A main character analysis of "ralph" in wreck-it film using hierarchy of human needs by Abraham H. Maslow

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A Thesis

Submitted to Letter and Humanities Faculty

In partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the degree of Strata One

By:

NURUL HAIFA

1110026000055

ENGLISH LETTERS DEPARTEMENT

LETTERS AND HUMANITIES FACULTY

STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH

JAKARTA

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i

Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta 2015.

The purpose of this research is to know what the main character needs for his life and how he fulfills his needs based on the theory of Hierarchy of Human Needs. The writer uses qualitative descriptive analysis method to analyze it. The data are collected from the narrative elements in the film. The writer analyzed this film using Hierarchy of Human Needs theory by Abraham H. Maslow.

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DECLARATION

I hereby declare that this submission is my own work and that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, it contains no material previously published or written by another person nor material which to a substantial extent has been accepted for the award of any other degree or diploma of the university or other institute of higher learning, except where due acknowledgement has been made in the text.

Jakarta, March 5th 2015

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First of all, the writer would like to give appreciation and many thanks to

Allah SWT, the lord of the universe and the thereafter. She assures, she cannot do

anything without him. God guided us with all of his blessed in our life. Then, peace

and blessing is upon to our beloved prophet Muhammad SAW and all of his

followers.

This paper is presented to English Letters Department of Letters and

Humanities faculty UIN of Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta as partial fulfillment of the

requirement for strata one degree.

The writer would like to express the highest gratitude to her family; her

parents and brother and sister who always give spirit every day to makes her strong.

Most of all, her dedicated this thesis for all of her beloved family for the support all

this time.

The writer is very thankful to her advisor Ms. Elve Oktafiyani, M.Hum and

Ms. Ida Rosida, M.Hum. for the great patients and contributions on finishing this

paper. Thanks for all of the advices that have been given to me, and may Allah SWT

bless them and their family.

The writer also would like to convey her sincere gratitude particularly to:

1. Prof. Dr. Sukron Kamil, M. Hum., the Dean of Letters and Humanities

Faculty.

2. Drs. Saefudin, M.Pd., the Head of English Letters Department.

3. Elve Oktafiyani, M.Hum., the Secretary of English Letters Department.

4. Her Examiners who brought this thesis into perfection Mrs. Inayatul Chusna,

M. Hum. and Mrs. Pita Merdeka, M.A.

5. All lecturers of English Letters Department for their encouragement to the

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6. The beloved parents, M. Husin and Marisah for their love, patient, and

support.

7. All her beloved friends and Literature classmates at English Letters

Department. Her partners who are always struggle together in handling some

events in ELD; M. Noval and M. Media Adimurti. Her ‘four half years’ friend

who always together in this campus and always give his helps in every time

needed, Septian Hega Pratama. KKN SASAREUNGAN.

8. Her second family, all members of PSM UIN Jakarta, especially the “DPH

2014 – 2015” Ardito (thank you to always remind to fix this thesis and your

taught about the theory), Lullaby, Cajon, and Shenai thank you for your time

to handling all the things so we can work well without forgetting to fix this

thesis. All the “DPO”. Laja “The Conductor” thank you to always give spirit.

Colica who always ready to share about the theory. Every material song,

harmony, humor and laughter are the spirit of the writer when the boredom

and fatigue plagued.

9. All her playmates “CH”; Dita, Fia, Nadia, Dewi, Opi, Icut, Meyke, Shika.

In the end, the writer realizes the thesis is far from perfection. Therefore, she

needs more critics and suggestions from everyone who will contribute her to

make this paper better.

Jakarta, April 30th April

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APPROVAL SHEET ... ii

LEGALIZATION ... iii

DECLARATION ... iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ... v

TABLE OF CONTENTS ... vii

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ... 1

A. Background of the Study ... 1

B. Focus of Study ... 4

C. The Problem of the Study ... 4

D. The Significance of the Study ... 4

E. The Methodology of the Study ... 5

1. Method of the Study ... 5

2. The Objective of the Study ... 5

3. The Technique of Analysis Data ... 5

4. The Instrument of the Study ... 5

5. The Unit Analysis ... 5

6. Time and Place of the Research ... 6

CHAPTER II THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK ... 7

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CHAPTER III DATA ANALYSIS ... 20

A. Character Analysis ... 20

B. The Hierarchy of Needs in Main Character ... 25

CHAPTER IV CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS ... 31

A. Conclusions ... 31

B. Suggestions ... 32

BIBLIOGRAPHY ... 34

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1 A. Background of the Study

Today, film not only has an entertainment values, it is also part of the

modern life and available in any forms, such as in cinema, television shows, in video cassettes, and laser disc.1 People enjoy all genres of film, for example

cartoon or animation film is enjoyed not only by the children but also the adults. So that, there are so many animation studios which have been developed rapidly nowadays. The Walt Disney Company, the biggest American animation studio

now is known as Walt Disney Animation Studios, started in 1923 in the rear of a small office occupied by Holly-Vermont Realty in Los Angeles. It was there that

Walt Disney, and his brother Roy, produced a series of short live-action/animated films collectively called the ALICE COMEDIES. During the next 14 years, many changes took place at the Disney studio: Mickey Mouse was "born" in 1928,

followed by Pluto, Goofy, Donald Duck, and the rest of the Disney gang.2 In 1937, The Walt Disney Studios released its first fully animated feature films.

