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  THE INFLUENCE OF JAMIE SULLIVAN ON LANDON CARTER’S PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT SEEN IN NICHOLAS SPARKS’S A WALK TO REMEMBER AN UNDERGRADUATE THESIS

  Presented as Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Sastra in English Letters

  By PUPUT TRISANTI ARINI Student Number: 064214107

ENGLISH LETTERS STUDY PROGRAMME DEPARTEMENT OF ENGLISH LETTERS FACULTY OF LETTERS SANATA DHARMA UNIVERSITY YOGYAKARTA

  THE INFLUENCE OF JAMIE SULLIVAN ON LANDON CARTER’S PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT SEEN IN NICHOLAS SPARKS’S A WALK TO REMEMBER AN UNDERGRADUATE THESIS

  Presented as Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Sastra in English Letters

  By PUPUT TRISANTI ARINI Student Number: 064214107

ENGLISH LETTERS STUDY PROGRAMME DEPARTEMENT OF ENGLISH LETTERS FACULTY OF LETTERS SANATA DHARMA UNIVERSITY YOGYAKARTA

  Success doesn’t come to you… you go to it (Marva Collins)

Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the

things you didn't do than by the ones you did. So throw off the bowlines, sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover. (Mark Twain)

God gives you pain to make you learn how to be strong. Stay

positive, never give up, and always be grateful! (Ihatequotes) Tiada sesuatu yang indah dari sebuah perjalanan kecuali sampai tujuan Tiada sesuatu yang indah dari hasil berusaha kecuali kesuksesan Tiada sesuatu yang indah dari hasil perjuangan kecuali kemenangan (My father)

  This undergraduate thesis is dedicated to: My beloved parents family lovely Friends and for the better future

  

LEMBAR PERNYATAAN PERSETUJUAN

PUBLIKASI KARYA ILMIAH UNTUK KEPENTINGAN AKADEMIK

  Yang bertanda tangan di bawah ini, saya mahasiswa Universitas Sanata Dharma: Nama : Puput Trisanti Arini

  Nomor Mahasiswa : 064214107 Demi pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan, saya memberikan kepada Perpustakaan Universitas Sanata Dharma karya ilmiah saya yang berjudul:

  

THE INFLUENCE OF JAMIE SULLIVAN ON LANDON CARTER’S

PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT SEEN IN

NICHOLAS SPARKS’S

  

A WALK TO REMEMBER

  Beserta perangkat yang diperlukan (bila ada). Dengan demikian, saya memberikan kepada Perpustakaan Universitas Sanata Dharma hak untuk menyimpan, mengalihkan dalam bentuk media lain, mengelolanya dalam bentuk pangkalan data, mendistribusikannya di internet atau media lain untuk kepentingan akademis tanpa perlu meminta ijin ataupun memberikan royalti kepada saya selama tetap mencantumkan nama saya sebagai penulis.

  Demikian pernyataan ini saya buat dengan sebenarnya. Dibuat di Yogyakarta Pada tanggal: 30 September 2011 Yang menyatakan Puput Trisanti Arini

   

  

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

  My first gratitude goes to Allah S.W.T, who has given me a wonderful life, thank you for Your guiding and protection so that I can finish this undergraduate thesis.

  My deepest gratitude goes to my beloved parents, Edi Sutanto and Diah

  Utami who always support me with their love, patience and prayer.

  I would like to thank my grandparents for their prayers and to my lovely sister ‘Mbak Uli’ and my big brother ‘Mas Aang’, thank you for your love, support, and advice which make me grow up. To my dear lovely niece Zhezhe and Zephy, thank you for the happiness and cheerfulness that you bring into my life.

  I would like to thank my advisor, Ni Luh Putu Rosiandani, S.S.,

  

M.Hum, for helping me in writing this undergraduate thesis. I really thank for her

  patience, guidance, time, suggestions and ideas in improving my undergraduate thesis. I would also like to thank my co-advisor Maria Ananta Tri Suryandari,

  

S.S., M.Ed for her checking this undergraduate thesis and giving me some

suggestions.

  My appreciation also goes to all the lecturers of English Letters Department, thank you for the wonderful experience, upbringing, knowledge and guidance. I could never forget all the kindness of your heart.

  To all of my lovely friends in English Letters USD Nungky, Bibi, Dea,

  

Danas, Dewi, Rere, Rena, Elsa, Rina, Suster Karita, Yenny, Ira, Sita, Mbak

  Nina, Mbak Sukma, Vero, Wahyu, Hasan, Kiky, Dimas, Bayu,

  Thank you for the unforgettable moment that we have spent together and especially for Inkan, thank for your suggestions.

  To my boarding house mates Rima, Agnes, Ce Ve, Ce Artha, Vanilla,

  Sandra

  who accompany me in passing my life in Jogja, thank for the wonderful friendship, and especially for ‘Mbak Sesil’, thank for being my teacher.

  To Lia, Aank, Sesil, Rosy, Shinta, Bram, Yoza, Agnes Endah, thank for the wonderful friendship that all of you has given to me, for love and support, and for the unforgettable moment that we have spent together.

  I am terribly sorry for not mentioning the names of my friends one by one, but it is my honor to know all of you.

  Puput Trisanti Arini

  

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  TITLE PAGE ...................................................................................................... i APPROVAL PAGE ........................................................................................... ii ACCEPTANCE PAGE ..................................................................................... iii MOTTO PAGE ................................................................................................. iv DEDICATION PAGE ........................................................................................ v

  LEMBAR PERNYATAAN PERSETUJUAN PUBLIKASI

  .................................. vi ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ............................................................................. vii TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................. ix ABSTRACT ...................................................................................................... xi ABSTRAK ....................................................................................................... xii

  CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study ............................................................................... 1 B. Problem Formulation ..................................................................................... 3 C. Objectives of the study .................................................................................. 3 D. Definition of Terms ....................................................................................... 4 CHAPTER II: THEORETICAL REVIEW A. Review of Related Studies ............................................................................ 6 B. Review of Related Theories .......................................................................... 8

  1. Theory of Characters and Characterization ........................................ 8

  2. Theory of Personality Development ................................................ 11

  C. Theoretical Framework ............................................................................... 14

  CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY A. Object of the study ....................................................................................... 15 B. Approach of the study ................................................................................. 16 C. Method of the study ..................................................................................... 17 CHAPTER IV A. The Description of Landon Carter as Major Character ............................... 19

  1. The Description of Landon Carter before he becomes friends with Jamie Sullivan ......................................................................... 20 a. Mischievous ......................................................................... 21

  b. Disobedient .......................................................................... 23

  c. Impious ................................................................................. 25

  d. Pessimistic ............................................................................ 26

  2. The Description of Landon Carter after he becomes friends with Jamie Sullivan ......................................................................... 27 a. Polite ..................................................................................... 28

  b. Mature .................................................................................. 30

  c. Optimistic ............................................................................. 32

  d. Religious .............................................................................. 34

  B. The Description of Jamie Sullivan as Major Character ............................... 35

  a. Simple ............................................................................................... 36

  b. Religious .......................................................................................... 38

  c. Helpful .............................................................................................. 39

  d. Kind .................................................................................................. 41

  e. Obedient ........................................................................................... 42

  f. Optimistic ......................................................................................... 43

  C. The Influence of Jamie Sullivan on Landon Carter’s Personality Development ............................................................................................... 45

  1. Sense of Politeness ........................................................................... 47

  2. Sense of Maturity ............................................................................. 50

  3. Sense of Religiosity ......................................................................... 53

  4. Sense of Optimism ........................................................................... 54

  5. Sense of Generosity .......................................................................... 56

  CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION ........................................................................ 59 BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................................................................................ 63

  

ABSTRACT

  PUPUT TRISANTI ARINI (2011). The Influence of Jamie Sullivan on Landon

  

Carter’s Personality Development seen in Nicholas Sparks’s A Walk to

Remember

  . Yogyakarta: Department of English Letters, Faculty of Letters, Sanata Dharma University.

  This study discusses Nicholas Sparks' novel A Walk to Remember. This novel shows the power of love between two major characters that are Landon Carter and Jamie Sullivan. The writer chooses to analyze the personality development of Landon Carter, one of the major characters, since there is an interesting description of Landon Carter's personality which changes from time to time because of significant person in Landon Carter's life. The significant person that influences Landon Carter’s personality development is Jamie Sullivan.

  There are three problems analyzed in this study: (1) How is Landon Carter personality development described in the novel? (2) How is Jamie Sullivan described in the novel? (3) How does Jamie Sullivan influence Landon Carter's personality development?

  This study uses Abrams, Forster, Murphy, Pervin and John, and Hurlock's theories. This study applies the library research method and uses psychological approach. It is the most appropriate approach because this study examines personality development.

  Based on the analysis, there are three main points which can be drawn from this study. The first point is how Landon Carter personality development is described in the novel. Before Landon Carter becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan, he is described as mischievous, disobedient, impious, and pessimistic. After Landon Carter becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan, he is described as polite, mature, religious, optimistic, and generous. The second point is how Jamie Sullivan is described in the novel. She is described as simple, religious, helpful, kind, obedient, and optimistic. The third point is the influence of Jamie Sullivan on Landon Carter's personality development. Jamie Sullivan has a great contribution on Landon Carter’s personality development. Because of Jamie Sullivan’s influence, Landon Carter becomes a person with sense of politeness, sense of maturity, sense of religiosity, sense of optimism, and sense of generosity. From those changes, it can be concluded that Landon Carter’s personality development is influenced by significant person that is Jamie Sullivan. Jamie Sullivan makes Landon Carter’s personality becomes better and undergoes qualitative, and slow development.

  

ABSTRAK

  PUPUT TRISANTI ARINI (2011). The Influence of Jamie Sullivan on Landon

  

Carter’s Personality Development seen in Nicholas Sparks’s A Walk to

Remember

  . Yogyakarta: Jurusan Sastra Inggris, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Sanata Dharma. Skripsi ini membahas sebuah novel berjudul A Walk to Remember, karya

  Nicholas Sparks. Novel ini menunjukkan kekuatan cinta antara dua karakter utama yaitu Landon Carter dan Jamie Sullivan. Penulis memilih untuk menganalisa perkembangan kepribadian Landon Carter, salah satu tokoh utama, karena terdapat penggambaran menarik dari kepribadian Landon Carter yang berubah dari waktu ke waktu karena orang penting dalam kehidupan Landon Carter. Orang penting yang mempengaruhi perkembangan kepribadian Landon Carter adalah Jamie Sullivan.

  Ada tiga masalah yang dianalisa dalam skripsi ini: (1) Bagaimanakah perkembangan kebribadian Landon Carter digambarkan dalam novel ini? (2) Bagaimana Jamie Sullivan digambarkan dalam novel ini? (3) Bagaimana Jamie Sullivan mempengaruhi perkembangan kepribadian Landon Carter?

  Penelitian ini menggunakan teori-teori dari Abrams, Forster, Murphy, Pervin dan John, dan Hurlock. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode studi kepustakaan dan menggunakan pendekatan psikologis. Pendekatan psikologis merupakan pendekatan yang paling tepat karena penelitian ini meneliti perkembangan kepribadian.

