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The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the Jakarta post Newspaper

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THE ANALYSIS OF COMPOUND SENTENCE FOUND IN THE JAKARTA POST NEWSPAPER A PAPER BY DONI RAMADANI REG. NO. 082202009 UNIVERSITY OF NORTH SUMATERA FACULTY OF CULTURE STUDIES DIPLOMA III ENGLISH STUDY PROGRAM MEDAN JUNE 2011 Universitas Sumatera Utara It has been approved by Supervisor, Dra. Dra. Hartisari, M.A NIP. 195803301983032002 Submitted to Faculty of Culture Studies, University of North Sumatera in partial fulfillment of the requirements for DIPLOMA (D-III) in English Approved by Head of Diploma III English Study Program, Dr. Matius C.A. Sembiring, M.A NIP: 19521126198112 1 001 Approved by the Diploma III of English Study Program Faculty of Culture Studies, University of North Sumatra As a paper for the Diploma (D-III) Examination Universitas Sumatera Utara Accepted by the Board of Examiners in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the D-III of Examination of the Diploma III of English Study Program, Faculty of Culture Studies, University of North Sumatera. The examination is held on .2011 Faculty of Culture Studies, University of North Sumatera Dean, Dr. Syahron Lubis, M.A NIP: 19511013197603 1 001 Board of Examiners Signature 1. Dr. Matius C.A. Sembiring, M.A.(Head of ESP) 2. Dra. Hartisari, M. A (Supervisor) 3. Drs. Bahagia Tarigan, M. A (Reader) Universitas Sumatera Utara AUTHOR'S DECLARATION I am DONI RAMADANI, declare that I am the sole author of this paper. Except where the reference is made in the text of this paper, this paper contains no material published elsewhere or extracted in whole or in part from a paper by which I have qualified for or awarded another degree. No other person’s work has been used without due acknowledgement in the main text of this paper. This paper has not been submitted for the award of another degree in any tertiary education. Signed : Date . : Universitas Sumatera Utara COPYRIGHT DECLARATION Name : DONI RAMADANI Title of Paper : THE ANALYSIS OF COMPOUND SENTENCE FOUND IN THE JAKARTA POST NEWSPAPER Qualification : D-III/Ahli Madya Study Program : English I am willing that my paper should be available for reproduction at the discretion of the Librarian of the Diploma III English Department Faculty of Culture Studies USU on the understanding that users are made aware of their obligation under law of the Republic of Indonesia. Signed : . Date : Universitas Sumatera Utara ABSTRAK Judul kertas karya ini adalah The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the Jakarta post Newspaper. Dalam kertas karya ini, penulis membahas tentang definisi dari kalimat, jenis-jenis kalimat, dan penggunaanya dalam berkomunikasi dan menurut tata bahasa inggris yang benar. Kertas karya ini terdiri dari lima Bab, yaitu Bab pertama adalah Pendahuluan yang berisikan latar belakang penelitian, pembatasan dan perumusan masalah, tujuan dan manfaat penelitian. Bab kedua adalah, Landasan Teori yang berisikan dasar-dasar teori tentang kalimat. Bab ketiga membahas tentang tipe-tipe dari kalimat. Bab keempat adalah Analisis dan Hasil yang merupakan bab yang berisikan analisis kalimat-kalimat majemuk yang diperoleh dari Koran Jakarta post dan mencari jenis kalimat majemuk yang paling dominan digunakan. Penulis memberikan hasil analisis dalam bentuk persentase untuk setiap jenis kalimat majemuk dan total keseluruhan kalimat majemuk diberikan sebagai perbandingan untuk mengetahui jenis kalimat majemuk yang paling dominan atau paling sering digunakan. Hasilnya adalah, kalimat majemuk yang paling sering muncul dalam Koran Jakarta Post adalah kalimat majemuk dengan konjungsi koordinat “tetapi” dengan rincian persentase dari total seluruh data yang berjumlah 39 kalimat. Pada bab terakhir yaitu bab kelima, kesimpulan dan saran, berisikan tentang penjelakan mengenai hasil analisis yang diperoleh dari bab keempat dan sekaligus berisikan tentang saran-saran yang diberikan untuk pembaca atau penulis lain yang mengambil topik penelitian yang sama. Universitas Sumatera Utara ABSTRACT The title of this paper is The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the Jakarta post Newspaper. In this paper, the writer explains about the definition of sentence, the kind of sentences, and the uses in the communication and based on the right English Grammatical. This paper contains five chapters, the first chapter contains the introduction, the scope of study, the significance of study, the purpose of study and the method of study. The second chapter contains the based theory of sentence. The third chapter discusses about the types of sentence. The fourth chapter contains the analyzing and the result which it contains the analyzes of the compound sentences found in the Jakarta Post Newspaper and find the most dominant using of compound. The