Test Bank for Managerial Accounting 10th Edition by Crosson

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(1)Test Bank for Managerial Accounting 10th Edition by Crosson Multiple Choice Questions - Page 1 Cost of goods manufactured is equal to 1. Direct Materials + Direct Labor + Overhead. 2. Beginning Work in Process Inventory + Total Manufacturing Costs – Ending Work in Process Inventory. 3. Beginning Work in Process Inventory + Period Costs – Ending Work in Process Inventory. 4. Beginning Work in Process Inventory + Product Costs. Costs as salary for of supervisors other which such are accounted as overheadand costs, aresupport called personnel, 1. period labor costs. 2. sales assistance costs. 3. indirect labor costs. 4. prime labor costs. Consider the following information: direct materials used was totaled $124,700; direct labor amounted to $412,000; overhead computed to be $789,600; WorkininProcess ProcessInventory Inventoryon onMarch March31, 1, 2014, was $482,500; and Work 2014, was $597,100. What was the cost of goods manufactured? 1. $1,211,700 2. $729,200 3. $1,440,900 4. $422,100 The fundamental described in its way in which a company will achieve its goal is 1. balance sheet and income statement. 2. cash flow statement. 3. budget. 4. mission statement. Velocity Ltd. iscost a sports car manufacturer. Which of the following is a value-adding for Velocity? 1. Salary of the payroll department

(2) 2. Cost of tires used in cars 3. Cost of office supplies 4. Salary of operations manager The credibilityaccountants standard of management accountants statefairly that and management must communicate information objectively. each task This means essentially that accountants must perform 1. as professionals, possessing the degree of skill of those management accountants who held the position before them. 2. to provide relevant information, both positive and negative, to the recipients of their reports. 3. in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. 4. to the satisfaction of government regulators. The income statement for a manufacturing company usually contains a detailed computation of the 1. total manufacturing cost. 2. cost of goods sold. 3. total cost of materials used. 4. total overhead. Total the manufacturing costs incurred during a period are transferred to 1. Cost of Goods Sold account. 2. Work in Process Inventory account. 3. Finished Goods Inventory account. 4. Overhead account. Managerial accounting information is primarily used by 1. lenders. 2. supply-chain partners. 3. governmental agencies. 4. customers In a manufacturing environment, direct labor costs initially flow 1. into the Materials Inventory account.

(3) 2. into the Cost of Goods Sold account. 3. into the Work in Process Inventory account. 4. into the Finished Goods Inventory account. Overhead costs are 1. not allocated to the Work in Process Inventory account. 2. not charged directly to the Finished Goods Inventory account. 3. expensed in the period in which they are incurred. 4. not considered product costs. To calculate thecosts total cost of goods manufactured from total manufacturing 1. subtract all period costs from total manufacturing costs. 2. add beginning and subtract ending finished goods inventory to total manufacturing costs. 3. you must know how many goods were sold during the period. 4. add beginning and subtract ending work in process inventory to total manufacturing costs. From Jolier's year-end income statement, youthe observe that would the finished goods inventory has doubled during year. This indicate that during the year Jolier 1. sold more goods than were produced. 2. produced more goods than last year. 3. produced more goods than were sold. 4. sold more goods than last year. Prime costs is the sum of 1. the direct labor costs and indirect labor costs. 2. the direct material costs, direct labor costs, and overhead costs. 3. the direct labor costs and overhead costs. 4. the direct materials costs and direct labor costs. The factory personnel whose wages are traceable directly to a product include 1. maintenance personnel.

(4) 2. support personnel. 3. factory supervisors. 4. employees who help to shape the product. Suppose ahemanagement accountant becomes aware thatofa the poor judgment or she made has resulted in the loss of one company's clients. Is the accountant accountant doubts bound to share this information with the company? (The that the company will ever find out about it directly.) 1. The management accountant is bound to respond honestly to inquiries regarding the adequacy of professional judgments but is not bound to communicate them if not directly asked. 2. The management accountant is bound to communicate this error in judgment only if another client cannot be found. 3. The management accountant is not bound to communicate this error. 4. The management accountant is bound to communicate unfavorable and favorable judgments made, even if not directly asked. The following are costs for alabor selected period: direct materials materials into used in production, $75,000; direct cost of converting product, $150,000; indirect costs of manufacturing, What is the unit costtotal of manufacturing 30,000 units in this$45,000. period? 1. $7.50 2. $9.00 3. $6.00 4. $4.00 If the report is urgently it is sometimes necessary to sacrifice accuracy in the interestneeded, of 1. timeliness 2. personal feelings. 3. profits. 4. expectations. In a manufacturing environment, costs of materials initially flow 1. into the Work in Process Inventory account. 2. into the Materials Inventory account. 3. into the Cost of Goods Sold account.

