshit? Well, he says that he only wants to make furniture. - Robbie : I don’t understand. - Chaster : What’s that got to do with anything? - Jordan: What the fuck are you talking about? N SQ P N Propositional EA P EA EU IV IT N IA M P √ √ √ √ 60

(74) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Utterances ES VR Fuck 5A 6A 7A 8A 9A P N EA EA EU P IV IT N IA M P √ √ √ √ √ 61 - Sea Otter: I’m not putting words in your mouth or nothing, but you just said that everybody wants to get rich. - Robbie : Holy fuck, you did just say that. - Jordan : What the fuck are you talking about? - Jordan: They don’t know, right? They gotta think about it, they gotta talk to their fucking wives, or the fucking Tooth Fairy. Point is, it doesn’t matter what the fuck they say. - Jordan : Can you get him out of here? - Janet : Yeah. Lick my twat. - Jordan: No, I’m serious! Fuck. Guys, act like we’re working. You got any fucking stock forms? - Donnie : The sides did cure cancer. That’s the problem. That’s why they were expensive. - Jordan: shut the fuck up. Stop. - Donnie : I’m serious. - Jordan: It was obscene. In the normal world. But who the fuck wanted to live there? Go party your fucking cocks off! N SQ Propositional

(75) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Fuck 10A Utterances ES VR 11A 12A 13A - Employees: Wolfie! Wolfie! - Jordan: Fuck Merril Lynch. Fuck them. Why should they be taking all our fucking money all the fucking time? - Jordan: Tea. Fuck, yeah, I wanted to come up for tea. - Jordan: $50,000 was stolen from my fucking sock drawer! All my girlfriend’s jewelry is gone. Where the fuck is it? - Naomi: Who is she? Some little hooker you were fucking last night? - Jordan: what the fuck are you talking about? No. No way, baby, no! 14A - Jordan: I don’t even know who Venice is. What the fuck does that even mean? That’s the stupidest shit I’ve ever heard in my sfucking life! Venice. 15A - Naomi : Kiss you ? - Jordan: Yeah, give me one. Fuck you! N SQ P N Propositional EA EA EU IV P IT N IA M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 62

(76) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Fuck 16A Utterances ES VR 17A 18A 19A 20A - Donnie: Hey Jordan! Welcome. - Jordan : Steve here yet? Troops are all here, everyone’s all rallied, excited. - Jordan: What the fuck is that kid doing? What is he doing? - Jordan: The biggest IPO in this firm’s history. what the fuck is he doing? - Janet : Is he. Is he wearing a bow tie? - Jordan: Who? - Janet: I don’t know. He shot at your wedding. He says it’s urgent. - Jordan: Urgent? Who the fuck is Barry Kleinman? - Barry: Listen, I got this subpoena. - Jordan: Subpoena? What the fuck are you talking about? - Barry: Yeah, the FBI, they want a copy of your wedding video. - Jordan: Well. Yeah, when you sail on a boat fit for a Bond villain, sometimes you need to play the part. Right? I think it’s time you both get the fuck off my boat. - Hughes: What do you say? Hmm? N SQ P N Propositional EA P EA EU IV IT N IA M P √ √ √ √ √ 63

(77) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Fuck 21A Utterances ES VR 22A 23A 24A 25A P N EA P EA EU IV IT N IA M P √ √ √ √ √ 64 - Denham: Because, I mean, fucketyfuck-fuck, Jordan, look at this thing! It’s beautiful! And you goy the beautiful girls there. It’s wonderful. - Jordan: All right, get the fuck off my boat. - Denham: I’m sure we’ll be seeing each other real soon. - Jordan: This was the drool phase. And by 10:00, I didn’t know who or what the fuck I was. The amnesia phase. - Jordan: Jesus Christ! Fuck! Donnie. Donnie, thi isn’t funny. You gotta untie me, buddy. - Donnie: I can’t untie you. The captain tied you up. He almost fucking teasered you. - Donnie: You were screacming at people. - Jordan: Oh, fuck off. - Donnie: You were on the floor rolling around and shit. - Jordan: What I’m asking you Swiss dick, is are you going to fuck me over? - Jean: I understand perfectly, you American shit. N SQ Propositional