  Berdasarkan analisis, ada tiga hal utama yang dapat ditarik dalam skripsi ini. Hal pertama adalah bagaimana perkembangan kepribadian Landon Carter digambarkan dalam novel. Sebelum Landon Carter berteman dengan Jamie Sullivan, dia digambarkan sebagai orang yang nakal, tidak patuh, tidak beriman, dan pesimis. Setelah Landon Carter berteman dengan Jamie Sullivan, dia digambarkan sebagai seorang yang sopan, dewasa, beriman, optimis dan dermawan. Hal kedua adalah bagaimana Jamie Sullivan digambarkan dalam novel. Dia digambarkan sebagai orang yang sederhana, beriman, penolong, baik, patuh, dan optimis. Hal ketiga adalah pengaruh dari Jamie Sullivan terhadap perkembangan kepribadian Landon Carter. Jamie Sullivan mempunyai pengaruh besar dalam perkembangan kepribadian Landon Carter. Karena pengaruh dari Jamie Sullivan, Landon Carter menjadi seorang yang memiliki rasa kesopanan, rasa kedewasaan, rasa religius, rasa optimisme, dan rasa kedermawanan. Dari perubahan-perubahan tersebut, dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa perkembangan kepribadian Landon Carter adalah pengaruh dari orang penting di sekitarnya yaitu Jamie Sullivan. Jamie Sullivan membuat kepribadian Landon Carter berubah menjadi lebih baik dan mengalami perkembangan secara kualitatif dan lambat.

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the Study A. There are many ways to express feelings, ideas, thoughts and experiences. Writing literature such as a novel is one of the ways. By reading literature

  carefully, one can broaden, deepen and sharpen his awareness of life and its problem (Perrine, 1974:3). Novel is one of the literary works that is extended works of fiction. The author pours his or her ideas about life through the novel. The ideas may come from a particular event that happens in author’s life or merely reflection of human life. Wellek and Warren in their book entitled Theory

  of Literature

  states that the work of literature portrays life as reality. It can be seen in the quotation below: Literature looks like a real life portrait. It’s an illustration of human lives because the literary works present the reality of human situation, problems, feeling, and relationship (1956:96). Novel has many valuable lessons and messages about human life. From the novel we can enrich our knowledge and learn the moral values from the character’s life experiences. The reader will find that reading a novel gives not only pleasure but also valuable things of life. Life is full of mystery. No one could ever know what will happen in the future. Man can change. His or her changes are caused by many factors. The factors could be caused by the influence of friends, family, environment or something which happens in life. According to Hurlock in her book Personality development, the personality changes can be classified into three major categories. First, some changes are for better and some are for the worse. Second, some are qualitative. The last is some occur slowly and some occur rapidly (1974: 120-122).

  A lesson of being changing and changed can be seen in the novel by Nicholas Sparks entitled A Walk to Remember. The major character named Landon Carter undergoes such changing in his personality and his life when he is 17 years old. His changes happen after he becomes friend with a girl named Jamie Sullivan. According to Landon Carter, she is a strange girl and he does not want to become friend with her. But some moments which they often spend together change Landon Carter’s point of view about Jamie Sullivan. Even he finds that he falls in love with her. He used to be such a bad person in the beginning of the story but then he changes into someone else better. This personality development is interesting to be analyzed.

  The writer finds that A Walk to Remember is worth to be analyzed. First, it is because of the author and second, it is because of the content. Nicholas Sparks is a New York Times best selling author. He has written some romantic novels such as The Notebook, Message in the Bottle, Night in Rodanthe, Dear

  

John, A Bend in the Road, The Guardian, The Rescue, The Last Song, The lucky

One, and many more. Some of them are New York Times best seller and have

  adapted to be a movie including A Walk to Remember. Since Pandora Association with Warner Bros Pictured presented it to be a movie, this novel becomes more well-known.

  A Walk to Remember

  is an interesting novel. The story is beautiful that touches the writer’s heart. This is a story of true love, first love and everlasting love. This novel shows the power of love between the two characters that are Jamie Sullivan and Landon Carter. They have different backgrounds of family and life so that there is a big distance between them. Besides, Jamie Sullivan suffers from leukemia. This novel is rich with the challenges of the main characters to prove their love. It shows the power of love between two people that can change a person’s life. Based on the reason above, the writer is interested to analyze this novel and focuses on major character, Landon Carter, who experiences the personality development.

B. Problem Formulation

  Based on the background of study presented above, the problems of the study are formulated as follows:

  1. How is Landon Carter personality development described in the novel?

  2. How is Jamie Sullivan described in the novel?

  3. How does Jamie Sullivan influence Landon Carter’s personality development?

C. Objectives of the Study

  There are three objectives to achieve. Firstly, the writer wants to reveal the description of Landon Carter personality development. Here, the writer elaborates Landon Carter personality before he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan and after he becomes friend with and fall in love with Jamie. The second objective of this research is to observe how Jamie Sullivan’s character described in the novel. The third objective is to analyze the process on how Jamie Sullivan influences Landon Carter’s personality development.

D. Definition of Terms

  The terms in this study need to be clarified in order to avoid unnecessary confusion. The terms are:

a. Personality Development

  Allport in Hurlock’s Personality Development states that personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought (1974:7).

  According to Hurlock, personality is the characteristics and qualities of a person as a whole. In literary work, personality is all the characteristics and qualities that make the imaginary person alive to the readers (1974:108).

  Pikunas in his book Human Development an Emergent Science states that: “Development is a broad term that refers to all the process of change by which an individual’s potentialities unfold and appear as new qualities, abilities, traits, and related characteristic. It includes the long term and relatively irreversible gains from growth, maturation, learning, and achievement (1976:23). Pikunas’s statement above suggests that people undergo some changing in their life, this kind of changing called development. It cannot quickly happen but takes long time and process to increase the potentialities.

  Then, it can be concluded that personality development is a process of change in individual’s characteristics behavior and thought.

b. Influence

  Influence according to Sukhanov in Encarta Webster’s College Dictionary is the power that somebody has to affect other people’s thinking or actions by means of argument, example or force of personality (2005:738). In Longman

  Dictionary of English Language and Culture

  , influence is an effect on someone or something without the use of direct force or command (Summers, 1992:674).

CHAPTER II THEORETICAL REVIEW A. Review of Related Studies There are several studies discussing Nicholas Sparks’s A Walk to Remember . Merry Christina, one of alumni of Sanata Dharma University,

  analyzed this novel in her thesis entitled The Values of Love as Reflected in Nicholas Sparks’s A Walk to Remember.

  This thesis analyzes the values of love from the novel. She concludes that the values of love may cover lots of element in life. Those are about honesty, forgiveness, truth, to give with all the heart, to share, and most of all, an everlasting love will never die. Those elements can be seen from the major character named Jamie Sullivan. With the power of love, we believe that we are able to do everything (Christina, 2007: viii).

  The other study also comes from one of alumni of Sanata Dharma University. She is Yulia Frida P. She analyzed this novel in her thesis entitled The

  

Influence of Jamie Sullivan’s Emotion towards her Motivation to Struggle for Life

as seen in Nicholas Sparks’s A Walk to Remember.

  In this study, Frida finds a fact that Jamie Sullivan’s suffering from leukemia, makes she feels afraid of death, but she does not show her fear explicitly. Jamie Sullivan’s emotion becomes the conviction of Jamie Sullivan to struggle for life. There are some reasons which motivate her to struggle for life. One of them is her strong faith and her love toward Landon Carter (Frida, 2006:viii).

  There is also a study that discusses about personality development of major character in the novel. It comes from Ratnaningsih who was the student of Sanata Sharma University. She applies the theory of personality development in analyzing a major character that is Mariam in A Thousand Splendid Suns. Her thesis which entitled The Influence of Jalil, Raheed, and Laila on Mariam’s

  Personality Changes emphasizes on the personality changes of Mariam.

  Ratnaningsih shows how Jalil makes Mariam who is an affectionate person becomes unfriendly person. Raheed makes Mariam who is unreflective becomes reflective. This personality change is influenced by the people around Mariam. It can be seen in the following quotation:

  They are Jalil, Rasheed, and Laila. Jalil is Mariam’s father. Although Jalil loves Mariam,he is ashamed to admit Mariam as his daughter since Mariam is his illegitimate daughter. Jalil also forces Mariam to marry Rasheed in order to maintain his good name. Because of Jalil’s personalities, Mariam experiences some personality changes. Then, Rasheed also makes Mariam have personality changes with his bad personalities. The character of Laila, the other major character, which in contrast to Mariam causes Mariam to have personality changes (Ratnaningsih, 2010:3).

  Another comment comes from Kristine Cure. She states that A Walk to

  

Remember is an extra-ordinary love story. Another attempt of one of the greatest

  novelists in modern times, Nicholas Sparks, to somehow unlock the mystery of extra-ordinary love for us. Sparks attempts to reveal the extra-ordinary power of love to change a person's life ( http://www.helium.com/items/1421042-a-walk-to-

B. Review of Related Theories

  In order to answer the problem formulation that appears previously, the writer requires some theories to support the accuracy of this study.

1. Theory of Characters and Characterization

  The simple meaning of character is someone in literary work that has some sort identity (it does not need to be a strong one), an identity which is made up by appearance, conversation, action, name and (possibly) thoughts going on head (Gill, 1995:127). It means the character is the person taking part in the story although she or he does not have any significant role.

  According to Abrams, the characters are the person presented in dramatic or narrative work, who are interpreted by the reader as being endowed with moral, dispositional, and emotional qualities, that are expressed in what they say, the dialogue, and by what they do, the action (1982:21). The statement emphasizes that the character is not only about the name of character but the whole, includes his/her speech, action, behavior, etc.

  According to Foster, character is divided into two kinds. They are flat and round characters. A flat character is created around a single idea or quality and characterized only by one or two traits (1974: 46-51). In other words, the character remains stable condition from the beginning to the end of the story. A round character is complex in temperament and motivation (1974: 46-51). This kind of character can change or develop according to certain action through the story.

  The author characterizes characters in the novel in order to be understood. There are many ways in characterizing the character in the novel. In

  Understanding Unseen,

  M.J Murphy classified the way an author reveals the character’s personalities and trait to the readers (1972:161-173), as follows: a. Personal description The character can be seen from the person’s physical appearance in the story such as the clothes wore in the story.

  b. Characters as seen by another It means that the author describes the character through the opinion and perspective given by others characters in the story. Their opinion influences the reader’s impression so that the reader may get a reflected image.

  c. Speech The author describes the character through what other character says in his speech about certain character. Whenever a person speaks, whenever he is in conversation with another, whenever he puts forward an opinion. He is giving some clue to his character.

  d. Past life Meaning that, the author gives some clues to the readers by describing the characters past life. The author comment on the character’s thought, through conversation with other characters, or through the medium of another person.

  e. Conversations of others

  The author describes the conversations between the character and the other character, therefore it can give the readers a clue of the personality that the character has.

  f. Reactions Meaning that, the readers are allowed to know the character’s personality by giving problems to the character. The reactions of the character toward the problems and events can show the character’s personality.

  g. Direct comment Meaning that, the author gives his own comment to the characters he creates directly. By giving comments explicitly, the readers will understand what kind of person he or she is.

  h. Thought Meaning that, the author takes the readers to the character’s thought and feeling, so the readers can subjectively understand the character’s personalities, and the position in the story. The readers can feel as if they were the character itself. i. Mannerism The character’s mannerism, habit, idiosyncrasies are described by the author to the readers in order to be a way in knowing the character itself.

2. Theory of Personality Development

  Hurlock (1974:120-122) divides characteristics of change in personality into three major categories. First, some changes are for the better and some are for the worse. Second, some are quantitative and some are qualitative. And third, some occur slowly and some rapidly. They can be explained as follows:

  1) Better Versus Worse Personality changes for the better or for the worse reflect the kind of life adjustment the individual is making at the time. Personality changes for the worse in normal people occur at the puberty and the middle age. When pronounced changes, especially for worse, occur at times when they normally do not occur, these changes should be recognized as danger signals. 2) Quantitative Versus Qualitative.