(5) 4. into the Finished Goods Inventory account. The Finished Goods Inventory and the Cost of as Goods SoldMay for 1a manufacturing company for the year 2014 are follows: Finished Goods Inventory, $470,500; Mayfor 31the Finished Goods Inventory, $125,000; Cost of Goods Sold year, $1,110,000. The cost of goods manufactured for the month was 1. $1,455,500. 2. $595,500. 3. $985,000. 4. $764,500. The beginning finished goods inventory of RonaldThe Co. ending was $480,125. Goods completed during the year cost $963,250. finished goods inventory was dangerously low, having been reduced to $135,850. The cost of goods sold for the year for Ronald Co. was 1. $618,975. 2. $1,307,525. 3. $1,579,225. 4. $1,171,675. Materials andcalled supplies that cannot be traced conveniently to specific products are 1. indirect materials. 2. raw materials. 3. waste materials. 4. direct materials. Conversion costs consist of 1. direct materials costs and direct labor costs. 2. direct labor costs and overhead costs. 3. direct materials costs and overhead costs. 4. direct labor costs and indirect labor costs. The three elements of product costs are 1. direct materials, work in process, and overhead. 2. direct materials, work in process, and finished goods. 3. direct materials, direct labor, and overhead.

(6) 4. direct materials, direct labor, and period costs. Period costs are 1. charged against the revenue of the current period. 2. initially recognized on the balance sheet as inventory. 3. charged to the period in which the product generates revenue. 4. further classified as direct costs and indirect costs. Period cost is also called 1. variable cost. 2. direct cost. 3. value-adding cost. 4. noninventoriable cost. Management accounting activities 1. are synonymous with financial accounting activities. 2. are substitute for the management process. 3. complement the management process. 4. have nothing to do with the management process. If a management accountantplan confides to a with relative that his or her in company has a confidential to merge another company the near future, the accountant has 1. not violated ethical standards. 2. violated ethical standards only if the relative owns stock in the company. 3. violated ethical standards because the relative could stand to gain personally from that information. 4. not violated ethical standards because the information was relayed to a family member only. Management accounting reports 1. are primarily used by parties inside the organization. 2. must be prepared on a periodic basis. 3. are generally publicly available. 4. are based on generally accepted accounting principles.

(7) The presentation of merchandise inventory on the balance sheet of a merchandising company most nearly resembles the presentation of __________ company. inventory on the balance sheet of a manufacturing 1. materials 2. finished goods 3. manufacturing supplies 4. work in process All manufacturing costs incurred being produced are classified as and assigned to products that are 1. variable costs. 2. allocated costs. 3. product costs. 4. overhead costs. The unit of measurement used in management accounting reports is 1. primarily the historical dollar. 2. usually current replacement cost. 3. any measurement unit that is useful in a particular situation. 4. the measurement unit used by competing companies. Steve, the management accountant of a company, is of notthe familiar with the concept of prudence in financial reporting. Which following IMA standards is Steve violating? 1. Confidentiality 2. Materiality 3. Disclosure 4. Competence All manufacturing that are products should becosts classified as assigned to completed (but unsold) 1. materials inventory costs. 2. cost of goods sold. 3. work in process inventory costs. 4. finished goods inventory costs.

(8) Management accounting reports are 1. prepared using the double-entry system of accounting. 2. prepared periodically. 3. based on generally accepted accounting principles. 4. driven by user’s needs. 69 Free Test Bank for Managerial Accounting 10th Edition by Crosson Multiple Choice Questions - Page 2 Which of the following equations is correct? 1. Total Manufacturing Costs = Direct Materials + Direct Labor + Selling Costs 2. Total Manufacturing Costs = Direct Materials + Direct Labor + Overhead 3. Total Manufacturing Costs = Direct Labor + Overhead + Selling Costs + Administrative Costs 4. Total Manufacturing Costs = Product Costs + Period Costs Which of the following is a product cost? 1. General expenses 2. Selling expenses 3. Advertising expenses 4. Material handling expenses Which of the following represents normal cost measurement? 1. Actual Direct Materials + Actual Direct Labor + Actual Overhead 2. Actual Direct Materials + Actual Direct Labor + Estimated Overhead 3. Estimated Direct Materials + Estimated Direct Labor + Actual Overhead 4. Actual Direct Materials + Estimated Direct Labor + Estimated Overhead Which of accounting? the following is a difference between managerial and financial 1. Managerial accounting reports non-monetary information whereas financial accounting reports both monetary and non-monetary information. 2. Managerial accounting is used by government authorities whereas financial accounting is used by stockholders.