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs pioneered a new form of family entertainment.3

In 1940, Disney released its second animation film titled Pinocchio and won an Academy Award for best original score and Best Song, “When You Wish Upon a

1

MaraselliSumarno, Dasar-DasarApresiasi film(Jakarta: PT. GramediaWidiaSarana Indonesia, 1996)p.22

2

The Walt Disney Studios, “The Walt Disney Studios History”,

http://studioservices.go.com/disneystudios/history.html (accessed on 12th October 2014)

3

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Star”. In 1900s was considered as Fantasia release. Disney then became more

productive followed by a number of titles that were released in each year. Those

film which were very popular in 1950s – 1960s were Cinderella, Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan, Sleeping Beauty, and 101 Dalmatians. And then in 1990s, there were Beauty and the Beast, Mulan, Hercules, Pocahontas, Tarzan

and so on. Walt Disney Studios continues to honor its heritage through animated films that combine beautiful artistry, masterful storytelling and ground-breaking

technology.4 Entering the 2000s, the films are more various. It combines the picture with the beautiful storytelling and reveals the technology progress, for example, Dinosaur, Treasure Planet, Meet the Robinson, Bolt and Wreck-It Ralph

in 2012.

Wreck-It Ralph is different with the others because the story and characters

are taken from video game that children commonly played. Besides that, the filmmaking team used different techniques for characters within Felix Fix-It Jr., Hero’s Duty, and Sugar Rush as an addition to distinguish between the different

game worlds. The Felix Fix-It Jr. characters had an 8-bit, staccato influence, the Hero’s Duty characters were intended to have hyper realistic movements, and the

Sugar Rush characters had an exaggerated, cartoon-like feel to how they moved5. Wreck-It Ralph is the story of an arcade video game character. Ralph’s job

is being a bad guy who wrecks everything in sight so that "Fix it Felix," the hero

and namesake of the game, can fix it. The game ends with Felix always gets a medal for his good deeds. It takes us behind the scenes, when the arcade closes,

4 Ibid. 5

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and the characters "come to life" and socialize with other arcade game characters before getting back to the roles that they have to play the next morning when the

arcade opens. But even though they are not "on stage" for the gamers, the characters still distain Ralph and love Felix.

It is started with Ralph’s disappointment with his “Fix-It Felix” friends.

He never found any serious problem with his job as a bad guy for 30 years. As long those years he has done his role with all the needs that had been fulfilled as a

human. He also already to get a confession with his job. Until one time he realized that those were only a fantasy. He felt that his life was not perfect. Then he found any disappointment of himself and other people. His disappointment came when

the 30th “Fix-It Felix” birthday celebration, he was not invited by his friends even Felix. In the other hand, Ralph saw “Pac” from Pac Man game was there

attending the party while Pac is from another game. Then Ralph enforce himself to get in the penthouse to come to the party though he was not invited. But as Ralph came to the room, the reaction of his friends were not friendly to him. That

was because they did not like Ralph who wrecked their house, and admired Felix who fixed their house. Since then, Ralph realized that he was not accepted by his

friends because he was bad and a loser. After that, Ralph swore to his friends that he could be a good guy so he could win like Felix and they will love Ralph. So he decided to quit from his job and did everything he could in order to prove that.

From the story above, shown that Ralph actually has a problem with himself. If we see from another point of view, there truly that he was fine with his

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and because he saw Pac was there but he did not, there was something that shook his heart to do something for fulfilling his needs so he can actualize himself in his

environment. From there come out an issue that is why Ralph just considered this confusion after that 30 years. So that, writer would like to analyze the character of Ralph that reflected from his effort to satisfy his obsession in order he can

actualize himself after he fulfilled all his needs.

B. Focus of the Study

In this research, the writer will focus on the main character Ralph, and to understand the needs that he must fulfill in order to reach his esteem needs and can actualize himself seen from Hierarchy of Human Needs theory of Abraham

H. Maslow.

C. Research Question

Based on the research focus of the study, the question of the research is: a) How is Ralph characterized in Wreck it Ralph film?

b) How does Ralph fulfill his esteem needs and actualize himself based on

the theory of Abraham Maslow?

D. Significance of the Study

The significances of this research are: 1. To know Ralph’s characteristics.

2. To know how Ralph fulfills his esteem needs and actualize himself

further we can understand about the hierarchy of human needs by Abraham H. Maslow.

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a. Method of the Research

The writer uses qualitative method in conducting this research.

Qualitative research is the research which done with no numbers priority, but emphasizing on appreciation to the interaction between the concepts which are being analyzed empirically. Because, literary works are both

words and symbols world which have a full meaning. b. Data Analysis

In this research, the writer uses descriptive analysis technique. Writer collects some data from primary data and secondary data. Primary data is from the Wreck it Ralph film and secondary data collects from available

resources like books, journal, or websites that related to this research. c. Instrument of the Research

This qualitative research sets the writer herself as the main instrument in collecting data by watching, writing down some dialogues and notes in this film and pictures to support the research.

d. The Unit of Analysis

Unit analysis is the characteristic of thing, person, or something that can

be the center attention and the target of research. It can be seen from its attitude, its activity, its opinion, its view, or its process.6So the unit of analysis in this research is the film Wreck it Ralph by Rich Moore that is

released in 2012 by Walt Disney Pictures. e. Place and Time of the Research

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The writer accomplishes the research during the academic year 2013/2014, at library, home and Department of English Letters, faculty of

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CHAPTER II

THEORITICAL FRAMEWORK

A.Previous Research

The Wreck-It Ralph film research which told that this film can teach

people about life was taken from an analysis which written by Gerry Gavin on his blog7. In the study, Gerry Gavin found that the story of Wreck-It Ralph

is a representation of human’s life. The problem which comes out in this story is the imitation of human being’s problem.