writer gave the result of analysis in the percentage form to every compound and complex sentence with different conjunctions and the whole of compound and complex sentence were given as the comparison to know the kind of compound and complex sentence with different conjunctions which the most using. And the result is, the most appear of compound sentence in the Jakarta Post Newspaper are the compound sentence with conjunction but with the percentage of the whole data 39 sentences. The last chapter is the five chapter which contains the conclusion and suggestion, contain the explanation the result of analyzes from the chapter 1, 2, 3, and 4 to the reader or another write who choose the same topic. Universitas Sumatera Utara ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent and the Most Merciful. First of all, I would like to say thanks to Allah as the Owner of the entire things on the Earth. There is none co-equal or comparable unto Allah, the One. I will never forget to remember and Shalawat to the Last Prophet Muhammad as the massager of Allah to bring Dienul Islam to be Rahmatan Lil’Alamin. First of all, I would like to thank and praise to the Almighty God for blessing and giving me health, strength and ease to accomplish this paper as one of the requirements to get Diploma III certificate from English Department Faculty of Culture, University of North Sumatera. Then, I would like to express a deep gratitude, love, and appreciation to: My beloved parents SAAT and GEMI, for loving, caring, and for their support. Thanks for being my inspiration mom. My sister and brother RENI SUSIANI and SUSANTO. Thank you for all your motivations, advices, prays, loves and financial. I present this paper for you. Dr. Syahron Lubis, M.A as the Dean of Faculty of Culture studies, University of North Sumatera. Dr. Matius C. A. Sembiring, MA as the Head of English Diploma Study Program, who gives me a lot of knowledge. Dra. Hartisari, M. A as my supervisor and Drs. Bahagia Tarigan, M. A as my reader. Thank you for the valuable time in giving the correction and constructive critics in completing this paper. Universitas Sumatera Utara All lecturers in English Diploma Study Program for giving me advices and knowledges. My special friend, Joko Hadi Sunawan, thanks for supporting me morally, financially, spiritually, in completing this paper. Brother Andre Sitepu, thanks for being my sisters and best friends too. I will never forget your kindness to me. My best friends: Lenni, Yolanda, Agnes, Erwin Sipahutar, and Maria Margaret, Lenny Simanjuntak and all of my friend in English Diploma III A and B. Thank you for your support, cares and other things that help me to complete this paper. Thank you for the nice friendship during our study. I will be missing the days we spent together. Medan, . . 2011 The writer, Doni Ramadani Reg. No. 082202009 Universitas Sumatera Utara TABLE OF CONTENTS AUTHOR’S DECLARATION . i COPYRIGHT DECLARATION . ii ABSTRAK . iii ABSTRACT . iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS . v TABLE OF CONTENTS . vi 1. INTRODUCTION . 1 1.1 Background of The Study. 1 1.2 The Problem of Study . 2 1.3 The Scope of Study . 2 1.4 The Purpose of The Study . 2 1.5 Significance of The Study . 3 1.6 The Method of The Study. 3 2. A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF SENTENCES . 4 2.1 The Definition of Sentences. 4 2.2 The Kind of Sentences . 4 3. THE TYPES OF SENTENCES . 7 3.1 Simple Sentence . 7 3.1.1 Subject . 9 3.1.2 Predicate . 10 3.2 Simple Subject and Simple Predicate . 11 3.3 Compound Sentence . 11 Universitas Sumatera Utara 3.4 Complex Sentence . 12 3.5 Compound-Complex Sentence . 13 3.6 The Uses of Simple, Compound and Complex Sentence . 14 DATA AND ANALYSIS DATA . 17 4.1 Data. 17 4.2 Analysis Data . 17 CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION . 24 5.1 Conclusion . 24 5.2 Suggestion . 24 REFERENCES . 25 4 5 Universitas Sumatera Utara ABSTRAK Judul kertas karya ini adalah The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the Jakarta post Newspaper. Dalam kertas karya ini, penulis membahas tentang definisi dari kalimat, jenis-jenis kalimat, dan penggunaanya dalam berkomunikasi dan menurut tata bahasa inggris yang benar. Kertas karya ini terdiri dari lima Bab, yaitu Bab pertama adalah Pendahuluan yang berisikan latar belakang penelitian, pembatasan dan perumusan masalah, tujuan dan manfaat penelitian. Bab kedua adalah, Landasan Teori yang berisikan dasar-dasar teori tentang kalimat. Bab ketiga membahas tentang tipe-tipe dari kalimat. Bab keempat adalah Analisis dan Hasil yang merupakan bab yang berisikan analisis kalimat-kalimat majemuk yang diperoleh dari Koran Jakarta post dan mencari jenis kalimat majemuk yang paling dominan digunakan. Penulis memberikan hasil analisis dalam bentuk persentase untuk setiap jenis kalimat majemuk dan total keseluruhan kalimat majemuk diberikan