(78) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Fuck 26A Utterances ES VR 27A 28A 29A N - Jordan: So that night, I cleared my scadule and I rid my body of anything that could fuck with my high. It was celebration time. - Jordan: I’m at a pay phone. What’s going on? - Bo Dietl: Listen to me carefully. Please. Your little friend there, Brad, your little buddy, he’s in Jail. - Jordan: What the fuck’s he in jail for? P N EA EA P EU IV IT N IA M P √ √ - Bo Dietl: Somebody told me he’s got your phones trapped. Your office and your home. Don’t talk on the motherfucking phone! - Jordan: Okay. Fuck! I got it. I got it. I got it. - Jordan: All right, think, think. What else is there? Yes! I can crawl like Skylar! Fuck! The kid makes it look so goddamn easy! Think, you motherfucker, think! SQ Propositional √ √ 65

(79) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Utterances ES VR Fuck 30A 31A 32A 33A 34A 35A 37A 38A - Police: Mr Belfort? Mr. Belfort? - Jordan: Get the fuck out of here. Fuck. - Police: Sir, we need to ask you some questions. - Jordan: Are you fucking kidding me? Fuck you. - Police: come on, get up. - Jordan: Get the fuck out of my house. - Police: Let’s go. - Jordan: I’ve been here all night. I been sitting here all night. What the fuck are you talking about? - Police: Well? - Jordan: Wow! Maybe I hadn’t made it home okay. Get out of the fucking way! Fuck! - Jordan: Donnie, your little friend is trying to fuck me, you know that. Your little friend is trying to fuck me right in the ass. Get him on the phone now! N SQ P N Propositional EA EA EU IV P IT N IA M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 66

(80) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Utterances ES VR Fuck 39A 40A 41A 42A 43A - Jordan: I want you to get all our clients on the phone right not and have them start selling Steve Madden. We are gonna drive that fucking price down! Do you hear me? Shut the fuck up! This is your fucking friend from high school. If that little fucking pricks thinks he can fuck with me, we’ll turn his company into a penny stock! You hear me? - Naomi: Aunt Emma is dead. - Jordan: Are you fucking kidding me? - Naomi: no. - Jordan: You’re serious? Oh, my God! Baby that’s. Oh, fuck! - Naomi: The last time I talked to her she was fine! She’s not that old. - Jordan: Oh, God! Baby, Oh, God! That’s so fucking terrible! Oh, fuck! It is terrible. - Captain Ted: Hold On! - Jordan: What the fuck is going on out here? - Captain: The Jet Skis just went overboard! N SQ P N Propositional EA EA EU IV P IT N IA M P √ √ √ √ √ 67

(81) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Fuck 44A Utterances ES VR 45A 46A 47A - Donnie: What are you saying! - Jordan: Fuck! Get the ludes! - Donnie: I can’t go down there, Jordan. It’s flooded. It’s three feet of water down there! - Jordan: I will not die sober! Get those fucking ludes! - Donnie: Okay! - Denham: Good to see you again, Jordan. You are under arrest! - Jordan: you gotta be joking! You are kidding me. Hey, get the fuck away from me! - Denham: Turn that comera off. - Jordan: I’m fucking shooting a fucking infomercial here, you fucking cocksucker! Fuck you, you motherfucker! - Denham: Shut the fucking camera off. - Jordan: You don’t got shit on me, you hear me! Go fuck yourself! I’m making an honest living you fucking piece of shit! N SQ P N Propositional EA EA EU IV P IT N IA M P √ √ √ √ 68

