By AYUB SRN: 0901120434 THE STATE ISLAMIC COLLEGE OF PALANGKA RAYA THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION THE STUDY PROGRAM OF ENGLISH EDUCATION

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  THE STUDENTS ’ PROBLEMS IN USING INDEFINITE AND DEFINITE

ARTICLES IN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT FROM THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF

MTS MIFTAHUL JANNAH PALANGKA RAYA

THESIS

  Presented to the Department of Education of the State Islamic Studies Palangka Raya in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Islam

  By

  

AYUB

  SRN: 0901120434

  

THE STATE ISLAMIC COLLEGE OF PALANGKA RAYA

THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

THE STUDY PROGRAM OF ENGLISH EDUCATION

1435 H / 2014 M

LEGALIZATION OF THESIS EXAMINING COMMITTEE

  This thesis entitles THE STUDENTS’ PROBLEMS IN USING INDEFINITE AND DEFINITE ARTICLES IN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT FROM THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MTS MIFTAHUL JANNAH PALANGKA RAYA in the name of Ayub, and his Students Registration Number is 090 112 0434. It has been examined in Examining Team of the State College of Islamic Studies of Palangka Raya on: Day : Tuesday Date : Rajab 8, 1435 H/April 8, 2014

  Palangka Raya, April 2014 Examining Team: 1.

  (……………………………………….) Siminto, M.Hum

  Chairman/Member 2. Sabarun, M.Pd (.……………………………………....)

  Member 3.

  (………………………………….........) Dra. Halimah, M.Pd

  Member 4.

  (……………………………………….) Luqman Baehaqi, S.S., M.Pd

  Secretary/Member The State Islamic College of Palangka Raya

  Director,

  

Dr. Ibnu Elmi A.S. Pelu, S.H., M.H

  NIP. 197501091999031002

APPROVAL OF THESIS ADVISORY COMMITTEE

  Title of the thesis :THE STUDENTS’ PROBLEMS IN USING INDEFINITE AND DEFINITE ARTICLES IN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT FROM THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MTS MIFTAHUL JANNAH PALANGKA RAYA

  Name : Ayub SRN : 0901120434 Department : Education Study Program : English Education Level : (S-1)

  Palangka Raya, November 2013 Approved by:

   Advisor I, Advisor II, Dra. Halimah, M.Pd Luqman Baehaqi, S.S., M.Pd ORN. 196712261446032003 ORN. 19800823201101005 Vice director in Academic Affairs, The Chair of Education Department, Drs. Fahmi, M.Pd Triwid S.N., M.Pd

  ORN. 196105201999031003 ORN. 197109142003122001

PERSETUJUAN SKRIPSI

  Judul : THE STUDENTS’ PROBLEMS IN USING INDEFINITE AND DEFINITE ARTICLES IN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT FROM THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MTS MIFTAHUL JANNAH PALANGKA RAYA

  Nama : Ayub NIM : 0901120434 Jurusan : Tarbiyah Program Studi : Bahasa Inggris Jenjang : (S-1)

  Palangka Raya, November 2013 Mengetahui:

   Pembimbing I, Pembimbing II, Dra. Halimah, M.Pd Luqman Baehaqi, S.S., M.Pd NIP. 196712261446032003 NIP. 19800823201101005 Wakil Ketua Bidang Akademik Ketua Jurusan Tarbiyah

  dan Pengembangan Lembaga

   Drs. Fahmi, M.Pd Triwid S.N., M.Pd

  NIP. 196105201999031003 NIP. 197109142003122001

OFFICIAL NOTE

  Case : Please be examined Palangka Raya, November 2013 Ayub’s Thesis

  To, Director of the State College of Islamic Studies of Palangka Raya In-

  Palangka Raya Peace be unto you and God’s mercy and blessing as well. By reading and analyzing of thesis’s revision, we think that thesis in the name of:

  Name : Ayub Student Registration Number : 0901120434 Title of the thesis

  :THE STUDENTS’ PROBLEMS

IN USING

  INDEFINITE AND DEFINITE ARTICLES

  IN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT FROM THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MTS MIFTAHUL JANNAH PALANGKA RAYA can be examined in partial fulfillment of the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan in English Education of the Department of Education STAIN Palangka Raya. Thank you for your attention. Peace be with and God’s blessing. Advisor I, Advisor II,