  In qualitative changes, an already-present trait usually an undesirable one, is replaced by another trait, usually a desirable one. In the case of selfishness, for example, a qualitative change would mean that selfishness was eliminated and replaced with generosity. In quantitative changes, characteristics already present are reinforced, strengthened, or weakened. Undesirable traits usually become less undesirable.

  3) Slow Versus Rapid Changes Changes are regarded as slow if they are barely perceptible, while rapid changes are quickly able to be understood to all. Normally, personality changes are slow and gradual. They are slow, even in childhood before the personality pattern has become well set, because every change involves the breaking of a previously learned habit and the learning of a new habit to replace it.

  Furthermore, changes in personality do not occur of their own accord. Usually they are the result of multiple revisions in thoughts and feelings related to the person’s concepts of self. The changes of personality can be affected by several conditions (Hurlock, 1974: 124-130). The most significant conditions are:

  Firstly, physical changes in someone can change his/her personality. The physical changes are caused by some aspects, such as illness, blindness, and injuries in which those changes may make someone's personality change. The physical changes also happen when someone is at puberty in which those changes may make someone have personality change in self concept (Hurlock, 1974:124).

  Secondly, changes in environment either physical or social environment are responsible for someone's personality changes. The changes depend on how well someone adjusts himself/herself to the new environment. The environment changes can make improvement in someone's personality changes in two conditions. The first is whether someone can meet equilibrium with the environment. The example is moving to a friendly environment can lead someone to be an accepted person. The second is the timing of the movement. The example is parents' divorce when their children are still young has a greater effect than when their children are adults (Hurlock, 1974:125).

  Thirdly, the significant people in someone's life can be responsible for personality changes. Personality changes will depend on how much the attitudes, values, beliefs, and so on of the significant people differ from those of the individual. If there is a great disparity, he will be motivated to effect greater changes. The individual tries to adapt the pattern of behavior, attitudes, beliefs, values, and so on. The example of the significant people who are responsible for someone's personality changes in young adult are usually spouses, friends, neighbors, and employers (Hurlock, 1974:126).

  Fourthly, Social pressure can make people change their personality in order to be accepted socially. Personalities which are rejected by social tend to change. As childhood progresses, the child become aware that some personality traits are admired while some are disliked. Since everyone normally has a strong desire to be accepted by those who are significant to him, he tries to change any personality trait that will militate against his being accepted. The strong social pressures such as shyness, bossiness, aggressiveness, and greediness have much possibility to encourage changes in certain aspects of personality rather than the traits of admiration, affection, cooperativeness, and generosity (Hurlock, 1974:126).

  Fifthly, changes of one’s role may occur because of the changes age, economic conditions, and affiliation with a new group. When the result of the changes put the person into a favorable status, there will be a change for better in the person’s self-concept (Hurlock, 1974:127).

  Sixthly, when the motivation to improve the personality pattern is strong enough, changes can be effected. People generally improve their pattern in order to get greater social acceptance and also to improve their social relationship (Hurlock, 1974:127).

  Seventhly, the changes in self-concept of one’s personality will change his complete personality pattern. Changes in self-concept are more difficult in older people and usually the changes occur slowly. There are three obstacles to the changing of self-concept. The first is the intellectual. People who are accustomed to certain behavior of solving problems are difficult to see that there are other ways to solve those problems. The second is the emotional. People who usually think to be follower experience dissatisfaction when they think to be a leader. The third is environment. The people have difficulties to have good self-concepts if they are in the environment which tend to judge them based on race or religion (Hurlock, 1974:128).

  The last, the use of psychotherapy helps a person to gain better insight into the reasons for his unrealistically favorable or unfavorable concept. It also helps to recognize how self-concept influence the quality of his behavior, to realize how irrational his self-concept and his behavior are, to get the motivation and knowledge how to change his self-concept, to protect the guidance essential to make this change with no upsetting the whole person personality pattern, and to alter the conditions in the environment which contribute to an unfavorable self- concept (Hurlock, 1974:129).

C. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

  This section explains about how the theories presented in this chapter are used to analyze Nicholas Sparks’s A Walk to Remember. The Theories will be used to answer the questions in the problem formulation. Abrams, Fosters, and Murphy’s theories on character and characterization will be used to answer the first and the second problem formulation. Hurlock’s theory on personality development that is experienced by Landon Carter is used to answer the third problem formulation.

CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY A. Object of the Study The object of this study is a novel entitled A Walk to Remember written by Nicholas Sparks. It was published in the fall of 1999 by Warner Books. This is an

  international best seller and the third novel of Nicholas Sparks. This novel has been translated into more than thirty languages and was adapted to be a movie by Pandora Association with Warner Bros in 2002 which make this novel more well- known. The novel is divided into thirteen chapters and contains of 240 pages.

  A Walk to Remember

  is story of true love between two teens. The major characters are Jamie Sullivan and Landon Carter. Landon Carter, a seventeen year old boy, lived in the small town of Beaufort, North Carolina in 1958. He is described as a bad boy. The other character is Jamie Sullivan. She is described as a nice girl. She is the daughter of the town’s Baptist minister. She is nice girl who always carries the bible all day at school and reads it at lunch break. She rescues bound animal and helps the children at a local orphanage.

  Landon Carter has never thought that he will be friended with Jamie Sullivan even tough they study together at the same school since junior high school to senior high school. He thinks that Jamie is a strange girl so that he does not want to make friend with her. Yet, this condition changes as the time goes by. It starts when Landon Carter has to get partner for the homecoming dance at school. He is forced by the situation to ask Jamie Sullivan to be his partner in the homecoming dance because he does not get a partner. From this moment, they become friend and spend more time together. Landon Carter learns that there is much more about Jamie Sullivan that he has never considered before.

  Finally, Landon Carter finds that he falls in love with Jamie Sullivan. Luckily, Jamie Sullivan accepts Landon Carter’s love. This condition makes Landon change. He becomes mature and being a good man. But love is not easy for both of them. The fact that Jamie Sullivan’s age is no long anymore because of the leukemia that she got is a great obstacle for both. But it does not make them stop loving each other. Landon Carter loves Jamie Sullivan with all her heart and accepts Jamie Sullivan the way she is. Then, they are getting married.

B. Approach of the Study There are many approaches that can be used to analyze the literary work.

  In analyzing this novel, the writer applies psychological approach. It is because this study concerns to the personality of the character in the novel A Walk to

  Remember .

  Rohberger and Woods in Reading and Writing about Literature state that psychological approach tries to locate and to demonstrate certain recurrent patterns from the knowledge of psychology (1971: 12). In analyzing the work of literature, psychological theories are used to explain the human motivation, personality, development, and behavior pattern written in literary object. In short, psychological approach aims to observe literature by using the theory of psychology.

C. Method of the Study

  The writer employed the library research as the method of the study. There were some sources used in this novel. Due to the lack of books of the library, the writer could not find the original book in the library of Sanata Dharma University and in the bookstores in Yogyakarta. So, the writer took the novel A Walk to

  Remember by Nicholas Sparks from the online bookstore in Jakarta.

  The other sources were from some books which contain related information that needed in this study. As the additional source, the writer found the data as much as possible from the internet. Hopefully, the combination of these references would help the writer to analyze the novel deeply.

  Some important books that have been used as references of library research are A Glossary of Literary Terms, Understanding Unseen: An

  

Introduction to English Poetry and English Novel for Overseas Students, Reading

and Writing about Literature, Personality Development and many more. The

  writer also used some references from the internet sources. All the references were used to help the writer in analyzing the novel.

  There were some steps that were taken to analyze the novel. The first step, the writer read the novel A Walk to Remember several times to get a deep understanding of the story. The writer also read the novel which has been translated in Indonesian. The writer focused on two major characters that are Jamie Sullivan and Landon Carter.

  The second steps, the writer tried to find the appropriate approach to analyze the novel and the theories. Related to the first and the second questions in the problem formulation, the writer analyzed the description of Jamie Sullivan and Landon Carter by applying theory of character and characterization. The character in the novel that is Landon Carter undergoes personality changes, so the writer chose psychological approach as the most appropriate approach. Theory of personality development was applied in order to reveal Landon Carter’s personality development throughout the story. The purpose was to reveal the influence of Jamie Sullivan on Landon Carter’s personality development.

  The third steps, the writer collected the data which can be used to support the study. The data consisted of the data which related to the novel. The data was used in the related studies, the related theories and also the approach. The writer combined all the data. By using all data, the writer could analyze the novel and gave conclusion to the analysis. After all steps were finished, the writer presented a conclusion for the study.

CHAPTER IV ANALYSIS This analysis is divided into three parts. The first is the analysis of Landon Carter’s personality development described in the novel. In this first

  analysis, the writer analyzes Landon Carter’s character before he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan and after he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan. In the second analysis, the writer elaborates Jamie Sullivan’s character. The last one is the influence of Jamie Sullivan on Landon Carter’s personality development.

A. The Description of Landon Carter as Major Character

  The novel depicts Landon Carter in two phases of his life, namely before he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan and after he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan. In order to understand Landon Carter as major character in A Walk to

  

Remember , some methods proposed by Murphy (1972:161-172) are applied. He

  states that the character of the story can be seen through personal description, characters as seen by another, speech, conversation by another character, past life, reaction, direct comment, thought and mannerism. However, to analyze the characterization of Landon Carter, not all the methods are used, but only some of those are applied. Based on Forster’s theory, Landon Carter is considered as a round character that is dynamic and complex and can change or develop throughout the story (1974:73). It is because Landon Carter is characterized differently in each phase of his life. In discussing the description of Landon

  Carter, the writer divides the analyses into two parts. They are the analysis of Landon Carter’s personality before he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan and Landon Carter’s personality after he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan.

  

1. The Description of Landon Carter before He becomes friends with Jamie

Sullivan

  Landon Carter is one of the major characters in this story. This novel starts with a 57 year old man, Landon Carter, turning back the pages of his life to the time when he was 17 years old, in the late 1950s. Landon Carter, narrator of the novel, lives in a small town, Beaufort, North California. He is born in a rich family which makes him popular and has many friends. His grandfather is known as a cruel creditor who makes his family becomes rich. He lives with his mother and his father. His father is a United States congressman for almost thirty years. The relationship between Landon Carter and his father is bad. His father has no time for him because he is very busy with his work so that they almost never have a time to talk to each other.

  “He wasn’t there for me growing up. I hate to say that, because nowadays people claim that sort of stuff even if their parent was around and use it to excuse their behavior. My dad… he didn’t love me… that’s why I became a stripper and performed on The Jerry Springer Show ” (Sparks, 1999:12).

  Landon Carter’s statement above proves that he has a bad relationship with his father. He is lack of love from his father when he is growing up. Therefore, he thinks that his father does not love him. His father leaves him for nine months of a year, living three hundred miles away in a Washington as a congressman. This his statement, it also can be concluded that many people judge that parents are the cause of children’s offensive behavior. The description of Landon Carter’s personality before he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan is elaborated below:

a. Mischievous

  In certain situation, when talking to other, Landon Carter seem to be offensive and also hurts their feeling. He also likes to make fun other people. This attitude leads Landon Carter to become a mischievous person in certain condition. Being mischievous means like to have fun, especially by playing tricks on people or doing things to annoy or embarrass them (Summers, 2001:1156). Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s mannerism. His mischievousness can be seen in the following quotation:

  “My friends and I would hide behind the trees and shout, “Hegbert is a fornicator!” when we saw him walking down the street, and we’d giggle like idiots, like we were the wittiest creatures ever to inhabit the planet” (Sparks, 1999:4).

  The quotation above shows that Landon Carter talks impolitely to Reverend Sullivan known as Hegbert. Landon Carter and his friends like to make fun of Hegbert who is Reverend in the church in Beaufort. They often call him a fornicator for instance. It is because Hegbert always gets on fire when he gives a speech in the church about the fornicators especially when he talks about “wrath of God coming down on the fornicators”. Then, this thing becomes their reason in treating Hegbert impolitely.