(82) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Utterances ES VR Fuck 48A 49A 50A 51A N SQ P N - Denham: Hey, Jordan, let me give you a little legal advice. - Jordan: Shut the fuck up! Oh, fuck you, you fucking prick! I’m making an honest living you motherfucker! - Naomi: Get offf me! I want a divorce. - Jordan: You just made love to me. What the fuck is wrong with you? - Naomi: I don’t love you anymore, Jordan! - Jordan: Oh, you don’t love me? You don’t love me anymore, huh? Well, isn’t that just fucking convenient for you! - Jordan: what kind of person are you? Tell me. - Naomi: You married me! - Jordan: What the fuck is that suppossed to mean? - Naomi: Jordan, this is how it’s gonna go. Propositional EA EA EU IV P IT N √ IA M P √ √ √ 69

(83) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No Utterances ES VR Fuck 54A 55A - Naomi: You are a sick man! - Jordan: Fuck you! I told you, you are not taking my fucking kids! - Naomi: You think I would let my kids near you? Look at yourself! - Violet: Mr. Jordan, you got a visitor. - Jordan: What? - Violet: You’ve got a visitor. - Denham: I need you get dressed. - Jordan: Why? What the fuck is going on? - Denham: You are going to jail. N SQ P N Propositional EA EA EU IV P IT N IA M P √ √ 70

(84) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations ES Utterances SQ IT No EA VR 1B 2B Fucking 3B 4B 5B 6B 7B Propositional - Jordan Belfort : See, money doesn’t just buy you a better life, etter foof, better cars, better pussy. It also makes you a better person. You can give generously to the church or political party of your choice. You can save the fucking spotted owl with money. - Jordan Belfort : I couldn’t believe how these guys talked to each other. Good fucking package. Piece of shit! - Jordan: And he did quit his job. Which I though was a little weird. I mean, I just met this fucking guy. - Donnie: Your turn. - Jordan: I’m not fucking doing this. You’re out of your fucking mind. - Donnie: Fucking smoke crack with me, bro. - Jordan : I’m not fucking doing it. - Jordan: one hit. One hit. That’s it. - Donnie: okay. - Jordan : Fucking nut job. N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 79

(85) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations ES Utterances SQ IT No EA VR Fucking 8B 9B 10B 11B 12B 13B 14B 15B Propositional - Jordan : Let’s go run, huh? We gotta get out of here, buddy. We gotta get out of here. Let’s go fucking run. Let’s run like we’re fucking lions and tigers and bears! Let’s fucking run! Let’s fucking run! Go! - Jordan : That’s the attitude. You can sell anything? Sell me this fucking pen right here. - Brad:You want me to sell this fucking pen? - Jordan : That’s my boy right there. Can fucking sell anything. - Jordan: We’re talking about whales here. Moby fucking Dicks. And wtih this script, which is now you new harpoon, I’m gonna teach each and every one of you to be Captain fucking Ahab. P N P EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 80 - Jordan: A firm whose roots are so deeply embedded into Wall Street that our very founders sailed over on the Mayflower and chiseled the name Stratton Oakmont right into Plymouth fucking Rock! N EA

(86) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT No EA VR N P N P EA EU IA IV N 16B 17B - Jordan: They don’t know right? They gotta think about it, they gotta talk to their fucking wives, or fucking Tooth fairy. 18B - Jordan: And why should they trust you? I mean, look at you. You’re a bunch of fucking sleazy salesman, right? √ 19B - Jordan: Fuck that motherfucker! That’s what I’m talking about! what a fucking idiot. √ 20B - Jordan: I have offered our lovely sales assitant, Danielle Harrison, here, $10,000 to shave her fucking head! Fucking 21B 22B - Jordan: For your information boys, Danielle has promised to use this $10,000 for breast implants! She’s already got C cups, but now she wants fucking double D’s! - Jordan: Is this a great fucking company or what? Is this the greatest company in the world? Donnie! Blow the roof of this motherfucker! M P √ √ √ √ √ 81