   Dra. Halimah, M.Pd Luqman Baehaqi, S.S., M.Pd

ORN. 196712261446032003 ORN. 19800823201101005

NOTA DINAS

  Hal : Mohon dimunaqasahkan Skripsi Palangka Raya, November 2013 Saudara Ayub

  Kepada Yth. Ketua Panitia Ujian Skripsi STAIN Palangka Raya di-

  Palangka Raya Assalamualaikum Wr. Wb. Setelah membaca, memeriksa, dan mengadakan perbaikan seperlunya, maka kami berpendapat bahwa skripsi saudara:

  Nama : Ayub NIM : 0901120434 Judul Skripsi

  :THE STUDENTS’ PROBLEMS

IN USING

  INDEFINITE AND DEFINITE ARTICLES

  IN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT FROM THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MTS MIFTAHUL JANNAH PALANGKA RAYA Sudah dapat diajukan untuk memperoleh gelar Sarjana Pendidikan Islam pada Jurusan Tarbiyah Program Studi Tadris Bahasa Inggris STAIN Palangka Raya. Demikian atas perhatiannya diucapkan terima kasih. Wassalamualaikum Wr. Wb. Pembimbing I, Pembimbing II,

   Dra. Halimah, M.Pd Luqman Baehaqi, S.S., M.Pd

NIP. 196712261446032003 NIP. 19800823201101005

  

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Alhamdulillahirobbil’alamin. In the name of Allah, the Merciful, Lord of the

  universe, praise be to Him. Thanks to Allah the Lord of the world who has given guidance, till I could finish this thesis entitled: The Students’ Problems in Using Indefinite and Definite Articles in Descriptive Text from the Eight Grade Students of MTs Miftahul Jannah Palangka Raya. Shalawat and Salam are always dedicated to the last Prophet Muhammad Shallallahu’alaihi wa sallam, His Family, Companions, and Followers.

  The writer would like to thank for all people who has given supports, advices, and opportunities during the whole process so writer could finish this thesis. Therefore the writer would like to say thanks to: 1.

  Dr. Ibnu Elmi A.S. Pelu, S.H., M.H., as the Director of STAIN Palangka Raya for his permission and direction of conducting this thesis.

  2. Triwid S.N., M.Pd., as the Chair of the Department of Education for her permission so that the writer can accomplish the requirements for composing this thesis.

  3. Santi Erliana, M.Pd., as the Coordinator of the English Education Study Program for her advice , suggestion, and encouragement in conducting this thesis.

  4. Dra. Halimah, M.Pd., as the first Advisor for the guidance, encouragement, and suggestions during composing this thesis.

  5. Luqman Baehaqi, S.S., M.Pd, as the second Advisor for the guidance, encouragement, and suggestions during composing this thesis.

  6. Warsidi, M.Pd., as the Headmaster of MTs Miftahul Jannah Palangka Raya for his permission in conducting study at the school.

  7. Muhammad Rezeki, S.PdI., as the teacher of MTs Miftahul Jannah Palangka Raya for his permission in conducting study at the school.

  The writer realizes that there are no perfect words which can describe his feeling except the word thank you. May Allah be around us and gives His affection and straight away whenever we are till the end of the day. Amin.

  Palangka Raya, November 2013 Writer,

   AYUB

  SRN. 090 112 0434

DECLARATION OF AUTHENTICATION

  In the name of Allah I myself make declaration that this thesis entitles

  THE STUDENTS’ PROBLEMS

  

IN USING INDEFINITE AND DEFINITE ARTICLES IN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT

FROM THE EIGHT GRADE STUDENTS OF MTS MIFTAHUL JANNAH

PALANGKA RAYA, is truly my own writing. If it is not my own writing so, it is given a

citation and shown in the list of references.

  If my own declaration is not right in this thesis one day so, I am ready to be given academic sanction namely, the cancellation of the degree of this thesis.

  Palangka Raya, November 2013 My Own Declaration,

   AYUB

  SRN. 090 112 0434

  THE STUDENTS’ PROBLEMS IN USING INDEFINITE AND DEFINITE

ARTICLES IN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT FROM THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF

MTS MIFTAHUL JANNAH PALANGKA RAYA

  ABSTRACT The principle aim of the study is to know the students’ problems in using indefinite and definite articles in descriptive text from the eighth grade students of MTs Miftahul

  Jannah Palangka Raya.

