A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY ON LITERAL READING COMPREHENSION ABILITY OF THE SECOND YEAR STUDENTS OF SLTP II JEMBER IN THE 2000/2001 ACADEMIC YEAR

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A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY ON LITERAL READING COMPREHENSION ABILITY OF THE SECOND YEAR STUDENTS OF SLTP II JEMBER IN THE 2000/2001 ACADEMIC YEAR Presented as One of the Requirements to Obtain Sl Degree at tht English Education ProJram of the Language and Art Department of The faculty of Teacher Training and Education of BY ; NIM : 9402107214 LANGUAGE AND ART DEPARTEMENT FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION JEMBER UNIVERSITY October 2000 \lOTTO Meaning: Allah will raise up to suitable rank and degree those you who believe and wlro have knowledge. I I) ( aャMmエセェ。、ィZ@ .. II Hセ@ DEDICATION This thesis is dedifated to: I. l\1y beloved father, Hard,io Sunjoto, and my beloved mother, Marhamah. You have done a lot of things for my fumre, tha11l1s for your everything for me. Actually, I can not say ill words nhout your kindness. I hope you are always in good condition. / love you 1 ery much 2. My beloved sister, Suesthi Ra hayu Ningsih, an(J my beloved brother, Edy Budi Prao;; etyo. I love you so much. /!tope you are always fisabilillah and always to be the good childrerL 3. All of the big family of my mother and my father. Thank for your affection for me. I do love you. 4. My Almamater .Jembt't' University. Ill A DESCRIPTIVE STVDY ON LITERAL Rl:. ADING ( 'OMPREIIENSION ABILITY OF THE SECOND YEAR STUDENTS 01 SLTP 2 .fEMBER IN 1 HE 2000/200 I ACADEMI C YEAR THESIS Proposed for being defended to exammers team for a requinment to timsb the debl'fee Of S I at Language and Art Education Dcpartm l:nt, eョァャゥ セ ィ@ EducatiOn Program Faculty of Teacher Trammg and Educallon, Jem ber University By Name SRI ENDAH LESTARl Identification Number: 9402 1072J 4 Class Level 1994 . Kec11ri Place ofBirth Date of Birth .Tun· 27, QYW セ@ Department Language and Art Education Program En).!l lsh Educ,uion Aprroved by The ウ・\Gッョ」ャAcセオエ。L@ t) Dra./zak1 a im !v1A NIP. 131 660 789 , l . エセ@ Drs. ffi1mbang Suharjito, M. Ed -.NIP. 13 I 832 333 IV APPROVAL Approved and received by the examination committee of the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education on: Day : Saturday Data : October 28,2000 Place : Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Jember University The secretary - / ' ;- 1/V -- イセ@ " (rof. Dr. Simanhadi WP Drs. Bambang Suharjito, M . Ed NJP: 131 83'2 333 NIP: 130 0 48 961 1. Dra. Wiwiek Eko B.M.Pd' NIP: 131 660 844 Nエ Qvセl@ 2. Ora. Zakiyah Tasnim, MA NTP: 131 660 789 Hセ@ The members: v ) ACKNO\VLEDGEM ENTS First of all, I would like to express my thanks to Allah SWT for His leading and blessing so that I can finish writmg the thesis. My speci,tl gratitudl! is .-tlso due to: I. The d・。セ@ of The Teacher Trainmg and Education of Jember University 2. My consultants, Ora Zak1vah Tasmm \.1A and Drs. Bambang SuharJito M.Ed., who have spent the1r much timL for guidmg me during the thesis writing. 3. The headmaster, the teachers, the starr.,, and thl· second year students of SL TP 11 Jember for the facilities and the 111ne given to me. 4. All of my friends of English Education Program who have encouraged me to finish this thesis. 5. All of my friends m the way of Allah SWT who alv.ays "'istighol wa istiqomah" to reach the winning of Islam . I am sure this activity makes our life meaningful. I hope the readers will find the value in this thesis. l accept the responsibility for any weakness, which may remain. Jember, October 2000 The writer V1 List of Table セ セ Mᄋ⦅ ッ TM 2 ....) M Q MG ィ⦅ ・@__N_a_m__es__o_f_T_a_b__les セ@ The Classification of the Score l ,eve I The Student's Literal Reading Comprehension Ability The Classification Student's Literal Readmg ( omprehen sion Abll1ty 1 1 27 31 33 1 1 , I I I VII TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE ............................................... ........... ....... .. .. ............. ............................ . 11 MO'fTO .......... ............. ...... .......... .......... .. ..... .... ..... .... .. .... ..... ........... .. .... ............. .. Ill DEDICATION IV CONSULTANT APPROVAL .............. v APPVOV AL OF EXAMINERS TEAM ...... .......... .... .. ... VI ACKNOWLEDGMENTS............. .. ... ..... .... ....... ......... .... ... ........ ..................... . Vll LIST OF T A.BLE .... .............. .. ..... .. TABLE OF CONTENTS .............. ....... .... ........... .. ................. ............ ............... . Vlll X ABSTAAC ...................... CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION ........ .. .............. ...... ........ ...... 1. 1 Background .. .. .... 1.2 Problem of The Research ..... .. .. ... .. .. .. ... .. .. .. ......... .. ............................ .. . 2 1.2.1 The Main Problem........ ................ .. .. ..................... .. 2 1.2.2 The Specific Problem ... .. .. .. ..... .... .. ................. 2 Operational Definition ..... .. .. .. .. ... ... .. ... .. .. .. ............. .... 1.3 4 Objectives of The Research ................... . .. ......... .... .............. 1.4 4 1.4.1 The Main Objecti\ e of the Rcseach ......................................... .. 4 1.4.2 The Specific Objecti ve of the Resea rch ...... .......... ... .... .. ........ .. 1.5 Significances of The Study.. .. ............... .. .......... ................ .............. . 5 5 1.5. 1 For the Teacher . . . . .. .. ........ . 5 1.5.2 Forthe Students .......................... ........................... 5 1.5.3 For Other Researchers.... .......... . ............. .. .......... .... CHAPTER IJ. REVlE\V OF RELATED litャ、セa j rjZ@ .. .... ..... ... ..... ....... .. 