Bab 6 Kunikmati Keindahan Al Qur

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KUNIKMATI KEINDAHAN

BAB AL-QUR’AN DENGAN TAJWID KOMPETENSI INTI

  1. Menghargai dan menghayati ajaran agama yang dianutnya

  2. Menghargai, dan menghayati perilaku jujur, disiplin, tanggung

  6 jawab, peduli (toleransi, gotong royong), santun, percaya diri, GDODP EHULQWHUDNVL VHFDUD HIHNWLI GHQJDQ OLQJNXQJDQ VRVLDO GDQ alam dalam jangkauan pergaulan dan keberadaannya.

  0HPDKDPL SHQJHWDKXDQ IDNWXDO NRQVHSWXDO GDQ SURVHGXUDO berdasarkan rasa ingin tahunya tentang ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi,

VHQL EXGD\D WHUNDLW IHQRPHQD GDQ NHMDGLDQ WDPSDN PDWD

4. Mengolah, menyaji dan menallar dalam ranah konkret

  PHQJJXQDNDQ PHQJXUDL PHUDQJNDL PHPRGL¿NDVL GDQ PHPEXDW dan ranah abstrak (menulis, membaca, menghitung, menggambar, dan mengarang) sesuai dengan yang dipelajari di sekolah dan sumber lain yang sama dalam sudut pandang/teori

KOMPETENSI DASAR:

  0HQHUDSNDQ KXNXP EDFDDQ 4DOTDODK GDODP 4 6 DO %D\\LQDK DO .Ɨ¿UnjQ dan Qur’an surat-surat pendek pilihan

CERMATI AYAT BERIKUT

  ôánóa÷UóúÐ ô‹÷SóÚ ôæ÷} óA ¼

  ÷} óg÷bó> ĆóR ó‹hõšóh÷UÐ n­YójóR ½ ç ò‹xõŽ÷bó> õŒ ó— ÷AóÌ õR óën ó—÷iüÐ nóf÷bód óB ÷{óbóU

  ¾ õˆóa ­ZUnõ= ô‹ õ—÷SôÌ ĆóR ¼ n ð_ ÷e ó@ õõ= óŒ ÷] óHóŽóR ½ à

   ó` ÷]óhóU óën ó—÷iüÐ ­ëõÎ ĆóT ¾ ñƒh õôY ÷‹õgõýÐóÚóí ÷ŒõY ô­dUÐóí ¼

  ñpó_ õIn óB n ówôÚn ó[÷=óÌ ½ Ñ  ó` óJ ô­iõÎ óë÷Ž óL÷}õR óUõÎ ÷o ów÷ÙÐ

  ¾ óoóSóí ÐóÙõÎ òˆ õHn óQ ¬} óI ÷ŒõYóí

  Õ ¼

òŠhõd ÷\ó> õR ÷‹ ôwó{÷hóT ÷Šó_ ÷œóx ÷‹óUóÌ

½

  ñÚõØnóbóU õõ_ ÷@óÚ ód óL ô­iõÎ ¾ õÕíô}ô˜÷UÐ õÓÐóÙ õÊn óe ­—UÐóí Ø

  ¼  ­T­~óx ô­dó_óU ó‰xõÚ÷{ôx nóYóí ½ óŒhõdõRn óH óŠóa ÷HóÌ ôìnói÷ØóØóÚ ­‹ô? ¾ ñ؎ôf ócóU õ¬=ó}õU óën ó—÷iüÐ ­ëõÎ

  Setelah kalian mengamati dan mencermati beberapa ayat tersebut di atas (kata yang EHUJDULV EDZDK NRORP \DQJ GLDUVLU GDQ KXUXI KXUXI \DQJ WHUWXOLV WHQWX DNDQ PHPXQFXONDQ berbagai pertanyaan dalam benak kalian.

  No. Kata tanya Pertanyaan

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  4

  5

   BUKALAH WAWASANMU Ilmu Tajwid dan Sifat Huruf Hijaiyyah Tajwid menurut bahasa adalah tahsin, yang artinya memperindah. Adapun menurut istilah

  

WDMZLG DGDODK PHPEXQ\LNDQ VHWLDS KXUXI GDUL PDNKUDMQ\D GHQJDQ PHPEHULNDQ VHWLDS KXUXI KDN

dan mustahaknya.

  0HQJHWDKXL DWDX PHPSHODMDUL ,OPX 7DMZLG KXNXPQ\D IDUGKX NLID\DK QDPXQ

PHQJDPDONDQQ\D GDODP PHPEDFD DO 4XU¶DQ KXNXPQ\D IDUGKX DLQ \DQJ EHUDUWL VHPXD qari’

(orang yang membaca al-Qur’an) wajib menerapkan tajwid saat membaca ayat-ayat al-Qur’an.

