AN ANALYSIS OF CASUAL LANGUAGE STYLE USED BY VIDEO JOCKEY IN MTV MUSIC PROGRAM

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AN ANALYSIS OF CASUAL LANGUAGE STYLE USED BY VIDEO

JOCKEY IN MTV MUSIC PROGRAM

THESIS

By:

MAYA ARDHILA

08360020

ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

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AN ANALYSIS OF CASUAL LANGUAGE STYLE USED BY VIDEO JOCKEY IN MTV MUSIC PROGRAM

THESIS

By:

MAYA ARDHILA

ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

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AN ANALYSIS OF CASUAL LANGUAGE STYLE USED BY VIDEO JOCKEY IN MTV MUSIC PROGRAM

THESIS

This thesis is submitted to meet one of the requirements to Achieve Sarjana Degree in English Education

By:

MAYA ARDHILA 08360020

ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

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This Thesis written by Maya Ardhila was approved on October 29, 2012

By:

Advisor II Advisor I

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This thesis was defended in front ofthe examiners of the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of University of Muhammadiyah Malang

and accepted as one of the requairements to achieve Sarjana Degree in English Education

On October 29, 2012

Approved by:

Faculty of Teacher Training and Education University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Dean,

Dr. M. Syaifuddin, M.M

Exeminers: Signatures:

1. Santi Prastiyowati, S.Pd 1……… 2. Rahmawati Khadijah Moro, S.Pd, M.PEd 2………

3. Iswahyuni, M.Pd 3………

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ACKNOWLEDMENTS

Bismillahirrohmanirrohim

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, and the Merciful

Alhamdulillah, all praise to Allah, the Merciful and charitable. Because of His guidance, blessing and affection, the writer could finish this thesis with the title “An Analysis of Casual Language Style Used by Video Jockey in MTV Music

Program” completely as well as possible.

The writer would like to express her deepest gratitude to Iswahyuni M.Pd as her first advisor and Drs. Adiloka S, M.Pd, as her second advisor, for their suggestions, invaluable guidance and advice during the consultation period, and their comments and corrections during the completion of this thesis.

Her deepest thanks are addressed to her beloved mother (Estuningtyas), her late father (Suhardjono), her sister (Wahyuning Eka Septy) and her family for their encouragement, love, care, and pray that never ending so that she can finish this thesis. They are the shines of her life for ever after.

Next, her grateful thanks is given to her classmate in English class of 2008 who taught her about friendship and personality, her best friend (Iin, Pritha, Kezia, and Uut and Santi) who always give her support and advice to finish this thesis, her

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The writer knows that this thesis has not been perfect yet. However, the writer hopes that this thesis will be beneficial for the readers.

Malang, October 17, 2012

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MOTTO

Try not to become a man of success but rather

try to become a man of value”

(Albert Einstein)

“We make a living by what we get. We make a

life by what we give”

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DEDICATION

This thesis is proudly dedicated for:

My beloved parents (Alm) Suhardjono and Estuningtyas, My

sister, Wahyuning Eka Septy.Thanks for the love, sacrifice,

and pray. For always support my dreams and giving a

charming spirit when I’m down,

and also inspiring me to have

a beautiful life.

My advisors, Mrs. Iswahyuni M.Pd, and Drs. Adiloka S, M.Pd.

who always supports me and has guided me to conduct this

research.

My beloved friends “d’sunrise community”(Phida, Ocha, Dya,

Wahyu), Iin, Pritha, Kezia, Uut, Santi and Silvi who always

support and help me in doing my thesis and all best friends in

UMM (Malang).

My new family in Raden Fatah Junior High School

“PPL”

and

Panekan village (Magetan)

“KKN”

that give me a beautiful

experience.

