THE MAKING OF ENGLISH CROSSWORD PUZZLE BOOK FOR VOCABULARY LEARNING FOR JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

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INOVISH JOURNAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 THE MAKING OF ENGLISH CROSSWORD PUZZLE BOOK FOR VOCABULARY LEARNING FOR JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS Jamatul Khairiah1, Rionaldi2 and Aprizawati3 English Study Program of Politeknik Negeri Bengkalis State Polytechnic of Bengkalis Jl. Bathin Alam-Sungai Alam, Bengkalis-Riau, 28711 Telepon: 6277) 24566, Fax: 2766) 800 1000 e-mail: rio@polbeng.ac.id, aprizawati@polbeng.ac.id 1,2,3 Abstract :Vocabulary is one of important elements to be mastered In learning a foreign language. However, in real condition, the students sometimes feel bored and less interested to learn vocabulary. The aimed of this study was to make a Crossword Puzzle Book to help students to learn English vocabulary. It was designed to help students to be more interested in learning vocabulary. There were several processes in making the book, started from collecting the material, designing and printing the book. The application used was Photoshop and Microsoft Office Excel. The source materials of the book were taken from several sources. They were English text book, dictionary and Internet. The arrangement of the content is thematic. Interesting topics were chosen and several images were added. Besides, there are 4 question types: Synonym, Antonym, Question based on image, and Description. This book provides students a review course material, so that, it is expected to help students in learning vocabulary and remember it easily. Keywords: English Crossword Puzzle, Vocabulary, Junior High School Students. However, in real condition, INTRODUCTION In learning a foreign language, there are several factors inhibiting vocabulary plays an important role. It students in learning vocabulary. The is an element that links four language first one is a lack of availability of skills like speaking, listening, reading, learning media in learning vocabulary and writing. Therefore, the students for students. So that, it might make should learn vocabulary to understand the class become monotonous and the unfamiliar words, gain a greater boring. number of words, and use them in some interesting media in learning communicative purposes. vocabulary is expected to help them 133 Therefore, exposing them INOVISH JOURNAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 enjoy learning language especially in words. In other word, crossword learning vocabulary. puzzle is an activity which asks someone to think and try to guess the One of interesting media used word based on the clues given. to take students’ interest in learning Crossword puzzle offers a vocabulary is game. Game is effective and interesting way that can be applied challenge that will in teaching. According to Harmer students to try to solve the puzzle by 2001),games give learners a feeling making of competition to participate in the Besides, process of learning vocabulary and opportunity for students to practice motivate them to repeat them with and repeat the sentence pattern and enthusiasm. He also maintains that vocabulary. learning it motivate fun also and the relax. gives much games are associated with a feeling of Since there is still lack of happiness. For this reason, most availability of vocabulary games in learners appreciate games and enjoy schools, a crossword puzzle book participating in them even though they therefore was are not really familiar with their rules. designed to make the students feel There are various kinds of interested in learning more about game that can be used in learning a English vocabulary. It contains several language. One of them is crossword interesting puzzle. It is a game that makes the vocabulary to play any time they want. teaching-learning process attractive. Students could learn about noun, According to Wahyuningsih (2009),adjective and verb in this book. crossword puzzle is a game in which Besides, the students are encouraged words are guessed from the definitions to think and guess the word based on given, and are fitted into a diagram of clues provided. This activity might be white challenging as well as motivating for and crossword black has squares. words The composed. topics in It was English the students. written horizontally (across clues) and words The purpose of making this written vertically (down clues).The crossword puzzle game book is to pattern of black squares usually serves increase to separate each word from adjacent Learning language using media will be 134 students’ vocabulary. INOVISH JOURNAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 It can be concluded that the more interesting and would help the students retain vocabulary ISSN: 2528-3804 level better. of vocabulary determines someone’s language proficiency Through this book the students would learn vocabulary that consists daily words in communication and able to The express more ideas by knowing a lot Crossword Puzzle of vocabulary. Based on Nature Of According the Game to and Weisskirch, explanation above the writer takes the 2006),game has been a widely game above to be an interest subject to utilized form of learning used by discuss in a title: The Making of students and teachers across age English Crossword Puzzle Book for groups and areas of study. Ersoz in Vocabulary Learning for Junior High Mubaslat (2012) states that games are School Students”.highly motivating because of their amusement. They could be used to REVIEW OF RELATED give practice in all language skill and LITERATURE be used to practice