  'DODP ,OPX 7DMZLG GL NHQDO LVWLODK VLIDW VLIDW KXUXI \DQJ DUWLQ\D VXDWX NHDGDDQ \DQJ

WHUMDGL SDGD KXUXI SDGD VDDW GLEXQ\LNDQ GDODP PDNKUDMQ\D 6HSHUWL Mahr (keras) dan lawannya

yaitu al-hams

  ELVLNDQ GDQ ODLQ VHEDJDLQ\D 'DQ TDOTDODK WHUPDVXN VDODK VDWX VLIDW KXUXI \DQJ tidak memiliki lawan kata.

  Pengertian Qalqalah Qalqalah menurut bahasa, artinya bergerak dan bergetar, sedangkan menurut istilah

LOPX WDMZLG DUWLQ\D JHWDUDQ PDNKUDM SDGD VDDW PHQJXFDSNDQ KXUXI WHUWHQWX \DQJ GLVXNXQNDQ

  

VHKLQJJD WHUGHQJDU VXDUD WHNDQDQ \DQJ NXDW +XUXI qalqalah terdiri dari lima buah yang

tergabung di dalam kalimat yaitu qa I, tha, ba’, Mim, dan dal.

  {@ o]S

  Tingkatan qalqalah ada tiga macam:

  a. Qalqalah \DQJ SDOLQJ EHUDW \DLWX KXUXI TDOTDODK \DQJ GLtasydidkan dalam keadaan waqaI

  Contoh: ­oó>óí òoó ó4 õ-óÌ Ðó{óx ÷q­˜ó>

  b. Qalqalah \DQJ SHUWHQJDKDQ \DLWX KXUXI qalqalah yang disukunkan dalam keadaan waqaI

  Contoh: óo ó—óT nóYóí ôôUnóY ô÷fóL óf÷QóÌ nóY

  c. Qalqalah \DQJ ULQJDQ DGDODK KXUXI qalqalah yang disukunkan dalam keadaan washal. Contoh:

  ò{ ó—óY ÷ŒõY ñŠ÷˜ óA nówõ{hõ@

  d. Qalqalah \DQJ SDOLQJ ULQJDQ DGDODK KXUXI qalqalah yang berharakat

  Contoh: \

  Namun pembagian Qalqalah yang paling masyhur ada 2 macam:

  a. Qalqalah Sughra \DLWX NHWLND KXUXI TDOTDODK EHUKDUDNDW KLGXS \DQJ GLEDFD PDWL NDUHQD waqaI.

  Contoh: ôÚmó ÷¹ó ÷úÐ mófõ™÷ óĵ ÷‹õX ÷ïõ|÷ óĶ

  b. Qalqalah Kubra \DLWX NHWLND KXUXI TDOTDODK \DQJ EHUKDUDNDW VXNXQ GL WHQJDK NDOLPDW contoh:

  ñz ó@óÌ ôāÐ óôv ÷‰ôR KEMBANGKAN PIKIRANMU! 'HQJDQ PHPSHODMDUL TDOTDODK NLWD MDGL PHPDKDPL VHEDJLDQ VLIDW KXUXI KLMDL\\DK 'DUL

keempat pembagian qalqalah yang sudah disampaikan pada materi sebelumnya, kita mengetahui

EDKZD PDVLQJ PDVLQJ KXUXI qalqalah memiliki tingkatan cara bacanya, dilihat dari posisinya

dalam kata atau kalimat. Sekarang saatnya kita memperkuat pemahaman kita tentang qalqalah

dengan menganalisis bacaan qalqalah pada ayat al-Qur’an.

  1. Bersama kelompokmu, cermatilah al-Qur’an surat al-Fajr berikut

  2. Temukan bacaan qalqalah dengan tingkatannya

  3. Tulislah temuanmu pada kolom-kolom di bawahnya

õR ÷Š ów ¿ õ} ÷—óx ÐóÙõÎ õŠ÷h­dUÐóí ¾ õ}÷>óŽ÷UÐóí õ…÷a ­ZUÐóí ½ ò} ÷Z óL òénóhóUóí ¼ õ} ÷œóa÷UÐóí

õØn óeõ_÷UÐ õÓÐóÙ óêóÚõÎ Á òØnó_õ= ó‰´=óÚ óŠó_óR ó‡÷hóT ó}ó> ÷‹ååóUóÌ À ò} ÷œ õA ïõ|õU ñ‹ ó—óS ó‰õUóÙ

  ( Ä õØÐóŽ÷Unõ= ó} ÷ž ­[UРЎô=n ó@ óŒxõ|­UÐ ó؎ ôeó?óí à õØĆõ˜÷UÐ õR nógôd÷›õY ÷ˆód ÷žôx ÷‹óU õš­UÐ Â ( ¼½ óØn ó—óa÷UÐ nóghõR Ðíô}ó›÷TójóR ¼¼ õØĆõ˜÷UÐ õR Ð÷Žó` óJ óŒxõ|­UÐ ¼» õØnó>÷íúÐ ïõÙ óë÷Ž óL÷}õRóí

