Keywords: Darul Islam, Abu Bakar Ba’asyir, Jamaah Islamiyyah A. Introduction - Transnationalising Jamaah Islamiyyah | Zuhri | Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

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TRANSNATIONALISING JAMAAH ISLAMIYYAH Syaifudin Zuhri

  Rumours of a forthcoming Japanese surrender in fact were confined to Jakarta and did not reach either Banten Syaifudin Zuhri The confrontation between Kartosuwiryo and the Indonesian state began in early 1948 when the Siliwangi division of the regular army waswithdrawn from West Java in accordance with the Renville Agreement between the central government and the Dutch. On 11 November 1958, after being reappointed the chief of the Indonesian army staff, he gave a speech on the position of the army insociety, being placed in all sectors and at the highest levels of government (the seed of the dual functions-dwi-fungsi of the Indonesian army during the New Order regime).

A. Introduction

  Rumours of a forthcoming Japanese surrender in fact were confined to Jakarta and did not reach either Banten Syaifudin Zuhri The confrontation between Kartosuwiryo and the Indonesian state began in early 1948 when the Siliwangi division of the regular army waswithdrawn from West Java in accordance with the Renville Agreement between the central government and the Dutch. On 11 November 1958, after being reappointed the chief of the Indonesian army staff, he gave a speech on the position of the army insociety, being placed in all sectors and at the highest levels of government (the seed of the dual functions-dwi-fungsi of the Indonesian army during the New Order regime).

28 Transnationalising Jamaah Islamiyyah and the chief of staff respectively

  On 20January 1978, Sungkar and Ba’asyir, in one of their sermons, publicly acknowledged and invited audiences to implement all aspects of the shari>’a, and to replace both Pancasila and the 1945 Indonesia Constitution with al-Qur’an and the sunna, but not the Jakarta Charter, which eventually also appeared in their court explanations as a legitimate foundation and a32 reason for their declarations. Upon their arrival in Malaysia, the group’s settlement was arranged by a son-in-law of Abdul Qahhar Mudzakkar, Abdul Wahid Kadungga,one of the founders and the first head of the Europe-based IndonesianMuslim organisation, the Muslim Youth Association of Europe (Persatuan42 Pemuda Muslim se-Eropa/PPME) founded on 12 April 1971.

35/ XXXI/28 October-03 November 2002

  43 “Jejak Ba’asyir di Sungai Manggis” (Ba’asyir’s Steps in Manggis River) in TempoMagazine, Ed. 35/XXXI/28 October-03 November 2002.

C. Establishing Networks

  In August 1985, the exiles held a series of meetings in which they decided to gain funds for the movement by asking their followers inCentral Java to work in designated companies in Malaysia and turn over44 twenty percent of their salaries to the “jamaah”. Theexiles’ settlements served as way stations for Indonesians and Malaysians who were on their way to study at one of the forty al-Qaeda camps, theJihad Fighters Academy of Afghanistan (H{arbiy Pohatun Mujahidin-e-Afghanistan Ittihad-e-Islamiy), run by the head of the Tanzim Ittihad- e-Islamiy Afghanistan, Abdul Robbir Rasul Sayyaf, and to participate in46 the Afghan war.

30 March 2006, p. 7, “Dasamuka yang Gemar Menyaru”, in Tempo Magazine, Ed. 39/

71 Transnationalising Jamaah Islamiyyah

  The growth of fi’ah is in tandem with the flourishing of Jamaah Islamiyyah’s military cell-groups. Top transformed the troop into Tandzim al-Qaida and initiated the second Marriot and Ritzhotels suicide bombings.

D. A New Rupture?

  Firstly, according to the Operation Manual of JamaahIslamiyyah, the General Guide for the Struggle of Jamaah Islamiyyah(Pedoman Umum Perjuangan Jamaah Islamiyyah/PUPJI), Jamaah Islamiyyah is a tandīm al-sirr (secret organisation) and the establishment of theMMI was deviating from this fundamental stipulation. Apart from the above-mentioned reasons, there might be another factor behind the resignation of Ba’asyir, namely the hijra creed whichBa’asyir said was the core method of his struggle, Jamaah Islamiyyah’s model of strengthening military power through establishing the truthfulcommunity or even by flight to the safe area as mentioned throughout the PUPJI.

E. Conclusion

  Syaifudin Zuhri From the New Order government’s point of view, the creation ofJihad Command was intended to break up the Islamic party voters in the 1977 elections and to attract Islamic voters to choose the Golkar. Ba’asyir Speech in his 1982 court (10 March 1982)Bruinessen, Martin van, Genealogies of Islamic Radicalism in post- Suharto Indonesia” in http://www.let.uu.nl/~Martin.vanBruinessen/ personal/publications/genealogies_islamic_radicalism.htm (accessed, 17 July 2008)Court’s exceptions with the title “Idiologi Negara Pancasila, Gerakan Komunisme dan Ajaran Islam” (Ideology of Pancasila State,Communist Movement and Islam), of Both Sungkar and Ba’asyir in 1982.

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