He said there is a powerful spiritual analogy here and it revolves around

the story line of the heroine Vanellope. She is presented to us as a computer glitch -- a broken character that feels that she is programmed to be a winning

car racer but who has been told that she cannot even compete. We come to later learn that the program to her memory and everyone else's memory had been deleted -- but will re-set if she can overcome the odds and win the big

race.

He added that this film has the same concept with the book, titled

“Messages from Margaret”, that tells about human’s experience. Some people have forgotten the greatness of spirit self, human’s true being and humans have settled into the roles and stories that we were born into.

So, he conclude that this film teaches us not to judge other people, because we are all a part of a much bigger story that we have all come here to

7

Gerry Gavin, “What 'Wreck-It Ralph' Can Teach Us About Life”,

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/gerry-gavin/what-wreck-it-Ralph-can-teach-us-about-life_b_2160988.html (Accessed on March 5th 2014)

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experience. They teach us that sometimes we are the good guy, sometimes we are the bad guy and sometimes we are townspeople waiting for a leader. Then

we remember a little more about who we all truly are, and the ripple effect is felt around the universe, and out of the wreckage a new world is born.

Gerry, in his research, only discuss about the characters of the film live

in social life and relate the problem that owned by Ralph to the problem that humans had in real life. Gerry did not analyze deeper about Ralph’s problem

or what exactly happens with Ralph. He did not analyze Ralph through the psychological approach so that he can know what Ralph needs in his life.

Another research was not talking about the Wreck-It Ralph film, but the

research studied about how each level of Hierarchy of Human Needs were shown by a character in a film. The research was done by Gina Rizky

Ernanda an English Department, Faculty of Humanities student of Binus University. The research was titled The Development of Andy Dufresne’s Character in the Film the Shawshank Redemption by Frank Darabont.

This research discusses the basic needs of human being that are revealed on the main character, Andy Dufresne by using hierarchy of needs

by Abraham Maslow. This paper also examines the development of Andy Dufresne’s character through the environment using elements of intrinsic, such as character, characterization, and setting. The aim of this study is to

find the hierarchy of needs of Andy Dufresne through The Shawshank Redemption film and also to find how the environment can change Andy

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that it allows people to survive and change their character while serving jail time. For the result of the analysis, Andy Dufresne can fulfill his hierarchy of

needs and also shows his development character that is influenced by the environment and also his inmate friends in Shawshank prison.

The writer only told how every single level of hierarchy of human

needs were fulfilled through the story of the main character in that film. There were not found how a human struggle and faced any problem his/her needs in

the research.

B.Characterization in the Movie

Characterization is the process of the actor's interpreting a character in a

movie. Characterization differs according to the actor, the character, the screenplay, and the director. As narrative movies developed through their

history, filmmakers increasingly left things out of their movies' characterization, or left them implicit, or left them to viewer to determine. Audiences learned to understand and accept these changing cinematic

conventions8, automatically filling in what was missing and thus themselves becoming responsible for the verisimilitude of the actions.9

Here are some characterization method according to Boggs:

a) Characterization through Appearance

Movie actors project certain qualities of character the minute they appear

on the screen, characterization in movie has a great deal to do with casting. A

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Accepted systems, method, or customs by which movie communicate. Cinematic conventions are flexible; they are not "rules"

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major aspect of movie characterization is revealed visually and instantaneously. Although some actors may be versatile enough to project completely different

qualities indifferent roles, most actors are not. The minute we see most actors on the screen, we make certain assumptions about them because of their facial features, dress, physical build, and mannerisms and the way they move. Our first

visual impression may be proven erroneous as the story progresses, but it is certainly an important means of establishing character.10

b) Characterization through Dialogue

Characters in a fictional movie are naturally revealed themselves by what they say. But a great deal is also revealed by how they say it. Their true thoughts,

attitudes, and emotions can be revealed in subtle ways through word choice and through the stress, pitch, and pause patterns of their speech.11

c) Characterization through External Action

The appearance is an important measure of a character's personality, appearances are often misleading. Perhaps the best reflections of character are a

person's actions. It must be assumed, of course, that real characters are more than more instruments of the plot, that they do what they do for a purpose, out of

motives that are consistent with their overall personality.

