A STUDY OF JARGON USED BY THE COMMUNITY OF DOTA GAMERS IN UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

16 

Full text

(1)

1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

1.1Background of the study

Jargon is one of the language varieties which is commonly experienced by

society. According to Fromkin et al (2011), jargon is a slang term used in

conceivable science, profession, trade and occupation. They also add that the reason

to specialized terminology is for clarity of communication, but part is also for

speakers to identify themselves with persons with whom they share interests. In

addition, Yule (2010) stats that jargon help to create and maintain connections among

people whether they are included or excluded of a group of people.

Further, Yule (2010) also offers theory of kinds of jargon based on the way

they formed. They are coinage, borrowing, compounding, blending, clipping,

conversion, acronym, backformation and derivation.

Coinage is one of the least common processes of word formation in English,

which means the invention of totally new terms. One of the best examples of coinage

is word “google”. Originally a misspelling for the word googol, which means the

number 1 followed by 100 zeros.

Borrowing is taking over of words from other languages. It is what commonly

happened in Indonesian which takes several languages as its language. For example;

(2)

2

Compounding is a joining of two separate words to produce a single new

term. It is common now to listen people say bookcase, fingerprint or fast food which

all are compounding words.

Blending is combining of two separate forms to produce a single new term. It

is like in word smog means the effect of smoke, which originally from smoke and

fog.

Clipping is reduction which is noticeable in blending is even more apparent in

the process, this occurs when a word of more than one syllable is reduced to a shorter

form, like in proff, which originally taken from “professor”.

Conversion is a change in the function of words. It could be noun used as verb

without any changes like what commonly hear now people say, “You can google it,

bottle it”, etc.

Acronym is some new words are formed from the initial letters of a set of

other words. The way to pronounce it is by spelling the letter one by one, like in CD

(compact disc), or to pronounce it as single word like in NASA, NATO, UNESCO, etc.

Backformation is a very specialized type of reduction process. This related

with what commonly known by students as “word class”. It is typically the reduction

of word of one type (usually noun) to a word of another type (usually verb). For

example; television reduced to be televise, donation to be donate.

Derivation is the origin or developing of word. It can be from the affixes like;

un-, mis-, pre-, -ful, -less, -ish, -ism and -ness which appear in words like: unhappy

(3)

3

The jargons which are used in a community could be formed by one of those

word formation processes, the combinations of those, or even by irregular form which

does not belong to those word formation processes.

In doing this research, the writer takes the previous research as a reference in

deciding the variables and as a comparison. The first research was done by Adisty

(2007). She has done a research on the jargon used at Friendster testimonial in

Indonesia. The aim of the research is to identify the jargon and their meaning used at

Friendster testimonial in Indonesia and also to know the function of the jargons. All

the jargons found were derived from acronym of English and Indonesian,

abbreviation of English and Indonesian, nouns, verbs, adjectives of English and

Indonesian, jargon of computer, modification (blend) of alphabet number, and

emoticons (emotions icons).

alternative reference. On her research, she had analyzed jargons found in “Just friends

room” in Paltalk Chat”. There were abbreviations and acronyms, while the most

dominant types of jargon used by the chatter was abbreviation words. After

(4)

4

different subjects of the study. Here, the researcher wants to do a study on the jargon

used by the Dota gamers community in University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

Dota gamers’ community in University of Muhammadiyah Malang is the

community of Dota online and offline game players. The game used is Dota. Dota is

one of the most famous games on online and offline in the world, this game played by

many younger around the world, while in Indonesia, this game is played by more

than eight thousands people, proven by the account they have, and it is predicted that

the offline players is much more than that (http://www.playdota.com).

Overall, the writer is really interested in doing this research because the writer

thinks that the jargon which is researched is still new. Besides, the writer also thinks

that the field where the researcher does has strong relation with academic

environment, where this research will be published. So that, the researcher assumes

that this research will be beneficial as it gives fresh information.