My special one Djanu who always beside me, and support me

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Language ... 8

2.2 Sociolinguistic ... 9

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CHAPTER IV RESEARCH FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION

4.1 Findings ... 34

4.1.1 Language style used by the VJ ... 38

4.1.2 Characteristic of casual language style used by the VJ.. 39

4.2 Discussion ... 43

CHAPTER V CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTION 5.1 Conclusion ... 44

5.2 Suggestion ... 45

5.2.1 Suggestion for the Readers... 45

5.2.2 Suggestion for the Lecturers ... 46

5.2.3 Suggestion for the next researchers... 46

REFERENCES

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REFERENCES

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Bogdan, Robert C. and Sari Knopp Biklen. 2007. Qualitative Research for Education. USA: Syracuse University.

Chaika, Elaine. 1982 Language the Social Mirror. Mascusset: Newbury House Publish.inc

Coupland, Nikolas. 2007. Style Language Variation and Identity. Cambridge. Cambrige University Press.

Cresswell. John W.2009. Reseach Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mix

Methods Approach. New York. Sage Publication. Inc.

Eckert, Peelope and Rickford, John R. 2001. Style and Sociolinguistics Variation.

United Kingdom: University Press. Cambridge.

Fishman, J. A. 2005. Sociolinguistics. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Gumperz, J. 1982. Language and Social Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Hudson, R. 1990. Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Hummon, David. 1994. The Journal of Higher Educational. (Online), (www. Daanzareela. com).

Holmes, J. 1992. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. London: Longman.

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Lubis, Ayu Septiani. 2009. An Analysis of the Five Language Styles in the movie “

The Persuit of Happyness”. Petra Christian UniversityLibrary @Petra.ac.id.

Jendra. Made Iwan Irawan. 2010.Sociolinguistics: The Study of Societes’ Languages

(1st Edition). Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Leech, G. 1974. Principles of Pragmatics. London: Longman.

Mesthrie, Rajend. 2000. Introducing Sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Meyerhoff, Miriam. 2006. Introducing Sociolinguistics. New York: Routledge

Milford, Michael. 2009. Casual Language. (Online), (www.webmaster@mediachat.com)

Nadia. 2011. Language Style Used by the Main Character of “The Sisterhood of

Traveling Pants” 2a Movie. Unpublished. Malang: Digilib UMM.

Pertiwi, Fabiola. 2005. Casual SpeechStyle Used by the Javanese Male Workers in

“Sejahtera Motor Garage” in Their Conversation. Petra Cristrian University

Library. Library @petra.ac.id.

Spolsky, Bernard. 1998. Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Trask, R.L. 1999. Key Concepts in Language and Linguistics. London: Routledge Trudgill, P. 2004. Sociolinguistics: An Introduction. London: Penguin.

Verdoodt, A. 2007. Organization of the Discipline of Sociolinguistics. Berlin: Walter de Guylter.

Wardhaugh, Ronald. 2006. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing

Wijayanti. 2006. The Analysis of Code Mixing Used by Presenter in MTV Ampuh.

Unpublished thesis. Malang: Digilib UMM.

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___________. 2010. VJ(Media_Peronality). (Online), (http://en. Wikipedia. Org/wiki/VJ)

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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

As the introduction of the study, this chapter present the background, the problems, the purposes, the significance of the study, the scope and the limitation of the study, and the definition of the key terms. Each section is presented as follow.

1.1 Background of Study

In expressing feeling and idea, a tool is needed, that is a language. According to Wardaugh (1997) language is a system of arbitrary verbal symbols by which members of speech community used as a means of communication to interact and express the ideas, feeling and thought

When people come from different cultural backgrounds, and they communicate with other, sometimes misunderstanding will happen. This communication failure might be caused by the lack of common language in each part,

since they do not understand each other‟s languages quite well. They do not know

how to encode or to decode the message they receive, thus, they lack discourse understanding. As a result, the receiver does not get the speaker‟s intended meaning

of the message. The intended meaning, that is, what is in the speaker‟s mind when he

is framing his message, is not the same as the interpreted meaning or that which is

conveyed to the listener‟s mind when he receives the message.

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Moreover, when we talk about language, of course it can‟t be separated with sociolinguistic, because language has the important role to interact in society. Language and social interaction is the basic elements in sociolinguistic. Language is a means of communication. Sociolinguistic is the study of language in its social context and the study of social life trough linguistic (Wardough in Sabillah, 2002).