sebagai perbandingan untuk mengetahui jenis kalimat majemuk yang paling dominan atau paling sering digunakan. Hasilnya adalah, kalimat majemuk yang paling sering muncul dalam Koran Jakarta Post adalah kalimat majemuk dengan konjungsi koordinat “tetapi” dengan rincian persentase dari total seluruh data yang berjumlah 39 kalimat. Pada bab terakhir yaitu bab kelima, kesimpulan dan saran, berisikan tentang penjelakan mengenai hasil analisis yang diperoleh dari bab keempat dan sekaligus berisikan tentang saran-saran yang diberikan untuk pembaca atau penulis lain yang mengambil topik penelitian yang sama. Universitas Sumatera Utara ABSTRACT The title of this paper is The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the Jakarta post Newspaper. In this paper, the writer explains about the definition of sentence, the kind of sentences, and the uses in the communication and based on the right English Grammatical. This paper contains five chapters, the first chapter contains the introduction, the scope of study, the significance of study, the purpose of study and the method of study. The second chapter contains the based theory of sentence. The third chapter discusses about the types of sentence. The fourth chapter contains the analyzing and the result which it contains the analyzes of the compound sentences found in the Jakarta Post Newspaper and find the most dominant using of compound. The writer gave the result of analysis in the percentage form to every compound and complex sentence with different conjunctions and the whole of compound and complex sentence were given as the comparison to know the kind of compound and complex sentence with different conjunctions which the most using. And the result is, the most appear of compound sentence in the Jakarta Post Newspaper are the compound sentence with conjunction but with the percentage of the whole data 39 sentences. The last chapter is the five chapter which contains the conclusion and suggestion, contain the explanation the result of analyzes from the chapter 1, 2, 3, and 4 to the reader or another write who choose the same topic. Universitas Sumatera Utara 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 The Background of Study Language is one of the important things in human’s life, it plays a great role in human’s communication or in interacting to the others. By using the language, people can express their feelings or get some informations. As the part of culture, language has the rules which have to be followed by its users, for example, the roles of sentences including simple sentence, compound sentence, complex sentence, etc. A sentence is a verbal structure that reflects something about the world. It puts words in relation in order to map our understanding of the sensible structure of the things. If we think any further along this line, we will be in the realm of the linguistics philosophy, so let us keep the simple things. A sentence is a unit of expression; it arranges the part of speech to mirror a perception or an understanding. Word clusters named nominal, verbal, adjective, and adverbial are combined to form the sentence. For example, we will use the sentence although there is no general agreement on what a sentence really is. The language used in the newspaper is to present the grammar and the exact meaning of the language. And the compound sentence in the newspaper plays the important rule in the sentence in order to make the reader understand the idea of its contains. So in this occasion, the writer will try to make a brief of Compound sentence found in the Jakarta post newspaper which is taken in the daily newspaper. “The Jakarta Post newspaper” is one of the English Newspaper in Indonesia. Universitas Sumatera Utara 1.2 Problem of Study The writer would like to formulate the problems: 1. Most of people who want to communication in English do not understand about the compound sentence and when we must use the compound sentence. 2. It is very often of the non-native speakers of English misinterpreted the compound sentence. So they can not catch the idea of compound sentence. 3. To find out the types of sentence used in Jakarta Post Newspaper. 1.3 The Scope of Study When we want to discuss about the compound sentence there will be a problem of things to be discussed. As we know there are many kind of sentences which are very important to study, but it is certainly impossible to explain them one by one in this paper. Therefore on this occasion the writer wants to be limited this discussion just focused in the compound sentence. 