many types of communication”.According to Kronholz (2005),Related Theory crossword puzzle helps students to The Nature of Vocabulary John 2000) states master that basic terminology. It is vocabulary is knowledge of knowing supported by William (2007) who the meaning of word, finding out states that the use of educational synonymous word, a dictionary tape games such as crossword puzzles, definition, or an equivalent word in word one’s own language. Furthermore, television game shows, or commercial Thornbury (2002) states that lack of board and card games makes learning vocabulary fun and motivational. knowledge hinders search puzzles, modified and Davis, et.al. 2009) also state production. Besides, Cardenas (2001) that crossword puzzle is helping the also states that vocabulary is used to students to develop and enrich stock of determine the proficiency of a student vocabulary and it helps the teacher to has in oral context. achieve the goals in studying English. language comprehension 135 INOVISH JOURNAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 It means that crossword puzzle is not more interesting. As well, students only a game but also a teaching found it more pleasurable to work in technique which provide the best groups and efficient as a tool for exercise for confirming the meaning of revision. words in the students’ mind. The third was Efendi (2013),The use of games to improve vocabulary mastery “The aim of this Related Study There were some studies that research was to describe the way of are related to this study. The first, got it game “and ”back to the board study conducted by Alsanabadi and game” Rasouli (2013) entitled “The effect of mastery of the seventh grade students. games on improvements of Iranian The finding of the study showed that English Foreign Language Vocabulary the use of “got it game” and “back to Language in Kindergartens”.The aim the board game” with the topic of of the study was to find a way to help vocabulary young Language communication, people occupation, Learners fix the novel vocabulary in and personal care and appearance can thier minds. The results of the study improve student’ vocabulary mastery revealed that games not only bring fun achievements. English Foreign in improving of daily vocabulary English The differences between those for learners but also motivate learners researches to this product were by the and improve their skill. The second was Yulia (2010) rule of play and the shape. Those entitled “The Use of Crossword Puzzle researches used software application in Teaching Vocabulary”.The aims of and pieces of paper for making the this study was crossword puzzles as a games. However, in this study it was means of reviewing course material. made become a small book. Students did two crossword puzzles, Related Product Puzzle is a type of game that one in class for one examination, the another already known by many people since examination. They were well disposed long time. There were some popular towards the use of crossword puzzles. puzzles that have been played by They indicated that learning became people such as crossword puzzle, other outside class for 136 INOVISH JOURNAL AL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 jigzaw puzzle, matr atric word puzzle, made little bit di different from the construction puzzlee aand logic puzzle. existed puzzles. Crossword puzzle upon one’s general knowledge, recall of word defined or suggested by short de definition or pieces of information, and spe spelling ability. Crossword puz puzzle was first discovered by Athur thurWyne on 2 December 1913 and nd tthen published in Figur ure 2.1 Crossword dp puzzle game the magazine "New Y York Work" with a format an usuall use used. Crossword METHODOLOGY GY OF STUDY puzzle book first published publ in 1924 by Equipment and Mat Material Simon and Scuster. r. In the 1970 in Equipment Jakarta was appear “Brain Teaser “a magazine crossword ord puzzle and other used in this study The equipments use words game. The appe ppeal of games and were software and nd hardware, which puzzles are depend on the element of were as follows: a. Hardware chance which makes kes the same game The hardwaree used were laptop different each time it iis played. and printer The differenc nces between the b. Software existed puzzle game mes and the one re several software There were made in this finall project pr were the used in this stud study, they are: function and also tthe design. The a. Photoshop existed crossword puz puzzle books were It wass used to design played for fun. In aanother side, this papers of thi this book and also crossword puzzle book was made to modify alll of them. help junior high schoo school students in b. Microsoftt of office excel 2007 learning vocabulary y and memorizing It was us used to design the the words that the they have studied crosswordd puz puzzle game easily. The design of o the book that c. Mozilla Fire irefox 137 INOVISH JOURNAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 Figure 3.1 Procedure of the study It was used to search several information ISSN: 2528-3804 trough Data Collection technique Google searching engine. Literature Study Material The model of the game and the There were several materials used in question were collected from several this study, they were: sources. The data for the study were a. Papers collected from journal and books. For It was used for designing this the model of the game, it refers to the book become a small book. previous models which exist in several b. Flash disk books and websites. It was used for copying and Product Design saving the data before do Design of Crossword Puzzle Book printing process. The