(87) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations ES No Utterances 23B 24B 25B 26B 27B Fucking 28B 29B 30B SQ IT EA VR N P N P EA EU N - Jordan: A total fucking hatchet job. This conniving little twat! Look at this! - Teresa: Jordan, you look great! You’re in a huge magazine. - Jordan: Big fucking deal I look great. √ - Jordan: I’m gonna throw the out of this little fucking thing. So if it gets hurt, what happens? ‘Cause we’re gonna get fucking nuts. - Jordan: I want somebody with a fucking tranquilizer gun ready to knock this fucker out. √ √ - Jordan: Fuck. Guys, act like we’re working. You got any fucking stock forms? - Nicky: right. The porterhouse from Argentina. - Jordan: Expensive champagne and... we had to buy champagne. And you ordered all the fucking sides. - Donnie : Oh, that was all us? - Jordan: It wasn’t me though. Fucking explain this shit to him! There are all of your fucking charges right here! IA IV M P √ √ √ √ √ √ 82 31B Propositional

(88) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Swear Word Variations Non Propositional Utterances ES SQ IT No EA VR 32B 33B 34B 35B Fucking 36B 37B 38B 39B Propositional - Donnie: That’s what I’m saying. I want you to open up more, Max. - Jordan: He’s gonna fucking kill you. - Jordan: Some of these girls. You should see them. Oh, my God! They’re fucking.... the things they are doing now, Pops. - Jordan: But who the fuck wanted to live there? Go party your fucking cocks off! We are about to become fucking legends on Wall Street! - Jordan: we got plans up here that’s gonna take this company into the fucking stratosphere! - Employees: Wolfie! Wolfie! - Jordan: Fuck Merril Lynch. Fuck them. Why should they be taking all our fucking money all the fucking time? - Donnie : Steve Madden. - Jordan: we own the fucking companies.. we own the companies... N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 83

(89) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT EA VR 40B 41B 42B Fucking 43B 44B 45B - Sea Otter : Look at this. Look - Jordan: I would fuck that girl if she was my sister. I would let that girl give me fucking AIDS. You want to see the Wolf handle this? - Teresa: What the fuck is wrong with you? - Jordan: I though you were at the fucking beach! - Naomi: There were four right here. - Jordan: Ugh! Are you fucking serious? Right there? - The Butler: I don’t know where your money. - Jordan: where is my fucking money? Where is it? - Donnie: I meet a lot of fucking people. What are you saying? - Jordan: $50,000 was stolen from my fucking sock drawer! - Donnie: Rudy. What the fuck? - Jordan: Did your fucking little faggot friend Rudy take my shit? Did he? Answer me! N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ 84

(90) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT EA VR Fucking 46B 47B 48B 49B 50B 51B 52B - Naomi : You were calling her name in your sleep! - Jordan: Are you out of your fucking mind? I don’t.. - Jordan: I don’t even know who Vanice is. What the fuck does that even mean? Venice. That the stupidest shit I’ve ever heard in my fucking life! - Venice: Shut up, you little bitch! - Jordan: You are a fucking dirty little birdy! - Naomi : Who is the one who flew in here at 3:00 in the morning on their stupid helicopter and woke up Skylar? That was you! - Jordan: Oh, Skylar! Oh, fucking bullshit! - Jordan: You probably had to pay them in cash with your hands! What a fucking burden. - Naomi: fuck you! - Jordan: Don’t fucking dare throw that fucking water at me. N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 85

(91) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations ES No 57B Fucking 58B 59B 60B 61B 62B SQ IT Utterances EA VR 53B 54B 55B 56B - Jordan: Don’t fucking dare throw that fucking water at me. Don’t you fucking dare. - Jordan: see that, huh? Of all the fucking days, she chooses today give me blue balls! - Jordan: Donnie and I secretly owned 85% of Steve Madden Shoes, which legally speaking was a big no-no, but we’d get filthy fucking rich if our troops got behind it. - Jordan: We should thank our fucking lucky stars this man is here! We should be on our hands and knees right now, getting ready to suck this guy off! - Jordan: This is our golden ticket to the fucking chocolate factory here! And I wanna meet Willy fucking Wonka, okay? I wanna be with the fucking Oompa Loompas like this! - Jordan: All right, get off this fucking stage! Get out of here. All right, I want you all to focus for a second. Propositional N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 86