1.4 The Purpose of Study The purpose of the study is to show the readers the pattern of the compound sentence, to find out any types of the compound sentence used in the Jakarta Post Newspaper and make the learners understand the usage of simple, compound, complex and the compound-complex sentences. The writer also wishes that the readers will know and understand about the kind of sentences and when we must use them. And the writer really hopes that the learners can use them correctly based on the English structure in the studies or in the daily conversation. Universitas Sumatera Utara 1.5 The Significance of Study By writing this paper, the writer hopes that the learners can improve their knowledge about English especially about the sentence and they can control it or make it better when they connect to the others. In addition, the writer believes that this paper can enrich the knowledge to the person who wishes to study about English and it can be one of the literature materials for the knowledge’s development. 1.6 The Method of Study The method was applied for this writing is the library research. To complete this paper, the writer will collect all the required data from the Jakarta post Newspaper was published on Monday, November 15, 2010 at page 1, page 2 and Page 3. So it means that data are written in the Jakarta Post Newspaper. In order to get the percentage of compound sentences that mostly occur in the Jakarta Post Newspaper, the following formula from Nawawi (1991; 150) will be used: X x 100% = N Y N = Number of compound sentences Y = Total number of all data N = Percentage of the compound sentences Universitas Sumatera Utara 2. A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF SENTENCES 2.1 Definition of sentence A sentence is a group of words which make a statement clearly (it may a request, made the police suspicious of him. In this sentence, it is not clear whether immidiately refers to the gerund subject leaving or to the main verb made. In the spoken language, the slight pause before or after immidiately would signal which construction the word belonged to. 2. Initial Position Examples: He received a reward for promptly returning the money. His employer was irritated at his never getting to wrk on time. Needlessly criticizing other people is cruel. Universitas Sumatera Utara Gerunds are usually preceded by the the same types of advebs as those that precede finite verbs – usually manner or frequency advebs. b. Adverbs Changed to Adjective Form In gerund phrases, adverbs from simple sentences are often transformed to adjectives that precede the gerund. Examples: His wife was shocked at his reckless breaking of the law. The company appreciated his discreet handling of the affair. Her mother’s constant meddling in her affairs was a source of great annoyance to her. It is this adjective – from – adverb form that is most common in the. . . – ing + of phrase construction. Examples: The constant dripping of the water irritated her. The unexpected closing of the hotel left the tourist with no palce to stay. The use of such an adjective – from – adverb reinforces the nominal effect of the gerund phrase. The negative adjective no is used instead of the adverb not with certain types of gerund phrases. a. After there + a form of be Examples: Universitas Sumatera Utara There is no stopping him. There is no denying that she is very efficient. b. Prohibitions againts certain activities Examples: No smoking is allowed in this classroom. No trespassing on these premises will be permitted. 2.2.4 Gerund Phrases as Subjects of Verbs A gerund phrase does not occur frequently as a subject. One of its common uses as a subject is in general statements with be as the main verb. Examples: Eating a good breakfast is very wise. Taking a long walk every day is good execise. The gerund phrase may also function as the subject of a verb expressing: 1. Cause – effect relationship Examples: Seeing her every day made him realize how wonderful she was. His finding the error quickly saved him ( = caused him to save ) many hours of extra work. A gerund phrase subject with such a verb may have conditional meaning. Universitas Sumatera Utara Example: Doing such a thing now ( = if you do such a thing now, it ) will cause you much trouble later on. 2. Emotion Examples: Being overcharged for anything enrages her. Seeing her so thin and pale shocked him. It sould be noted that such verbs of emotion often also denote some degree of cause : thus enrages her, shocked him in the above sentences may be interpreted as causes her to become enraged, caused him to be shocked. Gerund phrases may also function as subjects of passive verbs. Examples: His keeping accurate records has never been quistioned. Their accepting the money will be considered unwise. A gerund phrase subject sometimes appears after anticipatory it + an adjective. Such a construction usually informal usage. Examples: It’s very embarrasing ( , ) not remembering your name. It’s incredible ( , ) meeting an old schoolmate so far from home. It’s not worthwhile taking that trip for only one day. Universitas Sumatera Utara A comma is required if the subject is included in the gerund phrase – It’s strange, his doing that. Sometimes a noun