AN ANALYSIS OF CASUAL LANGUAGE STYLE USED BY VIDEO JOCKEY IN MTV MUSIC PROGRAM

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  AN ANALYSIS OF CASUAL LANGUAGE STYLE USED BY VIDEO JOCKEY IN MTV MUSIC PROGRAM THESIS By: MAYA ARDHILA 08360020 ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG NOVEMBER 2012

AN ANALYSIS OF CASUAL LANGUAGE STYLE USED BY VIDEO JOCKEY

  IN MTV MUSIC PROGRAM THESIS By: MAYA ARDHILA ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG NOVEMBER 2012

AN ANALYSIS OF CASUAL LANGUAGE STYLE USED BY VIDEO JOCKEY

  IN MTV MUSIC PROGRAM THESIS This thesis is submitted to meet one of the requirements to Achieve Sarjana Degree in English Education By: MAYA ARDHILA 08360020 ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG NOVEMBER 2012 This Thesis written by Maya Ardhila was approved on October 29, 2012 By:

  Advisor II Advisor I

  Drs. Adiloka S, M.Pd Iswahyuni, M.Pd

  This thesis was defended in front ofthe examiners of the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of University of Muhammadiyah Malang and accepted as one of the requairements to achieve

  Sarjana Degree in English Education On October 29, 2012

  Approved by: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

  University of Muhammadiyah Malang

  Dean, Dr. M. Syaifuddin, M.M

  Exeminers: Signatures:

  1. Santi Prastiyowati, S.Pd 1……………………

  2. Rahmawati Khadijah Moro, S.Pd, M.PEd 2…………………… 3.

  3…………………… Iswahyuni, M.Pd 4.

  4……………………. Drs. Adiloka S, M.Pd

  

ACKNOWLEDMENTS

  Bismillahirrohmanirrohim In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, and the Merciful

  Alhamdulillah, all praise to Allah, the Merciful and charitable. Because of His guidance, blessing and affection, the writer could finish this thesis with the title “An

  

Analysis of Casual Language Style Used by Video Jockey in MTV Music

Program” completely as well as possible.

  The writer would like to express her deepest gratitude to Iswahyuni M.Pd as her first advisor and Drs. Adiloka S, M.Pd, as her second advisor, for their suggestions, invaluable guidance and advice during the consultation period, and their comments and corrections during the completion of this thesis.

  Her deepest thanks are addressed to her beloved mother (Estuningtyas), her late father (Suhardjono), her sister (Wahyuning Eka Septy) and her family for their encouragement, love, care, and pray that never ending so that she can finish this thesis. They are the shines of her life for ever after.

  Next, her grateful thanks is given to her classmate in English class of 2008 who taught her about friendship and personality, her best friend (Iin, Pritha, Kezia, and Uut and Santi) who always give her support and advice to finish this thesis, her friends in “KKN 20 and PPL” and for all her friends who cannot be mention one by one. And the last for her beloved friend (Djanu) who always beside her when she struggled in finishing this thesis.

  The writer knows that this thesis has not been perfect yet. However, the writer hopes that this thesis will be beneficial for the readers.

  Malang, October 17, 2012 The writer

  

MOTTO

“Try not to become a man of success but rather

try to become a man of value”

  

(Albert Einstein)

“We make a living by what we get. We make a

life by what we give”

(Winston Churchill) DEDICATION This thesis is proudly dedicated for:

My beloved parents (Alm) Suhardjono and Estuningtyas, My

  • sister, Wahyuning Eka Septy.Thanks for the love, sacrifice,

    and pray. For always support my dreams and giving a charming spirit when I’m down, and also inspiring me to have a beautiful life.
  • who always supports me and has guided me to conduct this

    research.

  

My advisors, Mrs. Iswahyuni M.Pd, and Drs. Adiloka S, M.Pd.

  • Wahyu), Iin, Pritha, Kezia, Uut, Santi and Silvi who always

    support and help me in doing my thesis and all best friends in UMM (Malang).

  

My beloved friends “d’sunrise community”(Phida, Ocha, Dya,

  • Panekan village (Magetan) “KKN” that give me a beautiful experience.