  According to Reverend Sullivan, Landon Carter’s mischievousness not also likes to make fun of his daughter, Jamie Sullivan. Jamie Sullivan is Landon Carter’s friend in school. There is a conversation between Reverend Sullivan and Landon Carter which shows that Reverend Sullivan has a negative point of view about Landon Carter’s behavior. It happens when Landon Carter picks Jamie Sullivan up to accompany him to go to the homecoming dance. Reverend Sullivan says:

  “Why did you ask my daughter to the dance?” he finally said.

  I was surprised, and I know that my expression showed it. “I don’t know what you mean, sir.”

  

“You’re not planning to do anything to… embarrass her, are you?”

You don’t have any pranks planned?” (Sparks, 1999:50).

  The statement above shows that in Reverend Sullivan’s mind, Landon Carter is seen as a bad boy who behaves based on what he wants to do and a person who often embarrasses others. Reverend Sullivan worries about Landon Carter will hurt his daughter. He is afraid that Landon Carter will do some jokes and makes fun his daughter at the homecoming dance. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through character as seen by another.

  Landon Carter was born in a rich family, even his family is the richest in the town. But, this condition cannot change Landon Carter become a person who likes to help poor people. He is different to Jamie Sullivan. Jamie Sullivan likes helping other people. She usually puts some cans in some places in order to give donation to the orphans, whereas Landon Carter likes to fill those cans with paper clips or slugs but not with money. Based on this condition, it can be seen that Landon Carter is different to Jamie Sullivan. it can be seen in the following quotation :

  “I remembered seeing the containers in places like Cecil’s dinner and the Crown Theater. My friends and I used to toss some paper clips and slugs in there when the cashier weren’t looking, since they sounded sort of like a coin being dropped inside. Then we’d chuckle to ourselves about how we were putting something over Jamie. We used to joke about how she’d open one of her cans, expecting something good because of the weight, and she’d dump it out and found nothing but slugs and paper clips” (Sparks, 1999: 141).

  The quotation above shows that Landon Carter makes fun with the cans which Jamie Sullivan puts at the Cecil’s Diner and the Crown Theatre. The cans should be filled with money that will be used for buying the Christmas gifts to the children in the Orphanage. Therefore, it is not appropriate for Landon Carter to do that kind of action. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s mannerism.

b. Disobedient

  Besides being a mischievous person, there is another negative attitude of Landon Carter. He is disobedient. His father almost never accompanies him when he grows up. His father leaves him for nine months in a year and lives in Washington as a congressman. Because of this situation, he gets a little affection from his father that makes him has no figure of a good father. He grows up under the care of his mother. According to Landon Carter, his mother is a nice lady. But Landon Carter thinks that she cannot be a person who influences his life.

  “So I grew up under the care of my mother. Now, she was nice a nice lady, sweet and gentle, the kind of mother most people dream about. But she wasn’t, nor could she ever be, a manly influence in my life, and that fact, coupled with my growing disillusionment with my father, made me become somewhat of a rebel even at young age” (Sparks, 1999:13).

  The statement above shows about Landon Carter’s disappointment to his father. Landon Carter’s father word becomes law in a family. As a father, he wants his son to follow his rules. But Landon Carter, as a son, breaks some of his father’s rules. One of the rules which are made by his father is that Landon Carter should be at home at bed time night, but he is against the rule. In the midnight, he often goes from home without asking permission from either his father or his mother. He should be home at that time, but he and his friends escape from the home to play in the graveyard and do stupid things such as soap up car windows or eat boiled peanuts. This kind of action indicates him as a disobedient person.

  “Me and my friends might sneak put late and soap up car windows now and then or eat boiled peanuts in the graveyard behind the church, but in the 50’s that was the kind of thing that made other parents shake their heads and whisper to their children, “You don’t want to be like that Carter boy. He’s on the fast track to prison” (Sparks, 1999:13). From the quotation above, it can be seen that according to other parents what Landon Carter does is a kind of thing that can bring him to prison. Based on

  Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s mannerism. Honestly, this kind of action can only be done by Landon Carter when his father is in Washington. It can be seen in the quotation below:

  “My father was back in Washington, DC, which made things a lot of more fun around my house, primarily because I could sneak out the window and head back to the graveyard for my late-night forays” (Sparks, 1999:63).

  His father’s departure to Washington is a good thing for him, because he can sneak out the window and play in the graveyard in the midnight. Even though Landon Carter has bad relationship with his father even breaks some of his

c. Impious

  Landon Carter’s mother is nice, sweet, and gentle. Besides, she also shows her faith to God by going to the church every Sunday. Unfortunately, Landon Carter shows different attitude compare to his mother. It is shown by his action that almost never goes to the church for Sunday school. Moreover, he prefers to do other thing than doing spiritual activities such as reading the Bible likes what his mother does. According to Landon Carter, flirting to the girls is more interesting than reading the Bible . Based on this description, Landon Carter is seen as an impious person. Impious means lacking respect for religion or God (Summers, 2001: 913). Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s mannerism.

  “No matter how you sliced it, reading Paul’s letters to the Ephesians wasn’t nearly as much fun as flirting, if you know what I mean” (Sparks, 1999:22). His attitude that is not showing respect to God is also seen when Jamie

  Sullivan tries to relate his life with God. It can be seen in the following quotation:

  “You never know, Landon,” she said, smiling, “What the Lord’s plan is.”

  I hated when she said things like that. With her, you just knew she talked to the Lord every day, and you never knew what the “Big Guy upstairs” had told her (Sparks, 1999:116). Jamie says that everything which happens in this life is the Lord’s plan. However, Landon Carter refuses to believe and also hates that opinion. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s reaction.

d. Pessimistic

  Landon Carter’s father wants Landon Carter to go to Harvard or Princeton like some of the sons of other Congressmen do, but Landon Carter thinks that it is impossible for him to study there with his grades. So, he plans to go to the University of North Carolina. Even though it is Landon Carter himself who wants to continue study there, he is pessimistic to be accepted in UNC. It is because he thinks that he is not qualified in anything, such as in music, sport, and school lesson. He refuses to try and do some efforts to explore his ability because he does not believe in himself that he can make it. Even he judges himself as a loser.

  “I didn’t play football or basketball. I didn’t play an instrument. I didn’t excel in the classroom. Hell, I didn’t excel at much anything. Growing despondent, I started listing the things I actually could do, but to be honest, there really wasn’t that much” (Sparks, 1999:30).

  Then, Landon Carter’s father suggests him to join a competition for being a student body president in his school. The reason is because his father wants him at least to be accepted at University of North Carolina after graduate from senior high school. Being a student body president will be good for his record. But Landon Carter is pessimistic to win the competition. He is not confident with his own ability. He thinks that his friend, Eric Hunter, is more suitable to be the winner because Eric is an excellent student. Pessimistic is expecting that bad things will happen in the future or that a situation will have a bad result (Summers, 2001:1342). Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s speech.

  “I don’t have a chance at winning. Though I was probably the richest kid in school, I was by no means the most popular. That honour belonged to state titles as the star quarterback. He was a stud. Even his name sounded cool” (Sparks,1999:28).

  From the elaboration of Landon Carter’s characteristics above, it can be seen that he has some bad qualities such as mischievous, disobedient, impious, and pessimistic. These personalities are seen in the beginning of the story, but then he changes becomes someone else better in the ending. Landon undergoes his personality development after he meets Jamie Sullivan.

  

2. The Description of Landon Carter after he Becomes Friend with Jamie

Sullivan

  Since Landon Carter becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan and then falls in love with her, he undergoes some changes in his personality and life. He changes to be a better person. According to Landon Carter, his relationship with his father gets better because of Jamie Sullivan. Jamie Sullivan teaches a lot of things to Landon Carter. She teaches him the value of forgiveness. He used to hate his father but then he knows that his father is someone that means a lot to him. His father helps him and Jamie Sullivan a lots. His father helps Jamie Sullivan in providing some medical equipment to support her condition when she is dying.

  This thing makes Landon Carter so thankful having his father.

  “Jamie had brought my father and me together again; somehow she’d also managed to heal some of the wounds between our two families. After learning what he’d done for me and for Jamie, I knew in the end that my father was someone that I could always count on, and as the years passed our relationship grew steadily stronger until his death” (Sparks, 1999:235).

  The description of Landon Carter after he becomes friend with Jamie then falls in love with her is elaborated below:

a. Polite

  When talking to other people, Landon Carter does not want to hurt his or her feeling. He speaks nicely to him or her. He avoids offending someone with his words. When someone asks his opinion, he will answer with the words that will not make him or her down. According to Summers, polite is behaving or speaking in a way that is correct for the social situation you are in, and showing that you are careful to consider other people’s need and feeling (Sparks, 2001: 1385).

  Landon Carter’s politeness can be seen when he talks to Jamie Sullivan. There is a moment they talk about the future. Jamie Sullivan asks Landon Carter firstly about his future’s plan after he graduates from school. Then he answers that he wants to continue his study at University of North Carolina. When Landon Carter asks the question back to Jamie Sullivan, she answers that she wants to get married. She wants her father to walk her down the aisle and every one attends her wedding. Landon Carter seems surprised with her answer. He thinks that Jamie Sullivan thought she will end up like Miss Gerber. Miss Gerber is their teacher in school who does not get married yet because there is no guy who is interested in her. Then, Landon Carter answers Jamie Sullivan with the words that make her feel better, even though it seems silly to him. He says that she will get married some day and the wedding will be true as what she hopes. He avoids mentioning about the people who will come to her wedding. It is because he thought that the people will not be interested in attending her wedding. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s mannerism and his speech.

  “I want to get married,” she said quietly.

  “And when I do, I want my father to walk me down the aisle, and I want

  everyone I know to be there. I want the church bursting with people.”

  “That’s all?” Though I wasn’t averse to the idea of marriage, it seemed kind of silly to hope for that as your life’s goal.

  “Yes,” she said. “That’s all I want.”

  The way she answered made me suspect that she thought she’d end up like Miss Garber. I tried to make her feel better, even though it still seemed silly to me

  “Well, you’ll get married some day. You’ll meet some guy, and the two of you will hit off, and he’ll ask you to marry him. And I’m sure that your father will be happy to walk you down the aisle.” I didn’t mention the part about having a big crowd in the church (Sparks,1999:99).

  In other case when Landon Carter and Jamie Sullivan visit an orphanage. They want to tell their plan to hold the play there to celebrate the Christmas Eve. But, their plan is objected by Mr. Jenkins who is responsible for the orphanage. He thinks that their play is not appropriate for the children there. The story of the play will make them sad. This makes Landon Carter and Jamie Sullivan disappointed, but they realize that Mr. Jenkins’s opinion is true. When they walk home from the orphanage, Landon Carter offers Jamie Sullivan to see the kids because she usually visits them. Then Jamie Sullivan asks Landon Carter to accompany her to visit them. Actually, Landon Carter does not want to do it, but he does not want to hurt Jamie Sullivan’s feeling, so he says that he wants to accompany her. This can be seen in the following quotation:

  “While we’re here, do you want to stop in to see the kids?” I asked into

  It was the only thing I could think to do that might her feel better. “I could wait out here while you talk to them, or I could go to the car if you want” “Would you visit them with me?” she asked suddenly. To be honest, I wasn’t sure I could handle it, but I knew she really wanted me there. And she was feeling so down that the words came out automatically. “Sure, I’ll go” (Sparks,1999:103-104).