(92) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations ES No SQ IT Utterances EA VR 63B Propositional N P N P EA EU IA IV N √ √ 65B - Jordan: My fucking warriors, who will not hang up the phone until their cient either buys of fucking dies! - Jordan: I have been a rich man and I have been a poor man. And I choose rich every fucking time. √ 66B - Jordan: I show up in the back of a limo wearing a $2,000 suit and a $40,000 gold fucking watch! 67B 68B - Jordan: And if anyone here thinks I’m superficial or materialistic, go get a job at fucking McDonald’s, ‘cause that’s where you fucking belong! √ √ 64B Fucking 69B - Jordan: You’re gonna be pulling up to a red light in your beat-up old fucking Pinto, and that person’s gonna be pulling up right alongside you in their brand new Porsche with their beautiful wife by their side, who’s got big voluptuous tits. M P √ √ 87

(93) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT EA VR 70B 71B Fucking 72B 73B 74B P N P EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 88 75B 76B - Jordan: And who’re you gonna be sitting nest to? Some disgusting wildebeest, with three days of razorstubble, in a sleeveless muumuu, crammed in next to you in a carload full of groceries from the fucking Price Club! - Jordan: Pick up the phone and start dialing! Does your girlfriend think you’re a fucking worthless loser? Good! Pick up the phone and start dialing! - Jordan: And I will make you richer than the most powerful CEO in the United States of fucking America! - Jordan: I want you to go out there and I want you to ram Steve Madden stock down your clients’ throats unthe they fucking choke on it! - Jordan: You be telephone fucking terrorist! Now let’s knock this motherfucker out of the park! - Barry: Yeah, the FBI, they want a copy of your wedding video. - Jordan: The fucking FBI? You fucking kidding me? N EA

(94) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT EA VR 77B 78B 79B Fucking 80B 81B P N P EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ 89 - Bo Dietl: You don’t fuck with these guys like that. You don’t fuck with them like that. What are you nuts or something? - Jordan: This is what you fucking do. What do I pay you for? - Bo Dietl: He’s smart, you’re dumb. - Jordan: fucking bullshit. - Jordan: You should see what’s going on at the bigger firms. I mean, I know all the information. It’s true! Goldman, Lehman Brothers, Merrill. Collateralized debt obligations? This Internet stock bullshit? I mean, it’s a fucking travesty. - Denham: Yeah, you bet I do. I’ve thought about it before. Who wouldn’t, right? - Jordan: Right, who fucking wouldn’t? What do you get? Another personal queston, no need to answer. - Denham: You get a free handgun when you sign up for the Bureau. - Jordan: No, but it fucking pisses me off. You know what I mean? N EA

(95) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations ES No 84B SQ IT Utterances EA VR 82B 83B Propositional N P N P EA EU IA IV N - Jordan: You think about the people that built this country, hardworking people like you. Firefighters, teachers, FBI agents. End of the day, you guys get fucking skinned alive financially. It fucking makes me angry. M P √ √ - Jordan: Good luck on that subway ride home to your miserable, ugly fucking wives. I’m gonna have Heidi lick some caviar off my balls in the meantime. √ Fucking 85B 86B 87B 88B - Jordan: hey you guys want to take some lobsters for your ride home? Fucking miserable pricks, I know you can’t afford them! Fucking cheap fuck. Fucking miserable pricks. - Naomi: Switzerland? What the fuck is in Switzerland? - Jordan: Swiss fucking banks, that’s what. It was ass-covering time. I had to hide my money. √ √ √ √ 90