  The sample of the study are VIIIB grade students of MTs Miftahul Jannah Palangka Raya. The number of participants are 22 students. The writer used descriptive design approach. To take the data, the writer used research instruments. They are: test and questioner. The test are translation, and multiple choice.

  The multiple choice test and questioner is used for to investigate the students’ ability in using indefinite and definite articles in descriptive text. The data collection used are editing, coding, scoring, tabulating, collecting students’ test, description of errors, explanation of errors, and evaluation of errors. The data analysis used are: data reduction, data display, and conclusion.

  The result of study were interferences of L1 (Indonesian) in translation test which can be summarized as: (1) there were 9 students’ answer sheets were interfered by L1 or Indonesian in translation test. (2) there were 17 an swers of students’ answer sheet in translation test were interference, the form of interference were phenomena of divergence and unfair. (3) there were 7 kinds of phrase that written by students. (4) there were 8 (47.06%) interference containing phenomena of divergence. (5) there was 0 (0%) interference containing unfair. (6) there were 9 (52.94%) interference containing both phenomena of divergence and unfair. (7) there were 16 students (72.73%) had ability test in using indefinite and definite articles in descriptive text, there 6 students (27.27%) had failure in using indefinite and definite articles in descriptive text. Keywords: Problem, Use, Indefinite Article, Definite Article, Descriptive Text

  

PROBLEMATIKA SISWA DALAM MENGGUNAKAN INDEFINITE DAN

DEFINITE ARTICLES DALAM DESCRIPTIVE TEXT DARI SISWA KELAS VIII

MTS MIFTAHUL JANNAH PALANGKA RAYA

  ABSTRAK Tujuan dasar dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui problematika siswa dalam menggunakan indefinite dan definite articles dalam descriptive text dari siswa kelas VIII MTs

  Miftahul Jannah Palangka Raya.

  Sampel dari penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VIIIB MTs Miftahul Jannah Palangka Raya. jumlah partisipannya adalah 22 siswa. Penulis menggunakan pendekatan disain deskriptif. Untuk mengambil data, penulis menggunakan alat penelitian. Diantaranya: tes dan kuesioner. Tes tersebut adalah tes menerjemahkan, dan pilihan ganda. Tes Pilihan ganda dan Kuesioner digunakan untuk mendukung data. Pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah editing, koding, penilaian, tabulasi, kumpulan tes siswa, deskripsi kesalahan, penjelasan kesalahan, dan evaluasi kesalahan. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah reduksi data, tampilan data, dan kesimpulan.

  Hasil dari penelitian adalah interferensi B1 (Indonesia) dalam test terjemah yang dapat disimpulkan sebagai berikut: (1) ada 9 lembar jawaban siswa terpengaruh oleh bahasa pertama dalam tes menerjemahkan. (2) ada 17 jawaban dari lembar jawaban siswa mempunyai gangguan bahasa dalam tes menerjemahkan. (3) ada 7 macam frase yang ditulis oleh para siswa. (4) ada 8 (47.06%) gangguan bahasa berisi fenomena divergen. (5) ada 0 (0%) gangguan bahasa berisi ketidak adilan. (6) ada 9 (52.94%) gangguan bahasa berisi fenomena divergen dan ketidak adilan. (7) ada 16 (72.73%) siswa mempunyai kemampuan pada tes dalam menggunakan indefinite dan definite articles dalam descriptive text, ada 6 (27.27%) gagal pada tes dalam menggunakan indefinite dan definite articles dalam descriptive text.

  Kata Kunci: Problematika, Menggunakan, Kata Sandang Tak Tentu, Kata Sandang Tertentu,

  Teks Deskriptif

  DEDICATION

  Sincerely, this thesis is dedicated to:

  

My beloved parents and family

who always give me love, pray, and

affection. beloved brothers and My

sisters who always support me

with their attention. friends of TBI STAIN My

  

Palangka Raya who always

motivate me to study. st nd and 2 Advisor who always My 1

advice and support me to finish this

thesis.

  May Allah SWT always bless us.