Thus, there should be a clear relationship between a character and his or her actions; the actions should grow naturally out of the character's personality. If

the motivation for a character's action is clearly established, the character and the plot become so closely interwoven that they are impossible to separate, and every

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action that the character takes in some way reflects the quality of his or her particular personality.12

d) Characterization through Internal Action

There is an inner world of action that normally remains unseen and unheard by even the most careful observer/listener. Yet the dimension of human

nature that this world embraces is often essential to a real understanding of a character. Inner action occurs within characters' minds and emotions and consists

of secret, unspoken thoughts, daydreams, aspirations, memories, fears, and fantasies. People's hopes, dreams, and aspirations can be as important to an understanding of their character as any real achievement, and their fears and

insecurities can be more terrible to them than any real catastrophic failure.13

e) Characterization through Reactions of Other Characters

The other characters view a person often serves as an excellent means of characterization. Sometimes, a great deal of information about a character is already provided through such means before the character first appears on the

screen. The other character can tell about the problem which is caused by the main character and the characteristic of the main character.14

f) Characterization through Contrast: Dramatic Foils

One of the most effective techniques of characterization is the use of foils contrasting characters whose behavior, attitudes, opinions, lifestyle, physical

appearance, and so on are the opposite of those of the main characters. The effect

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is similar to that achieved by putting black and white together the black appears

A similar means of characterization, leitmotif, is the repetition of a single action, phrase, or idea by a character until it becomes almost a trademark or theme song for that character. Because it essentially exaggerates and emphasizes

(through repetition), such a device acts very much like caricature.17

h) Characterization Through Choice of Name

One important method of characterization is the use of names possessing appropriate qualities of sound, meaning, or connotation. This technique is known as name typing. The screenwriter usually thinks hard to give the name to the

character and the name usually has the special connotation and the meaning of something which has relationship to the role of the character, although the general

connotation of the name still exists.18

C.Maslow’s Theory of Hierarchy of Needs

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highly courageous and “super” clever person.19In 1954, Maslow released his book, Motivation and Personality, two theories that are very popular and

influenced for some universities in America were Psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud and Behaviorism of John B. Watson.20

In psychology, the Psychoanalysis of Freud is considered as the first

force. While the Behaviorism as second force. It seems Maslow (has been admired both) has different principal. 21The sample of Freud’s research were

his neurotic and psychotic patients. Maslow argued that before we understand about mental illness, people should know about healthy mental first. In the other hand, the Behaviorists collected the data of the research from animals are

like pigeon and mouse. Maslow thought that their conclusions can be applied for fish, frogs, or mouse, but not for human.22Maslow, in his best work,

Motivation and Personality, described a number of propositions that have to be concerned first before someone making a good theory of motivation. Maslow admitted that some good propositions which mean can be accepted by a huge

number of population. The other propositions may be cannot be accepted and debatable.

To gain a please and fully satisfy life is motivation to human, and its process is the central of Maslow’s theory. Maslow’s theory of personality rests on several basic assumption regarding motivation. First, Maslow adopted

19

Tom Butler-Bowdon, 50 Self-Help Classics (Jakarta: Bhuana Ilmu Populer, 2005), p. 273

20

Frank Globe, Mazhab Ketiga: Psikologi Humanistik Abraham Maslow (Yogyakarta:

Kanisius, 1987), p.17

21

Ibid. p.18

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holistic approach to motivation, repeatedly pointing out that whole person, not any single part of function, is motivated. Second, motivation is usually

complex; it means that person’s behavior may appear from separate motives. Third assumption is that people are continually motivated by one need or another. When one need has been satisfied, then it will lose its motivational

power and will be replaced by another need. Next assumption is that all people everywhere are motivated by the same basic needs. Needs for food, safety and

friendship are common to the entire species. The last assumption is that needs can be arranged on a hierarchy.23Conversely, if the things that satisfy our lower order needs are swept away, we are no longer concerned about the maintenance

of our higher order needs.

According to Maslow, there are five levels of hierarchy of needs; there

are physiological needs, safety needs, social needs (love and belonging), esteem needs and self-actualization needs. Physiological, security, social, and esteem needs are deficiency needs (also known as D-needs), meaning that these

needs arise due to deprivation. Satisfying these lower-level needs is important in order to avoid unpleasant feelings or consequences. Maslow termed the

highest-level of the pyramid as growth needs also known as being needs or B-needs). Growth needs do not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a desire to grow as a person.24

23

Jess Feist & Gregory J. Feist,Theories of Personality, fifth edition, (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002), p. 497.

24

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Maslow's hierarchy of needs represented as a pyramid25

1. Physiological Needs

The first level of Hierarchy consists of physiological needs. It is the collection of needs which are urgency because it relates with

maintenance of biology and life. Physiological needs consists of the needs of water oxygen, and active; taking a rest, constant body temperature, sex and sensory stimulus. This need is really urgency so the need will be given

precedence for satisfaction by individual. If physiological need is not satisfied then the individual will not gain the higher needs.26

25

Alan Chapman, "Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs", 2001,

http://www.businessballs.com/maslow.htm (accessed on 27th October 2014)

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Physiological needs is differ from other needs in at least two important respects. First, they are the only needs that can be completely

satisfied even overly satisfied.27 2. Safety Needs

Safety needs will appear when physiological needs are fully

satisfied. Safety needs are including physical security, stability, dependency, protection and freedom from such threatening forces as

illness, fear, anxiety, danger and chaos.28

Safety needs dominate our behavior primarily in times of emergency. Maslow, however, felt that working of the safety needs can

also be seen in people’s preference for familiar surroundings, secure jobs, savings accounts, and insurance. Safety needs are most evident in your

children, as shown when an infant cries if it is dropped suddenly, is started by a loud sound, or a stranger enters the room.29