  The quotation above shows that Landon Carter wants Jamie Sullivan’s feeling better by offering her to visit the kids in the orphanage. Even though he actually does not want to accompany her, he decides to follow her to see the kids because he does not want to make her sad. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s speech.

b. Mature

  Landon Carter used to be a mischievous and disobedient boy. After he often spends time together with Jamie Sullivan, he becomes mature. Jamie Sullivan’s age is same with Landon Carter, but the way she thinks, speaks and behaves show that she is mature enough. Landon Carter more or less learns this from Jamie Sullivan. If he does a mistake to someone, he realizes it and says sorry to him or her. This behavior shows that he has changed. He is able to judge which is the right and the wrong. It can be seen in the following quotation:

  “Jamie turned to me. “Hello Landon,” she said quietly. I could tell she’d been thinking about the night before too, because she didn’t smile at me like she always did when she saw me. I asked if I could talk to her alone, and the two of us excused ourselves. I glanced around the stage nervously. “I’m sorry about those things I said last night,” I began. “I know they probably hurt your feelings, and I was wrong to have said them” (Sparks, 1999:128).

  The statement above shows that Landon Carter says sorry to Jamie Sullivan, he realizes that he has hurt Jamie Sullivan’s feeling. The night before he says sorry to her, he hurt her with his words. He said that he hated to walk her home and felt tired to become friend with her. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s reaction toward the problem.

  Landon Carter knows that during the time he spends together with Jamie Sullivan, she is always kind to him even though he has hurt her feeling. She always prays for him even though he does not care with her. It is stated in his words below:

  “It had more to do with the fact that in all our time together with Jamie had never once been anything but kind, and I knew that I’d been wrong” (Sparks, 1999:129) After meeting Jamie Sullivan, Landon Carter realizes that doing the right thing is good. Without Jamie Sullivan’s notice, he gives all his money from his saving account to the charity cans (jars) that Jamie Sullivan spreads in town to help the orphans. It is because Landon Carter does not want Jamie Sullivan feels sad knowing the money that she gets from the jars is not much. Landon Carter realizes that it is the right thing to do. When Landon Carter tells this case to his mother, he sees that a look of satisfaction crosses her mother’s face, as if her mother knows that he is finally growing up. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s speech.

  “If you hadn’t placed those jars out so early in the year, you might not have collected nearly as much.” I know I was lying, but I didn’t care. For once, it was the right thing to do” (Sparks, 1999:146).

  Landon Carter also says sorry to Reverend Sullivan for the things that he has done to him. He realizes that he has mistake to him. He used to make fun toward him and Jamie Sullivan by saying bad words to them. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s speech.

  “I’m sorry for those things I used to do when I was younger, and I’m sorry that I didn’t always treat Jamie the way she should have been treated. But from now on, things will change. I promise you that.” (Sparks, 1999:128).

c. Optimistic

  Landon Carter used to be a pessimistic person. He is hesitant with his ability and often thinks that bad things will happen to him. He is pessimistic to enter University of North Carolina (UNC) because his school grades are not good. He is also such a lazy boy at school. Since he becomes friend with Jamie who is optimistic person and smart, his mind changes, he thinks that he has a chance to enter UNC. When he works on the application for UNC, he feels glad because it emphasizes on writing. It is a thing that he can do easily.

  “I was in my room working on my application to UNC. They required five essay of the usual type: if you could meet one person in history, who would that person be and why? Name most significant influence in your life and why you feel that way. Why do you look for in a role model and why? The questions were fairly predictable—our English teacher had told us what to expect—and I’d worked on a couple of variations in class. English was probably my best subject. I’ve never received anything lower than an A in it since I started school, and I was glad the emphasis for the application was on writing” (Sparks, 1999:67). The statement above shows that Landon Carter does not underestimate himself anymore, he believes that he has a chance to enter UNC with his own ability. It indicates that he becomes an optimistic person. Based on Murphy’s day after the rehearsal, he finishes his application for UNC and plans to study hard in order to be accepted at UNC. It can be seen in the following quotation: “The following Monday was our last week of school before Christmas break, and finals were scheduled in every class. In addition I had to finish my application for UNC, which I’d been putting off because of rehearsal. I planned on hitting the books pretty hard that week, then doing the application at night before I went to bed” (Sparks, 1999:138) Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon

  Carter’s reaction. Another moment which shows that Landon Carter is optimistic person can be seen below: “The next day I spent fourteen hours memorizing my lines, curing my friends, and wondering how my life had spun so out of control. My senior year certainly wasn’t turning out the way I thought it would when it began, but if I had to perform for a bunch of orphans, I certainly didn’t want to look an idiot” (Sparks, 1999:89). When Jamie Sullivan seeks Landon at the Cecil Dinner to talk about the play that they would play, their friends who are there, Eric and Margaret, give opinion for them to perform the play in the orphanage. Jamie Sullivan agrees with their idea, she then begs Landon Carter to join. He accepts her demands reluctantly. However, he does not want to look like a fool when he performs in front of the orphans. Then in the next day, he works hard memorizing the script in order to have a good performance. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s reaction.

d. Religious

  Landon Carter used to be an impious person. He dislikes reading bible and going to Sunday school. After he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan who is religious and falls in love with her, he becomes a religious person. He becomes a person who likes to go to Sunday school and goes to church. He also likes reading bible and praying to God for Jamie Sullivan’s health. When Jamie Sullivan’s health becomes worse, Landon Carter prays to God for miracle. He reads the bible that Jamie Sullivan has given to him. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s mannerism.

  “So that night I opened the Bible that Jamie had given me for Christmas and began to read. Now, I’d heard all about Bible in Sunday school or at church” (Sparks, 1999:201) He reads the bible a whole night. He then comes into an underlined section that he assumes that Jamie Sullivan has noted because it means something to her.

  He closes the bible with tears in his eyes. He is unable to finish the psalm because he realizes that the underlined section aims at him. The next day, he reads the bible again in the hope that it would guide him. He tells to Jamie Sullivan that he likes to read the bible lately. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s speech.

  “I look around the room, and then back to her. “I’ve been reading the Bible,” I finally said.

  “You have?” Her face lit up, reminding me of the angel in the play. I couldn’t believe that only six weeks had gone by.

  “I wanted you to know.”

  “I’m glad you told me.”

  “I read the Book of Job last night, “I said, “Where God stuck it to Job to test his faith.” (Sparks, 1999:206).

e. Generous

  Landon Carter used to be a mischievous person. He used to fill the charity can in Cecile’s Dinner with paper clip. The money from the charity can is usually used to buy the gift for the kids in the orphanage at Christmas. But then when Jamie Sullivan asks him for help to collect the can that she spreads in the town, he helps Jamie Sullivan by filling the money into the can. After he collects all the cans, he counts the money without Jamie Sullivan’s notice. He feels so sad when he discovers that the money is so little whereas Jamie Sullivan hopes that she will get a lot of money from the cans. After knowing the amount of the money in the cans, he gives all the money from his saving accounts to the cans.

  “I don’t have any money left.” I said to her dejectedly. Though my family was wealthy and gave me an allowance, they never gave me more if I ran through it too quickly. “It builds responsibility,” my father said, explaining it once.

  “What happened to your money in the bank?” I signed, and my mom sat in silence while I explained what I had done.

  When I finished, a look of quite satisfaction crossed her face, as if she knew I was finally growing up” (Sparks, 1999:177). Landon Carter’s action that gives all his money in order to help Jamie

  Sullivan can be said as generous. According to Summers, generous is willing to give money, spend time etc, in order to help people or to give them pleasure (2001:756). Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Landon Carter’s reaction.

B. The Description of Jamie Sullivan as Major Character Jamie Sullivan is one of protagonist characters in A Walk to Remember.

  experience significant changes in personalities from the beginning of the story until the end. Jamie Sullivan is a 17-year-old-girl who lives in small town, Beaufort, North Carolina. She is a high school student. Her school friends mostly consider her as a strange girl. It is because she is unique. Her behaviors do not represent the characteristics of common teenagers. In order to understand the characteristics of Jamie Sullivan, the writer is going to elaborate her character by applying some methods of Murphy.

  Jamie Sullivan lives only with her father because her mother died during childbirth. Her father really cares of her so that she has a good relationship with her father. She does not come from rich family, since her father is a Reverend who does not get a lot of money.

  “She wasn’t exactly well-off. Ministering wasn’t profession where people made a lot of money, but of course ministers weren’t in it for the monetary gain; they were in it for the long haul, if you know what I mean” (Sparks, 1999:46).

  Furthermore about Jamie Sullivan will be elaborated below:

a. Simple

  Jamie Sullivan is a kind of girl who does not really care about physical appearance. As seen by Landon Carter, she is a girl who looks for inner beauty.

  Even though she does not care about her outside appearance, from the eyes of Landon Carter, it does not mean that Jamie Sullivan is unattractive. She looks like her mother with honey-blonde hair and soft blue eyes. She is a girl who cares for inner beauty. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through

  “Jamie didn’t care much about outward appearance, because she was always looking for things like ”inner beauty,” and I suppose that’s part of the reason she looked the way she did” (Sparks, 1999:21) Jamie Sullivan just looks very simple. She never does make up and always wears the same style everyday. She usually wears brown cardigan and plain skirt when she goes to school. That is why she is considered as a strange girl by her friends at school. It can be seen from Landon Carter’s statement below:

  “For as long as I'd known her, she'd always worn her hair in a tight bun, almost like a spinster might, without a stitch of make up on her face. Coupled with her usual brown cardigan and plaid skirt, she always looked as though she were on her way to interview for a job at library. We used to think it was just a phase and that she'd eventually grow out of it, but she never had” (Sparks, 1999:21).

  However, Jamie Sullivan is not influenced by them. She does not change her appearance even though her friends often tease her as an abnormal girl just because the dress that she wears. She feels fine with everything she wears. She just wants to be a simple girl. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through personal description.

  In 1950’s, fashion is a thing that is important in life. It sometimes can be used to see someone’s status. But Jamie Sullivan never follows the latest trend likes most of the girls do. It is shown by Landon Carter’s statement when he wants to invite Jamie Sullivan to the homecoming dance.

  “I also had some concerns about what she would wear. When Jamie went to the church dances, she usually wore an old sweater and one of the plaid skirts we saw in school everyday, but the homecoming dance was supposed to be special. Most of girls bought new dresses, and the boys wore suits, and this year we were bringing in a photographer to take our pictures” (Sparks, 1999:46)

  From the quotation above, it can be seen that Landon Carter gives attention to what dress that Jamie Sullivan will wear in the homecoming dance.

  He thinks that it will be ashamed if Jamie Sullivan wears a dress that she usually wears for school.

b. Religious

  Jamie Sullivan lives only with her father that is Hegbert Sullivan. Hegbert Sullivan is a well-known Reverend in the town. The writer finds out that being the daughter of a Reverend makes Jamie Sullivan becomes a very religious girl. She always brings her bible wherever she goes and reads it. For example when she is at school, she will always read the bible during the lunch break. But this action is considered weird by Landon :

  “Jamie carried her Bible wherever she went, and if her looks and Hegbert didn't keep the boys away, the Bible sure as heck did. Not only did she go to vacation Bible every August, but she would read the Bible during lunch break at school. In my mind that just wasn't normal, even if she was the minister's daughter” (Sparks, 1999:22) From the statement above, Landon Carter thinks that Jamie Sullivan is a freak girl rather than a religious person just because she always brings her bible wherever she goes. But the writer thinks that the intention of Jamie Sullivan to read the bible a lot indicates that she is very religious girl. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through the speech of other character says about certain character.