is used rather than an adjective in this construction after anticipatory it. Examples: It will be a sad thing, not seeing her anymore. It’s been a pleasure meeting you. It’s no use ( or no good ) crying over spilled milk. No use and no need may also be preced by expletive there – there’s no use ( or no need ) crying over spilled milk. Gerund phrase subjects after anticipatory it often have alternate forms with infinitive phrases. Examples: It’s very embarrassing not to remember your name. It’s been a pleasure to meet you. It’s no use to cry over spilled milk. 2.2.5 Gerund Phrases as Objects of Verb Certain verbs in English are followed by verbals – either gerunds or infinitives – which are considerd as the objects of these verbs. Most of these verbs Universitas Sumatera Utara denote mental activity or indirect speech and therefore require subjects that refere to human beings. Other have little semantic content outside of indicating aspect – the beginning, duration, end or repetition of anaction ; these verbs may or may not be used with subjects denoting persons. There is less agreement that a verbal following one of these aspects – denoting verbs is its objects ; actually, there is some justification for considering a verb that expresses aspect as a quasy – auxiliary rather than as a verb that takes an object. Verbs Followed by Gerund Objects 1. Acknowledge 21. Facilitate* 41. Relinguish 2. Admit 22. Fancy ( = imagine ) 42. Relish 3. Advocate 23. Finish 43. Renounce 4. Anticipate 24. Give up ( = stop ) 44. Report 5. Appreciat 25. ( be ) Grudge 45. Resent 6. Avoid 26. Imagine 46. Resist 7. Can not help 27. Involve** 47. Risk 8. Consider 28. Justify* 48. Sanction 9. Contemplate 29. Keep* 49. Shirk 10. Defer 30. Keep on* 50. Stop 11. Delay 31. Leave off * 51. Suggest 12. Deny 32. Mean* 52. Tolerate 13. Detest 33. Mention 53. Try 14. Disclaim 34. Miss 54. Understand 15. Drop ( = stop ) 35. Necessitate 55. Urge Universitas Sumatera Utara 16. Encourage 36. Postpone 17. Enjoy 37. Practice 18. Entail* 38. Put off 19. Escape 39. Quit ( stop, informal ) 20. Evade 40. Recommend 56. Withhold * These verbs can also have subjects that do not designate human beings. ** These verbs usually have subjects that denote lifeless things. Examples: We have considered selling our home. He mentioned meeting the governor at the reception. I can not tolerate his constant complaining about everything. Some verbs on this list, because of their semantic nature, can not refer to events happening in the past – for example : avoid, defer, give up, miss, risk, urge. After such verbs only the – ing gerund is used. Examples: He risked losing the money. He missed being teased by his younger sister. Verbs Followed by Gerund or Infinitive Objects 1. Abhor 8. Continue* 2. Attempt 9. Decline Universitas Sumatera Utara 3. Begin* 10. Disdain 4. Can not bear 11. Dread 5. Can not stand 12. Endure 6. Cease* 13. Hate 7. Commence* 14. Hesitate 8. Intend 15. Propose 9. ( dis ) like 16. Regret** 10. Love 17. Remember* 11. Neglect 18. Scorn 12. Plan 19. Start* 13. Prefer 20. Try * These verbs may also have subjects which do not designate human beings. ** After these verbs, the gerund represents past time ; the infinitive represents future time. Examples: I remember taking care of that matter. ( past time ) I must remember to take of that matter. ( future time ) He began attending classes regularly. He began to attend classes regularly. I intend doing that tomorrow. I intend to do that tomorrow. You mustn’t neglect making the reservation right away. Universitas Sumatera Utara You mustn’t neglect to make the reservation right away. Try – a gerund has the special meaning of make an experiment with – try going to bed earlier ; you’ll feel better. In this sense the infinitive may also be used. Try meaning make an attempt to requires the infinitive. Example: He is trying to enter a good university. After a noun – human subject, need and want in the sense of require will take an – ing gerund – this lamp needs repairing. ( such a gerund may alternate with a passive infinitive—this lamp needs to be repaired ). 2.2.6 Gerund Phrases as Objects of Preposition Any verbs used as the object in a prepositional phrase takes the form of a gerund. Most gerund phrases after prepositions are subjectless, especially those in adverbial prepositional phrases. 