This needs also appear in adult but in other way. The way of adult

to get insurance for their work of get fancy salary is the example of the

Herbert L. Petri,Motivtation: Theory and Research (California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 2003), p. 290

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new center.31 Then, they become unimportant in the direction of behavior, and the love or belongingness needs emerge. These needs involve a hunger

for affectionate relationship with other, a need to feel part of a group, or a feeling that one “belong”. The love needs are not equivalent to sexual needs (which are physiological), though sexual intimacy can serve to

satisfy one’s need to belong.32 Maslow argue that individuals seek to overcome feelings of loneliness and alienation. This involves both giving

and receiving love, affection and the sense of belonging. 4. Esteem Needs

If the love need have been adequately met, they too slip into the

background in relation to guiding behavior, and the esteem needs become dominant. These are need for a positive, high evaluation of oneself. This

evaluation can be broken down into two subcategories – a need for self-esteem and a need for esteem from other.33

The need for self-esteem motivates the individual to strive for

achievement, strength, confidence, independence, and freedom. The need for self-esteem seems to have at its core the desire to feel worthwhile and

appears highly similar to Roger’s concept of positive regard34. The related need of esteem from others involves a desire for reputation, status,

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recognition, appreciation by others of one’s abilities and a feeling of importance.35People need knowledge that they were well known and well

assessed by others 5. Self-Actualization Needs

When one has satisfied the first four level of need, the final level of

development, which Maslow termed self-actualization, can be reached. At the self-actualization level, the person’s behavior is motivated by different

conditions than at the lower level.36 It means, in this level, the person is in the peak of his/her hierarchy needs.

The self-actualized individual has satisfied all the deprivation

needs of the first four levels of the hierarchy. The behavior of the self-actualized person is, as a result, motivated by new set of needs, which

Maslow termed the being needs (B-motivation, or metamotivation). These B-motives are values such as truth, honesty, beauty, and goodness, and they provide meaning to the life of the self-actualized individual.37 The

clear emergence of these needs usually rest upon some prior satisfaction of the physiological, safety, love and esteem needs.38

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Some of them were absentminded and overly kind. And finally, some of them had unexpected moments of ruthlessness, surgical coldness, and loss

of humor. Two other points he makes about these self-actualizers: Their values were "natural" and seemed to flow effortlessly from their personalities. And they appeared to transcend many of the dichotomies

others accept as being undeniable, such as the differences between the spiritual and the physical, the selfish and the unselfish, and the masculine

and the feminine.39

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CHAPTER III

DATA ANALYSIS

1. Character Analysis

In this analysis, the writer would like to explain and describes about the characteristics of Ralph as one of the main characters in Wreck-It

Ralph film. The story tells us about Ralph, the guy with short brown hair who always wears an orange t-shirt, a brown jumper and never wears any footwear. He works as a wrecker in a video game named “Felix Fix-It”.

In this film, Ralph was really described as a villain in the cartoon characters generally. He has a big body like a giant. He is nine feet tall and

643 pounds weight. Because his job is a wrecker, he was depicted as a temperamental person in this story.

Ralph : “My name’s Ralph, and I’m a Bad Guy. I’m 9 feet tall. I weigh 643 pounds. Got a little bit of a temper on me. You know, my passions bubble very near the surface, not gonna lie.” (00:49 – 01:07)

Because he has a creepy appearance and his occupation is a

wrecker, some people dislike him and frightened of him.

Like it is said before, Ralph is temperamental person. For example, when he realized that he was not invited to celebrate the 30th anniversary

of “Felix Fix-it”, Ralph came furiously to the party because their friend invited Pac who came from another game while Ralph, the member of that

game, was not invited.

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Ralph : “Pac-Man! They invited Pac-Man? That cherry-chasing, dot-muncher isn’t even part of this game!”

And then, Ralph became more upset when he saw the birthday cake. He

was disappointed with his friends because his friends put the statue of Ralph under the penthouse cake. So Ralph became angrier and destroyed the cake.

Moreover, Ralph is an impatient person. And because of his impatience he can harm other people. When Ralph was in Hero’s Duty

Game, Ralph was impatient to get the medal. A person who could get the medal is the winner of the game and follows the rules. But Ralph was against the program and forced to climb the building and enter the secret

room where the medal was placed. Like was told before the impatient may cause a damage, Ralph messed up the game. He cracked the harmful

Cybugs’ eggs, the enemy of the soldier of Hero’s Duty and the game was really mess.

Because of his big body, Ralph is often wrecks any stuff. He often

loses his control every time he moved so he always messes up in everywhere he is and wrecks everything. When Ralph was in the King

Candy’s castle he wrecked the well to run away from the guardians but actually he could run out through the door. Then, when he helped Vanellope to make a new cart, he messed the manufactory because of his

big body. Ralph destroyed all the machines.

Besides that, Ralph is also depicted as a kind person. He has a high

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homeless. One day, Ralph met his friend, Q-bert, who was homeless because his game was out of order or unplug. He was starving and begging

people around to help him and his homeless friends. Seeing his friends, Ralph wholeheartedly shared his fruit that he got in “Pac-Man” house.