  

My new family in Raden Fatah Junior High School “PPL” and

  • My special one Djanu who always beside me, and support me in every time.

  

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  APPROVAL SHEET .......................................................................................... i LEGALIZATION ............................................................................................... ii ACKOWLEDGMENTS ..................................................................................... iii MOTTO .............................................................................................................. v DEDICATION .................................................................................................... vi TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................... vii ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................ x

  CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Study ......................................................

  1 1.2 Statement of Problem ......................................................

  4 1.3 Purpose of Study .............................................................

  5 1.4 Significant of Study ........................................................

  5 1.5 Scope and Limitation ......................................................

  6 1.6 Definition of Key Terms .................................................

  6 CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Language ........................................................................

  8 2.2 Sociolinguistic ................................................................

  9 2.3 Language Style ...............................................................

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  2.3.1 Frozen Language ............................................................

  27 2.5.2 The MTV Show...........................................................

  32 3.5 Data Analysis ...............................................................

  31 3.4 Data Collection.............................................................

  31 3.3.2 Document Analysis ......................................................

  30 3.3.1 Observation ..................................................................

  30 3.3 Research Instrument .....................................................

  29 3.2 Research Object ...........................................................

  28 CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.1 Research Design ..........................................................

  27 2.6 Previous Research .......................................................

  25 2.5.1 Video Jockey (VJ) .......................................................

  12 2.3.2 Formal Language .......................................................

  24 2.5 Music Television (MTV) ............................................

  24 2.4 Music Program ............................................................

  19 2.3.5.3 Colloquial ....................................................................

  18 2.3.5.2 Ellipsis .........................................................................

  15 2.3.5.1 Slang ............................................................................

  14 2.3.5 Casual Language ..........................................................

  13 2.3.4 Intimate Language .......................................................

  13 2.3.3 Consultative Language ................................................

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  CHAPTER IV RESEARCH FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION 4.1 Findings ..........................................................................

  34 4.1.1 Language style used by the VJ .......................................

  38 4.1.2 Characteristic of casual language style used by the VJ..

  39 4.2 Discussion ......................................................................

  43 CHAPTER V CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTION 5.1 Conclusion ......................................................................

  44 5.2 Suggestion .......................................................................

  45 5.2.1 Suggestion for the Readers..............................................

  45 5.2.2 Suggestion for the Lecturers ...........................................

  46 5.2.3 Suggestion for the next researchers.................................

  46 REFERENCES

  APPENDIX

  

REFERENCES

  Agha, Asif. 2007. Language and Sosial Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press

  Aslinda and Leny Syafyahya. 2007. Pengantar Sosiolinguistik. Bandung: PT Reflika Aditama Ary, Donald. 2005. Introduction to Research in Education. New York: Wadsworth.

  Bogdan, Robert C. and Sari Knopp Biklen. 2007. Qualitative Research for Education.

  USA: Syracuse University. Chaika, Elaine. 1982 Language the Social Mirror. Mascusset: Newbury House

  Publish.inc Coupland, Nikolas. 2007. Style Language Variation and Identity. Cambridge.

  Cambrige University Press. Cresswell. John W.2009. Reseach Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mix Methods Approach. New York. Sage Publication. Inc.

  Eckert, Peelope and Rickford, John R. 2001. Style and Sociolinguistics Variation.

  United Kingdom: University Press. Cambridge. Fishman, J. A. 2005. Sociolinguistics. Rowley, MA: Newbury House. Gumperz, J. 1982. Language and Social Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University

  Press Hudson, R. 1990. Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Hummon, David. 1994. The Journal of Higher Educational. (Online), (www.

  Daanzareela. com). Holmes, J. 1992. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. London: Longman. Labov, W. 1991. Sociolinguistics Pattern. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvanya Press. Lubis, Ayu Septiani. 2009.