  Besides, according to Jamie Sullivan, everything that happens in life is the Lord’s plan. She believes in it that much. When she talks with others, she also often uses the words from the bible. It indicates that she is religious because she believes about God’s existence. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through the speech of other character about certain character. It can be seen from Landon Carter’s statement below:

  “With Jamie everything was in the Lord's plan. That was another thing. She always mentioned the Lord's plan whenever you talked to her, no matter what the subject. The basketball game’s rained out? Must be the Lord’s plan to prevent something worse from happening.” (Sparks, 1999:24)

c. Helpful

  Jamie is a helpful person. She really cares about others. It can be seen from her mannerism in the following quotation : “She volunteered at the orphanage in Morehead City and was always in charge of one fund-raiser or another. She would pull weeds in someone's garden without being asked or stop traffic to help little kids cross the road. She'd even save her allowance to buy a new basketball for the orpans. She was, in other words, the kind of girl who made the rest of us look bad, and whenever she glanced my way, I couldn't help but feel guilty, even though I hadn't done anything wrong” (Sparks, 1999:23) From the quotation above, the writer finds out that Jamie is a kind of girl who will help others without being asked. She helps others with all of her heart.

  She volunteers herself at the orphanage and brings happiness for the orphans by giving them toys and cares. According to Landon Carter, Jamie Sullivan is a girl who makes him feel bad even though he has not done anything wrong. It is because Jamie is a very kind girl who seems never hurt others feeling and never does anything wrong. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through character as seen by another.

  She does not only help people who need a help but also the animals. No matter what animal that she finds, if it is need a help, she will take it to the vet in order to help it. She believes that it is God who brings her to meet such a wounded animal so that she has to save it. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through character as seen by another.

  The following quotation describes that she is a helpful person: “If she ever came across a wounded animal, she'd try to help it too. Dogs, cats, squirrels, frogs—it didn't matter to her. Dr Rawlings, the vet, would shake his head whenever he saw her walking up to the door carrying cardboard box with yet another critter inside. He'd take his eyeglasses off and wipe them with his handkerchief while Jamie explained what had happened to the poor creature. “He was hit by a car, Dr.Rawlings, I think it was in the Lord's plan to have me find him and try to save him. You'll help me, won't you?” (Sparks, 1999:23) There is also another situation that describes Jamie Sullivan as a helpful girl. When she goes to the homecoming dance with Landon Carter, one of their friends named Angela gets drunk. Jamie Sullivan knows that what Angela did is a violation to the law. The school will give her punishment. Besides, she is also breaking another one of Hegbert Sullivan’s rules for proper behavior. Looking at this situation, Jamie Sullivan’s instinct to help her emerges. Then she handles the messy situation that caused by Angela. Jamie Sullivan tells Landon Carter to help her cleaning the bathroom where there is Angela’s vomit. Then they help Angela from the eyes of the people in the homecoming dance to the safe place where people will not know what is already happened. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Jamie Sullivan’s reaction toward the problem.

  “Jamie, bless her heart, didn’t want that to happen any more than I did, and she took immediate charge of the situation. The two of us eventually bathroom door while Jamie and I went in to tidy it up. Angela had done a marvelous job, I tell you. The puke was everywhere—the walls, the floor, the sinks. So there I was, perched on all fours, cleaning up puke at the homecoming dance in my best blue suit, which was exactly what I had wanted to avoid in the first place. And Jamie, my date, was on all fours too, doing exactly the same thing” (Sparks, 1999:59)

d. Kind

  Jamie Sullivan is a friendly girl. She always looks cheerful even though she is sad. When talking to others, her words never seem to be offensive and hurt others feeling. She never speaks something bad about anyone even though many people especially her friends often tease her. From these facts, the writer concludes that she is a kind person. It is supported by Landon’s statement below :

  “The one thing that really drove me crazy about her was the fact that she was always so damn cheerful, no matter what was happening around her. I swear that girl never said a bad thing about anyone, even to those of us who weren’t that nice to her. She would hum to herself as she walked down the street; she would wave to strangers driving by in their cars. Sometimes ladies would come running out of their house if they saw her walking by, offering her lemonade or, if they’d been baking, pumpkin bread. It seemed as if every adult in town adored her. “She’s such a nice young lady,” they’d say whenever Jamie’s name came up.” (Sparks, 1999:22-23).

  From the statement above it is obvius that Jamie is kind. She is friendly to the people she knows even to the strangers. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through character as seen by another.

  Besides, she always says a prayer. It can be seen from the quotation below: “Landon,” she said as she held the door open, “this is a surprise! You look

  like you’ve been exercising. ” “Not really,” I lied. Luckily, the cramp was fading fast.

  “You’ve sweat clean through your shirt.” “Oh, that?” I looked at my shirt. “That’s nothing. I just sweat a lot sometimes.”

  “I’ll be okay, I’m sure.” “I’ll say a prayer for you anyway,” she offered as she smiled. Jamie was always praying for someone” (Sparks, 1999:39).

  The quotation above happens when Landon Carter comes to Jamie Sullivan’s house. When she opens the doors, she finds out he is sweating. She thinks that he is sick. Then Landon Carter explains that he is fine. Honestly, why he is sweating is just because he runs to Jamie Sullivan’s house in hurry. Even though Landon Carter has explained that he is fine, Jamie Sullivan answers that she will keep praying for his health. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through the speech of Jamie Sullivan with Landon Carter.

e. Obedient

  Jamie Sullivan can also be described as an obedient girl. She is obedient to his father. She does not want to hurt her father with bad attitude. Whatever her father says, she will obey him. There is a moment when Landon Carter invites her to be his partner in the homecoming dance. Even though Jamie Sullivan honestly wants to go there, but she needs to ask her father to get permission. She says that if her father gives her permission to go, she will come. This action indicates that Jamie Sullivan is an obedient girl. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through her mannerism.

  It can be seen from the dialog below: “Well…I wanted to know if you were going to the homecoming dance.” “Oh,” she said, her tone making it seem as if she were unaware that such a thing existed. “I really hadn’t planned on going.” “But if someone asked you to go, you might?” It took a moment for her to

  “I’m not sure,” she finally said. “I suppose I might go if I got the chance.

  I’ve never been to a homecoming dance before.

  ” “They’re fun,” I said quickly. “Not too much fun, but fun.” She smiled at my turn of phrase. “I’d have to talk to my father, of course, but if he said it was okay, then I guess I could.

  (Sparks, 1999:42-43).

f. Optimistic

  Jamie Sullivan suffers from Leukimia and it is a serious illness. She realizes that it can be hard for her father and Landon Carter, but she always tries to be tough. At first, she hides this sickness from anyone except her father. But then, when she is often absent to go to school, her friends finally know what is happening with her. According to the doctor, she has not much time to live but she never complains about this. The way how she reacts to the problem shows that she is an optimistic girl. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Jamie Sullivan’s reaction toward the problem.

  It is shown in the dialog below: “We sat with Hegbert the day she told me, and Jamie patiently answered my questions. She didn’t know how long she had left, she told me. No, there wasn’t anything the doctors could do. It was a rare form of the disease, they’d said, one that didn’t respond to available treatment. Yes, when the school year had started, she’d felt fine. It wasn’t until the last few weeks that she’d started to feel its effects.

  “That’s how it progresses,” She said. “You feel fine, and then, when your body can’t keep fighting, you don’t.”

  Stifling my tears, I couldn’t help but think about the play. “But all those rehearsals…those long days…maybe you shouldn’t have—“

  “Maybe,” she said, reaching for my hand and cutting me off. “Doing the play was the thing that kept me healthy for so long.” (Sparks, 1999:194)

  In 1950’s, Leukemia is kind of rare and dangerous illness that there is no medical treatment which can heal the illness. Someone who suffers this will end she keeps strong as if she is fine. She is not crying and complaining all the times. She also asks Landon not to be sad if she passed away. She does not want the people feel sad.

  She always tries to look fine even she is in the worst condition. It seems that she believes she will recover someday. Based on Murphy’s theory, this characteristic is presented through Jamie Sullivan’s speech.

  It is can be seen in the following quotation: I left school early and went to Jamie’s, blowing off my classes after lunch. When I knocked at the door, Jamie answered it the way she always did, cheerfully and without it, it seemed, a care in the world.

  “Hello, Landon,”

  she said, “this is a surprise.” When she leaned in to kiss me, I kissed her back, though the whole things made me want to cry.

  “My father isn’t home right now, but if you’d like to sit on the porch, we can.”

  “How can you do this?” I asked suddenly. “How can you pretend that nothing is wrong?”

   “I’m not pretending that nothing is wrong, Landon. Let me get my coat and we’ll sit outside and talk, okay?”

  (Sparks, 1999:1988). From the dialog above it can be seen that Jamie Sullivan never loses her optimism in facing her condition, which is getting worse day by day. She is always cheerful, seems like there is nothing wrong with her. Most people will stress or down if she or he gets serious sickness which can cause death and his or her life is diagnosed no longer anymore. But, Jamie Sullivan is different. She faces her life as if everything is fine. This fact honestly makes Landon Carter gets worry. From all the description above the writer concludes that Jamie is an optimistic girl. She believes that good things will happen in the future so that she fulfills her life with passion even though she is in a bad condition.

  

C. The Influence of Jamie Sullivan on Landon Carter’s Personality

Development

  Pervin and John state that when the readers want to learn about the character intensively, they need to know the characteristics and behavior of the character, the process of how characters become in certain characteristics and the reasons for their behavior (1999:4). The problem formulations about Landon Carter’s personality development and Jamie Sullivan’s characteristic have been answered in the previous analysis. In this section, the writer explains the influence of Jamie Sullivan on Landon Carter’s personality development.

  According to Hurlock, the personality changes or the personality development is affected by several conditions (1976:124-129). Hurlock’s theory is used to define specifically the factor that contributes to Landon Carter’s personality development that is the significant people. The experiences of each individual are the point in the personality forming. People learn and imitate. Of course, each person is hoped to imitate the good ones. When the significant people have a great disparity from an individual on how much the attitudes, values, beliefs, and so on, the individual will be motivated to effect greater changes. He tries to adapt the pattern of behavior, attitudes, beliefs, values and so on. Then changes in personality pattern cannot be avoided (Hurlock, 1976:126). As seen in the previous analysis, it can be seen that before Landon Carter becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan, he has some negative attitudes. He is described as mischievous, disobedient, impious and pessimistic. His characteristics have a great disparity compared to Jamie Sullivan that is described as a simple girl, kind, religious, helpful, obedient and optimistic. In this analysis, Landon Carter is the one who experiences personality development. The condition that influences the characteristics of Landon Carter is significant person around him. Hurlock divides characteristics of change in personality into three major categories. First, some changes are for the better and some are for the worse. Second, some are

  quantitative

  and some are qualitative. And third, some occur slowly and some

  rapidly

  (1974:120). Landon Carter undergoes his personality development when he is 17 years old after he meets Jamie Sullivan. Landon Carter has never thought that he would be falling in love with Jamie Sullivan. He and his friends in school always think that Jamie Sullivan is a strange girl. He does not want to become friend with her even though they study together at the same school since in Elementary school to Senior high school. Yet, this condition changes as the time goes by. It starts when Landon must have a partner for the homecoming dance at school. Until a day before the homecoming dance held, he does not get the partner yet. Facing this situation, he is forced to ask Jamie Sullivan to accompany him.

  From this moment, they become friend. Because Jamie Sullivan has helped Landon Carter to accompany him at the homecoming dance, Landon Carter says to Jamie Sullivan, if she needed a help, he would help her.