Ralph: “Here you go buddy. It’s fresh. Straight from Pac-Man’s. Hang in there guys.” (08:53 – 09.00)

Not only that, Ralph also cares about his friends who does not have job anymore. Ralph asked the homeless characters to help him in the

bonus level so they get a job again. And then he had an initiate to build a house for Q-bert.

Ralph: “Oh, and I decided that living in a dump wasn’t making me feel very good about myself. So I cleaned it up. Built houses for our new co-workers, too-- well, with a little help from Felix.”

Then, he also often helps people around him. Ralph has been a hero for Vanellope, the little girl racer of Sugar Rush game. Vanellope is a glitch of her program. To bring her back like before, she had to join the race and

passed the finish line. But, many people hate Vanellope and did not want her to join the race. One time, Vanellope was bullied by her friends. They

destroyed her kart. When Ralph saw this, he did not bear and went out frightening Vanellope’s friends in order to make them run away from her. Ralph and Vanellope went to the Kart Bakery, a manufactory where people

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Just then, she notices the glistening medal.

Vanellope : Sweet mother of monkey milk! A gold coin! Ralph : Don’t even think about it. That is mine. Vanellope : Race you for it!

Ralph : I don’t have to race you for it, because it’s mine. Vanellope : Double stripe!

Vanellope makes it to the top and grabs the medal.

Ralph : Come back here! Give it back, give it, give it! Vnellope : The winner! Whoa!

Ralph grabs the branch she’s on and flings her off. She drops the medal. He catches it. She dives for it, misses. Ralph lands on a double-stripe. DING! (30:12 – 30:26)

The dialog above shows that Ralph is a persistent person. He does

not want his to be in vain. After Ralph got his medal from Hero’s Duty game, he was stranded in Sugar Rush. There he met a “glitch girl” who tried to steal Ralph’s medal which hung up in a branch of tree. But Ralph

could not remain in silent, he tried to grab the medal back by climbing the tree until he fell. Not only that, Ralph is also persistent when he decided to

help Vanellope to win the kart. The story told that Vanellope never could be fixed from the error system, but Ralph never accepted that. He kept trying to make Vanellope be a winner of the kart in order she could be

fixed and back to the Sugar Rush game. Although they both once given up and were cheated by the Sugar King, Ralph back to ensured Vanellope that

she could win that kart until Vanellope succeed to win the game.

Ralph also depicted as a very good person. He lived with kindness of a social being with other. He more concerned for the interests of the

another than his. The King Candy lied to Ralph that if Vanellope joined the race, she could threat the game and even herself. Finally Ralph was

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Vanellope but because he did not want to lose her and wanted her to still be alive.

Ralph : Look, what I’m saying is, you can’t be a racer. Her eyes go down to his chest and she sees something.

Vanellope : What? Why would you—

She pulls the Medal of Heroes out of Ralph’s pocket. Vanellope : Wait a minute. Where did you get this?

Ralph : Look, I’m gonna be straight with you; I’ve been talkingto King Candy.

Vanellope : King Candy? You sold me out? Ralph : You don’t understand.

Vanellope : No, I understand plenty, traitor. You’re a rat. And I don’t need you! I can win that race on my own. Ralph : But I’m trying to save your skin, kid!

Vanellope : Hey! Put me down. Let me go!

Ralph : No, you listen to me. You know what’s gonna happen when the players see you glitching? They’re gonna think the game’s broken.

Vanellope : I don’t care, you’re a liar.

Ralph : You better care, because if your game goes out of order, you go down with the ship, little sister!

Vanellope : I’m not listening to you! Get out of my way! I’m going to that race!

Ralph : No, you’re not.

He hangs her by her hood on the edge of a pointy gumdrop. Vanellope : Take me down from here, Ralph, right now! Ralph : No.... I’m doing this for your own good.

Vanellope : Wait. Wait. Wait. No. No. No. Please, Ralph! No! Stop! You really are a bad guy. (1:07:19 – 1:08:47) He did not care that Vanellope would hate him. He did that in order

to safe Vanellope. It is proved when Ralph encouraged himself to go to the “Cola Hot Springs”, the dangerous lake that would explode if the “mentos” fell down to the lake. But, it was still done to save Vanellope

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If we look into Ralph’s life, as human, his hierarchy of needs is seems already fulfilled. So in the next discussion there will be explanation

of what the other needs that will be pursued and leave his place, Felix Fix-It game.

2. The Hierarchy of Needs in Main Character

Wreck-It Ralph tells about Ralph as the main character who works as a wrecker of “Felix Fix-It” video game in his daily life. In every end of

the game he was depicted to be a loser. He found a mistrust of himself as a human after the Felix Fix-It 30th Anniversary Celebration incident. He felt that no one loved him because he was the only person in the game that was

not invited. From that moment, Ralph ran out the job to find a medal that he thinks it will change everything.

In order to discuss Ralph’s pursuit of medal, the writer uses Hierarchy of Human Needs of Abraham H. Maslow. The writer will identify some main character’s behaviors, thoughts or feelings, and some

descriptions about him. Then, the writer will analyze whether those things have relationship with Ralph’s needs as a human.