(9) 3. Managerial accounting prepares reports monthly whereas financial accounting prepares reports annually. 4. Managerial information is confidential whereas financial accounting information is publicly available. Which of the following terms applyproducts? to materials and supplies that can be traced conveniently to specific 1. Indirect materials 2. Indirect manufacturing costs 3. Direct costs 4. Manufacturing overhead Which the following account balances is not reported on the balanceofsheet? 1. Materials Inventory 2. Manufacturing Patents 3. Cost of Goods Sold 4. Work in Process Inventory Which format?of the following questions do not dictate a managerial report's 1. Who should write the report? 2. To whom should the report be distributed? 3. What is the purpose of the report? 4. What information is needed? Which of the following is a period cost? 1. Advertising costs 2. Indirect materials 3. Manufacturing overhead 4. Direct materials Which of the following is not a stage in the management process? 1. Evaluating 2. Communicating

(10) 3. Planning 4. Recording Which of the following is one of the integrity standards of management accountants? 1. Refraining from accepting hospitality gifts from coworkers 2. Refraining from activities that the company does not actively endorse 3. Avoiding actual or apparent conflicts of interest 4. Avoiding only those conflicts of interest that occur between coworkers Which of the following types of product costs appear in the financial statements? 1. Predetermined overhead costs 2. Estimated costs 3. Standard costs 4. Actual costs Which of the following documents initiates the purchasing of materials? 1. Job order cost sheet 2. Receiving report 3. Purchase request 4. Purchase order Which of the following is a variable cost? 1. Raw materials 2. Rent 3. Insurance expense 4. Salaries Which of the following is included in prime costs? 1. Overhead costs 2. Indirect materials costs 3. Selling and administrative costs 4. Direct labor costs

(11) Which of the following costs is considered overhead? 1. Indirect labor costs only 2. Direct materials costs only 3. Both indirect materials and indirect labor costs 4. Direct materials and direct labor costs Which cost? of the following accounts contain only one type of product 1. Work in Process Inventory 2. Materials Inventory 3. Finished Goods Inventory 4. Cost of Goods Sold Which costfor measurement method calculates product unit cost using estimates direct materials, direct labor, and overhead? 1. Standard costing 2. Actual costing 3. Full costing 4. Normal costing Which of the following activities is nota part of the "perform" stage in the management process? 1. Producing products as per customer specifications 2. Manage supply chain relationships 3. Identifying operating activities that minimize waste 4. Calculating variances by comparing estimated and actual costs Which of the following is a source document for purchase of materials? 1. Vendor's invoice 2. Purchase request 3. Receiving report 4. All of these

(12) Which of the following is exclusive to a production-oriented company? 1. Balance sheet 2. Statement of cash flows 3. Income statement 4. Statement of cost of goods manufactured Which cost? of the following is the formula used to compute product unit 1. (Direct Materials + Direct Labor) / Number of Units Produced 2. (Direct Materials + Direct Labor + Overhead) / Number of Units Produced 3. (Direct Labor + Overhead) / Number of Units Produced 4. (Indirect Materials + Indirect Labor + Overhead) / Number of Units Produced Which the of following accounts firm? includes the cost of completed but unsold of units a manufacturing 1. Cost of Goods Sold 2. Finished Goods Inventory 3. Work in Process Inventory 4. Materials Inventory Which of thefor following user groups will use managerial accounting information decision-making purposes? 1. Customers 2. Lenders 3. Employees 4. Stockholders Which of the following is notan one of the keyreport? questions to be addressed when preparing accounting 1. What is audience's familiarity with accounting? 2. What information should be included? 3. When is it due and what method of presentation is best? 4. How long should the information be valid?

(13) Which of the following is nota product cost? 1. Depreciation on office furniture 2. Manufacturing overhead 3. Direct labor 4. Direct materials Which of the following statements is true of financial and managerial accounting? 1. Both use historical costs as their primary unit of measurement. 2. Both depend on the double-entry system of accounting. 3. Both require adherence to generally accepted accounting principles. 4. Both assist managers in decision making. Which of the following is nota product cost? 1. Indirect materials costs 2. Packaging costs 3. Direct labor costs 4. Overhead costs Which the following should not be included in the computation of cost of of goods manufactured? 1. Factory power costs 2. Indirect materials costs 3. Selling costs 4. Direct materials costs Which of the following contains period costs? 1. Work in Process Inventory 2. Finished Goods Inventory 3. Cost of Goods Sold 4. Selling and administrative expenses Which of the following accounts decreases when cost of goods manufactured is recorded? 1. Work in Process Inventory