  A week after the homecoming dance, Jamie Sullivan calls Landon Carter. She asks him to help her. She wants him to play drama with her for Christmas. Actually, Landon Carter does not want to have contact with Jamie Sullivan anymore, but he remembers that she has helped him. Then he decides to help Jamie Sullivan to be her partner to play drama for Christmas. Because of this, they often spend more time together practicing and doing some activities. Landon Carter learns that there is something more about Jamie Sullivan that he has never considered before. Finally, Landon Carter finds that he falls in love with Jamie Sullivan. This condition makes Landon Carter’s personality change. His personality even changes in contradiction to his previous personality. His personality changes for better. His characteristics change to be polite, mature, religious, optimistic, and generous. Landon Carter’s changes can be categorized as qualitative changes. According to Hurlock, qualitative changes are an already- present trait of individual, usually undesirable one, is replaced by another trait, usually a desirable one (1976: 109). In this analysis, Landon Carter’s already- present traits that are impolite, immature, impious, pessimistic and stingy replaced by polite, mature, religious, optimistic, and generous. Besides, Landon Carter’s personality development also can be categorized as slowly changes. It is because his changes need processes. Changes are regarded as slow if they are barely perceptible and they are gradual (Hurlock, 1976:122). In conclusion, Landon Carter experiences personality development for better, slowly changes, and qualitative changes.

1. Sense of Politeness

  Landon Carter used to be a mischievous person. He often teases Reverend Sullivan by calling him a fornicator and makes fun Jamie Sullivan. Since he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan and spends lots of time together with her, he changes to be a polite person. According to Hurlock, changes are regarded as slow if they are barely perceptible and they are gradual (1976:122). It means that Landon Carter’s personality change is categorized as slowly change because his mischievous characteristic needs a process to fade away. Jamie Sullivan is significant person to him. It is because he loves her. As said by Hurlock, one of the factors why the personality of someone changes is caused by the significant people (1976:126). Jamie Sullivan is a kind girl. She always looks cheerful even though she is sad inside. When talking to others, her words never seem to be offensive and hurt others feeling. She never speaks something bad about anyone even though many people especially her friends often tease her. It is supported by Landon’s statement below:

  “The one thing that really drove me crazy about her was the fact that she was always so damn cheerful, no matter what was happening around her. I swear that girl never said a bad thing about anyone, even to those of us who weren’t that nice to her. She would hum to herself as she walked down the street; she would wave to strangers driving by in their cars” (Sparks, 1999:22-23).

  From the statement above it is obvious that Jamie is a kind person. She is friendly to people she knows even to the strangers. Besides, she always prays for everyone. When Landon Carter wants to come to Jamie Sullivan’s house, he runs in hurry so that he becomes sweating. Knowing Landon Carter sweating too much, she thinks that he is sick. Then Landon Carter explains that he is fine. Although Landon Carter has explained that he is fine, Jamie Sullivan answers that she will keep saying a prayer for his health.

  Landon Carter’s sense of politeness is also affected by Jamie Sullivan’s helpful characteristic. Jamie Sullivan really cares about others. She is a kind of and gives happiness for the orphans there. Landon Carter even says that she is a girl who makes him feels bad even though he does not do any mistakes. It is because Jamie is a very kind girl who seems never hurt others’ feeling and never does anything wrong. She does not only help people who need a help but also the animals. No matter what animal that she finds, if it needs a help, then she will take it to the vet in order to help it. She believes that it is God who brings her to meet such a wounded animal so that she has to save it.

  Before Landon Carter becomes friends with Jamie Sullivan, he often teases her as a strange girl and makes fun of her. After he makes friend with her and getting closer, he realizes that all the time he just judges Jamie Sullivan from the cover. He realizes that Jamie Sullivan is really a kind girl. He feels embarrassed to himself because all this time he likes to makes fun of Jamie Sullivan. Since they make a friend, he tries to be more polite to her and others. He speaks correctly and keeps his words from mocking others.

  Landon Carter’s politeness can be seen when he talks to Jamie Sullivan. There is a moment they talk about the future. Jamie Sullivan asks Landon Carter first about his future’s plan after graduates from school. He answers that he wants to continue his study in University of North Carolina. When Landon Carter asks the question back to Jamie Sullivan, she answers that she wants to get married.

  Landon Carter seems surprised with her answer. He thinks that Jamie Sullivan would be continuing her study too because she is smart student. He also thought that perhaps Jamie Sullivan thought that she will end up like Miss Gerber. Miss Gerber is their teacher in school who does not get married yet because there is no guy who is interested to her. Then, Landon Carter answers Jamie Sullivan with the words that make her feel better, even though it seems silly to him. He says that she will get married some day and the wedding will be true as what she hopes. He avoids mentioning about the people who will come to her wedding because he thinks that the people will not be interested in attending her wedding.

  Another Landon Carter’s politeness also can be seen when he and Jamie Sullivan visit the orphanage. They want to tell their plan about holding the play there to celebrate the Christmas Eve. When they walk home from the orphanage, Landon Carter offers Jamie Sullivan to see the kids because she usually visits them. Then Jamie Sullivan asks Landon Carter to accompany her to visit them.

  Actually, Landon Carter does not want to do it, but he does not want to hurt Jamie Sullivan’s feeling, so he says that he wants accompany her. This can be seen in the following quotation:

  “While we’re here, do you want to stop in to see the kids?” I asked into silence. It was the only thing I could think to do that might her feel better. “I could wait out here while you talk to them, or I could go to the car if you want” “Would you visit them with me?” she asked suddenly. To be honest, I wasn’t sure I could handle it, but I knew she really wanted me there. And she was feeling so down that the words came out automatically. “Sure, I’ll go” (Sparks,1999:103-104).

2. Sense of Maturity

  Landon Carter used to be an obedient person. He often sneaks out from the home at midnight without his parents’ permit to play together with his friend in the graveyard. As time goes by, after he often spends time together with Jamie It is because he loves her. As said by Hurlock, one of the factors why the personality of someone changes is caused by the significant people (1976:126).

  Jamie Sullivan’s age is same with Landon Carter, but the way she thinks, speaks and behaves show that she is mature. Landon Carter learns many things from Jamie Sullivan. Landon Carter’s behavior which disobeys his father fades since he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan who is an obedient girl. When they go together, Jamie Sullivan always asks his father first to get permission. She also obeys his father not to be late to come home when she goes out. Every time Landon goes out with Jamie Sullivan, he is never late to walk her home. Landon Carter learns to obey his parents from Jamie Sullivan. The writer also finds out that the main point Landon Carter experiences sense of maturity is after he feels guilty to Jamie Sullivan because he hurts her with his words. It happens when he walk her home. He says that actually he hates to walk her home. He does not want his friends tease him all the time because he be friends with her. It can be seen in the following quotation:

  “I just don’t want to walk you home. I don’t want my friends to keep talking about me, and I don’t want to spend time with you. You keep acting like we’re friends, but we’re not, we’re not anything. I just want the whole thing to be over so I can go back to my normal life” (Sparks, 1999: 125).

  In the following day, Landon Carter realizes that he should not say something like that. It is because Jamie Sullivan is always kind to him and everyone. Since that moment, he is motivated to be a better person. If he does a mistake to someone, he tries to say sorry to his or her. This behavior shows that he has changed be mature. He is able to judge which the right and the wrong is. It can be seen in the following quotation: “I’m sorry about those things I said last night,” I began. “I know they probably hurt your feelings, and I was wrong to have said them” (Sparks, 1999:128). The statement above shows that Landon Carter apologizes to Jamie

  Sullivan, he realizes that he has hurt Jamie Sullivan’s feeling and understands that he was wrong. The fact that Jamie Sullivan brings out Landon Carter’s motivation means that his personality change is affected by significant person. Besides, the fact that Jamie Sullivan always kind to him even though he often tease her and the fact that she always prays for him even though he does not care with her are other factors which lead Landon Carter to become a mature person. Without Jamie Sullivan’s notice, he gives all of his money from his saving accounts to the charity cans that Jamie Sullivan spreads in entire town. Landon Carter does not want Jamie Sullivan feels sad knowing the money that collected from the jars is not much. Landon Carter knows that it is the right thing to do. When Landon Carter tells this case to his mother, he sees that a look of satisfaction crosses her mother’s face, as if her mother knows that he is finally growing up.

  Landon Carter also says sorry to Reverend Sullivan for the things that he has done to him in the past. He realizes that he has mistake to him. He used to make fun him and Jamie Sullivan by saying bad words to them.

  “I’m sorry for those things I used to do when I was younger, and I’m sorry that I didn’t always treat Jamie the way she should have been treated. But from now on, things will change. I promise you that” (Sparks, 1999:128).

3. Sense of Religiosity

  In the beginning, Landon Carter is an impious person means that he is lacking respect for God. He almost never goes to the church for Sunday school and according to him, flirting to the girls is more interesting than reading a bible. But since Jamie Sullivan becomes his close friend and he is falling in love with her, he changes to be a religious person. It is because Jamie Sullivan is a very religious girl. Firstly, Landon Carter thinks that Jamie Sullivan is a strange girl because she brings her bible everywhere and reads it as much as she can.

  On Christmas day, Jamie Sullivan and Landon Carter spend the time together visiting the orphanage. There, Jamie Sullivan gives a gift that makes Landon Carter very surprised. She gives him a bible that always she brings everyday.

  “I glanced at her, not knowing what to say. Jamie had given me her Bible. “Thank you for doing what you did,” she whispered to me. “It was the best Christmas I’ve ever had” (Sparks, 1999: 153).

  When he accepts the bible, suddenly he reminds the times that he and Jamie Sullivan spend together. From this moment, then he realizes that he is falling in love with her. This moment also becomes the main point where Landon Carter’s sense of religiosity grows. He knows that Jamie Sullivan gives her bible in order to make him reading the bible more.

  His sense of religiosity grows more when he finds out that Jamie Sullivan suffers from leukemia. He is so depressed about what happened with Jamie Sullivan. He does not know what to do. Facing this situation, he starts praying to God and wishes to get a miracle for Jamie Sullivan’s health.

  “I began to pray for miracle. They supposedly happen all the time, and I’d read about them in newspapers. People regaining use of their limbs after being told they’d never walk again, or somehow surviving a terrible accident when all hope was lost. Every now and then a travelling preacher’s tent would be set up outside of Beaufort, and people would go there to watch as people were healed. I’d been to a couple, and though I assumed that most of the healing was no more than slick show, since I never recognized the people who were healed, there were occasionally things that even I couldn’t explain” (Sparks, 1999: 200). The fact that Landon Carter prays to God indicates that his sense of religiosity has developed. From the quotation above also has been told that

  Landon Carter used to do not believe in miracle of the people who recovering from a dangerous disease. But since Jamie Sullivan suffers from the disease, then he starts to believe in miracle that given by God. After say a prayer to God, and then he opens the Bible that Jamie has given to him for Christmas and reads it.

4. Sense of Optimism

  Landon Carter used to be a pessimistic person. He is not confident with his ability and often thinks that bad things will happen to him. He is pessimistic to enter University of North Carolina (UNC) because his school grades are not good. He is such a lazy boy at school. He thinks that he is not qualified in anything, especially in academic field. He refuses to try and do some efforts to explore his ability because he does not believe in himself that he can make it. Even he judges himself as a loser. As time goes by he becomes optimistic person because he makes friend with Jamie Sullivan who is optimistic person.

  The writer finds out that Landon Carter’s sense of optimism appears since he and Jamie Sullivan spend time together to practice the play. Jamie Sullivan is hard-working to read the script. It takes no long time for her to memorize the script. As his partner, Landon Carter feels so down about it because memorizing the script is hard thing to do for him. It is honestly just because he is not interested to be involved in the play. When Jamie Sullivan seeks Landon Carter at the Cecil Dinner to talk about the play, their friends give opinion for them to perform the play in the orphanage. Jamie Sullivan agrees with their idea and begs Landon Carter to join with. He accepts her demands reluctantly. However, he does not want to look like a fool when he performs in front of the orphans. It arouses his strong motivation to change. Then in the next day, he works hard memorizing the script in order to have a good performance.