1.2Statement of Problems

Based on the background of the study, the research problems are formulated

as follows:

1. What jargons are found in Dota gamers in UMM in playing the game?

2. What are the types of technical term of jargon found in Dota gamers in UMM in

playing the games?

3. What are the associative meanings of jargons found in Dota gamers in UMM in

(5)

5 1.3The purpose of the Study

Based on the problems above, the purpose of the study are:

1. To find the jargons used in Dota gamers in UMM in playing the game.

2. To describe the types of technical terms of jargon found in Dota gamers in UMM

in playing the Dota.

3. To know the associative meanings of jargons found in Dota gamers in UMM in

playing the game.

1.4Significant of the Study

It is expected that the finding of this study gives contributions for the

students of English department and the readers to know theoretically about

sociolinguistics and jargon, especially jargon used by Dota gamers’ community in

University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

Besides, the writer is also expected that the reader can applied the jargons

offers in this research, especially for the students who like to play the game. The

writer hopes that after reading this research, they can practice the jargon while

knowing and understanding the theory. The last, the writer also hopes that this

study would be useful for the next researcher who is interested in doing similar

research.

1.5Scope and Limitation

The scope of this study is jargon. Meanwhile, the limitation of this study is

(6)

6

and only focusing on the analysis of jargon, types of technical term, and the meaning.

In addition, the types here is in the technical term, how the words are formatted,

stated by Yule (2010), while the theory of meaning used in this study is associative

meaning (Yule: 2010), as the gamers tend to use the words (jargons) in different

function with the standard form of words.

1.6Definition of the Key Terms

Some definitions of the key terms are presented to avoid misunderstanding in

interpreting in this study:

1. Jargon is the specific words exclusively used in particular fields (Jendra, Made

Iwan Indrawan, 2010:58).

2. Dota stands for defense of the ancients is an action strategyvideo game which can

be played in numbers of players (maximally ten players) at one game and one

time in online and offline mode. (http://www.playdota.com)

(7)

A STUDY OF JARGON USED BY COMMUNITY OF DOTA GAMERS IN UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

THESIS

By: Erwan Sholeh NIM: 08360098

UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

(8)

A STUDY OF JARGON USED BY COMMUNITY OF DOTA GAMERS IN UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

This thesis is submitted to meet one of the requirements to achieve Sarjana Degree in English Education

THESIS

By: Erwan Sholeh NIM: 08360098

UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

(9)

This thesis written by Erwan Sholeh was approved on May 02, 2013.

By:

Advisor II, Advisor I,

(10)

This thesis was defended in front of examiners of Faculty of Teacher Training

and Education of University of Muhammadiyah Malang

and accepted as the partial requirement to achieve

Sarjana Degree in English Education

On May 2, 2013

Approved by:

Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Dean,

Dr. M. Syaifuddin, M. M.

Examiners: Signatures:

1. Estu Widodo, M. Hum 1. ………

2. Rina W. Setyaningrum, M.Pd 2. ………

3. Fardini Sabilah, M.Pd 3. ………

(11)

MOTTO

Happiness (is) Only Real When Shared

DEDICATION

This thesis is dedicated to my beloved: Father and Mother who always support me

(12)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Alhamdulillah, the Almighty and the Merciful, all praise for Allah SWT, who

has given a chance and inspiration to finish this thesis. Shalawat and salam are

always for our prophet Muhammad SAW, who is the best leader to obey and also the

best apostle to convince.

The writer would like to express his deep appreciation and gratitude to Ms.

FardiniSabilah, M. Pd. And Mr. Drs. Soeparto, M.Pd for their patient, willingness and

guidance as well as suggestion for the completion of this thesis. He also wants to say

thanks to the entire lecturers of English Department for their contribution and

suggestion.

His deepest gratitude is also addressed to his beloved parents Sundari and

Misiatik who have been patient to educate, pray, motivate and even give financial

supports. He also thanks to his older sister Khusnul Khotimah for the supports.