1. Nominal Function of Prepositional Gerund Phrases Such gerund phrases function as prepositional objects of verbs. A great many of the verbs listed under prepositional objects in the chapter on prepositions take such gerund objects. Examples: Universitas Sumatera Utara He insisted on paying the entire bill for dinner. She often dreams about having a lot of money to spend on luxuries. Some verbs are followed by either gerund phrase prepositional objects or infinitive phrase objects: a. agree in ( or on ) going, agree to go b. care about going, care to go c. caution ( someone ) againts going, caution someone to go ( opposite meanings ) d. decide on going, decide to go e. forget about going, forget to go f. grieve ( or rejoice, exult ) at going, grieve ( or rejoice, exult ) to go g. help ( someone ) in going, help ( someone to ) go h. plan on going, plan to go i. serve for going, serve to go j. suffice for going, suffice to go k. warn ( the sentence above is used to explain about the party’s leaders who emerge from a four-day meeting on Monday to present the plan for transforming the world’s second biggest economy over the next half decade, focusing on boosting income and spending power for millions. To show the highest use of kinds of pronouns in the Jakarta Post’s articles published on Monday, October 20 2010 can be seen in the table below: Personal I You She He Pronouns - - -5 Interrogative Pronouns Who - What - Which - When - Relative That Who Whom Whose Pronouns 4 1 -- Demonstrative Pronouns This - These - That Those -- Reflexive Pronouns Myself Yourself -- Himself - Herself - Reciprocal Pronouns Each other - Indefinite Pronouns One Anybody Anything Anyone -- -- Possessive My Your His Her Pronouns - - 2- It 3 Where Which 1 We - Whose - They 2 Whom - Itself - Ourselves Themselves -- Everyone Everything Everybody -- Its Our Their 5- 2 50 4.2.2 The Dominance Pronouns Found in the Articles of the Jakarta Post Newspaper The dominance pronouns can be seen through the percentage of their usage in the article. To get the percentage I apply the Junaidi and Suwono’s formula (2004:40). The formula: X = Y ×100% N X = the percentage of each kind of pronoun Y = the total number of each kind of pronoun N = the total of kind of pronoun The percentages of pronouns found in the five articles can be seen through the following table: Table 9: The percentages of pronouns No Kinds of Pronouns Percentage 1 Personal Pronoun 44,59 % 2 Interrogative Pronoun 0% 3 Relative Pronoun 13,51 % 4 Demonstrative Pronoun 4,05 % 5 Reflexive Pronoun 0% 6 Reciprocal Pronoun 0% 7 Indefinite Pronoun 4,05 % 51 8 Possessive Pronoun 33,78 % The table above shows the overall figures of the use of pronouns. Personal pronouns show the highest use with the figure of 44,59 %. The second highest percentage is the possessive pronouns which show 33,78 %. The third highest percentage is the relative pronouns which show 13,51 %. The demonstrative pronouns and indefinite pronouns show the same figures which is 4,05 %, the last, the interrogative pronouns, reflexive pronouns, and reciprocal pronouns aren’t found in the articles of the Jakarta Post Newspaper. 52 4. CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 1. Conclusions After analyzing five articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper, the first article published on Monday, October 4, 2010 with the title of First lady’s music plans spark concerns, I found five kinds of pronouns; they are personal pronoun, relative pronoun, demonstrative pronoun, indefinite pronoun, and possessive pronoun, second article published on Monday, October 4, 2010 with the title of Chinese leader promises support for euro and Greece, I found three kinds of pronouns; they are personal pronoun, relative pronoun, and possessive pronoun, the third article published on Monday, October 11, 2010 with the title of Market offers used lingerie to branded clothing, I found four kinds of pronouns; they are personal pronoun, relative pronoun, indefinite pronoun, and possessive pronoun, the fourth article published on Monday, October 11, 2010 with the title of England enlist coaches to support 2018 W. Cup bid, I found five kinds of pronouns; they are personal pronoun, relative pronoun, demonstrative pronoun, indefinite pronoun, and possessive pronoun, the fifth article published on Wednesday, October 20, 2010 with the title of Absent political reforms worry many foreigners, locals, I found three kinds of pronouns; they are personal pronoun, relative pronoun, and possessive pronoun. The functions of personal pronoun, relative pronoun, demonstrative pronoun, indefinite pronoun, and possessive pronoun found in the articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper are: 53 1. The function of personal pronoun is used to give the subject of a sentence in the articles or clause. In the first article, there are only three personal pronouns; they are she, he, and it. In the second article, there are only five personal pronouns; they are I, he, it, and we. In the third article, there are only six personal pronouns; they are I, you, she, he, it, and we. In the fourth article, there are only three personal pronouns; they are I, it, and we. In the fifth article, there are only three personal pronouns; they are he, it, and they. 2. The function of relative pronoun is used to connect two sentences in the articles. In the first article, there are only three relative pronouns; they are that, who, and which. In the second article, there are only three relative pronouns; they are that, who, and which. In the third article, there are only three relative pronouns; they are that, who, and which. 