  An Analysis of the Five Language Styles in the movie “ The Persuit of Happyness

  ”. Petra Christian UniversityLibrary @Petra.ac.id. Jendra. Made Iwan Irawan. 2010.Sociolinguistics

  : The Study of Societes’ Languages st (1 Edition). Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

  Leech, G. 1974. Principles of Pragmatics. London: Longman. Mesthrie, Rajend. 2000. Introducing Sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

  Meyerhoff, Miriam. 2006. Introducing Sociolinguistics. New York: Routledge Milford, Michael. 2009. Casual Language. (Online),

  (www.webmaster@mediachat.com) Nadia. 2011.

  Language Style Used by the Main Character of “The Sisterhood of Traveling Pants” 2a Movie. Unpublished. Malang: Digilib UMM.

  Pertiwi, Fabiola. 2005. Casual SpeechStyle Used by the Javanese Male Workers in

  “Sejahtera Motor Garage” in Their Conversation. Petra Cristrian University Library. Library @petra.ac.id.

  Spolsky, Bernard. 1998. Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press Trask, R.L. 1999. Key Concepts in Language and Linguistics. London: Routledge Trudgill, P. 2004. Sociolinguistics: An Introduction. London: Penguin.

  Verdoodt, A. 2007. Organization of the Discipline of Sociolinguistics. Berlin: Walter de Guylter. Wardhaugh, Ronald. 2006. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Blackwell

  Publishing Wijayanti. 2006. The Analysis of Code Mixing Used by Presenter in MTV Ampuh. Unpublished thesis. Malang: Digilib UMM. ___________. 2010. Music Television. (Online), (http://en. Wikipedia.

  Org/wiki/MTV).

  ___________. 2010. VJ(Media_Peronality). (Online), (http://en. Wikipedia.

  Org/wiki/VJ) ___________. Slang dictionary. (Online), www. Slangvocabulary.com

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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION As the introduction of the study, this chapter present the background, the

  problems, the purposes, the significance of the study, the scope and the limitation of the study, and the definition of the key terms. Each section is presented as follow.

1.1 Background of Study

  In expressing feeling and idea, a tool is needed, that is a language. According to Wardaugh (1997) language is a system of arbitrary verbal symbols by which members of speech community used as a means of communication to interact and express the ideas, feeling and thought

  When people come from different cultural backgrounds, and they communicate with other, sometimes misunderstanding will happen. This communication failure might be caused by the lack of common language in each part, since they do not understand each other‟s languages quite well. They do not know how to encode or to decode the message they receive, thus, they lack discourse understanding. As a result, the receiver does not get the spe aker‟s intended meaning of the message. The intended meaning, that is, what is in the speaker‟s mind when he is framing his message, is not the same as the interpreted meaning or that which is conveyed to the listener‟s mind when he receives the message.

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  Moreover, when we talk about language, of course it can ‟t be separated with sociolinguistic, because language has the important role to interact in society.

  Language and social interaction is the basic elements in sociolinguistic. Language is a means of communication. Sociolinguistic is the study of language in its social context and the study of social life trough linguistic (Wardough in Sabillah, 2002).

  In sociolinguistic, we should keep in mind that there is a variation of language. It is a part of sociolinguistic itself. There are many different types of language variation. The term may be used to a distinct language, classifying a language spoken by a specific group of people. Hudson (1996) defines a variety of language as a set of linguistic items with similar distribution. It means that to communicate with the other we have different ways that have been decided based on the situation. We do not always speak in exactly the same way. It depends on the situation.

  Nikolas has stated, “in fact, the statistical and co relational linking speech style and social situation has lived on variations sociolinguistics, where stylistic stratification is defined as speakers speaking diffe rently in different situations”(2007). It proof that deferent situation can influence the style used by speakers.

  Language style is one of types of language variation. According to Labov(1972), style involves the way in which the same speaker, use language in which the same speakers talk differently on different occasions rather than the ways in which different speakers talk differently from each other. Style also controls social interactions. Most interestingly, style gives its own messages, messages that are not supposed to be given via the linguistics system proper. The reason for this can be understood only in the context of sociology of language (Chaika, 1982).