  “The next day I spent fourteen hours memorizing my lines, curing my friends, and wondering how my life had spun so out of control. My senior year certainly wasn’t turning out the way I thought it would when it began, but if I had to perform for a bunch of orphans, I certainly didn’t want to look an idiot” (Sparks, 1999:89).

  The statement above shows that Landon Carter’s sense of optimism emerges. Because he does not want to look bad compare to Jamie Sullivan who has memorized the dialog, he is motivated to memorize his dialog so that he can play well in the drama.

  His motivation to change being an optimistic person also can be seen in the situation where he is motivated to study hard in order to be accepted in UNC.

  He does not underestimate himself anymore and believes that he has a chance to enter UNC with his own ability. It shows that his sense of optimism develops. In can be seen in the following quotation:

  “The following Monday was our last week of school before Christmas break, and finals were scheduled in every class. In addition I had to finish my application for UNC, which I’d been putting off because of rehearsal. I planned on hitting the books pretty hard that week, then doing the application at night before I went to bed” (Sparks, 1999:138). His sense of optimism also occurs when he deals with the situation that

  Jamie Sullivan suffers from Leukimia. It is serious sickness. Jamie Sullivan realizes that it can be hard for her father and Landon Carter, but she always tries to be though. She is optimistic to face her life even though she is dying. She is always cheerful. It seems like there is nothing wrong with her. Jamie Sullivan’s optimism in facing this life influences Landon Carter’s sense of optimism. It means that the change of Landon Carter characteristic which is pessimistic becomes optimistic resulting from the influence of the significant people. He decides to marry her in all her condition. Many people think that Landon Carter only feels pity to Jamie Sullivan because her life is no longer. By marrying Jamie Sullivan, Landon Carter believes that Jamie Sullivan’s condition will be better. He knows that married is her hope. This situation indicates that Landon Carter experiences personality development in sense of optimism. He believes that good things will happen.

5. Sense of Generosity

  Since Landon Carter is close with Jamie Sullivan, he becomes a generous person. It starts when Jamie Sullivan often asks him to accompany her goes to the orphanage. Visiting the orphanage is Jamie Sullivan’s habit. She usually reads a book for the children there and plays together with them. Besides, she also collects money for giving them a gift when the Christmas day comes. She collects the money by spreading some cans donation to some places in the Beaufort town.

  When the Christmas almost comes, Jamie Sullivan asks Landon Carter to help her collecting the cans. Actually Landon Carter does not want to do it, but he cannot refuse her demand. Remembering that this is for the orphans, he thinks that it is the right thing to do. So then, he goes to the places where the cans have been spread.

  “So that’s what I did starting Wednesday, even though I had test to study for, even with that application needing to be finished. Jamie had given me a list of every place she’d placed a can, and I borrowed my mom’s car and started at the far end of town the following day. I felt sort of funny about being the one who picked up the cans and jars, being that it was Jamie’s project, but I kept telling myself that Jamie had asked me to help” (Sparks, 1999:142). The statement above shows that Landon Carter tries to help Jamie Sullivan even though it is not his project and he has something else to do. Then after all the cans have been picked up by him, he counts the money by himself. He feels so sad knowing that the amount of the money is just a little.

  “Seeing how little had been collected in all $ 55.73 made me feel awful, especially considering that the jars had been out for almost a whole year and that I myself had seem them countless time” (Sparks, 1999:144).

  Without Jamie Sullivan’s notice, then he uses his own money to add the amount of the money for the contribution of the orphanage. He gives all his money from his savings account, but he does not feel upset with it. On the other hand, those experiences make him grows up. It is supported by the quotation below:

  “I don’t have any money left,” I said to her dejectedly. “What happened to your money in the bank?” I sighed, and my mom sat in silence while I crossed her face, as if she, too, knew I was finally growing up” (Sparks, 1999:177). So, the writer finds out that the main point where Landon Carter’s sense of generosity appears is when Jamie Sullivan asks him to collect money from the cans that she spreads out over the town, then knowing that the amount of the money just a little whereas it needs a year in collecting. His heart is touched. So he donates all his money. It indicates that Landon Carter experiences personality development in sense of generosity.

  From the personality development of Landon Carter that have discussed above, it can be seen that Jamie Sullivan has a great contribution to Landon Carter’s personality development. Through the influence of Jamie Sullivan, Landon Carter has sense of politeness, sense of maturity, sense of religiosity, sense of optimism, and sense of generosity. From those changes, it can be concluded that Landon Carter’s personality development is influenced by

  

significant person around him that is Jamie Sullivan. Jamie Sullivan makes

  Landon Carter’s personality develop for the better. It is because Landon Carter’s undesirable traits change to become desirable traits. This personality development can be categorized as qualitative changes. Qualitative changes are an already- present trait is replaced by another trait (Hurlock, 1976:109). In this case, Landon Carter undergoes personality development from mischievous, disobedient, impious, and pessimistic to become polite, mature, religious, optimistic, and generous. Besides, Landon Carter’s personality development is regarded as slowly changes . It is because there is a process which happens and it occurs gradually.

CHAPTER V CONCLUSION This chapter discusses the conclusion based on the analysis about the

  influence of Jamie Sullivan on Landon Carter’s personality development in Nicholas Sparks’s A Walk to Remember. To answer the first question in the problem formulation, the first part of the analysis discusses how Landon Carter’s personality development is described in the novel. The writer analyses Landon Carter’s characteristics before he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan and after he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan. From the analysis, the writer finds out that before Landon Carter becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan, he is described as mischievous, disobedient, impious, and pessimistic. Mean while, after Landon Carter becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan, he is described as polite, mature, religious, optimistic, and generous. These characteristics are presented through various ways based on Murphy’s theory, namely through his past life, habit or mannerism, speech, thoughts, reaction, and conversation with another character.

  From the analysis, it can be seen that Landon Carter’s characteristics are dynamic, and complex, and change throughout the story. So, it can be concluded that he is considered as a round character. To answer the second question in the problem formulation, the second part of the analysis discusses about Jamie Sullivan’s characteristics. It is because Jamie Sullivan is the factor that changes Landon Carter’s personality. From the analysis, the writer finds out that Jamie Sullivan is described as simple, religious, helpful, kind, obedient, and optimistic.

  To answer the third question in the problem formulation, the third part of the analysis discusses about the process of personality development which undergone by Landon Carter before he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan until after he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan. To analyze the third part, the writer applies Hurlock’s theory on personality development. The writer finds out that the factor which makes Landon Carter’s personality develop is the significant person around him that is Jamie Sullivan. Jamie Sullivan has a great contribution towards Landon Carter’s personality development. Because of the influence of Jamie Sullivan, Landon Carter becomes a person with the sense of politeness, sense of maturity, sense of religiosity, sense of optimism, and sense of generosity.

  The writer finds out that the factor which emerging Landon Carter’s sense of politeness is Jamie Sullivan’s helpful and kind characteristics. Before Landon Carter becomes friends with Jamie Sullivan, he often teases her as a strange girl and makes fun of her. After he makes friend with her and getting closer, he realizes that all the time he just judges Jamie Sullivan from the cover. He realizes that Jamie Sullivan is really kind. He feels embarrassed to himself because all this time he likes to makes fun of Jamie Sullivan. Since he realizes his fault, he tries to be more polite to her and others.

  For Landon Carter’s sense of maturity, the writer finds out that it appears because Landon Carter learns many things from Jamie Sullivan. Landon Carter’s behavior which disobeys his father fades since he becomes friend with Jamie Sullivan who is an obedient girl. The writer also finds out that the main point which emerges Landon Carter’s sense of maturity is when he feels guilty to Jamie Sullivan because he hurts her with his words. It is because Jamie Sullivan is always kind to him and everyone. Since that moment, he is motivated to be a better person. If he makes a mistake to someone, he tries to say sorry to his or her. It shows that he becomes a mature person.

  For Landon Carter’s sense of religiosity, it emerges since the moment when Jamie Sullivan gives a bible to Landon Carter. From this moment, he realizes that he is falling in love with her. He knows that Jamie Sullivan gives her bible in order to make him reading the bible more. His sense of religiosity grows more when he finds out that Jamie Sullivan suffers from leukemia.

  For Landon Carter’s sense of optimism, the writer finds out that he becomes optimistic person because he makes friend with Jamie Sullivan who is optimistic person. His sense of optimism occurs when he deals with the situation where Jamie Sullivan suffers from Leukimia. It is serious sickness. Jamie Sullivan realizes that it can be hard for her father and Landon Carter, but she always tries to be though. She is optimistic to face her life even though she is dying

  For Landon Carter’s sense of generosity, the writer finds out that the main point where Landon Carter’s sense of generosity appears is when Jamie Sullivan asks him to collect the money from the cans that she spreads out over the town, then knowing that the amount of the money just a little whereas it needs a year in collecting. His heart is touched. So he donates all his money. It indicates that Landon Carter experiences personality development in sense of generosity.

  Finally, it can be concluded that Landon Carter’s personality development is influenced by significant person around him that is Jamie Sullivan. Jamie Sullivan makes Landon Carter’s personality develop for the better. It is because Landon Carter’s undesirable traits change to become desirable traits. This personality development can be categorized as qualitative changes. Qualitative changes are an already-present trait is replaced by another trait (Hurlock, 1976:109). In this case, Landon Carter undergoes personality development from mischievous, disobedient, impious and pessimistic changes to become polite, mature, religious, optimistic and generous. Besides, Landon Carter’s personality development is regarded as slow changes. It is because there is a process which happens and it occurs gradually.

  

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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  Abrams, M.H. A Glossary of Literary Terms (6 Orlando: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985

  Christina, Merry. The Values of Love as Reflected in Nicholas Sparks’s A Walk to Remember.

  Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University, English Letters, 2007

  Frida, Yulia P. The Influence of Jamie Sullivan’s Emotion towards her Motivation to Struggle for Life as seen in Nicholas Sparks’s A Walk to Remember.

  Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University, English Language and Arts Education, 2006

  Foster, E.M. Aspects of the Novel and Related Writings. London: Edward Arnold Ltd, 1974

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  Gill, Richard T. Mastering English Literature (2 . Hounmills : Macmillan, 1996

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  Hurlock, Elizabeth Bergner. Personality development (3 New York: European University Studies, 1974

  Murphy, M. J. Understanding Unseen: An Introduction to English Poetry and

  English Novel for Overseas Students . London: George Allen & Unwin

  Ltd, 1972 Perine, Laurence. Structure, Sound, and Sense. New York: Harcourt Brace

  Jovanovich Publisher, 1974 Pervin, Lawrence A and John, Oliver P. Human Development: An Emergent

  rd Science (3 ed). New York: Guilford Press, 1999

  Pikunas, Justin. Human Development an Emergent Science. New York : McGraw- Hill, 1976

  Ratnaningsih. The Influence of Jalil, Raheed, and Laila on Mariam’s Personality

  Changes. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University, English Language and

  Arts Education, 2008 Rohrberger, Mary and Samual H. Woods. Reading and Writing about Literature. New York:Random House, 1971

  nd ed).

  Soukhanov, Anne H. Encarta Webster’s college Dictionary (2 New York : Bloomsburry Publising Plc, 2005

  Sparks, Nicholas. A Walk to Remember. New York: Warner Books Inc, 1999 Summers, Della Ed (et all). The Longman Dictionary of English Language and

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  . London: Longman Group UK Limited., 1992

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  Wellek, Rene and Austin Warren. Theory of Literature. 3 ed. New York: Harcout, Brace and World Inc, 1956

  Online Reference : Cure, Kristine. http://www.helium.com/items/1421042-a-walk-to-remember-

  review (Accessed on: February 5, 2011)

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