(14) 2. Finished Goods Inventory 3. Overhead 4. Cost of Goods Sold Which following is nota reason to classify costs as either productoforthe period costs? 1. To determine unit manufacturing costs 2. To determine if the costs are fixed or variable 3. To analyze costs for control purposes 4. To report production costs on the income statement Woodies produces wooden desks. Which of the following is not an indirectInc. material for Woodies? 1. Wood in a desk 2. Nails in a desk 3. Screws in a desk 4. Lubricants for production machinery Which of the following costs is not an inventoriable cost? 1. Cost to ship products to a customer 2. Cost of factory machinery used in production 3. Cost to design the product 4. Plant supervisor's salary Which of the following labor costs would be included in direct labor? 1. Maintenance workers 2. Machine operators 3. Managers and supervisors 4. Materials storeroom custodian

(15) Free Text Questions Identify and explain the important questions a manager before preparing a managerial report. (Hint: Think "w's.")must address Answer Given Why: To establish the purpose of the report. Who: To determine whom the report is targeting, who will receive it, and who will read it; dictates the level of detail necessary for the report. What: To determine the content and style of the report. When: To determine when the report should be completed and distributed at a time when it will be most The Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of your haswithin askedthe you to help her develop a cost control report to becompany distributed company. She wants your input concerning what she should think about before developing such a report. Discuss thecontrol significant points, in detail, the CFO should consider before the cost report is prepared. Answer Given In addition to identifying the Why, Who, What, and When of the report, students should address the specific points that need to be considered under each topic. Why: What is the purpose of the report? Is the intent to report on total costs or is the report going to be concerned with specific costs? Are the costs being considered for the entire company or for specific segments of the company? Who: Who is going to receive the report? Is it going to specific line managers or to someone higher up in the company or to both groups? In other words, is it going to individuals actually incurring the costs or to individuals that are just familiar with the costs being reported? What: Can the information needed to prepare the report be obtained from existing source documents and other sources or not? How will the information be presented? As columnar data, as charts and graphs, as dollar amounts, as percentages, as year-to-date costs, as actual compared to budget, as actual this year compared to actual last year, or some other way? When: How often will the report be prepared? Daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, annually? Is the report going to be used to influence current operations or future operations? Job #178 direct consists of 500 units and has total of$35,000. direct materials, $48,000; labor, $58,000; and overhead, a. What is the unit product cost?; b. What are the prime costs per unit?; c. What are the conversion costs per unit? Answer Given a. ($48,000 + $58,000 + $35,000) / 500 units = $282 per unit; b. Prime Costs = Direct Materials + Direct Labor; so ($48,000 + $58,000) / 500 units = $212 per unit; c.

(16) Conversion Costs = Direct Labor + Overhead; so ($58,000 + $35,000) / 500 units = $186 per unit. Give two examples of each stage in the management process. Answer Given Plan: Determining the mission statement (strategic objectives and operating objectives); developing a business plan. Perform: Hiring and training personnel; properly matching human and technical resources to the work that must be done; purchasing/leasing facilities; maintaining inventories for sale; identifying operating activities that can minimize waste; improving the quality of products or services. Evaluate: Comparing actual to expected performance; correcting problems; revising original plans. Communicate: Preparing external and internal reports Assume you are about the president ofathe businessproject club attoyour school. You are thinking creating fundraising generate money forvarious next year's operations. Develop anprocess. outline of your ideas using the stages of the management Answer Given Note: Student answers will vary considerably; however, they should adequately cover the four stages of Accountants must have high professional ethics. List and briefly describe five ethical standards that management accountants subscribe to that, in your opinion, help maintain the impression that accountants are highly ethical. Answer Given The student should list any five of the following ethical standards: Competence) Each member has a responsibility to: 1. Maintain an appropriate level of professional expertise by continually developing knowledge and skills.; 2. Perform professional duties in accordance with relevant laws, regulations, and technical standards.; 3. Provide decision support information and recommendations that are accurate, clear, concise, and timely.; 4. Recognize and communicate professional limitations or other constraints that would preclude responsible judgment or successful performance of an activity. Confidentiality) Each member has a responsibility to: 1. Keep information confidential except when disclosure is authorized or legally required.; 2. Inform all relevant parties regarding appropriate use of confidential information. Monitor subordinates’ activities to ensure compliance.; 3. Refrain from using confidential information for unethical or illegal advantage. Integrity) Each member has a

(17) responsibility to: 1. Mitigate actual conflicts of interest. Regularly communicate with business associates to avoid apparent conflicts of interest. Advise all parties of any potential conflicts.; 2. Refrain from engaging in any conduct that would prejudice carrying out duties ethically.; 3. Abstain from engaging in or supporting any activity that might discredit the profession. Credibility) Each member has a responsibility to: 1. Communicate information fairly and objectively.; 2. Disclose all relevant information that could reasonably be expected to influence an intended user’s understanding of the reports, analyses, or recommendations.; 3. Disclose delays or deficiencies in information, timeliness, processing, or internal controls in conformance with organization policy and/or applicable law

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