AN ANALYSIS ON AMERICAN SLANG IN “AUGUST RUSH” MOVIE

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  AN ANALYSIS ON AMERICAN SLANG IN “AUGUST RUSH” MOVIE THESIS By: PALUPI YUNINGTIAS 09360214 ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG OCTOBER 2013

  

AN ANALYSIS ON AMERICAN SLANG IN “AUGUST RUSH” MOVIE

THESIS

This thesis is submitted to meet one of the requirements to achieve Sarjana

Degree in English Education

  

By:

PALUPI YUNINGTIAS

09360214

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT

  

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

OCTOBER 2013

  MOTTO AND DEDICATION Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.

  (Albert Einstein) Focus only for one purpose is the way to get it as many as you want.

  (Mario Teguh) DEDICATION:

  I dedicated this thesis to: My beloved parents, my beloved siblings, My beloved big family, my beloved friends, My beloved special one, and my beautiful future. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Alhamdulillah…. All praise to Allah SWT, because of his guidance, blessing, and affection, I can finish this thesis.

  I would like to express my deepest gratitude to Drs. Marzuki, M. Pd. as my first advisor and Rahmawati Khadijah Maro, S. Pd., M. PEd. as my second advisor, who have been very helpful, kind, and patient in giving ideas, advice, and valuable time during the process of writing this thesis, for their suggestions, invaluable guidance ad advice during the consultation period, and their comments and corrections during the completion of this thesis.

  I also want to express thanks to all lectures and examiners at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education at University of Muhammadiyah Malang, for teaching me a lot of things in the course they taught.

  Finally special thanks for my beloved mother (Sri Nugroho), father (Lang Satriyanto), my beloved siblings Anggita Yuliasari, Aldhino Putra, and my big family who give me a spirit, give me a motivation of doing this thesis as soon as possible.

  And special thanks to Apri Wibisono, Dwi Kristiana and my beloved friends of KKN

  78. The last but not least, thanks to all the people around me who helping me to finish this thesis. I hope Allah SWT will give them in return all of the good things that have been given to me.

  Finally, I hope that this thesis is useful to the reader in deeper comprehension on education subject. I realize that this thesis is far from being perfect but I hope kind suggestions and useful revision to improve this thesis are welcome. Therefore I will be happy if there are other readers who are interested in studying further after reading this thesis.

  Malang, October 31, 2013 the writer Palupi Yuningtias

  TABLE OF CONTENTS

  Page APPROVAL …………………………………………………………… i LEGALIZATION ……………………………………………………… ii MOTTO AND DEDICATION ………………………………………… iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ……………………………………………… iv ABSCTRACT …………………………………………………………… vi TABLE OF CONTENTS ...………………………………………………. vii

  CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

  • Background of The Study ………………………………………... 1
  • Statement of Problems ………….………………………………… 4
  • Purposes of The Study ………..…………………………………... 4
  • Significance of The Study ………………………………………… 4
  • Scope and Limitation of The Study……………..……………….... 5
  • Definition of Key term ………..………………………………….. 5

  CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

  • Sociolinguistics ………..…………………………………………. 7
  • Language and Society ………..………………………………....... 8
  • Language Variations ………..……………………………………. 8
  • Dialect ….………………………………………………………… 9
  • Idiolect …..……………………………………………………….. 9
  • Swearing …..……………………………………………………... 9
  • Style ……………………………………………………………… 10
  • Argot ……………………………………………………………... 10
  • Jargon ….…………………………………………………………. 10
  • Register ….……………………………………………………….. 11
  • Slang ……………………………………………………………… 11
  • Definition of Slang …..…………………………………………... 11
  • Characteristics of Slang …………..……………………………… 14
  • American Slang ……..…………………………………………… 19
  • The Reason of Using Slang ………..…………………………….. 19
  • Definition of Movie ……..……………………………………….. 20
  • Film as Literary Visual …………………………………………… 21
  • The Type of Film by Genre ………………………………………. 22
  • Characters in Movie ……………………………………………….28
    • Type of Meaning …………………………………………………. 28
    • Current Literature Relevant to Previous Study …………………... 31
    • Research Objects ………………………………………………
    • Research Instruments …………………………………………… 34
    • Research Approach …………………………………………

      CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY - Research Design ……………………………………………….

      33

      34

      35 - Data Collection ………………………………………………..

      36

    • Data Analysis ……………………………………………… …… 37
    • Slang in the Form of Words …………………………….……
    • The Most Dominant form of American slang ………………
    • Discussion ……………………………………………….……

      CHAPTER IV: RESEARCH FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION - Research Finding ……………………………………….…….