Finally, the writer hopes this thesis is useful to the readers, especially the

students of Sociolinguistics subject who wants to learn more about language variety

for deeper comprehension and for who wants to have the similar research. Thank you

all, I love you.

Malang, May 2013

The Writer,

(13)

A STUDY OF JARGON USED BY THE COMMUNITY OF DOTA GAMERS IN UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

ABSTRACT

Jargon is one of language varieties that is used based on the use or some purposes. This study was intended to investigate phenomenon of jargon used by the students as community of Dota gamers in University of Muhammadiyah Malang. In this study, the writer used descriptive qualitative design which described the phenomena about the jargon used by community of Dota gamers. The subjects of this study were 56 Dota gamers from any majors and any faculties in University of Muhammadiyah Malang. The instruments used to collect the data were observation, interview and documentation. In the observation, the writer observed the words spoken and written during the game played by the gamers passively without being involved and influence them. So, in collecting the data, the writer used non-participant observation.

The result of this study showed that there were 50 jargons used by the community of Dota gamers. Furthermore, there were only three technical terms from the theories of word formation process used to form the jargons. They were coinage, borrowing and clipping. Furthermore, it was also found that some jargons found do not belong to theory of word formation process. From those three technical terms, it was found that the Dota gamers tended to use borrowing than others. In addition, in case of understanding jargon’s meaning, the writer used associative meaning as each word needed to be clarified to avoid misunderstanding.

From all jargons found by the writer in community of Dota gamers in University of Muhammadiyah Malang, the writer concluded that jargons are specific languages used by the specific community, they are short, relax, informal and difficult to understand even though they seem like the standard language because they have different meanings and functions. Further, Jargons can be used in both oral and written forms.

Key words: Jargon, Dota, Dota Gamers Community.

The Advisor I, The Writer,

(14)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(15)

3.5. Data Analysis ... 21

CHAPTER IV: FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION

4.1 Finding ... 23 4.1.1 The Jargons Found in Community of Dota Gamers in UMM ... 23 4.1.2 The Types of Jargons Found in Community of Dota Gamers in

UMM ... 25 4.1.3 The Meaning of Jargons Found in Community of Dota Gamers in

UMM ... 26 4.2 Discussion ... 28

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS

5.1 Conclusions ... 30 5.2 Suggestions ... 31

(16)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ary, Donald, Lucy Cheser Jacobs and Chris Sorensen. 2010. Introduction to Research in Education, Eighth Edition. Nelson Education, Ltd.

Aslinda, Leni Syafyahya. 2007. Pengantar Sosiolinguistik. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Cohen, Louis; Lawrence Manion and Keith Morrison.Research Method in Education, Sixth Edition. Routledge.

Language and Linguistics, Encyclopedia. 2006. Pergamon Imprint.

Endiarrningsih, Yuli. 2007. The Study of Jargon Used in “Ikatan Gaya Arema”- EastJava. Unpublished Thesis: University of MuhammadiyahMalang.

Febriani, Adisty. 2007. A Study of Jargons Used at Friendster Testimonial in Indonesia. Unpublished Thesis: University of MuhammadiyahMalang.

Fromkin, Victoria; Robert Rodman and Nina Hyams. 2011. An Introduction to Language, Ninth Edition. Boston: Thomson Corporation.

Jendra, Made Iwan Indrawan. 2010. The Study of Society’s Languages, First Edition. Yogyakarta. Graha Ilmu.

Oxford, Dictionary. 2003. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sabilah, Fardini. 2001. Sociolinguistics, Students Book. Faculty of Teacher Training and Education: University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Trask, R, L. 2007. Key Concepts in Language and Linguistics. New York: Routledge.

Yule, George. 2010. The Study of Language, Fourth Edition. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.

(http://.playdota.com/History_of_Dota retrieved on Mei 24th,2012 at 10 p.m.).

Gambar

Memperbarui...

Referensi

Memperbarui...

Download now (16 pages)