The Main Character’s Struggle As The Lower Class Society Reflected In Suzanne’s Novel The Hunger Games

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THE MAIN CHARACTER’S STRUGGLE AS THE LOWER CLASS SOCIETY REFLECTED IN SUZANNE’S NOVEL THE HUNGER GAMES

  DyahRahayuPratama Submitted to the Faculty of Cultural Studies University of Sumatera Utara Medan in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of SarjanaSastra from Department of English DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH FACULTY OF CULTURAL STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF SUMATERA UTARA MEDAN 2015 Approved by the Department of English, Faculty of Cultural Studies University of Sumatera Utara (USU) Medan as thesis for The SarjanaSastra Examination. D Accepted by the Board of Examiners in partial fulfillment of requirements for the degree of SarjanaSastra from Department of English, Faculty of CulturalStudies University of Sumatera Utara, Medan.

REG. NO. 100705107

  DyahRahayuPratama Submitted to the Faculty of Cultural Studies University of Sumatera Utara Medan in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of SarjanaSastra from Department of English DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH FACULTY OF CULTURAL STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF SUMATERA UTARA MEDAN 2015 Approved by the Department of English, Faculty of Cultural Studies University of Sumatera Utara (USU) Medan as thesis for The SarjanaSastra Examination. D Accepted by the Board of Examiners in partial fulfillment of requirements for the degree of SarjanaSastra from Department of English, Faculty of CulturalStudies University of Sumatera Utara, Medan.

THIS THESIS HAS NOT BEEN SUBMITTED FOR THE AWARD OF ANOTHER DEGREE IN ANY TERTIARY EDUCATION

  In the name of Allah SWT, all praise to HIM so my thesis can be completed as a partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of SarjanaSastra from theEnglish Department, Faculty of Letters, University of Sumatera Utara. ABSTRACT This paper is entitled “The Main Character’s Struggle as Lower Class SocietyReflected in Suzanne’s Novel The Hunger Games.” The novel is about the struggles of the proletariat or the working class against the bourgeoisie.

1.1 Background of The Study

  Wealth is heavily concentrated in the hands of the rich, particularly those people living in the Capitol, and the result is a huge disparity The main character discussed here is a girl who starts to fight for her life and her family through the games. According to Karl Marx’s theory: "class" is determined entirely by one'srelationship to the means of production, the classes in modern capitalist society being the "proletarians", those who work but do not own the means of production, and the"bourgeoisie", those who invest and live off of the surplus generated by the former, and the aristocracy that has land as a means of production.

2. To describe the struggle of the main character from the lower class

1.4 Scope of The Study

  In this thesis, the writer will identify the types of social class as portrait in the novel as well as discuss about the struggleof lower class people through the main character’s life. The study will only be discussed around KatnissEverdeen’s life, how did she survived to make sure to winthe Games also how she fought for the existence of their district and the impact of the One of the significance of this study is that the writer wants toexplain the knowledge of social class and the struggle of the lower class toward the higher class,so that it becomes a reference for students who are learning about struggle of lower class based on The Hunger Games’snovel.

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1 Novel

  The theme that found in the Hunger Games novel is: Power and Class societyThe main source of power in The Hunger Games is clear: the totalitarian government of the Capitol. Because the Capitol holds most of thecountry of Panem’s wealth, the government there is able to control the people in all of the districts across Panem.

2.2 Sociology of Literature

  The important factors that should be considered in analyzing the sociology of literature are the writers, the literary works itself, and the readers. In this case, the job of sociology of literature is to connect the experience of the imaginative characters and situation created by the writer to the real condition thathappen in one state or country.

2.3 Social Class

  Marx believed that this is achieved by the ability of the dominant class to of class struggles': “these struggles are the engines that pull societies into new forms, and the history of humansocieties is a historyof one ruling class being overthrown by a new one.”(1848: 20) Marx defined these two classes in term of their different relationship to the means of production. The two main contending classes in the class struggle are those who own the key economiclevers of society, the means of production and those who have to work the means of production of another in order to survive.

2.4 Social Class Struggle

  The actual producers of wealth are those who own nothing but their ability to work, and own a tiny plot of land on which theyscrape out an existence while still having to work and pay debts to others, or sell their labor power for a wage to a capitalist. But class struggle is constant, even in periods of relative labor “peace.” Even when workers are not struggling to increase their share of the wealth they produce,taking more taxes from the corporations to the working class, cutting health care benefits, all these are ways in which the capitalist class wages class struggle againstthe workers.