      38

      38 - Slang in the Form of Phrases ……………………………..….

      47

      54

      59 CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION - Conclusion ………………………………………………..…..

      63 - Suggestion …………………………………………………….

      64 BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDIXES I APPENDIXES II

      BIBLIOGRAPHY

      Anderson, Lars and Peter Trudgill. 1990. Bad Language. London: Penguin Books Ltd. Biesanz, John and Mavis Biesanz. 1969. Introduction to sociology. Englewood Cliffs, N. J: Prentice-Hall, Inc. Burke, David. 1998. Biz Talk 1 American Business Slang & Jargon. Berkeley, California: Optima Books. Bordwell, David and Kristin Thompson. 2008. Film Art: An Introduction Eighth Edition. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chaer, Abdul. 1995. Pengantar Semantik Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta. Corey, Melinda and George Ochoa. 2002. The American Film Institute Desk Reference. USA: The Stone song press production. Creswell, john W. 2007. Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among

      Five Approaches Second Edition. California: SAGE Publications, Inc

      Dewi, Intan Purnama.2011. A study on Jargon used by Students and Alumni of

      

    University Muhammadiyah Malang in Facebook. Unpublished Thesis University

    of Muhammadiyah Malang.

      Fromkin, Victoria, Robert rodman, and Nina Hyams. 2003. An Introduction to

      Language Seventh Edition. USA: Thomson Wadsworth .

      Khabibi, Muhammad. 2012. An analysis of slang used by the main characters in

      “American Gangster” movie. Unpublished Thesis University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

      L. Champman, Robert. 1995. Dictionary of American Slang (third edition). New York: HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. Lighter, J. E. 1994. Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang volume 1, A-G. United States: Random House, Inc. Lighter, J. E. 1994. Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang volume 2, H-O. United States: Random House, Inc.

      McKay, Sandra Lee and Nancy H. Hornberger. 1996. Sociolinguistics and Language Teaching. USA: Cambridge University Press. Su’ud, Raudhatul Jannah. 2011. An Analysis on Isabella Swan’s Loneliness in “New

      Moon” Novel by Stephenie Meyer. Unpublished Thesis University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

      Tarsk, R.L. 1999. Key concepts in language and linguistics. New York: Routlegde. Trudgill, Peter. 1983. Sociolinguistics An Introduction to Language and Society.

      Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England: Penguin Books Ltd, Wardaugh, Ronald. 1986. An introduction to Sociolinguistics. New York: Basil Blackwell Ltd.

      Wijana, I Dewa Putu dkk. 2010. Sosiolonguistik Kajian Teori dan Analisi. Jogjakarta: Pustaka Belajar. www.urbandictionary.com www.etymonline.com

      

    CHAPTER I

    INTRODUCTION

      Language is a tool of communication. It means that human need it to interact or communicate with others in daily life. Language plays a part in our life. The function of language is to make communication with other people and to deliver the information in our society. Trudgill (1983:13) states that language is not simply a means of communicating information about the weather or any subject. It is also a very important means of establishing and maintaining relationship with other people.

      In addition, the other function of language is to maintain our relationship with environment.

      Sociolinguistics is a study of language and culture in society. Sociolinguistic is a study of language and culture in society. Sociolinguistics related to human society, including culture, norm, expectations, and context on the way language is used. Trudgill (1983:32) states that sociolinguistics is part of linguistics which is concerned with language as a social and cultural phenomenon. It investigates the field of language and society and has close connections with the social sciences, especially social psychology, anthropology, human geography, and sociology.

      Language has an important role in society, on how to communicate with each other. People cannot be separated with language is what the member of a particular society use for communication. However, speech in almost any society can take different forms, like a dialect in one region is different with another region. For example the dialect between east java and central java is different. Dialect in central java more clam than dialect in east java.

      The variety of language occurs in society due to several factors such as different social status, different profession, age and gender. According to Brown in Intan (2011) stated that truckers, airlines pilots, salespersons, and farmer, for examples, use words and phrases unique to their own group. In the other word, the differences of language cause language variation. Language variation is the existence of observable differences in the way a language is used in a speech community, Trask (1999:333).

      The development of language is influenced by the society itself and creates many kinds of language variations; they are dialect, registers, jargon, colloquial, vernacular, accent, pidgin, argot, and slang. In this study, the writer intended to discuss one of those language variations, that is slang.