In sociolinguistic, we should keep in mind that there is a variation of language. It is a part of sociolinguistic itself. There are many different types of language variation. The term may be used to a distinct language, classifying a language spoken by a specific group of people. Hudson (1996) defines a variety of language as a set of linguistic items with similar distribution. It means that to communicate with the other we have different ways that have been decided based on the situation. We do not always speak in exactly the same way. It depends on the situation. Nikolas has stated, “in fact, the statistical and co relational linking speech style and social situation has lived on variations sociolinguistics, where stylistic stratification is defined as speakers speaking differently in different situations”(2007). It proof that deferent situation can influence the style used by speakers.

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Actually, there are many styles in language used by many people. The style is influenced by some factors, like profession, region, education, age, etc. According to Asif (2007) language users employ language to categorize or classify aspects of language use, including forms of utterance, the situations in which they are used, and the persons who use them. To communicate, people have language style to speak each other. Language style is influenced by the listeners and condition of the place. They must have a good adjustment when communicate with other people. So, they can get a good communication.

There are five styles which had been outlined by Joos (Mesthrie, 2000), One of those styles is casual style. Casual style is typical of informal speech between peers, includes ellipse (or omission or certain grammatical elements) and slang between peers. According to Labov (2001):“ „careful speech‟ is filled out partly by the category „response‟, which is defined as a first part of an informant‟s speech following speech by inter viewer, if informant then develops a response into a

personal narrative, that „ narrative‟ becomes category in „casual style‟ ”. It means that

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MTV music program is program that very popular in the world. Almost every country has this program. This program becomes familiar in society especially teenagers because of the music and the Video Jockey (VJ). This program always shows the update music (new release song) that is not shows by another music program yet. This program is broadcasted on Saturday at 7 to 9 p.m.

Video Jockey (VJ) becomes one of the other factors that make this program more popular in teenager society. VJ is the music presenter in MTV. A video jockey is an announcer who introduces and plays videos on commercial music television such as the United States. VJ‟s MTV have special characteristic than the others. They must acquire some languages and they must make the situation more attractive although they must conduct the program without any script.

In this research, the writer try to analyze language style that used by Video Jockey (VJ) in MTV music program. The language used by the VJ in music program is usually the casual language because they have to adjust with the viewers. Most of the viewers of music program are teenagers. So they must use style of language that usually used by teenagers to make situation more relax and comfortable.

1.2 Problems of Study

Based on the background of the study above, the writer formulated the problems as follows:

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2. What are the characteristic of casual language used by video jockey in MTV music program?

1.3 Purposes of Study

The purposes of the study are stated below:

1. To describe language style used by video jockey in MTV music program

2. To know about the characteristic of language style used by video jockey in MTV music program.

1.4 The Significance of the Study

The result of this study is will enrich the knowledge of the readers. And it will give contribution for another research to conduct the research on this study. It is suggested to conduct further study for another language style, especially in casual language.

Practically, this study can be useful for the students to understand about Language Style in Sociolinguistics subject. It may also be able to help next researcher to develop and continue another analysis about the same related topic of this study.

1.5 Scope and Limitation

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by VJ‟s MTV music program in every Saturday, 2, 9, and 16 June, 2012 at 7 p.m.

1.6 The Definition of Keys Terms

There are some key terms that must be defined in order to avoid mistakes and misunderstanding of the content of the study, they are:

1.Language Style

Language style is language variation which reflects changes in situational factors and it is usually analyzed based on the levels of formality. 2. Casual Language

Language that use when you‟re talking to a friend. It is very informal

in tone and full of a range of words and grammar that identify it as being casual. The conversation between intimate on matters of little importance. (Joos,1962)

3. Video Jockey (VJ)

Video Jockey is a person who presides over an entertainment, as on a radio or television program or in a nightclub, at a banquet, etc., introducing

the speakers or performers, filling in the intervals with jokes, etc (Webster‟s

dictionary). This research focuses on VJ‟s MTV music program. 4. Music Program

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5. The MTV Show

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