(96) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT EA VR 89B 90B 91B Fucking 92B 93B 94B - Jordan: Hey! Fucking relax. Oh, my God! you got your hand on my fucking cock! - Nicky: I don’t. Cut it out. - Jordan: He’s got his hand on my dick again. - Nicky: I’m just trying to buckle you up. - Jordan: Jesus Christ, what are we gonna do when we get to Switzerland, buddy? This is bad. Fucking things are against my chest. I can’t breathe. - Jordan: He is telling me to use a fucking rathole. But a U.S rathole would never get into Switzerland with all that money. What I needed was a rathole with a European passport. - Jordan: I’m a drug addict. I really am. Cocaine, pills. Whatever it is, I’ll fucking do it. Now that’s the truth. - Jordan: Is she fucking hitting on me? She is hitting on me. N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ 91

(97) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations ES SQ IT No EA Utterances 95B 96B Fucking 97B 98B 99B Propositional - Brad: Hey, Jordan, we’re gonna need to talk. - Jordan: If I fucking do this, I’m teling you right now. - Brad: I ain’t going to him, okay. - Jordan: He’s got a gun, you fucking idiot! - Donnie: I put that oney n there! You know what you are a fucking pill dealer. I got fice more just like you, bro. - Donnie: Twenty real Lemmons. Retired pharmacist’s client of mine, they’ve been in the safe for 15 years. - Jordan: Are you fucking kidding me? Lemmons? - Jordan: wait, wait. Did you. Did you say a shopping mall? - Bo Dietl: Yeah. - Jordan: He was with Donnie. He was supposed to deliver some money, than that fucking fat piece of shit. - Bo Dietl: Listen to me! - Jordan: I gotta go fucking talk to him right now! VR N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ 92

(98) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT EA VR 100B 101B Fucking 102B 103B 104B 105B - Bo Dietl: You didn’t try to bribe this fucking FBI agent, did you? - Jordan: No, I didn’t try to bribe an FBI agent. You think I’m that fucking stupid? - Naomi: I don’t know what the fuck you are saying, Jordan. Can you just get home? Hurry! - Jordan: I was less than a mile from home. I drove as slow as I fucking could. I’d seen Jell-O move faster. I was gonna give you 2 million. - Jean: You ate 2 million? - Donnie: Later - Jordan: Get off the phone. Get off the fucking phone! Idiot! - Jordan: Brad! - Donnie: Huh? - Jordan: Brad! Brad! You fucking cocksucker! What did you do, you piece of shit? - Donnie: Fuck you! - Jordan: I wanna fucking kill you! I wanna fucking kill you! I got you! N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ 93

(99) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT EA VR 106B 107B Fucking 108B 109B 110B 111B P N P EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ 94 - Police: Mr Belfort? Mr. Belfort? - Jordan: Get the fuck out of here. Fuck. - Police: Sir, we need to ask you some questions. - Jordan: Are you fucking kidding me? Fuck you. - Police: come on, get up. - Jordan: Get the fuck out of my house. - Police: Well? - Jordan: Wow! Maybe I hadn’t made it home okay. Get out of the fucking way! Fuck! - Jordan: This is Ellis Island here, people. I don’t care who you are, where you’re from, whether your relatives came over on the fucking Mayflower or on an inner tube from Haiti,this right here is land of opportunity. Stratoon Oakmont is Amerika. - Kimmie: I fucking love you, Jordan! - Jordan: I fucking love you. - Kimmi: I fucking love you! I love you. - Jordan: I fucking love you, too! I fucking love you, too! And I love all of you! N EA

(100) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Swear Word Variations Non Propositional No ES SQ IT EA VR 112B 113B Fucking Utterances Propositional 114B 115B 116B - Jordan: Because you all deserve it. You know, this fucking deal that I’m about to sign barring me from the securities industry, barring me from Stratton, my home. - Jordan: You know what? I’m not leaving. I’m not leaving. I’m not fucking leaving! - Jordan: This is my home! They’re gonna need a fucking wrecking ball to take me out of here! They are gonna need to send in the National Guard or fucking SWAT team ‘cause I ain’t going nowhere! - Nicky: Fuck them! - Jordan: Fuck them! - Jordan: They interrogated everybody. It went on for months. It was a total fucking harassment. But not a single Strattonite cracked. N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ 95