      Slang is informal and often ephemeral linguistics form, it means that slang is short live use. Slang words characterized by a high degree of informality, familiarity, and vocabulary richness. The member of particular social group usually introduces the slang expressions, they may remain the property of that group and badge of group identity or they may instead become much more widely known and used (R. L. Trask, 1999). Slang words and expressions are characterized by a high degree of informality, familiarity, vocabulary richness. They are realized by a specific group of people whose members are connected with some particular link, such as territory (Californian), age(teenagers), subculture (students), and mainly occur in the spoken form of the language.

      According to Sanjaya (2010) in the research analyzing the slang in the movie “The Longest Yard”, most of slang words are used in the conversation between actors in the informal situation, such as: inmate and inmate, guard and inmate, inmate and warden. It also happens between the guard and the warden, because slang is typical of informal conversation, and in movie, we can find words or expressions of slang. In this study the researcher interested in analyzing the words or the expression of slang used in

      “August Rush” movie to enrich the vocabularies of slang words. The slang expressions found in “August Rush” movie such as “Louis. She ain't coming” it means that she is not coming,

      Ain’t here means not. The other example is “How many dead presidents you got?” this meaning is “how much money you have?”

      The researcher uses “August Rush” movie because the researcher finds out the phenomenon when watching this movie. Some of slang language was inserted in the movie especially in action movie, but in this movie as a drama movie inserted some of American slang language to the conversation. Some of drama movie rarely used American slangs in their conversation, but in this movie the researcher found some of American slang. The people that m ostly used American slang in “August Rush” movie are the people from lower social class. T he movie of “August Rush”, directed by Kristen Sheridan, has the good story in telling about biological family, orphan, street musician, adoption. This movie also won some awards such as Broadcast Film Critics Association award on 2007 category best family film, and category best young actor; Chicago international film festival award on 2007 category film presented; and Hamptons International Film Festival award on 2007 category film

      The researcher uses “August Rush” movie to help the reader to get information and knowledge about popular American slang used in, because from the movie itself the reader can learn some kinds of American slang words and phrase, to know the situation when using the American slang word and phrase, and how to apply the American slang words or phrase to communicate to others.

      1.2 Statement of Problems

      Based on descriptions above, the several problems are formulated as follows: 1.

      What are the American slang used in “August Rush” movie? 2. What are the meanings of American slang used in “August Rush” movie? 3. Which are the most dominant forms of American slang used in “August

      Rush” movie?

      1.3 Purposes of The Study

      Based on the problems, the purposes of the study can be formulated as follows: 1.

      To find out the American slang used in “August Rush” movie.

      2. To describe the meaning of American slang used in “August Rush” movie.

      3. To know the most dominant form of American slang used in “August Rush” movie.

      The result of this study is expected to give contribution in sociolinguistics fields especially in language varieties. For the students in English Department, hopefully this result can enrich new vocabulary of slang found in “August Rush” movie.

      The result of this study has both theoretical and practical values. Theoretically, learn and develop their knowledge especially in using slang. Practically, this is important for the readers, because slang is often used by people in informal situation.

      We can find them through television, newspaper, books, and people’s speech.

      The writer hopes that the result of this study can be used as reference for readers who want to study and share their knowledge to others about slang. In addition, the result of this study may be used by other researcher and will encourage them to carry out similar studies.

      1.5 Scope and Limitation of The Study

      The scope of this study is American slang words and phrases that were spoken by the character; the limitation of this study is American slang words or phrases in “August Rush” movie.

      1.6 Definition of Key Terms

      To avoid misunderstanding, the writer gives definition of key term used in this study. The terms are defined as follow:  Slang is informal word expression,that popular in group to make an identity, it is very popular and fashionable. Slang is informal and often ephemeral linguistics form. The member of particular social group usually introduces the slang expressions, they may remain the property of that group and badge of group identity or they may instead become much more widely known and used (R.L. Trask, 1999)  American slang is slang expression used in America which is like a code.

      American slang being a public interest, and modernity. Anyone visiting or living in America is bound to encounter a confusing yet popular “inside” language used by the inhabitants: slang and idiom. This is an ever-changing, ever-evolving language which is like a code that tends to segregate non-native speakers (Burke, 1997).

       “August Rush” is the title of the movie. August Rush is a 2007 drama film directed by Kirsten Sheridan.

       Movie is art that people made to entertain the audience using performance and acting. Movie is a combination of photographs projected onto a screen to create the illusion of motion and continuity (The American Heritage Dictionary of The English Language, 2006). Movie can be photograph, or acting that presented onto a screen that seen by audience.

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