Ralph is actually depicted as a human who already fulfilled all his needs. Working as a wrecker for 30 years in the game of “Felix Fix-it Jr.” already made all the needs as human beings have been fulfilled even he had

been able to actualize himself into that job. First, the physiological needs of a human, which needs that most fundamental of human, have been fulfilled.

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independently. He knew how to satisfy himself to solve his physiological needs though he had to take the food that was not him.

Only with that fruits he had, his hunger could be resolved. It is proven by there no more complaining from him about his hunger at the other scene. In this case, the main character can fulfill the needs without barriers

and obstacles. Therefore, physiological needs of the main character is already fulfilled.

Second, he was already feeling safe and comfortable, there is no danger that can be threatening himself. Although, in his job at “Fix-It Felix Jr.”, was not told in this film that he got a good salary or insurance, he still

feel safe even he can still be professional and best workers .

Ralph: “Anyhoo, what else? I’m a wrecker. I wreck -- professionally. I’m gonna wreck it! I’m very good at what I do. Probably the best I know.” (0:01:01 – 0:01:15)

And Ralph already felt safe and comfortably lived in his house which had no roof. Where people were think that the house was not feasible

for occupancy. But Ralph was never worried about it. Even he already felt comfort with his “bricks” bed and his stump pillow. Live in a place like that,

Ralph never been disturbed or felt harmful.

Ralph: “And I head off to the pile of garbage in the dump... where I live. You might call it a lonely cesspit of despair on the outskirts of humanity...which would be accurate. But I call it home. I guess I can’t bellyache too much; I got my bricks. I got my stump. It looks uncomfortable, but it’s actually fine. I’m good.” (0:03:27 – 0:03:53)

Ralph never felt that there would be a danger. Because of his big

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solve it by himself. Just like when he was fighting in the Hero’s Duty game, he felt the Cybugs threatened him, then, he was freaking out and making the

Robot as his protector of the Cybug attack.

And then, he also had friends who were caring and always paying attention to him where Ralph is human who needs love belongingness of

others. His friends were much supported him of what he did and always wanted to hear all about Ralph’s complaints and gave him an advice that

being a bad guy is not bad, it is good.

Clyde : Nice share, Ralph. As fellow Bad Guys, we’ve all felt what you’re feeling, and we’ve come to terms with it.

Ralph : Really?

Zangief : (thick Russian accent) Right here. I am Zangief. I am Bad Guy. between thighs? And I say, “Zangief, you are bad guy. But this does not mean you are bad guy.” Zombie : Zangief saying: labels not make you happy --

good, bad...(Frankenstein growl) You must love you.

Clyde : Ralph, Ralph, we get it. But we can’t change who we are, and the sooner you accept that the better off your game and your life will be.

Zangief : Hey, one game at a time, Ralph.

Clyde : Now let’s close out with the Bad Guy Affirmation. (0:04:26 – 0:06:36)

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games. Not only Felix, Calhoun, the leader of hero's duty game, also care about Ralph and helped to find Ralph to return to the “Felix Fix-It Jr.” game.

After that, Ralph was already got the acknowledgement from the others. Firstly, actually he already got the esteem from the others as a bad guy. People already admitted his presence as a wrecker in Felix Fix-It game.

Everyone knows about Ralph that he is a man who works as a wrecker in Felix Fix-It game. But, Ralph was not confident with himself because of the

treatment he got from people around him. Ralph felt that his life was not perfect yet until in one moment he felt that his life would be perfect if he could be a hero or a winner of his game. This thing was caused by his

position of his job as villain in the game. So, he wanted to change himself to be like Felix, a hero of his game who always gets prizes from the people

because he won and got a medal in every ending of the game. Moreover, the uninvited of Ralph incident in the celebration of 30th anniversary of “Felix Fix-It Jr.” made the desire to change himself become stronger. Finally Ralph

ran out left his game to find a medal and if he came back people would love him and gave him prizes.

Ralph infiltrate to the “Hero’s Duty” game and disguised as a soldier of that game. He actually did not win the game, but he succeed to get that medal by climbing the building where the medal took place. And Ralph made

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to make her join a race. But Ralph could get his medal back although he should fool of her and made her disappointed of him.

Finally, Ralph came back to his game “Felix Fix-It Jr.” But the situation has changed. That was not as what he expected before. The game had been unplugged because all the characters were all gone. He realized that

what he had done had harmed for the others and made the other went from him. Then he thought that he really need was not the medal which he had

now, but he needed friends who were never he realized that actually he already had them. So, Ralph threw away that medal.

Ralph : Anybody home? Felix? Mary? Gene : Well, you actually went and did it. Ralph : Gene? Where is everybody?

Gene : They’re gone. After Felix went to find you and then didn’t come back, everyone panicked and abandoned ship.

Ralph : But--but I’m here now.

Gene : It’s too late, Ralph. Litwak’s pulling our plug in the morning. But, never let it be said I’m not a man of my word. The place is yours, Ralph. Enjoy.

Ralph : Gene, wait. Listen, this is not what I wanted. Gene : So what did you want Ralph?

Ralph : I don’t know, I just.... I was just tired of living alone in the garbage.