crossword puzzle book c. Smartphone game was designed after collecting It was used for taking pictures data from several sources. The book during the evaluation process. title is “Smart Crossword Puzzle“.The Procedure of Study book consists of 28 pages. The first step was identifying Besides, every page contains the problems existed in junior high different topics such as adjective about school and proposing solution for the Profession/occupation, problem. human activities, noun verb about the name of thing and others. Problem identification about The question types are in thematic. It means if the topic discusses about Data collection family, the questions are related to family. The questions in this game The design of product were taken from many sources that related to junior high school level study. The design of crossword puzzle Making of the product book could be seen in the following figure. The result 138 INOVISH JOURNAL AL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 Page 15-16 Page 17-18 Figure re 3.2 3 Result of Design Crossoword Cro Puzzle The contents nts of crossword Page 19-20 puzzle book would be described in a storyboard as shownn bbelow. Page 21-24 Table le 3.1 3 Storyboard off the t product Book De Descriptions Contents The fron ront and back cover Cover designed ed with Photoshop. The fron ront cover contained the title tle of the book and the back ck cover contained the significance s of crosswor ord puzzle book. Page i This ppage contained Acknow wledgement. Page ii This page pag contained the Table of the contents. Page 1-2 This pag ages contained two puzzles les that discussed about Antonym A adjective and Anim Animal. Page 3-4 This pag ages contained two puzzles les that discussed about Hobies and Animal. al. Page 5-6 This pag ages contained two puzzles les that discussed about Food Fo &Drink and Family. Page 7-8 This pag ages contained two puzzles les that discussed about F Fruit and Part of body. Page 9-10 This pag ages contained two puzzles les that discussed about Vegetable and Occupati ation. Page 11-12 This pag ages contained two puzzles les that discussed about Holiday and Roomss &object in a house. Page 13-14 This pag ages contained two puzzles les that discussed Page 25-26 about ut Music instrument and Ob Object in Earth. This is ppages contained two puzzles zles that discussed about ut Sport and Furnitu niture. This is ppages contained two puzzles zles that discussed about ut Transportation and Part of body. This is ppage contained two puzzles zles that discussed about ut Job &Place and Synon onym Personality. This is pages contained Answe wers keys. This is pages contained Refere erence and Biography of writer riter. Crossword Puzzle le B Book instruction Similar to ccommon crossword puzzle, this crosswor word puzzle consists of Across &Dow own questions. The player (Students) shoul should fill the blank boxes with the right ght words. It is based on the questions ons given. There are several instructions ons of the crossword puzzle such as gue guess the profession based on the picture ure, find the synonym and the antonym of the words. The teacher can use this his book as media to evaluate the stude student’s ability in learning vocabular bulary. For example using this book for or eevaluations and for those who can ans answer the puzzle correctly they willl ge get a high score. RESULT AND DIS ISCUSSION Process of Mak aking Puzzle Book Game me 139 Crossword INOVISH JOURNAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 There were several processes the existing crossword puzzle game done in making this book, it was from text book and the internet. started from searching, providing, and However, it was modified with design collecting the materials until designing and animation images. the model of the book game. The complete processes of making the Designing the model of crossword game are explained below :puzzle book game Collecting and Providing After the collected, material the the data next had process been was The content of this crossword designing the book game. Photoshop puzzle book game is several sets of and Microsoft Office Excel 2007 were vocabulary which are provided for used in supporting this process. The junior high school students. Therefore, sequence of the process was started by searching, providing and collecting the designing the cover of the book. Here material of vocabulary were the first is the process of designing the games things done. The model of crossword that has been made for this final puzzle game and the questions for this project. book were taken from English text The process of designing crossword book used by the second grade of high puzzle book game. school students entitled When a. The process of designing the English Rings a Bell”.Besides text front and back cover. book, the materials for the questions In designing the puzzle book, were also taken from other books and the first step was opening Photoshop several websites which discuss about application by clicking New at File. vocabulary for junior high school The second step was setting the page students. size and the margin of the book. After the processes of The next process was giving collecting and providing the material the colors of book cover by using for the questions were done, the next Paint Bucket Tool. Next step was step was collecting materials for the adding a layer style on the book cover game model. The model of this by using Gradient to beautify crossword puzzle game was referred to foreground of the book cover and 140 the INOVISH JOURNAL AL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 clicking OK. Afterr tthat, the process After the cove cover