(101) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Swear Word Variations Non Propositional No ES SQ IT EA VR 117B Fucking Utterances Propositional 118B 119B 120B 121B - Jordan: Even though I owned 85% of steve –cocksucking- motherfuckingMadden Shoes, the shares were in his fucking name. This motherfucker knew I was in trouble with the feds and was trying to take advantage, - Jordan: I want you to get all our clients on the phone right not and have them start selling Steve Madden. We are gonna drive that fucking price down! Do you hear me? Shut the fuck up! This is your fucking friend from high school. If that little fucking pricks thinks he can fuck with me, we’ll turn his company into a penny stock! You hear me? - Naomi: Aunt Emma is dead. - Jordan: Are you fucking kidding me? - Naomi: no. - Jordan: You’re serious? Oh, my God! Baby that’s. Oh, fuck! N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ 96

(102) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Swear Word Variations Non Propositional No Utterances ES Propositional SQ IT EA VR 122B 123B 124B Fucking 125B 126B 127B P N P EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ 97 - Jordan: Fucking heart attack! Boom, snap, gone. Shuffled off her mortal coil. And $20 million stuck in a Swiss bank account. - Naomi: The last time I talked to her she was fine! She’s not that old. - Jordan: Oh, God! Baby, Oh, God! That’s so fucking terrible! Oh, fuck! It is terrible. - Jean: Very.. Now. Fast. Very fast. - Jordan: Fast? I have to get to Switzerland now? Speaking English! Fucking speak English! - Jordan: We’re going to Monaco so that we can drive to Switzerland so they don’t stamp our passports. Take care of business here, we’ll drive back to Monaco, take a flight over to London to catch the funeral and be in New York in three fucking business days! That’s the fucking plan. - Captain Ted: Ijust want you to know that we might run innto some chop. - Jordan: Chop? We can fucking handle chop, right? N EA

(103) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Swear Word Variations Non Propositional No ES SQ IT EA VR 128B 129B 130B 131B Fucking Utterances Propositional 132B 133B 134B - Jordan: Few broken dishes. What’s a few broken dishes? Does that sound fucking awesome or what? - Donnie: No. Not really. - Jordan: we’re gonna have a fucking good time! Let’s go to fucking Monaco now! Let’s fucking move! Let’s go! - Captain Ted: The waves are 20 feet high and building! - Jordan: Turn around, let’s go the other fucking way. - Captain ted: We’ll get broad-sided. It’ll tip over! - Jordan: I am a master driver. You hear that? I’m a master diver! No one’s gonna fucking die! - Jordan: Donnie! - Donnie: What? - Jordan: Hold on, baby. Get the fucking ludes. - Donnie: I don’t wanna die, Jordan! N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 98

(104) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT EA VR 135B 136B 137B 138B Fucking 139B 140B 141B - Denham: Turn that comera off. - Jordan: I’m fucking shooting a fucking infomercial here, you fucking cocksucker! Fuck you, you motherfucker! - Denham: Shut the fucking camera off. - Jordan: You don’t got shit on me, you hear me! Go fuck yourself! I’m making an honest living you fucking piece of shit! - Denham: Hey, Jordan, let me give you a little legal advice. - Jordan: Shut the fuck up! Oh, fuck you, you fucking prick! I’m making an honest living you motherfucker! - Jordan: Rugrat goes and gets busted down in Miami. And guess who the fuck with? Saurel. I mean, what are the fucking odds? Even more fucked was that he got busted for shit that had nothing to do with me. It had nothing to fucking do with me. N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 99