2.4.1 Lower Class

  Lower class or also knownas ‘proletariat’ or ‘laboring class’ is the class of people employed for wages, especially in manual or industrial work. In Marxisttheory and sociology of literature, lower class is often used synonymously with the term ‘proletariat’, and includes all those who expend either mental or physical laborto produce economic value, or wealth in non-academic terms, for those who own the means of production.

CHAPTER III METHOD OF THE STUDY

  Having theability to understand 3.1 Research Design Below is a flowchart of research of design:Researcher Source of data: a novel The Hunger Games by Suzanne CollinsQuote or selected text related to social problem, and struggle ofthe main character Data selected: using theories sociologyConclusion of literature and Marxism. First of all, the writer starts with getting the novel The Hunger Gamesby Suzanne Collins, which is the primary data of this research and read it over and over until the writer understands the story well.

CHAPTER IV ANALYSIS AND FINDING

4.1 Social stratification of society

  The social differentiation on the basis of high and low is the historical heritage of all societies. These social strata and layers, divisions andsubdivisions have over the time been accepted on the basis of sex and age, status and role, qualification and inefficiency, life chances and economic political ascription andmonopolization, ritual and ceremony and on numerous other basis.

4.1.1 Types of social class found in novel

  In Panem, Panem is the name of the country that under the control of theCapitol, wealth is heavily concentrated in the hands of the rich, particularly those people living in the Capitol and certain of the districts, and the result is a hugedisparity between their lives and the lives of the poor. For these rich have not quite captured the magnificence of the glistening buildings in a rainbow of hues that tower into the air, the shiny cars that rolldown the wide paved streets, the oddly dressed people with bizarre hair and painted faces who have never missed a meal.”(4:59) From quotation above, after arriving in Capitol, she believed that what she saw through her television was real.

4.2 Capitol’s power

  “Taking the kids from our districts, forcing them to kill one another while we watch – this is the Capitol’s way of reminding us howtotally we are at their mercy.”(1:18) The quotation above from the novel shows how Capitol’s act on making the other districts know who feed them this whole time and the real message is clear. Allyear, Capitol will show the winning district gifts of grain and oil and even delicacies like sugar while the rest of us battlestarvation.”(3:36) These trained tributes, which Katniss refers to as Career Tributes, are generally bigger, stronger, and better prepared for the tribulations of the HungerGames than those poor tributes selected by chance.

4.3 Katniss

  As the daughter of a coal miner, Katniss is a far more skilled hunter and tracker than Peeta, who is the son of a baker. Which do you think will get you more sponsors?" (10.24) Katniss becomes a pro at playing the game of celebrity, and at playing the audiences and sponsors of the Hunger Games.

4.3.1 Katniss’s struggle in facing her life

  Because of it had become known that my mother couldno longer care for us, the district would have taken us away from her and placed us in the community home.”(2:27) From the quotes above, we can see the struggle of the young girl to keep her family alive represent the struggle of the main character for her life by analyzing thenovel and also she is more responsible than her mother. This event sets the rest of the plot in motion, and for the remainder of the book we watch Katniss struggling to survive the Games.

4.3.2 Katniss’s struggle in facing the games

  The experience of witnessing Rue's death inspires Katniss to go on and win theGames – and to prove to the Capitol that they can't strip the tributes of their humanity, however they might try. Katniss and Peeta keep up the star-crossed lover routine for the post- games reunion and interview, knowing that this is the only way to keep from beingpunished by the Capitol for the rebellious trick with the poisonous berries.

CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION After analyzing the novelthere are several points for conclusion that can be

  InMarxist theory and socialist literature, lower class is often used synonymously with the term proletariat, and includes all those who expend either mental or physical laborto produce economic value, or wealth in non-academic terms, for those who own the means of production. The writer of the novel has shown a realistic struggle of the main character of the Hunger Games.

5.2 Suggestion

  From the novel that has been analyzed, the writer hopes this analysis of class difference and struggle of the lower class can explain tothe readers about class struggle and social class. The writer hopes that this thesis can become a critic for the government to protect the rights of the lower class.

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