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  Actually, there are many styles in language used by many people. The style is influenced by some factors, like profession, region, education, age, etc. According to Asif (2007) language users employ language to categorize or classify aspects of language use, including forms of utterance, the situations in which they are used, and the persons who use them. To communicate, people have language style to speak each other. Language style is influenced by the listeners and condition of the place.

  They must have a good adjustment when communicate with other people. So, they can get a good communication.

  There are five styles which had been outlined by Joos (Mesthrie, 2000), One of those styles is casual style. Casual style is typical of informal speech between peers, includes ellipse (or omission or certain grammatical elements) and slang between peers. According to Labov (2001)

  :“ „careful speech‟ is filled out partly by the category „response‟, which is defined as a first part of an informant‟s speech following speech by inter viewer, if informant then develops a response into a personal narrative, that „ narrative‟ becomes category in „casual style‟ ”. It means that casual style has a lower degree of formality than careful speech or formal speech.

  The writer is interested in studying the casual style in television program. As we know that language media is very complicated. Besides, casual style is often used in television program which make them more popular and has differential performance with the other program. One of the programs that is very popular among the teenagers is music program. Music program is a program that shows video musical compositions intended to evoke images or remind the listener of events.

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  MTV music program is program that very popular in the world. Almost every country has this program. This program becomes familiar in society especially teenagers because of the music and the Video Jockey (VJ). This program always shows the update music (new release song) that is not shows by another music program yet. This program is broadcasted on Saturday at 7 to 9 p.m.

  Video Jockey (VJ) becomes one of the other factors that make this program more popular in teenager society. VJ is the music presenter in MTV. A video jockey is an announcer who introduces and plays videos on commercial music television such as the United States.

  VJ‟s MTV have special characteristic than the others. They must acquire some languages and they must make the situation more attractive although they must conduct the program without any script.

  In this research, the writer try to analyze language style that used by Video Jockey (VJ) in MTV music program. The language used by the VJ in music program is usually the casual language because they have to adjust with the viewers. Most of the viewers of music program are teenagers. So they must use style of language that usually used by teenagers to make situation more relax and comfortable.

1.2 Problems of Study

  Based on the background of the study above, the writer formulated the problems as follows:

  1. What kind of language style used by video jockey in MTV music program?

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  2. What are the characteristic of casual language used by video jockey in MTV music program?

1.3 Purposes of Study

  The purposes of the study are stated below:

  1. To describe language style used by video jockey in MTV music program

  2. To know about the characteristic of language style used by video jockey in MTV music program.

  1.4 The Significance of the Study The result of this study is will enrich the knowledge of the readers.

  And it will give contribution for another research to conduct the research on this study. It is suggested to conduct further study for another language style, especially in casual language.

  Practically, this study can be useful for the students to understand about Language Style in Sociolinguistics subject. It may also be able to help next researcher to develop and continue another analysis about the same related topic of this study.

  1.5 Scope and Limitation

  The study only focuses on VJ of music program in music program about the language style. This study is limited by only taking MTV music program namely The MTV Show. And it will focus in casual language used

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  by VJ‟s MTV music program in every Saturday, 2, 9, and 16 June, 2012 at 7 p.m.

1.6 The Definition of Keys Terms

  There are some key terms that must be defined in order to avoid mistakes and misunderstanding of the content of the study, they are:

  1.Language Style Language style is language variation which reflects changes in situational factors and it is usually analyzed based on the levels of formality.

  2. Casual Language Language that use when you‟re talking to a friend. It is very informal in tone and full of a range of words and grammar that identify it as being casual. The conversation between intimate on matters of little importance.

  (Joos,1962) 3. Video Jockey (VJ)

  Video Jockey is a person who presides over an entertainment, as on a radio or television program or in a nightclub, at a banquet, etc., introducing the speakers or performers, filling in the intervals with jokes, etc (Webster‟s dictionary). This research focuses on VJ

  ‟s MTV music program.

  4. Music Program Music program is a program that shows the video music only, music program usually becomes one of favorite program in music lovers. Because those program always give the newest music.

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5. The MTV Show

  The MTV Show is one of the names of the music program in MTV channel. This program invites some guest star and shows the music video

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