(105) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Swear Word Variations Non Propositional No Utterances ES Propositional SQ IT EA VR 142B 143B 144B Fucking 145B 146B - Jordan: Something about laundering drug money though offshore boat racing and a guy named Rocky Aoki, you know, the founder of Benihana. Benihana. Beni-fucking-hana! Beni-fucking-hana! Why? Why, why, God? Why would you be so cruel as to choose a chain of fucking hibachi restaurants to take me down? - Jordan: Long story short. Saurel rats me out. But not before he rats our Brad’s wife, Chantalle, who, it turns out, he’d been fucking every time she went to Switzerland! - Jordan: I love you, buddy. I know I’d do it for you, right? - Donnie: I know. - Jordan: You know that, right? - Donnie: I know. - Jordan: I could fucking kiss you all over.. N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ 100

(106) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT EA VR 147B 148B 149B Fucking P N P EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 101 150B 151B 152B 153B 154B 155B 156B 157B 158B - Jordan: Oh, baby. That was so fucking great! Oh, God! - Naomi: That was the las time. - Naomi: I don’t love you anymore, Jordan! - Jordan: Oh, you don’t love me? You don’t love me anymore, huh? Well, isn’t that just fucking convenient for you! - Jordan: Now that I’m under federal indictment, with an electronic bracelet around my ankle. Now you decide you don’t fucking love me anymore. Is that right? - Naomi: I’ve got a good chance of getting them. - Jordan: I got news for you. You are not fucking taking my children, you vicious fucking cunt, you! Fuck you, you fucking bitch! You are not fucking taking my goddamn fucking kids! You hear me? Fuck you! You are not fucking taking my fucking kids! Fucking bitch! Fucking whore! N EA

(107) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Swear Word Variations Non Propositional No ES SQ IT EA VR 159B 160B 161B Fucking Utterances Propositional 162B 163B 164B Fucking bitch! Piece of shit fucking whore! - Naomi: You are a sick man! - Jordan: Fuck you! I told you, you are not taking my fucking kids! - Naomi: You think I would let my kids near you? Look at yourself! - Jordan: I’m taking her with me! I told you I’m taking her with me, you fucking bitch! - Denham: Breathe normally. After five minutes, you’ll forget you even have it on. - Jordan: Fucking brutal. - Denham: Quit your bitching - FBI agent #2: paragraph . The defendant must not commit or attempt to commit, any further crimes. - Jordan: Please. Let me just sign the fucking thing already. Thank you N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ √ √ √ 102

(108) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations No ES Utterances Propositional SQ IT EA VR 165B 166B Fucking 167B - FBI agent #2: paragraph . The defendant must not commit or attempt to commit, any further crimes. - Jordan: Please. Let me just sign the fucking thing already. Thank you - Donnie: Jordan do you know how good it is to have you back in this office? It’s not the same when you’re gone. It’s sad, you understand? It’s like.. - Jordan: That fucking Steve Madden, huh? - Donnie: I can’t - Jordan: Swear to God, I can’t event think about it. - Donnie: Well, how’s Naomi and everything? - Jordan: You know how it is. She hates my fucking guts. How’s Hildy? Good? - Donnie: She’s still alive, so my life is fucked, you know? - Jordan: Yeah N P N P EA EU IA IV N M P √ √ √ 103

(109) PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI Non Propositional Swear Word Variations Fuck No Utterances ES VR 1C 2C 3C 4C - Jordan: we liked to get as fucked up as possible during our business powwows in ordr to stimulate our free-flowing ideas, which is why we were popping these ludes like they were M&M’s. - Jordan: I fucked her goddamn brains out.. - Jordan: Well, this is fucked. - Chantalle: Oh. No shit. - Naomi” Like, this will take her like 50 trips. - Jordan: I know. - Jordan: I’m sober for two years. And this happens! Rugrat goes and gets busted down in Miami. And guess who the fuck with? Saurel. I mean, what are the fucking odds? Even more fucked was that he got busted for shit that had nothing to do with me. It had nothing to fucking do with me. N SQ P N Propositional EA P EA E U IV IT N IA M P √ √ √ √ 105

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