54 In the fourth article, there are only two relative pronouns; they are who and which. In the fifth article, there are only three relative pronouns; they are that, who, and which. 3. The function of demonstrative pronoun is used to point out something in the articles. In the first article, there is only one demonstrative pronoun; it is that. In the second article, there is not found demonstrative pronoun. In the third article, there is not found demonstrative pronoun. In the fourth article, there is only one demonstrative pronoun; it is that. In the fifth article, there is not found demonstrative pronoun. 4. The function of indefinite pronoun is used to be indefinite number or quantity of people or things. In the first article, there are only two indefinite pronouns; they are everyone and everybody. In the second article, there is not found indefinite pronoun. In the third article, there is only one indefinite pronoun; it is everything. In the fourth article, there are only three indefinite pronouns; they are everyone, nothing, and something. 55 In the fifth article, there isn’t found indefinite pronoun. 5. The function of possessive pronoun is used to show the possession in the articles. In the first article, there are only three possessive pronouns; they are her, its, and their. In the second article, there are only three possessive pronouns; they are his, its, and our. In the third article, there are only two possessive pronouns; they are your and its. In the fourth article, there are only three possessive pronouns; they are his, its, and their. In the fifth article, there are only three possessive pronouns; they are his, its, and their. Based on the most appearance of the usage of pronouns in the articles of the Jakarta Post Newspaper, I can conclude that personal pronouns show the highest use with the figure of 44,59 %. The second highest percentage is the possessive pronouns which show 33,78 %. The third highest percentage is the relative pronouns which show 13,51 %. The demonstrative pronouns and indefinite pronouns show the same figures which is 4,05 %, the last, the interrogative pronouns, reflexive pronouns, and reciprocal pronouns aren’t found in the articles of the Jakarta Post Newspaper. 56 1. Suggestions In relation to the conclusion above, the suggestion for English students especially the beginners are: 1. The students must be able to make and determine the pronouns in the sentences by understanding the usages of its kinds. 2. For English students especially the beginners, it is important to be able in making sentences by understanding the usage of pronoun first. 3. I do hope this paper can be a source book that will enrich knowledge in English especially about the usage of pronouns in English sentences. 57 REFERENCES Crystal, David. 1997.English as a Global Language. England: Cambridge University Press. Cyssco, Dhanny.R. 2000.English Grammar Practice For Toefl Preparation Test. Jakarta: Puspa Swara. Dwi, W. Elan. 2005.Modern English Grammar. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. Eckserly,C.E. and Macaulay,Margaret. 1985. Brighter Grammar. England: Longman Group Ltd. Junaidi, S. and Suwono, Eko. 2004. Matematika SMP Kelas 3. Surabaya: Esis/Erlangga. Martin, H. and Wren,P.C. 1986. High School English Grammar and Composition. New Delhi: Ram Nagar. Montgomery, Robert.L and Sutherland,William.O.S. 1962.Language and Ideas. Canada: Little Brown and Company Limited. Riyanto, Slamet. 2006. The 1st Students Choice TOEFL. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. Ridle, Hinkell. 1997. Communication in English. Deresan: Kanisius. Sharpe, Pamela J. 2002. How to Prepare for the Toefl. Jakarta Barat: Binarupa Aksara. Swick, Ed. 2005. English Grammar For ESL Learners. The United States of America: McGraw-Hill Company. Schrampfer Azar, Betty. 1993.Understanding and Using English Grammar Second Edition, Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara. Thompson, A.J and Martinet, A.V. 1986. A Practical English Grammar Fourth Edition. New York: Oxford University Press. Wishon. 1980. Developing English Sentence. Yogyakarta: Great Media. 58
The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the Jakarta post Newspaper Compound-Complex Sentence The Uses of Simple, Compound and Complex Sentence Compound Sentence Complex sentence DATA AND ANALYSIS DATA 1 Data Problem of Study The Scope of Study The Purpose of Study The Significance of Study The Method of Study Subject Predicate Simple Sentence The Kind of Sentences
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The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the Jakarta post Newspaper

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