was done, the was adding decorati ation to make the next step was creating ating the first page of cover more interesting sting by using Move the book game byy opening Microsoft Tool. Office Excel. After er that, boxes for the crossword puzzlee were created by clicking Border. Figure re 4.1 4 Creating decoration tion for the cover The next step ep was creating the Figur ure 4.4 title of the book byy using Text Tool. Creating the cro crossword puzzle The next step was preparing for Then, some pictures es were added for the type of the quest questions. For example, the book cover by using usin Move Tool. the question about bout description or definition of the he word, synonym, antonym and questi stion by picture. It is important to make ke sur sure that the topic is Figure re 4.2 4 interesting. Then, n, the step was trying The front nt cover to fill in the blank nk box boxes with several The last stepp w was creating the letters across and dow down to make sure back cover by doingg tthe same that each of box suitable with the directions as front cov over. answer. After that, t, tthe step was giving the number of eachh box box. Then, the step was opening Photoshop by clicki icking Open at File. After that, the proce ocess was creating the title Figure re 4.3 4 and the que questions of the The back k ccover crossword puzzle bby using Text Tool. b. The process of designing the The last step wa was inserting some Crossword Puz Puzzle images to makee the book more 141 INOVISH JOURNAL AL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 interesting. The resul esults of the first book has twenty pa pages for the game, page can be seen below. below which each pag age has different appearances and pic pictures. The size of the book is 20 x 26 cm printed with A4 Paper (Landsca ndscape).The complete descriptions detail tails are explained below. Figure re 4.5 4 Crossword rd puzzle 1. Front cover Result of the Study The first part is the book cover. The result of this study was a It contains the book title, pictures crossword puzzle book game which and the writer’s na name. can be used as a m medium to learn English for junior unior high school students, especially about a vocabulary. This crossword puzzle puz game book contains several kinds of questions Figur ure 4.6 such as questions ba based on picture, Front nt Co Cover antonym, synonym aand definition of the word or de descriptions. The 2. Acknowledgm gment complete results in m making process are The second part is an explained below. acknowledgment nt of the book. In Overall content of ccrossword puzzle this page, theree is short explanation book of the crosswor word puzzle book The design oof the crossword which puzzle book has been bee shown above. explains insabout puzzle includedd iin this book. As mentioned before ore, the model of crossword puzzle book was referred to the existing modell on text book and also several websi ebsites. crossword However, almost all contents in this book were Figur ure 4.7 self-drawn using Microsoft Mi Office Acknowled ledgement Excel 2007. The ccrossword puzzle 3. List of content nts 142 INOVISH JOURNAL AL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 The thirdd pa part is the list of contents. This his page contains sequences list ist of the crossword puzzle game. Figure ure 4.11 Antonym nym Part Figure re 4.8 Table of Content C Figure ure 4.12 4. Book contents nts Synonym nym Part The nextt pa part is the book 5. Biography content. This crossword cr puzzle This pag page contains short book contains 20 pages of game. biography of the he book writer. There are 4 types pes questions of the crosword puzzle zle. Question Based sed Description, They on Antonym A are Picture, and Synonym. Figure ure 4.13 Biography of the Writer 6. Back cover This part rt is the last page of the book. The ba back cover contains Figure re 4.9 4 the Picture Quest estions Part significance nce of puzzle game. Figure ure 4.14 Figure 4.10 4 Back k Co Cover Description ions Part 143 crossword INOVISH JOURNAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 dividing the students into two groups. Playing Instructions 1. The game can be played by Each group consisted of five students. one, two, or more Then, each group were given the book. 2. The player(s) need(s) to answer Next, the group members filled in the every page of the book game crossword correctly based on the theme instructions in the book .and clue given for each page. puzzle based on the They had to fill in every page 3. In “definition of the word or of the crossword puzzle book. The description” part, the player(s) time given to complete the puzzle was need(s) to find the words based twenty minutes. After the process of on the context given. filling in the crossword puzzle was 4. In “Name of Things” part, the done, the group who could complete player(s) need(s) to write the the puzzle correctly and quickly got name of things based on the the prize. The last thing was giving the pictures. evaluation sheet to the teacher and the 5. In Antonym” player(s) need(s) part, to students. the think Teacher of junior high school. The result of evaluation by the opposite of the word that has teacher was the game was good and already been given. 