  

ÐóÙõÎ ôën ó—÷iüÐ n­YójóR ¼¿ õØn óÉ÷}õe÷Unõ˜óU ó‰­=óÚ ­ëõÎ ¼¾ òÑÐó| óL óà÷Ž óH ó‰´=óÚ ÷‹õg÷hód óL ­o ó[óR

õ÷hód óL óÚó{óbóR ôìĆóš÷=Ð nóY ÐóÙõÎ n­YóÌóí ¼À õŒóYó}÷TóÌ ¬=óÚ ôéŽôbóhóR ô óe­_óióí ôóYó}÷TójóR ô´=óÚ ôìĆóš÷=Ð nóY

ód óL óëŽ ´”n óó> øóí ¼Â ó‹hõšóh÷UÐ óëŽôYõ} ÷cô> ø Šó= ĆóT ¼Á õŒóin ówóÌ ¬=óÚ ôéŽôbóhóR ôóS÷ÛõÚ

n ăe ó@ n㘠ôA óén óe÷UÐ ó뎴˜ õô>óí ¼Ä n ăeóU Ć÷TóÌ óÔÐó}´šUÐ óëŽôdôT÷jó>óí ¼Ã õŒh õc ÷—õe÷UÐ õênó_ óJ

  

Contoh Qalqalah Sughra:

  6

  4 BERLATIHLAH

ĩʐ õ@ĩí ½½ năa ĩÉ năa ĩÉ ơ‰ĩd ĩe÷UÐĩí ĩ‰´=ĩÚ ĩÊn ĩ@ĩí ½¼ năTĩØ năTĩØ ơß÷ÚúÐ õq­TơØ ÐĩÙõỴ ĆĩT ½»

ôq÷Y­{óS õfóš÷hóU nóx ôéŽôbóx ½¾ îó}÷T¬|UÐ ôóU ­ióÌóí ôën ó—÷iüÐ ô} ­Tó|óšóx ò|õþóY÷Žóx ó‹­fóg óœõ= ò|õþóY÷Žóx

nógôš­xóÌ nóx ½Á ñ{ óAóÌ ôóSnó?óí ôˆõ?Žôx øóí ½À ñ{ óAóÌ ôó=Ðó| óL ôѬ|ó_ôx ø ò|õþóY÷ŽóhóR ½¿ õ>nóh óõU

ïõØnó˜õL õR õd ôB÷ØnóR ½Ã ðp­h õ”÷}óY ðpóh õ”ÐóÚ õ‰¬=óÚ óUõÎ õ_ õ@÷ÚÐ ½Â ôp­fõþ óe ÷] ôe÷UÐ ô÷a­fUÐ

  3

  2

  1

  8

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  5

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  4 Contoh Qalqalah Kubro:

  3

  2

  1

  8

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  6

  ( ¾» õš­f ó@ õd ôB÷ØÐóí ½Ä

  Tidak akan membekas suatu ilmu tanpa penerapan. Untuk itu cobalah bacalah QS. al-

’Adiyat dan berhati-hatilah pada bacaan qalqalah yang kalian temui. Meski demikian, jangan

lupa untuk tetap menerapkan bacaan tajwid yang telah kalian pelajari pada bangku Madrasah

Ibtidaiyyah. Pastikan kalian dapat membacanya dengan benar! Bacalah di depan guru atau

temanmu!

  AKHIRNYA AKU TAHU Ternyata Qalqalah adalah sebuah si Iat huruI. Dimana melaIalkannya memiliki

tingkatan, dan pembagian hukum bacaannya terdiri dari 2 hukum bacaan kubro dan sughro.

  8QWXN GDSDW PHPEHGDNDQ FDUD SHODIDODQ GDQ FDUD EDFD qalqalah ini, cobalah kalian

menyimak beberapa bacaan murottal dari berbagai qari’. (minimal 3 qari’ dari dalam maupun

luar negeri) cobalah menyimak bacaan surat yang sama dengan qari berbeda!

  KET NO SURAT NAMA QARI’ TTD ORTU Cepat Sedang Lambat

  1 Al-Fajr

  2 Al-Bayyinah

  3 Al-Lahab

MUTIARA HIKMAH

  ‹d—Y ìÐíÚ õõ=n ó ÷Éó õú nð_hõa óI õpóYnóhõb÷UÐ óê÷Žóx õ>÷jóx ô­iõlóR óëË÷}ôb÷UÐ ÐíôÊó}÷SõÐ Bacalah Al-Qur’an! Sesungguhnya al-Qur’an akan datang pada hari kiamat memberi sya

  Iaat bagi para pembacanya (HR Muslim)

  CATATAN 1 .....................................................................................................................

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  CATATAN 2 .....................................................................................................................

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  CATATAN 3 .....................................................................................................................

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