Gene : Well now you can live alone in the penthouse. Gene leaves. (1:09:25 – 1:10:12)

Ralph went back to Sugar Rush to help Vanellope who was glitched by the system to win the race in order she could be a normal character in her game. After that, Ralph was back to work in “Felix Fix-It Jr.” thereby the

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He finally actualizes himself as a truly wrecker in his game because that is his job and he has to do it professionally. After he ran out from Felix

Fix-It he came back to the game and decided to stay long there.

Ralph: ”So yeah, I’m taking life one game at a time, and I gotta tell ya, I feel like a new Ralph.”

Then, beside he devoted his life to the game, with his goodness he

made the innovation of his game in order to make his game be liked by the children. He hired all the homeless to have a job again. He asked the

homeless to play in the bonus level. And in fact, Ralph did it. He made the game became more popular than before.

Ralph: “So we asked some of our friends to help us out on the bonus levels. And I swear our game hasn’t been this popular in years. The gamers, they say we’re retro, which I think means old but cool.” (1:31:32 – 1:31:47)

We may see that Ralph was successfully actualized himself and reached his peak of needs. It is proven that there is no other that he wanted to get. He felt that this is enough. He just continued his life as a well wrecker

then.

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CHAPTER IV

CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

A. Conclusion

Wreck-It Ralph is a film directed by Rich Moore and published by

the biggest America animation studio, Walt Disney. In general, this film is a representation of human life or imitation of human life that packaged in

animation fiction, which most of films that produced by Disney are intended as a children spectacle, though Disney's films are also enjoyed by adults. As a representation of a human life, characters in this film can be

regarded a human character as a social being in real life.

Wreck-It Ralph is a film which characters as same character as in

real life. It proves that there is relation between psychological and fiction. In another word, literature works can be analyzed by the psychological approaches. Therefore, the writer uses the theory of Hierarchy of Human

Needs by Abraham H. Maslow. The writer uses this theory because there is problem that owned by the main character of this film in satisfying his

needs as a human in his life.

From the personality research of main character, Ralph, was found that there is mistrust of himself which made Ralph want to be another

man. Just because he saw another’s life more perfect than his, he is Felix, his partner of his work in Felix Fix-It Jr. game. Felix always got prizes

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from people because in this game Felix is depicted as a winner while Ralph is the loser. But those are their jobs, they have their own portion.

Every time he saw Felix who always got a medal, Ralph thought that if he had a medal all going to be change and his life would become perfect. But he was wrong. Being another man made him lost everything.

He had not any job at all, been disliked and left by the people around him. Finally he changed his mind and decided to be himself.

All came back to Felix Fix-It, so did Ralph, he still in his job as a wrecker. Ralph also has decided to serve forever of his job di Felix Fix-It game. In other words, Ralph has actualized himself in that job and got the

peak of his needs. It means that Ralph has fulfilled all his hierarchy of his needs. Just because of the unconfident of himself could obstruct his

journey of his life in fulfilling his needs as a human.

To conclude this research that a human, in this case is represented by Ralph in the film, cannot get perfection of life when he has not fulfilled

his needs yet. People must be having a long journey to make sure themselves that they already got the peak of satisfaction in their lives.

They complete step by step of their needs first and they can decide to actualize themselves in one thing.

B. Suggestion

The writer suggests to those who want to study about a film to understand deeply the film what is the biggest issue that come out in that

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research. And also the researcher has to consider any reference from any resources.

By reading the thesis, the writer hopes the result of the study can give any benefits to the reader. This object of the research (this film) is possible to be analyzed with another theory or another issue if there any

researchers want to analyze this film. For example, how this film give an impact for children. So, we can explore more about this film. And from

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books

Anwar, Saifudin. (1998). Metode Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Barsam, Richard. (2004). Looking at Movies: an Introducing to Film (3rd Edition). New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Boggs, J. M. (2008). The Art of Watching Film. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Bowdon, Tom Butler. (2005). 50 Self-Help Classics. Jakarta: Bhuana Ilmu Populer.

Feist, Jess and Gregory J. Feist. (2002). Theories of Personality, fifth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Globe, Frank. (1987). Mazhab Ketiga: Psikologi Humanistik Abraham Maslow. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Hoffman, Michael J. and Patrick D. Murphy. (1988). Essential of the Theory of Fiction. Durham and London: Duke Press University

Moore, Rich. Wreck-It Ralph. (2012). America. The Walt Disney. All Right Reserved

Petri, Herbert L. (2003). Motivation: Theory and Research. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Renske, Christoper Rassel. (1996). How to Analyze Drama. New York: Monarch Press.

Sumarno, Maraselli. (1996). Dasar-Dasar Apresiasi Film. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Widia Sarana Indonesia.

Website

Alan Chapman. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.

Http://www.businessballs.com/maslow.html. accessed on October, 27th 2014

George Boeree, Personality Theories.

http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/maslow.html. accessed on October, 27th, 2014

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Stephanie Palmer. Film Scripts: 8 Animation Scripts Screenwriters Should Read. http://goodinaroom.com/blog/film-scripts-animation/. Accessed on October, 12th 2014

The Walt Disney Studios. The Walt Disney Studios History. http://studioservices.go.com/disneystudios/history.html. Accessed on October, 12th 2014

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APPENDICCES

Picture 1 Picture 2

Picture 3 Picture 4

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Picture 7 Picture 8

Picture 9 Picture 10

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Picture 13 Picture 14

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