6. the very interesting. Besides, the book player(s) need(s) to think the could motivate and help the students similar word meaning of the in learning English. However, there word that has already been were some weaknesses of the book. given The question based on image and the In Synonym” part, number given of each book were not 7. the player(s) is/are given thirty really minutes to answer the puzzle. clear. Therefore, it was suggested to make the pictures and the Evaluation number of each box clearer. The evaluation process of this book was done at junior high school 1 Students of second grade of junior Bantan on 23 May 2017. The first high school. thing done was introducing and There were sixteen students explaining the game. After that, involved in the evaluation. But, there 144 INOVISH JOURNAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 ISSN: 2528-3804 were only ten students joined the CONCLUSION AND game. In the evaluation, all of the SUGGESTION students Conclusions were interested in There are several conclusions accomplishing the puzzle. They said and made for this study. The main purpose challenging. The game could motivate of this study was to make a English and help them to learn English crossword puzzle book game for however, they said that there junior high school students. This book were some weaknesses of the game. was made as a medium in learning The picture was not really clear and English especially vocabulary. It is the game was little bit difficult. It provides a review course material that made the students think hard to find have the answer. Therefore, they suggested Therefore, it helps the students in that to pay more attention on the learning English vocabulary. that the game was good studied by the students. There were several processes picture and the questions given. in making the book. the process was Problem started from collecting the material, There were some problems designing and printing the book. The faced during the process of making application used during making this this book. They were :book was Photoshop and Microsoft 1. Using the application to design Office Excel. The content of the book the book game. In designing Photoshop application However, there were taken from several sources. They this was was lack book, were English text book, dictionary and used. internet. Then, it is modified with of several images of each page. knowledge in using the Photoshop The crossword puzzle is application. It caused some difficulties several sets vocabulary which are in designing the book. provided 2. Printing the product. The problem faced for junior high school students. The questions of the puzzle was consist of 4 types of the questions. difficulty to find good quality printing They shop. definition of word and questions based 145 are antonym, synonym, INOVISH JOURNAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 on image. Besides, every ISSN: 2528-3804 students in learning English especially page vocabulary. contains different topic of the puzzle. There are 28 pages of the book which 20 pages for the puzzle, 4 pages for REFERENCES the answers key and 4 pages for the Alsanabadi, H. Rasouli, G. 2013).The effect of game on improvement of iranian EFL vocabulary knowledge in the kingdergartens. International review of social sciences and humanities.Retrieved on th, December 11 2016. acknowledgement, table of content, reference and biography of the writer. Suggestion The were several suggestions for teachers and junior high school students. The suggestions were as Cardenas (2001).Issues on active speaking vocabulary assessment.Lowa State University. Retrieved on th December 11 ,2016. From http:/waw.teachingenglish.org.u k/think/vocabulary/workingwith vocabulary.shtml. follows :Suggestion For Teacher Of Junor High School The teachers can use this game as a media to support learning English. David, T.,Shepherd, B.,Zwiefelhoper, T,.2009),Reviewing for exams :Do crossword puzzle help in the success of student’s learning. The Journal of Effective Teaching.9(3),4-10. Retrieved on December 9th, 2016. By using media, the learning process could be more attractive. Besides, the students can catch the lesson better. This game is also easy to be played and understood by the students. So that, it will be easier for the teachers in Efendi, E. 2013).The use of games to improve vocabulary mastery.Journal the Physique III. 1(12),78-84. Retrieved on December 9th, 2016. introducing and using it in class. Suggestion For Students Of Junior High School The students can use this game Harmer, J. 2001).The practice of English language teaching. UK: Longman Publications. during learning process. It is created to avoid boredom during learning hours. John. 2002).Contextual teaching and learning (IbnuSetiawanTerjemahan).Bandung: Mizan Learning Center. In additions, playing this game is not only fun, but also effective. This crossword puzzle game can help the 146 INOVISH JOURNAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2017 Kronholz, J. 2005).Is this going to be the test? Essay from Eexcellence in teaching. Retrieved on 12th, 2016. From http:/teachpsych.org/ebooks/eit 2002/eiLo2-13.pdf vocabulary. Bandung. Mubaslat, Mania Moayad. 2012).Practical English Language Teaching PELT:Mc. Graw-Hill Singapore. Sugiyono.(2011).MetodePenelitianKombinasi (Mixed Methods).Bandung: Alfabeta. Thornbury, S. 2002).How to teach vocabulary. UK: Longman. Wahyuningsih, N. 2009).A study on the role of crossword puzzle in developing speaking proficiency.Bistek Journal BisnisdanTeknologi. 17(1),4450. Retrieved on December 9th, 2016. Weisskirch, R. S. 2006).An analysis of instructor- created crossword puzzle for students’ review. Collage Teaching.54(1),198201. Retrieved on December 12th, 2016. Widaningsih, R. 2009).Increasing vocabulary mastery using crossword puzzle technique in inclusion program: Surakarta. William, D. 2007).A unique review strategy that motivates students learning.Students motivation. Vol (2),64-69. Yulia, Sandra. 2009).The use of crossword puzzle in teaching 147 ISSN: 2528-3804 FPBS UPI:

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