  

MOTTO

“You learn something every day if you pay attention”

  (Ray Leblond)

  

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page COVER OF PAGE

  ………………………………………………………………..……… i

  LEGALIZATION OF THESIS EXAMINING COMMITTEE

  ………..……………… ii

  APPROVAL OF THESIS ADVISORY COMMITTEE

  ………..……………………… iii

  

OFFICIAL NOTE................................................................................................................ iv

ACKNOWLEDGMENT..................................................................................................... v DECLARATION OF AUTHENTICATION

  ………………………………………….… vii

  ABSTRACT

  ……………………………………………………..………………………… viii

  DEDICATION

  ………………………………………………….………………………… x

  MOTTO

  ………………………………………………………………………………..….. xi

  TABLE OF CONTENTS

  ………………………………………………………..……….. xii

  LIST OF TABLES

  …………………………………………………………….………….. xiv

  LIST OF FIGURES

  ……………………………………………………...……………….. xv

  LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

  ……………………………………………………………. xvi

  LIST OF APPENDICES

  ……………………………………………...………………….. xvii

  CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study………………………………………. 1 B. Problem of the Study…………………………………………... 4 C. Delimitation of the study………………………………………. 4 D. Assumption of the Study……………………………………….. 5 E. Objective of the Study…………………………………………. 5 F. Significance of the study……………………………………….. 5 G. Operational Delimitation Key Terms…………………………...5 CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE A. Prior Studies……………………………………………………. 7 B. Second Language Acquisition…………………………………. 9 C. Contrastive Analysis…………………………………………… 10 D. Interference…………………………………………………….. 13 E. Syntactic Categories…………………………………………….15 F. Determiner…………………………………………………...… 17 G. Article in English………………………………………………. 18 H. Article in Indonesian…………………………………………… 27 I. Descriptive Text………………………………………………... 28 CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHOD A. Research Type………………………………………………….. 31 B. Research Design………………………………………………...31 C. Population and Sample………………………………………… 32 1. Population………………………………………………….. 32 2. Sample………………………………………………………33 D. Research Instruments…………………………………………... 34 1. Research Instruments………………………………………. 34 2. Research Instruments Validity……………………………... 38 E. Data Collection………………………………………………… 40

  F.

  Data Analysis…………………………………………………... 41

  CHAPTER IV RESULT OF STUDY AND DISCUSSION A. Result of Study……………………..…………………………... 44 B. Discussion………………………………………………….…... 61 CHAPTER V CLOSING A. Conclusion……………………………………………………... 63 B. Suggestion……………………………………………………… 63 REFERENCES APPENDICES

  

LIST OF TABLES

  Table 2.1 Syntactic Categories……………...…………....................................................... 15

Table 3.1 The population of VIII grade students of MTs Miftahul Jannah Palangka Raya.. 33Table 3.2 The sample of VIII grade students of MT s Miftahul Jannah Palangka Raya…… 34Table 3.3 The valuation of cognitive value………………………………………………... 43

  Table 4 .1 The description of the students’ interference in using indefinite and definite articles in descriptive text…………………...………….......................................................

  45 Table 4 .2 List of XEA’s interference………………………………………………………. 48

  Table 4 .3 List of WFK’s interference……………………………………………………… 49

  Table 4 .4 List of RDS’s interference………………………………………………………. 50

  Table 4 .5 List of DUF’s interference………………………………………………………. 50

  Table 4.6 List of CPX’s interference……………………………………………………... 51

  Table 4.7 List of NGL’s interference……………………………………………………... 52

  Table 4.8 List of ZTS’s interference……………………………………………………… 53

  Table 4.9 List of YGT’s interference……………………………………………………... 55

Table 4.10 List of OJK

  ’s interference……………………………………………………… 56

Table 4.11 The description percentage of phrase in using inde finite and definite articles… 57Table 4.12 The description percentage of using phenomena of divergence and unfair in using indefinite and definite articles in descr

  iptive text…………………...…………. 57

Table 4.13 The result of students’ test in using indefinite and definite articles in descriptive

  text……………………………………………………………………….……...59

Table 4.14 The result of questionnaire by students in using indefinite and definite articles in descriptive text….……………………………………………………….……... 60

  

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 4.1 The description phenomena of divergence and unfair in using indefinite and definite articles in descriptive

  text ………………………………………………….…………………………...58

LIST OF ABBREVIATION

  MTs = Madrasah Tsanawiyah L1 = First Language L2 = Second Language

LIST OF APPENDICES

  Appendix 1 Test Item Appendix 2 Answer of Test Item Appendix 3 Analysis Item Appendix 4 Interater Item Appendix 5 Test Item Appendix 6 Answer of Test Item Appendix 7 Students Score Appendix 8 Questionnaire Item Appendix 9 Codes of students name Appendix 10 Documentation of Test Activity

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