6 Reading Comprehension .. . ... .. . .... .. ............ . ..................... .... . 6 2. 1 8 2. J. I Some Factors Affecung Readmg Comprehension ...... .... II Level of Reading Comprehension ..... 2.2 Literal Reading ComprehensiOn ....... 13 2.3 14 2.3. 1 Recognizing Literal Word Mean ing ...................... ............. .. 15 2.3.2 Recognizing Literal Sentence Mt.:aning .... ..................... ....... .. .. 16 2.3.3 Recognizing Stated Main Idea ........................................ ... .. The Reading Comprehens10n Materials of the Second Class of Junior H1gh 2.4 School Based on the l994 Eng Iish Curriculum. .... .. .. ... 18 CDAPTER ill. RESEARCH METHODS ... . ............ ................ .... .. ......... 21 3. l Research Design .. .. ...... .... .. . .. .. .. .. .. . . .. . .. .. ... .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. ... .. .. .. ... 21 3.2 Area Determination Method ... .. .... ... .. .. .. .. .. .... .. .... ..... ................. ...... .... 21 3.3 Respondent Determination Method .. .... ........... . .. .. .. .. ..... ..... ........ . 22 3.4 Data Collection Method ... .. ... ......... ...... .... .......... ............... ..... .. ........ . 23 3.4.1 Test ............ ..... .... .. ......... ..... .............. ... ............ ... ... ....... .. 23 3.4.2 1ntervievJ .............. ... .... ..... .. .... . ............ ......... .... .. ............... 24 3.4.3 Observation ...... .. ...... ........... ...... ............. . ....... ..... .. ................ 25 00 00 00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oo . . . oo . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 00 . . . . . 00 . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. • .. .. • .. ............ 00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00 . . . . . . . . . . .............. 00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... .. ......... . ... ............................ . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . ................ . .... . ... .. 00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00 . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . ......... . ................... . . . ............ 00 0000 . . . . . . . . . . . 00 00 . . . . . . . .......... . .. .. .. ............. .. 00 . . . . . . 00 . .... .. . .. .. .. .. oo . . . . . . . . . . . . . .00.. . . . . . . .... .. .... .. 00 . ........ . . . . . . . .. .... 00 . . . . . . . . . .. . oo . . oooo . . . 0000 00 .. • oo . . . . . . . . o o . .. .. 00 ......... .. .... . oo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00 . . oooo ..... . . . . . . . .. .. .. 00....... VIII ...... ............ .... 3.5 25 26 3.4.4 Documentation .... . ... .. Data Analysis ............... . ...... .... CHAPTER 1V. RESEARCH R£StiL T AND DISCUSSION ........... ..... ....... . ........ .. ............ ..... ....... .. 4. I Supporting Data............... . .. ... ... . .. 4. L.l The Result of dッ」オュセョエ。 ゥ ッョ@ .......... .. .......... ............................. .. 4.1.2 The Results of Intervi ew .......... .. .. .. . Primary Data ..................................... ... . .............. . ............. .. ····· ········· 4.2 4.2 .1 Results ofTest.. ........ ....................... .. 4.2.2 Data Analysis ............ .. ................ . Discussion ............................................... . ·············· ·············· · ········· ····· 4.3 CHAPTER V. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS ... ............................. . 5.1 Conclusion ............................ ............ . ... .. ........................ .. .. .......... .. 5.2 Suggestion ......................................... .. ..... .............. .. ............................ . 28 28 セ X@ 28 29 29 29 33 35 35 35 BffiLIOGRAPHY Appendices 1 The Research Matrix 2 Research Instruments 3 List of Respondents 4 Reading Test 5 Answer Key 6 Test Items Numbers 7 Permit Letter of Jember University Permit Letter of SLTP 2 Jcm ber 8 9 The Consultant Sheet ldiLIK PERPUSTAKAAfl IX ABSTRACT Sri Endah Lestari, October 2000, A Descnptive Study on Literal Reading Comprehension Ability of the Second Year Students of SLTP 2 Jember in the 2000/2001 Academic Year. Thesis, English program, Language and Art Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Jember University. Consultants: 1. Ora. Zakiyah Tasnim ,MA. 2. Drs. Bambang Suharjito, M.Ed. Teaching English in junior high school is mamly aimed at making the students be able to communicate in English. Unfortunately, most of school graduates are still poor in comprehending reading passage. Th1s problem in this research was: to what extent is the literal reading comprehension ability of the second year students of SL TP 2 Jember in the 2000/2001 academic year?The respondents taken were 47 students. The technique used was proportional . random sampling. Tne methods used to collect the secondary data were interview , documentation and observation while test was used to collect the primary data. The result of test were analysed descriptive quantitaively. It can be concluded that the second year students of SLTP 2 Jember 1n the 2000/2001 academic year still had difficult in their reading ability, it is shown by that result of the literal reading comprehension ability was enough classification ( 58.04 %). The most difficult of literal reading comprehension ability was in literal sentence ability (50.85 %) , while the easiest one was the stated main idea a,bility (83.83 %). And then, literal word meaning was 54,68 % or poor classification . Finally, it is suggested that the students should be tra1ned their reading ability, especially on literal sentence meaning 1n order to develop the1r read ing comprehension ability. The key words: literal reading comprehension ability. X

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